European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.

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Background analysis

The country-specific recommendations (CSRs) in the social field An overview and comparison. Update including the CSRs 2016-2017

Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI)

2016
European Commission country-specific recommendations social field

This background analysis provides an overview of the 2016 specific recommendations to the EU Member States in the field of employment and social policies.

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An examination of tax shifting and 'harmful taxes'

Paul Sweeney, former chief economist Irish Congress of Trade Unions

2015
Taxation - tax shift

This Background Analysis examines the concept of tax shifting and makes a critical assessment as to what 'tax shifting' aims to achieve

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Tackling tax evasion, avoidance and tax heavens

Paul Sweeney, former chief economist Irish Congress of Trade Unions

2015

This Background Analysis examines the vast enterprise of tax avoidance and evasion and sets out a summary of some of the major tax avoidance schemes

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The country-specific recommendations (CSRs) in the social field. An overview and comparison Update including the CSRs 2014-2015

Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI)

2014

This background analysis provides an overview of specific recommendations to the EU Member States in the field of employment and social policies.

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Youth Guarantees and recent developments on measures against youth unemployment: a mapping exercise

Margherita Bussi and Leonard Geyer

2013

In April 2013, the Council adopted a Recommendation for a European Youth Guarantee (EYG). This background analysis outlines the EYG and discusses possible challenges to its success. Further, it provides an overview of the implementation of the EYG and the existence of recent labour market policies targeting young people in the 28 Member States until mid-November 2013. Wherever possible, we include the perspectives of national trade unions.

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The two pack on economic governance: an initial analysis

Sergio De la Parra

2013

This background analysis provides a first critical assessment of the two regulations on European economic governance (known as the 'two pack') which were adopted in May 2013. The two pack aims to further strengthen EU-level surveillance of national budgets.

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The country-specific recommendations (CSRs) in the field of health and safety at work and labour inspection services

Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI)

2013

This background analysis provides an overview of CSRs and identifies how those adopted in 2011, 2012 and 2013 impact directly or indirectly on measures and/or policies in the field of health and safety at work and labour inspection services.

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The country-specific recommendations (CSRs) in the social field

Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI)

2013

This background analysis provides an overview of specific recommendations to the EU Member States in the field of employment and social policies. It also includes a brief 'statistical' comparison between the CSRs for 2013-14 and those presented by the Commission and adopted by the European Council in 2011 and 2012.

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Focus

  • In April 2013, the Council adopted a Recommendation for a European Youth Guarantee (EYG). This background analysis outlines the EYG and discusses possible challenges to its success. Further, it provides an overview of the implementation of the EYG and the existence of recent labour market policies targeting young people in the 28 Member States until mid-November 2013. Wherever possible, we include the perspectives of national trade unions.