These publications detail the results of internal research projects as well as the activities that have been undertaken by different external research networks; in some cases they are annual publications on specific issues.
Jan Cremers (Univ. of Amsterdam) and Sigurt Vitols (ETUI)2016
This book presents the results of a study of workers’ rights during company takeover situations in Europe. Takeovers are extremely important for workers because a change in ownership frequently leads to restructuring in the firm, including replacement of management, changed working conditions, increased work intensity and/or mass redundancies.
Florian Rödl and Raphaël Callsen2016
This report examines in depth the legality of the measures taken by the European Union, alongside the European Central Bank (ECB) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), in the wake of the financial and debt crisis.
With this year’s chosen focus – ‘prepared for the future?’ – the new edition of Benchmarking working Europe analyses the state of working Europe with the aid of a multi-level and multi-dimensional set of indicators.
Jan Drahokoupil (ETUI), Rutvica Andrijasevic (Univ Bristol, UK) and Devi Sacchetto (Univ. Padua, Italy)2016
This book investigates restructuring in the electronics industry and in particular the impact of a ‘Chinese’ labour regime on work and employment practices in the electronics assembly in Europe. It studies Foxconn, the world largest electronics manufacturing service provider and the main assember of Apple's iPhone and iPad.
Martin Myant, Sotiria Theodoropoulou, Agnieszka Piasna (ETUI)2016
Unemployment rates in the EU rose after the economic crisis of 2008, passing 10% in 2012, but with big variations between countries. The worst afflicted had been subject to so-called policies of internal devaluation, aimed at curing unemployment by reducing wage costs. This book provides a comparative study of countries that to varying degrees followed that road (Greece, Spain, Portugal, Ireland) set against others that did not (Germany, UK, Poland).
Aristea Koukiadaki (Univ. Manchester), Isabel Távora (Univ. Manchester) and Miguel Martínez Lucio (Univ. Manchester)2016
This book presents the results of a research project which sought to understand how the crisis-driven labour policy measures in the EU Member States most affected by the crisis translated into changes in collective bargaining in manufacturing.
Béla Galgóczi (ETUI), Jan Drahokoupil (ETUI) and Magdalena Bernaciak (ETUI)2015
This book investigates the role that foreign direct investment (FDI) in central-eastern and southern Europe has played in the post-crisis period, comparing patterns across countries and sectors.
Aline Conchon (ETUI), Jeremy Waddington (ETUI)2015
Board Level Employee Representation in Europe analyses the role, activities and networking of board level employee representatives in sixteen European countries and their counterparts operating in companies that have adopted European status. Board level employee representation is viewed as a key element of worker participation in Europe, but there has been only limited international comparative research that establishes what board level employee representatives do and how their activities vary between countries.
Romuald Jagodzinski (ETUI)2015
This book assesses in detail the ways in which key improvements brought about by the 2009 EWC Recast Directive have been implemented in national legislation. The authors of the book have looked into the national transposition legislation of the 31 countries of the European Economic Area. The findings are very relevant for EU policy-making and for practitioners to deal with differing national legislative regimes.
Béla Galgóczi (ETUI)2015
Our planetary limits demand a radical transition from the energy-intensive economic model based on the extraction of finite resources, which has been dominant since the first industrial revolution, to a model that is both sustainable and equitable. In this transition towards a new economic model, energy transformation has a central role to play. Its implementation will entail, furthermore, numerous highly significant and potentially beneficial employment and distributional effects. While the investment required by such a transformation is tremendous, the dividend offered is thus twofold, albeit with a significant time lag.
Guy Van Gyes and Thorsten Schulten2015
This book proposes an alternative view according to which wage developments need to be strengthened through a Europe-wide coordinated reconstruction of collective bargaining as a precondition for more sustainable and more inclusive growth in Europe. It contains major research findings from the CAWIE2 – Collectively Agreed Wages in Europe – project, conducted in 2014–2015 for the purpose of discussing and debating the currently dominant policy perspectives on collectively-bargained wage systems under the new European economic governance.
Sigurt Vitols (ETUI)2015
The onset of the Great Financial Crisis in 2007/8 has triggered a widespread debate about the causes and the social and environmental consequences of the lack of long-term investment around the world. This volume, the third in the Sustainable Company book series produced by the GOODCORP network of academic and trade union experts on corporate governance, presents a ‘stakeholder’ approach to the problem. The analysis and policy prescriptions presented here go beyond mainstream economic analysis by highlighting the need for major changes in the way resources are saved, distributed and invested in the interests of a sustainable and just economy and society.
David Natali and Bart Vanhercke (OSE)2015
In this 2015 edition of Social policy in the European Union: state of play, the authors tackle the topics of the state of EU politics after the parliamentary elections, the socialisation of the European Semester, methods of political protest, the Juncker investment plan, the EU’s contradictory education investment, the EU’s contested influence on national healthcare reforms, and the neoliberal Trojan Horse of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).
Magdalena Bernaciak (ETUI)2015
This book systematically examines social dumping in the context of the European integration process. It defines social dumping as the practice, undertaken by self-interested market participants, of undermining or evading existing social regulations with the aim of gaining a competitive advantage.
Stan De Spiegelaere (ETUI) and Romuald Jagodzinski (ETUI)2015
In 2016 it will be 20 years since the first European Works Councils (EWC) directive came into force in the EU. In the same year, the European Commission is planning an evaluation of the EWC recast directive that will undoubtedly lead to debate on the need for further review of European regulation of EWCs. The year 2015 also marks the fifteenth anniversary of adoption of the EU directive on workers’ involvement in the European Company (SE).
Jan Drahokoupil (ETUI)2015
This book focuses on the dynamics of outsourcing in Europe from the perspective of employees. In particular, it considers one insufficiently studied aspect: the impact of outsourcing on working conditions and employment relations in companies.
Annie THÉBAUD-MONY, Philippe DAVEZIES, Laurent VOGEL, Serge VOLKOFF2015
Since the 1990s, the quality of working conditions has gradually made its way into the debate on social issues and real progress has been made. Nevertheless, the situation remains critical. This unique work, aimed at a wide audience, uses concrete examples from many different countries to identify the active measures needed for improvement in this area. Through a team of international experts, this work constitutes a political and practical tool for moving the debate about risk prevention forward.
Published every year, the report analyses the state of working Europe explaining with the aid of statistics and graphs the main trends in terms of Europe’s macro-economic situation, its labour market development, the situation of wages and collective bargaining, and worker participation.
This book stemming from the exhibition ‘The art of preventive health and safety in Europe’ presents historical and vintage posters from various European countries showing how graphic design has been used to promote health and safety prevention in more than 20 different cultural environments.
This book is a follow-up to the 2012 volume 'The triumph of failed ideas'. The focus of the book is the weight attributed to the different economic and social development paths in ten individual EU countries, and their interaction with the austerity regime established at EU level which in fact is deepening the crisis rather than paving ways out of it.
Niklas Bruun, Klaus Lörcher, Isabelle Schömann2014
The current economic and financial crisis erupted several years ago. Its effects impacted deeply upon society, in which legal rules and social patterns have developed to enable the establishment of civilisation, justice and peace. Over time it has become more and more obvious that policy, financial and economic actors have adopted austerity measures as a main tool to solve the ensuing problems, and that these measures have hit social policy standards sometimes dramatically.
David Natali, OSE2014
This 2013 edition of Social developments in the European Union provides key insights from analysts and scholars. Through the critical assessment of the EU economic governance of the last few years, contributors have set guidelines for a reinforced EU social protection and investment plan. The proposals for a pan-European unemployment insurance scheme and an EU minimum income scheme are analysed together with a renewed focus on the gender dimension of European social policies. Beyond economic and social governance, this volume critically reviews national reforms of labour market policies. While the state of the European economy is still gloomy, the institutional and policy reforms proposed here represent an opportunity to unveil a new path for Europe.
Maria Roselli, journalist2014
For decades asbestos was considered an ideal substance and therefore was called 'the mineral of the twentieth century'. Even though the fiber had already proven much earlier to cause various ailments, a real boom began in the 1950s and prospered everywhere in Europe.
This book retraces the history of the Swiss asbestos cement company Eternit, investigating the strategy it developed – together with other asbestos industrialists – to prevent this carcinogen from being outlawed until, in 1999, an EU Directive was finally adopted to this end.
Renaud Damesin, Jacky Fayolle, Nicolas Fleury, Mathieu Malaquin and Nicolas Rode2014
This book presents and updates the contents of a project conducted by a team from Groupe ALPHA for the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) on practices and challenges of non-formal and informal learning (NFIL) in the EU, including a direct survey of ten Member States.
The report Benchmarking Working Europe 2014 provides an evidence-based review of the crisis and the EU’s austerity policies regarding several aspects of working Europe in the last five years.The publication offers an overview of the most important statistical data in the form of graphs on issues related to the EU’s macroeconomic situation, labour markets, inequality and poverty, deregulation of labour law, wages and collective bargaining, health and safety at work, worker participation rights and the impact of austerity on the green agenda.
Christophe Degryse (ETUI) with Pierre Tilly2013
This joint ETUC-ETUI publication takes stock of the 40-years history of the European Trade Union Confederation. On the basis of numerous unpublished documents, this book tells the story of the challenges, successes and failures of the ETUC over these fourty years
Edited by Filip Dorssemont, Klaus Lörcher and Isabelle Schömann2013
The accession by the European Union to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) has opened up new possibilities in terms of the constitutional recognition of fundamental rights in the EU. In the field of employment law it heralds a new procedure for workers and trade unions to challenge EU law against the background of the ECHR. In theoretical terms this means that EU law now goes beyond recognition of fundamental rights as mere general principles of EU law, making the ECHR the 'gold standard' for fundamental (social) rights.
Catherine Teiger (CNRS, France) and Marianne Lacomblez (Universidade do Porto, Portugal)2013
This book presents the many facets of training in the critical analysis of work over the past fifty years in various European countries, Quebec and Latin America
David Natali and Bart Vanhercke (Co-Directors OSE)2013
The year 2012 has seen new developments in the EU’s economic crisis and renewed attempts to address its main causes. The European institutions have intensified their programme of promoting austere economic governance, while the political and institutional debates on democratic legitimacy and the effectiveness of the EU have intensified. In such a context, the ‘social dimension’ of Europe is clearly on the defensive with little progress towards more sustainable forms of growth. Almost undetected, however, the processes governing social policy in the context of the Europe 2020 strategy are slowly maturing and are being taken more seriously by key actors. This could prove to be highly consequential in future.
Widening economic and social gaps among EU member states, as well as among different groups and categories of citizens within society, are not only placing in jeopardy the future of Social Europe but threatening to undermine also the whole project of European integration. The post-2008 recession and debt crisis, helped along by EU leaders’ obstinate clinging to the failing remedies of fiscal austerity, have accelerated the disenchantment of millions of European citizens with the half-century-old project to build and consolidate a European Union. This is one of the most striking conclusions of the ETUI’s Benchmarking Working Europe report for 2013.
Marie-Anne Mengeot (journalist).Advisory contributor, Jean-Claude Zerbib, radiation protection engineer.2013
This publication takes stock of scientific knowledge of the risks involved in occupational exposure to ionising radiation.
Jan Cremers (University of Amsterdam), Michael Stollt (ETUI) and Sigurt Vitols (ETUI)2013
This publication of the SEEurope Network provides a comprehensive overview of the legislation on the European company (SE – Societas Europaea) and its history and development. It assesses the overall significance and impact of the SE on the business sector and on worker involvement
Sigurt Vitols, WZB Berlin Social Research Center, and Johannes Heuschmid, Hugo Sinzheimer Institut für Arbeitsrecht (HSI)2013
This book follows up on The Sustainable Company: a new approach to corporate governance (published by the ETUI in 2011 and edited by Vitols and Kluge),
which outlined GOODCORP’s vision of an alternative to the shareholder value orientation of the current system of corporate governance.
Isabelle Schömann (ETUI), Romuald Jagodzinski (ETUI),Guido Boni (University of London), Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI), Vera Glassner (Johannes Kepler Universität in Linz) and Teun Jaspers (Utrecht Univer...2012
Transnational collective bargaining (TCB) has become a ‘hot’ topic of European industrial relations. As well as collective bargaining between workers and employers conducted at the sectoral or national level, negotiations on employee rights and working conditions now also take place at the supranational level, within multinational companies. It is a development that poses major challenges for trade unions, as well as for employers and lawmakers.
Béla Galgóczi (ETUI), Janine Leschke (ETUI) and Andrew Watt (Head of the department Macroeconomic Policy Institute - Hans-Böckler Foundation)2012
The debate on the free movement of labour within the EU has gained new momentum in the wake of the economic crisis. Building on the earlier Ashgate publication EU Labour Migration Since Enlargement, the editors have assembled a team of experts from across Europe to shed light on the critical issues raised by internal labour mobility within the EU in the context of economic crisis and labour market pressures.
Stefan Collignon (Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa)2012
The emergence of macroeconomic imbalances among EU member states is often seen as a major underlying factor of the recent European debt crisis. In order to identify
and tackle these imbalances, the European authorities established, in 2011, a new surveillance tool incorporating rules to prevent future imbalances and labelled the
Excessive Imbalance Procedure (EIP).
David Natali and Bart Vanhercke (Co-Directors OSE)2012
This 2011 edition of Social developments in the European Union examines the ways in which the EU has changed during the turbulent year 2011. Institutional innovations were paralleled by new economic governance tools and further reinforcement of the austerity paradigm. Beyond economic governance, this volume sheds light on the state of European social dialogue, the role of structural funds, the fate of the social dimension of Europe 2020, and the activities of the European Court of Justice. Analysis of the EU level is complemented by a critical review of national reforms, especially in the case of health care.
Niklas Bruun (University of Helsinki), Klaus Lörcher (former Legal Adviser to the ETUC) and Isabelle Schömann (ETUI)2012
On 1 December 2009 the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force. Although often described as primarily technical, it significantly amended the Treaty on the European Union (TEU) and the old EC Treaty (now the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, TFEU). The authors’ aim in this book is to explore what the Treaty means for social law and social policy at the European level.
Since 2001, the ETUC and ETUI have produced Benchmarking Working Europe for the European Social Summit to draw attention to the state of working Europe. This publication aims to provide a genuine benchmarking exercise applied to the world of labour and social affairs grounded in effective labour and social rights. It establishes what progress – or lack of it – has taken place in selected areas of significance for social Europe and of importance to the trade unions.
How the objective of a resource-efficient low carbon economy is to be reached and how the transition is managed are the key issues addressed by this publication. The two main focuses are industrial policy and employment prospects on the road to a green economy that retains its industrial base.
Steffen Lehndorff (Senior Researcher at the Working Time and Work Organisation Department at IAQ, University of Duisburg-Essen)2012
The current crisis in Europe is being labelled, in mainstream media and politics, as a ‘public debt crisis’. The present book draws a markedly different picture. What is happening now is rooted, in a variety of different ways, in the destabilisation of national models of capitalism due to the predominance of neoliberalism since the demise of the post-war ‘golden age’. Ten country analyses provide insights into national ways of coping – or failing to cope – with the ongoing crisis. They reveal the extent to which the respective socio-economic development models are unsustainable, either for the country in question, or for other countries.
Wolfgang Kowalsky (ETUC) and Peter Scherrer (EMF)2011
In the wake of the financial and economic crisis, the trade unions face unprecedented challenges. While the European powers that be are blatantly coordinating the advent of national and European austerity policies, entailing drastic consequences for workers and the weaker members of society, the trade unions are set to mobilize their forces.
Michael Stollt, Elwin Wolters2011
In October 2001, the EU formally adopted the legislation on the European Company, also known by its Latin name Societas Europaea (SE). This handbook aims to ensure that the new opportunities for employee representation at European level which these new SE rules provide, are seized.
Christophe Degryse and David Natali (OSE and University of Bologna-Forlí)2011
This 2010 edition of Social developments in the European Union examines the ways in which the EU has tackled the main challenges related to the fiscal crisis, the first steps towards implementation of the Lisbon Treaty and the launch of the EU2020 Strategy. The volume sheds light on a number of aspects including the risks for the European social model and European integration project, the state of the debate on revision of the Stability and Growth Pact, the impact of the economic and financial crisis on pensions, the new ‘EU employment policy roadmap’ and, more generally, the tensions, risks and opportunities generated by Europe 2020.
In October 2008 Yota Kravaritou died aged 64. With wide-ranging contributions in three languages (English, French and Italian), the Mélanges constitute a rich and ambitious forum on the role of law, especially labour law, in society and the impact of Yota Kravaritou’s thinking and writings on developments in Europe in the fields of labour law and beyond.
Sigurt Vitols and Norbert Kluge2011
In a new book published by the ETUI an alternative approach to corporate governance is presented by members of the GOODCORP network of researchers and trade unionists. This new approach, entitled the Sustainable Company, draws on both traditional ‘stakeholder’ models of the firm and newer concerns with sustainability. The main elements of the Sustainable Company and the institutions needed to support it are presented.
David Coats (Research Fellow, The Smith Institute, London)2011
The global economy is still struggling to emerge from the worst financial crisis and global recession since the Second World War. In this context, TUAC, ETUI, GURN and ITUC created a Task Force to define the parameters of a new growth model. This publication which is the initial result of its work, takes up the challenge of developing progressive alternatives to the failed neo-liberal model that has dominated economic policy for over three decades. It consists of contributions by more than 30 authors, all with links to the global labour movement, and a preface by Nobel Prize laureate Joseph Stiglitz.
Is the Europe 2020 strategy leading us, as it promises, towards smart, sustainable and inclusive growth? This is the main question addressed by this publication on the eve of this year’s Spring European Summit. The ETUC and ETUI offer a critical assessment of the strategy and its various components: will it be able to provide a framework for the creation of more and better-quality jobs? Are the policies and indicators set to promote an increase in social cohesion? How can workers better participate in the achievement of these various aims? Benchmarking Working Europe 2011 is structured in eight topical chapters illustrated by a significant number of graphs, and has a completely new layout.
Michael Stollt and Sascha Meinert (Institute for Prospective Analyses, IPA)2010
This new publication, edited jointly by ETUI researcher Michael Stollt and Sascha Meinert from the Berlin-based Institute for Prospective Analysis (IPA), sets itself an audacious task: casting a long look forward into the future, namely the year 2030. Four alternative scenarios explore the long-term prospects and changing contexts of worker participation, in its various forms, in Europe. The stories incorporate broad developments in society, as well as the strategies and actions of people and organisations, first and foremost the actors involved in worker participation.
This 2009 edition of Social developments in the European Union examines the ways in which the ‘European social model’ has cushioned the blow – more so in some instances than others. This model is compared with that of the United States; the EU’s role in multilateral financial governance (in particular at the G20) and within international organisations (such as the ILO) is also assessed. In addition, this volume analyses the specific impact of the crisis on the Union’s social policies: employment strategy, pensions funding, social dialogue, social inclusion, etc.
Florence Lefresne (Researcher IRES)2010
The severe recession that is affecting the global economy highlights the vital role of unemployment benefits in providing large-scale social protection. How are unemployment benefit systems dealing with this challenge? Written by economists and sociologists, the book presents a broad view of the major adjustments that these systems have undergone over the past two decades in 14 EU countries, and also the USA and Canada.
Andrew Watt and Andreas Botsch2010
The devastating economic and financial crisis has revealed the limitations of financial capitalism and opened up a window of opportunity to propose and implement progressive reforms. Against this background the European Trade Union Institute has brought together critical and progressive academics and researchers from Europe and the United States to help launch a debate on setting an agenda for a reformed capitalism ‘after the crisis’. A total of 39 contributors provide concise, policy-oriented proposals, each one focusing on a specific area of relevance to a post-crisis world.
Michael Gold, Norbert Kluge and Aline Conchon2010
This book, edited by Michael Gold, Norbert Kluge and Aline Conchon, depicts the everyday realities of serving as an employee representative in company boardrooms, and – as importantly – the personalities behind them. Eighteen representatives located in 12 European countries introduce the reader to their experiences, as well as their duties, responsibilities and perceptions against the background of their individual character, colleagues and workplaces.
Philippe Pochet (General Director of ETUI), Maarten Keune (Professor at the University of Amsterdam) and David Natali (Research director of the Observatoire Social Européen)2010
This book aims to shed light on the most recent wave of social pacts in the last decade in western and eastern EU countries. In the context of recent socio-economic and political challenges (globalisation, changing economic context, labour market transformation, and the full implementation of EMU), 11 country chapters summarise the recent evolution of social pacts across the Eurozone and in New EU member states. These country chapters, alongside a number of more analytical contributions, show that social pacts of various kinds have contributed to employment, wage and welfare reforms over the last two decades, thereby demonstrating that these agreements are changing institutions able to be used by policymakers and social partners in their efforts to deal effectively with evolving socio-economic and political challenges.
Dr. Christina Klenner (Senior researcher of gender studies at the Institute of Economic and Social Research (WSI) at the Hans-Böckler-Foundation, Düsseldorf) and Dr. Simone Leiber (Senior research...2010
This book edited by Christina Klenner and Simone Leiber and first published in German, focuses on developments in the welfare states of the ten Central and Eastern European EU member states in the transformation process some 20 years after the end of state socialism. It also explores the shifts in gender relationships and inequalities, and tries to depict the interdependencies between these two processes.
Sony Kapoor is managing director at Re-Define, and currently an expert adviser to the European Parliament. He has a background working for investment banks such as Lehman Brothers and ICICI on the...2010
The financial crisis has exposed several flaws in the institutional structures, incentive systems, regulations and supervisory structures of financial markets. The European Trade Union Institute, the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung and Bertelsmann Stiftung have teamed up with Re-Define to publish this well-timed book which cuts through the technical jargon of financial reform underway in the EU and US, using easily understood metaphors and explains the working of the financial system, the causes of the crisis and the concepts and justifications for financial reform.
Filip Dorssemont (Professor of labour law at the Université Catholique de Louvain, UCL) and Thomas Blanke (Professor of law)2010
The present volume, edited by Filip Dorssemont and Thomas Blanke, and published by Intersentia, incorporates results of an innovative research project of the ETUI dealing with EWC-related litigation on the EU and national levels. It is both retrospective and prospective.
This year's Benchmarking Working Europe report embarks upon a social stocktaking of the reaction to and impact of the financial, economic and social crisis as a means of feeding into the post-crisis and EU2020 debate.
The report provides evidence to question the underlying foundation of the current growth model and its emphasis on deregulation and labour cost cutting. It supports the claim that workers' rights should be rediscovered as a force for productivity and as a way of building a new model of economic progress in which fair wages and good working conditions constitute the basis for growth and employment dynamics.
Niklas Bruun, Klaus Lörcher and Isabelle Schömann2009
Brian Bercusson was a leading European labour law academic and a true defender of European trade union and workers' rights. His critical analysis of European and national labour law developments have always been a source of precious support and a source of inspiration for the ETUI and the ETUC. As a legacy for future generations but also as the expression of the trade union’s heartfelt gratitude for his unstinting attachment to defending workers’ rights, the ETUI Experts Group has gathered a selection of the most important writings of Brian Bercusson on Labour Law and Social Europe.
Dr. Markus Hertwig (Research fellow at the Chair of Sociology / Organisation, Migration, Participation, Ruhr University Bochum), Prof. Dr. Ludger Pries (Holds the Chair of Sociology / Organisation,...2009
During the last 15 years, research on European Works Councils has revealed significant information concerning the structure, dynamics and ability of EWCs to represent employees’ interests. A multitude of factors and conditions influencing the work and results of EWC activity have been identified. Until now, however, there has been little systematic theorising about EWCs and their specific character as ‘interest organisations within profit organisations’ and the specific relationship or ‘organisational fit’ between each entity.
The urgent problem of global warming was compounded, in 2008, by a proliferation of crises – food, financial, economic, social, etc – reinforcing the need for the European Union to play a stronger role in building a new model of development, both internationally and at home.
This edition of “Social Developments in the EU” looks at the social policy issues that featured on the European agenda in 2008: working time, European Works Councils, social dialogue, the posting of workers, free movement of patients.
Bela Galgoczi, Janine Leschke and Andrew Watt2009
One of the most important consequences of EU enlargement in May 2004 was to extend the principle of the free movement of labour to the citizens of the central and eastern European new member states. In this book a team of labour economists and migration experts sheds light on the dimensions, characteristics and impacts of cross-border labour migration in selected sending and receiving countries. Separate contributions detail the policy responses by governments, employers and trade unions in these countries to the challenges posed by both inward and outward migration.
Michael Gold, Andreas Nikolopoulos and Norbert Kluge2009
The European Company Statute (ECS) is one of the most important pieces of legislation adopted so far by the European Union. It aims to regulate, on a voluntary basis, the internal functions of a business operating in more than two European countries at the same time.
This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the history, structure, legal basis and likely impact of the ECS, examining its evolution over some 30 years of development and its chances for integrating diverse models of corporate governance across the European Economic Area.
This year’s report provides an assessment of Lisbon Strategy. It asks whether the EU is really moving in the direction of knowledge-based growth, examines whether the EU has witnessed the creation of more and better jobs and considers whether the Union is succeeding in attaining greater social cohesion.
The report concludes that raising social and environmental standards could assist in ensuring sustainable growth and a healthier, more cohesive society.
Béla Galgóczi, Maarten Keune and Andrew Watt2008
In recent years, throughout Europe, increasing concerns have been raised about the relocation of production and jobs. What is the extent of relocation and what are its qualitative impacts? Away from the spotlight of individual cases and anecdotal evidence, `relocation`, proves to be a complex phenomenon.
Lars Magnusson, Henning Jorgensen and Jon Erik Dolvik2008
The EU’s Lisbon Strategy, adopted in 2000, set ambitious goals, a roadmap for achieving them and quantitative targets for 2010. Despite the view in some quarters just a few years ago that the Nordic countries were neither sustainable nor competitive, these countries have subsequently risen to become some of Europe’s most consistent performers in the efforts to reach the Lisbon targets. The intention of this book is to document how good governance has been developed in the Nordic countries. It proposes some relevant lessons for European decision-makers while highlighting individual features of the countries in the Nordic region.
Maarten Keune, Janine Leschke and Andrew Watt2008
The liberalisation and privatisation of public sector activities have been the subject of heated debate since the 1970s. The chapters in this volume contribute to this debate by analysing the effects of liberalisation and privatisation on productivity and service provision, employment, wages and working conditions in a number of European countries. The focus is on the service sector, which has been the main source of employment growth in recent years.
This publication examines how part-time and temporary employment have been gaining in importance in Western Europe since the 1980s as a possible solution to persistent unemployment, underemployment and reconciling work and family life. A special focus is placed on how workers with non-standard employment contracts are disadvantaged with regard to unemployment insurance benefits.
Maarten van Klaveren and Kea Tijdens2008
What drives low pay in Europe? Who and what sectors are affected? Which workers work very long or very short hours and miss out on training opportunities?
In this study, produced by the University of Amsterdam/AIAS, these are some of the questions posed for thirteen industries in nine EU member states. The study ranks the industries according to problems on working time, pay, training, bargaining coverage, and stress and discusses how these problems affect different groups of workers including men and women, younger and older workers and workers with higher and lower levels of education.
Maarten Keune and Béla Galgóczi2008
This volume presents an analysis of wage developments and wage bargaining practices since the mid-1990s in 17 European countries. The introductory chapter provides an overview of some of the main trends across Europe with a focus on wage moderation, the minimum wage and the decentralisation of collective bargaining. The country chapters provide a detailed overview of wage developments, also in relation to productivity, low pay and the minimum wage, and gender and sectoral wage differences.
Since the launch of the Lisbon Strategy, the ETUC together with the ETUI-REHS has produced an annual Benchmarking publication for the European Social Summit. Its aim is to establish what progress has been made in selected areas of importance to workers and which are of crucial significance for a Social Europe.
This year’s report tackles the issue of Europe’s social reality. It highlights in particular the issues of quality employment and the need to ensure that the European workforce receives a fair share of economic gains.
Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet2008
The year 2007 was dominated by two major factors in the international arena: a heightened awareness of climate change and its social repercussions and the global financial crisis triggered by the US subprime mortgage affair. Meanwhile, the EU has a new treaty which should help it boost its ability to act. External challenges are mounting up (sustainable development, financial governance, how to reduce development inequalities) along with internal ones (the purchasing power of European households, quality of work, labour law, asylum and immigration). The relevance of the liberalisation policies pursued by the Union for almost twenty years is also under scrutiny, especially in the energy and postal sectors. The next step for the European Union is to demonstrate its determination to rise to these numerous challenges.
Romuald Jagodzinski, Norbert Kluge and Jeremy Waddington2008
The Memorandum outlines a series of recommendations for policy making regarding EWCs based on fifteen years of research on how they function in practice. Its aim is to promote better functioning EWCs via a stronger and clearer legal base.
European labour markets face a range of significant challenges for which the current institutional and political answers are at the cost of the quality of jobs, quality of employment opportunities and workers' rights. Benchmarking Working Europe 2007 shows how emphasis should be put on job quality, including wage growth, decent working conditions, better training distribution enhancing training satisfaction, but also on efficient industrial relations for which workers' involvement in shaping their future is a crucial factor.
This paper is an extract from the publication Collective bargaining on working time. Recent European experiences.
How can the social dimension of “Europe” be maintained rather than sidelined within the European Union's constitutional treaty? How can a European social Constitution be achieved?
The ETUI-REHS, via its Research Group on Transnational Trade Union Rights (coordinator Brian Bercusson), has produced a new publication outlining eight different ways to develop the EU's constitutional framework with a strong social dimension.
Based on the work of the ETUI-REHS Research Group on Transnational Trade Union Rights (co-ordinator, Professor Brian Bercusson), this publication assesses the Opinions of the Advocates General of the Court in Laval and Viking cases and proposes six solutions which may be considered satisfactory from the point of view both of legal doctrine and industrial relations practice.
This sixth edition of Benchmarking Working Europe documents some of the current problems the European social model is facing, including problems on European labour markets, social inequalities, initiatives to reduce workers' rights and European policy deficits. The report calls for a new policy mix of employment-friendly macroeconomic policies and active labour market and social policies against a background characterised by - as also described here - sluggish growth, unimpressive productivity gains and a lack of job creation in Europe, among other things.
Andrew Watt and Ronald Janssen2006
What role should macroeconomic policy play in achieving the economic and employment goals that the European Union set itself at the Lisbon Council in 2000? The conventional wisdom is that macroeconomic policy must be solely oriented towards ensuring price stability, and that the goal of ?more and better jobs? simply requires ?more and more structural reforms?. The contributions to this book are varied, but they are united in rejecting this view.
Maarten Keune and Béla Galgóczi2006
The regulation of working time has historically been at the centre of the labour movement's struggle and in recent decades working time has also been a core issue for trade unions. In the 1990s and early 2000s, much of the working time debate was about labour's goal of working time reduction, the interest of employers in working time flexibility for the sake of competitiveness, as well as working time flexibility aimed at improving the work-life balance for workers.
Lilja Mósesdóttir, Amparo Serrano Pascual and Chantal Remery2006
To what extent is Europe moving towards the EU's vision of the knowledge-based society (KBS) with better quality jobs and gender equality? The underlying force believed to be driving the transition to the KBS is the growing use of information and communication technologies (ICTs), creating economic growth and social progress. However, there is no consensus as to what kind of society the KBS encompasses and what its implications may be in terms of gender equality.
Maria Jepsen and Amparo Serrano Pascual2006
The notion of the European Social Model (ESM) has been one of the fastest growing in European political and academic discourse in recent years. It is conventionally used to describe the European experience of simultaneously promoting sustainable economic growth and social cohesion. However, the concept has suffered from a lack of clear definition.
What role will the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights play in the future for labour law in the European Union Member States? How could it affect industrial relations in these states? These are crucial questions to which a group of eminent European labour law professors and researchers seek to offer some answers in their new book European Labour Law and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.
Rolf Geffken (ICOLAIR)2006
Twenty years of continuous economic growth, with annual rates of up to 10%, have significantly increased the economic and also the political weight of the People's Republic of China. Indeed, China is on the way to becoming a global economic power.
Thorsten Schulten, Reinhard Bispinck and Claus Schäfer2006
This volume presents, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of national minimum wage systems in Europe and the USA. The study, coordinated by the Economic and Social Sciences Institute (WSI) in the Hans Böckler Foundation, contains studies of countries such as Great Britain, Ireland, the Benelux countries, France, Spain, the states of central and eastern Europe and the USA, all of which have minimum wage provisions.
Wendy Morris, Prof. John Wilson (Institute for Occupational Ergonomics, University of Nottingham) and Theoni Koukoulaki (TUTB)2004
This book sets out the findings of research that aims to promote and focus on participatory approaches to equipment design. It shows what lessons not just standards bodies, but also the European public authorities responsible for framing design rules and policing the market of the work equipment, can learn from it.
Laurent Vogel (ETUI)2003
Generally speaking, women's issues are absent from health and safety policies: the hazards involved are either unknown or underestimated; and priorities are defined in male-dominated sectors and occupations, and so on.
Stefano Boy (ETUI)2003
The study examines practical issues of interpretation and application, as well as the responsibilities of employers, manufacturers and suppliers, and the challenges of market surveillance.
Sandra Limou (Institut du Travail, Université de Strasbourg)2003
Cette étude fait le point sur l'application de cette directive en France, et met l'accent sur la difficulté d'allier les objectifs sociaux et économiques.
Theoni Koukoulaki (TUTB) and Stefano Boy (ETUI)2002
This book sets out to exemplify some aspects of the current debates on how European and international standards as developed in the ISO and IEC can affect the health and safety of Europe's workers.
Giuseppe Fajertag and Philippe Pochet2000
A new bargaining agenda is indeed emerging, but its outline is not easy to determine because, on the one hand, monetary union precludes any wage drift and, on the other, the terms of a new deal are difficult to establish.
Jeremy Waddington and Reiner Hoffmann2000
Ian Fraser (French Ministry of Employment and Solidarity)1999
The author looks in detail at French public surveillance of the market for one of the products covered by European Directives - personal protective equipment (PPE) - and compares the French system with the position in other EU countries.
Karen Messing (CINBIOSE, University of Quebec)1999
For a number of years past, the Montreal-based CINBIOSE centre has been conducting research to make visible and gain recognition for aspects of women’s work which are bad for their physical or mental health. This research stems from the concerns and needs voiced by women workers themselves.
Laurent Vogel (ETUI)1998
This book follows on from 1994 study on how preventive provision was organised in the European Union of 12 Member States. The author applies the same analytical approach to Austria, Finland and Sweden as well as to Switzerland and Norway.
Martin Myant, Sotiria Theodoropoulou, Agnieszka Piasna (ETUI)
Unemployment rates in the EU rose after the economic crisis of 2008, passing 10% in 2012, but with big variations between countries. The worst afflicted had been subject to so-called policies of internal devaluation, aimed at curing unemployment by reducing wage costs. This book provides a comparative study of countries that to varying degrees followed that road (Greece, Spain, Portugal, Ireland) set against others that did not (Germany, UK, Poland).