Publications that present ongoing or already concluded research and are intended for academics and other specialists.
Jan Drahokoupil (ETUI)2016
This working paper gives an overview of minimum wage policies in Central and Eastern Europe. It shows that minimum wages are an effective tool for reducing inequality by raising the lowest incomes.
Martin Myant (ETUI)2016
This working paper discusses the use of unit labour costs (ULC) by the European Commission as a measure of competitiveness of exports, especially in central and Eastern Europe (CEE).
Tim Vlandas and Daphne Halikiopoulou (University of Reading)2016
This working paper argues with extensive statistical analysis that the rise of far-right parties in Europe has less to do with the economic crisis and unemployment levels as such but more with specific labour market policies and institutions.
Jeremy Waddington (ETUI and University of Manchester), Valeria Pulignano and Jeffrey Turk (University of Leuven), Thomas Swerts (University of Antwerp)2016
This working paper looks at the views of managers responsible for European Works Councils (EWCs) within multinational companies on the operation of the institution. It also examines the policies of Business Europe on EWCs vis-à-vis the views of these managers.
Tony Musu (ETUI), Laurent Vogel (ETUI) and Henning Wriedt (Beratungs- und Informationsstelle Arbeit & Gesundheit, Hamburg)2016
In the context of the announced revision of the directive on carcinogenic substances, this publication reviews the limitations of the existing legislation and outlines the priorities for its reform.
Stefan Domonkos (Institute of Economic Research of the Slovak Academy of Sciences)2016
This working paper provides an overview of labour market policies in the Slovak Republic, from the beginning of the post-socialist transition to the recent period, characterised by growing pressure for fiscal stringency from the European Union (EU). It investigates the differences between the prevalent trends in labour market policies before and after 2010 and it finds little difference between them.
Gérard Valenduc and Patricia Vendramin (Fondation Travail-Université (FTU) )2016
This paper sets out to analyse the digital economy and changes in work by sifting elements of continuity from others that are radically new. Aspects examined are: genuinely new features encountered in the digital economy model; major instances of technological change observable in the working environment; new forms of work in the digital economy; distance and employment relationships; challenges entailed in regulating a labour world shorn of its customary structures.
Christophe Degryse (ETUI)2016
This working paper gives an overview of the new possibilities opened up by the 4th industrial revolution and tackles some specific questions in relation to its effects on the labour market, including on the status of employees, on working conditions and on training. It examines the role that trade unions can play in the digital economy and the main initiatives already proposed at European trade union level in this context.
Caroline de la Porte and Patrick Emmenegger2016
This Working Paper focuses on the impact of the directive on fixed-term work and the EU's Court of Justice (CJEU) case law concerning fixed-term work from 2007 and 2013. By doing so, this working paper develops an analytical framework to analyse the Europeanisation of labour law with an eye on the literature on labour-market dualisation.
Gabriele Piazza and Martin Myant (ETUI)2016
This Working Paper critically analyses Italy’s labour market reforms of 2012 (Fornero Reform). It focuses especially on a measure designed to cut unemployment and labour-market dualism by reducing the protection against dismissal enjoyed by permanent employees.
This working paper presents arguments for a stronger policy to eradicate occupational cancer in Europe and globally.
Torsten Müller (ETUI)2015
The focus of this paper is the need to reshape the financial assistance programmes and the related activities of the Troika in a way that would make them more socially and democratically acceptable. The starting point, therefore, is an analysis of the current role of the Troika and of each of its three constituent institutions in the framework of the financial assistance programmes.
Torsten Müller (ETUI) and Thorsten Schulten (WSI)2015
This Working Paper critically reviews the empirical evidence and the basic assumptions on which European and national policymakers base their strategy of cutting and freezing public sector pay as one central element of the current crisis management. Using comparative studies and new statistical data, the paper demonstrates that these assumptions are wrong, as they rely on a 'excessively narrow conception of competitiveness as cost competitiveness' and they neglect the role of wages in generating domestic demand.
Claude Serfati (IRES)2015
This Working Paper on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) highlights the controversial benefits of speeding up free trade and puts the negotiations between the EU and the US in the context of the fall-out of the financial crisis.
Béla Galgóczi (ETUI) and Janine Leschke (Copenhagen Business School)2015
This Working Paper describes the main trends in post-enlargement east/west intra-EU labour mobility. It looks at how different population groups, nationals, EU8 and EU21 migrants have been affected by the turbulent processes of opening up national labour markets and subsequently by the crisis.
Magdalena Bernaciak (ETUI)2015
This working paper maps out developments of industrial relations in Central-Eastern Europe (CEE) during the period 2008-2014. It looks at wage trends and public sector austerity measures, collective bargaining practices, social dialogue performance and the incidence of strikes and protests.
Eric van den Abeele, guest researcher ETUI and lecturer University of Mons.2015
This Working Paper aims to shed light on the machinations behind recent developments regarding the Better Regulation agenda. How should we interpret the Commission’s insistence on relentlessly attacking its own legislation? Why does it constantly refer to the costs, yet never once mention the benefits? Eric van de Abeele, who has already written several publications on the subject, has taken an in-depth look at seven key components of the Better Regulation agenda with a view to unveiling the Commission’s real intentions.
Laszlo Horwitz (GIZ) and Martin Myant (ETUI)2015
This working paper looks at recent structural reforms of the Spanish labour market and evaluates them against the government’s stated objectives to reduce unemployment.
Christophe Degryse (ETUI)2015
While the European intersectoral social dialogue has been, according to the Commission’s own admission, dragging its feet for the last few years on account of a lack of commitment on the part of the private sector employers, the sectoral social dialogue is often presented as a more dynamic and successful venture. A dialogue along sectoral lines has been set in motion by employer and labour organisations from a current total of 43 economic sectors of the European economy (from metalworking through road transport to public services and many others).
Martin Myant, ETUI and Ronan O’Brien, independent researcher2015
This working paper reviews the findings of the most prominent studies on the economic impact of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), focussing on those commissioned by the European Commission and by the German government.
Jeremy Waddington (ETUI)2014
Based on a comparative survey of members of fourteen European trade unions in twelve countries, this working paper tries to answer the questions why people retain their trade union membership in times of declining unionisation.
Sebastiano Sabato, OSE; Bart Vanhercke, OSE2014
This Working Paper provides a qualitative assessment of one of Europe 2020's flagship initiatives: the 'European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion' (EPAP).
The paper argues that a transformed EPAP has the potential to provide strong added value for the EU's toolbox in the fight against poverty. Rather than throwing out the baby with the bathwater, the mid-term review of the Europe 2020 Strategy should be used as a window of opportunity to revamp this tool by addressing its weaknesses. The authors propose three complementary scenarios for boosting, step by step, the effectiveness of the Platform.
Éric Van den Abeele2014
This working paper provides a legal analysis of the inclusion of social and environmental clauses in the modernisation of the EU's public procurement directives.
Agnieszka Piasna (ETUI), Martin Myant (ETUI)2014
This Working Paper investigates links between employment changes and both sectoral developments and changes in earnings levels in six EU member states
Magdalena Bernaciak (ETUI)2014
This paper proposes a conceptualization of social dumping and applies it to an analysis of the EU integration process. Building on recent contributions in the fields of economic theory, economic sociology and institutional political economy, it defines social dumping as the practice, undertaken by self-interested market participants, of undermining or evading existing social regulations with the aim of gaining a competitive advantage. The paper also argues that the social dumping practices of market actors are encouraged by policy initiatives of liberalization and deregulation.
Eric Van den Abeele2014
This Working Paper provides a clear but critical assessment of the EU’s process of simplification and qualitative improvement of the ‘acquis’, a process originally known as ‘Better Law-making’, subsequently as ‘Smart regulation’ and, in its latest incarnation, as ‘Regulatory Fitness and Performance (REFIT)’.
Sotiria Theodoropoulou (ETUI)2014
This paper provides a comparative analysis of the Memorandums of understanding (MoUs) in Greece and Portugal in the areas of old-age pensions and labour market policies and shows that, compared to earlier economic governance instruments, the MoUs have entailed much greater interference in setting policy objectives, tighter surveillance and stricter enforcement.
Patricia Vendramin et Gérard Valenduc2014
This working paper aims to give a structured gender analysis of the working and employment conditions of older workers (aged 50 and over).
Isabelle Schömann (ETUI)2014
This new working paper is intended to map reforms of employment protection law in the member states with the aim of addressing these legal changes in the context of the crisis, but also in the context of the deregulation agenda of the European Commission.
David Natali, associated professor University of Bologna-Forli & senior researcher at the European Social Observatory (OSE) in Brussels and Furio Stamati, researcher OSE.2013
This working paper assesses the impact of the economic crisis on European pension systems and provides a comparative overview of the measures imposed on European pension systems, together with their effects.
Jan Popma, senior researcher University of Amsterdam2013
The Internet and the use of portable computers, mobile phones and tablets have increased the importance of ‘new ways of work’. This work, which is place- and time-independent, can lead to more autonomy and greater flexibility for workers, but it also carries serious physical as well as psychosocial risks according to this working paper.
This paper investigates cross-company variation in the core-periphery configuration of the workforce. The empirical focus is on four automotive plants in Germany, which differ in terms of their organisation of agency work. The comparison reveals that there is no automatic relationship between skills, products and company workforce structure. As traditional employer-driven explanations such as production requirements and skills fail to make sense of the variations encountered, the main argument of the paper is based on the power-resource approach.
Christophe Degryse, Maria Jepsen and Philippe Pochet (ETUI)2013
This critical working paper looks at the series of political choices, circumstances and windows of opportunity that have enabled one particular vision of the model of EU monetary union to gain acceptance. In the context of this model, political union is not considered an accessible way to manage the crisis, for the rescue of the euro is regarded as feasible only in a more competitive economy.
Carole Lang, Stefan Clauwaert and Isabelle Schömann (ETUI)2013
This working paper extends and complements the analysis of pre-2012 anticrisis measures published in the earlier ETUI Working Paper 'The crisis and'national labour law reforms: a mapping exercise' which dealt with anti-crisis measures on working time taken before February 2012.
Carole Lang, Isabelle Schömann and Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI)2013
This working paper builds on previous research undertaken by the ETUI on the impact of the economic and financial crisis on labour law reforms in EU Member States. It maps the landscape and evolutions in the regulation of atypical employment contracts, analysing how some of these evolutions can be related to the context of the economic and financial crisis.
Jan Cremers (University of Amsterdam)2013
This working paper by Jan Cremers of the Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies summarises the results of an inquiry by the SEEurope network on the current legal framework and practices in 28 European countries regarding non-financial and sustainability-related reporting by European companies and the role and involvement of trade union representatives in this form of reporting.
Rebecca Zahn (University of Stirling)2013
This working paper by Rebecca Zahn of the University of Stirling looks at the effects of the economic crisis on the enlarged European Union and the European Social Model.
Christophe Degryse (ETUI)2012
This Working Paper by ETUI Senior researcher Christophe Degryse provides a thorough historical overview of how this new European economic governance came about and what the new structures for surveillance, coordination and sanctions (Euro-Plus Pact, Fiscal Compact, European Stability Mechanism, and so on) mean for the European project.
Béla Galgóczi and Janine Leschke (ETUI)2012
This paper by senior ETUI researchers Béla Galgóczi and Janine Leschke looks at recent trends in labour migration from new EU member states to the EU15, with a focus on the impact of the crisis on intra-EU labour mobility. Based on data from the European Labour Force Survey, the findings of the study contradict expectations, previously expressed in the literature, according to which deep recessions will result in a slowdown in migration flows. The overall stock of EU10 population in EU15 countries has continued to grow during the crisis, except in Ireland and Spain, two countries that were particularly hard hit by the recession and which, prior to the crisis, exhibited large EU10 migrant inflows.
Jochen Clasen, Daniel Clegg (University of Edinburgh) and Jon Kvist (University of Southern Denmark)2012
This working paper by Jochen Clasen and Daniel Clegg, of the University of Edinburgh, together with Jon Kvist of the University of Southern Denmark, examines the nature of impact of the economic and political challenges engendered by the “Great Recession” on labour market policy reforms in Europe. The authors thus consider the question of whether the economic crisis has also brought a labour market policy reform crisis in its wake.
Éric Van den Abeele (Temporary lecturer at the University of Mons-Hainaut)2012
This Working Paper provides a critical analysis of the EU Commission’s proposals to modernise and simplify its rules on public procurement. The author of the paper, Eric Van den Abeele, looks at the political background and reasons behind the EU’s revision of its public procurement directives. The reform aims at making the rules simpler and more flexible, providing better access to the public procurement market by SME’s and fostering a better qualitative use of public procurement through the introduction of social and environmental criteria.
Sotiria Theodoropoulou (ETUI) and Andrew Watt (Head of the department Macroeconomic Policy Institute - Hans-Böckler Foundation)2012
The original Greek adjustment programme, as spelled out in the Memorandum of Understanding signed in May 2010, contained, from the outset, the seeds of its own failure. This is the conclusion of the authors of the present Working paper which assesses, on its own premises, the original adjustment programme that was agreed for the Greek bail-out.
Patricia Vendramin and Gérard Valenduc (Fondation Travail-Université, Namur, Belgium)2012
This working paper analyzes the data collected by the fifth European Working Conditions Survey done in 2010 to examine how working conditions are changing for different ages and occupation types. It brings insights into the quality of work and employment amongst ageing workers that help to inform the debate on how “sustainable” work is according to one’s age and occupation.
Andrew Watt (Head of the department Macroeconomic Policy Institute - Hans-Böckler Foundation)2012
This article asks whether we can, and whether we must, work less to pollute less. After examining different scenarios, the only strategy that appears commensurate with the normative views set out in the paper, i.e. meeting emissions targets while maintaining employment – seems to be a combination of radical efforts to accelerate the decoupling of emissions from economic growth and considerably more substantial reductions in average working hours than have been the norm in recent decades.
Janine Leschke (ETUI), Andrew Watt (Head of the department Macroeconomic Policy Institute - Hans-Böckler Foundation) and Mairéad Finn (Research Assistant at The Economic and Social Research Instit...2012
This paper is an update of the synthetic job quality index (JQI) for the EU27 countries which has been created in 2008 (see ETUI Working paper 2008.03 and 2008.07) in an attempt to shed light on the question of how European countries compare with each other and how they are developing over time in terms of job quality.
Magdalena Bernaciak (ETUI)2012
Despite its widespread use in popular discourse, the term ‘social dumping’ remains poorly defined and thus subject to misconceptions or conscious abuse. This paper reviews recent public debates and academic studies on real or perceived social dumping threats, drawing attention to the simplistic understanding of the mechanism underlying such practices as well as to enduring operationalization problems.
Ive Marx (CSB, University of Antwerp and IZA), Sarah Marchal (CSB, University of Antwerp) and Brian Nolan (University College Dublin)2012
This working paper focuses on the role of minimum wages, in conjunction with tax and benefit policies, in protecting workers against financial poverty. It covers 20 European countries with a national minimum wage and three US States (New Jersey, Nebraska and Texas). It is shown that only for single persons and only in certain countries do net income packages at minimum wage level reach or exceed the EU’s at-risk-of poverty threshold, which is set at 60 per cent of median equivalent household income in each country.
Isabelle Schömann (ETUI), Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI)2012
This Working Paper maps the labour law reforms in various European countries either triggered by the crisis or introduced using the crisis – falsely – as an excuse. Such reforms generally render existing labour law provisions more flexible and loosen minimum standards, shifting the emphasis to soft law (deregulation).
Maarten Keune (Director of the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) and Associate Researcher ETUI) and Colin Crouch (Emeritus Professor Warwick Business School)2012
This paper draws on the research done in the framework of the European Union Framework Programme 7 project The Governance of Uncertainty and Sustainability: Tensions and Opportunities (GUSTO).
Janine Leschke (ETUI)2012
This paper analyses whether developments on the labour market and in the welfare system during the economic crisis can be seen as perpetuating the trend towards labour market segmentation or whether the crisis may actually have contributed to containing some of the divisions forged in recent decades.
Paul de Beer (University of Amsterdam)2012
Although the economic crisis that started in 2008 hit all EU member states hard, the impact of the crisis on employment, unemployment, earnings and inequality varied considerably. This paper analyses the variation in the consequences of the crisis among the member states of the EU.
Norman Wagner (Austrian Federal Chamber of Labour, Vienna)2011
This working paper assesses the impact on, and challenges to, the ability of welfare systems with different financing mechanisms to cope with the crisis. Additionally, it analyses how the crisis (stimulus measures, austerity packages) contributes to changing the structure of financing systems.
Aline Conchon (ETUI)2011
This ETUI Working Paper aims to present a new way of understanding the processes and potential difficulties of legislating on the issue of worker participation at European level. Based on a renewed analytical framework, it helps reveal the competing political projects advanced by two actors – the ETUC and the European Commission – in this regard.
David Natali (OSE and University of Bologna-Forlí)2011
This paper sheds light on the initial impact of the economic and financial crisis on pensions policy across Europe, and assesses the first measures proposed and/or introduced in four EU countries.
Kurt Vandaele (ETUI)2011
Providing a simple quantitative overview and a short macro-comparative analysis of strike activity in Europe since the 1990s, this working paper assesses whether three strike trends observed in the 1990s continued in the next decade.
Janine Leschke (ETUI), Maria Jepsen (ETUI)2011
This new working paper aims to assess the impact of the current financial and economic crisis on gender equality in terms of labour market and welfare outcomes.
Philippe Pochet (ETUI), Vera Glassner (ETUI)2011
In the run-up to European Monetary Union (EMU) trade unions across Europe began to coordinate their bargaining policies transnationally. This paper provides an overview of the efforts made by European and national trade unions to coordinate collective bargaining and wage formation at the sectoral and intersectoral levels to date, embedding them in the broader framework of a European industrial relations system.
Sotiria Theodoropoulou and Andrew Watt (ETUI)2011
Based on a survey of national experts, this Working Paper evaluates from a European and national comparative perspective the austerity packages that the governments of EU member states have announced and implemented following the recent financial crisis and the Great Recession. The study raises serious doubts about the drive for austerity being embarked upon by EU countries.
Jean-Claude Barbier (senior researcher at Centre national de la recherche scientifique in France)2011
The aim of this new ETUI Working paper is to identify the changes and enduring features of EU political/policy discourse and to seek to explain them by tentatively relating them to factors regarded as their determinants. While hard facts remain to be checked out in the future, some significant turnings are nevertheless already apparent and clearly identifiable.
Vera Glassner (ETUI)2010
Against the background of governments’ consolidation strategies, ETUI researcher Vera Glassner provides an overview of recent developments in terms of pay, employment and reforms of the pay system in the public sector. Cuts and freezes of public sector wages were most frequently imposed unilaterally by the state. The author argues that the re-establishment of collective bargaining as a mechanism to settle public sector pay is of vital importance in order to prevent downward pressures on wages, maintain workers’ purchasing power and contribute to a stable and balanced economic development within the Eurozone and across the business cycle.
This paper written by Andranik Tangian from the Institute for Economic and Social Research at the Hans-Böckler-Stiftung presents a macroeconomic analysis of flexicurity with regard to the current economic crisis. The analysis is performed with four composite indicators based on statistical figures for 25 countries - flexibility, security, gravity of macroeconomic situation by 2010 and aggravation of macroeconomic situation in 2008–2010. The author concludes that a better alternative to flexicurity would be a normalization of employment relations, i.e. low flexibility, which also would result in less social security expenditure.
Aïda Ponce Del Castillo (ETUI)2010
The health risks posed by the commercial use of nanomaterials have recently come onto the European Commission’s agenda. The Commission has not so far seen a need for specific legislation to govern nanotechnologies - a view not shared by either Parliament or the European trade union movement.
Andrew Watt (ETUI), Janine Leschke (ETUI)2010
The economic crisis which began in most European countries in mid-2008 has had severe effects on labour markets. Although no country has escaped the crisis, the extent of output losses and the number of jobs lost, as well as the resulting rise in unemployment, vary considerably between countries. In order to shed light on this issue, this paper examines empirically how the current economic crisis has affected the different European economies in terms of the impact on output, and the knock-on effects, influenced by the specific institutional frameworks, on employment and unemployment.
The recent global recession has had differing effects on wages across Europe. This paper presents wage patterns for EU countries since the impact of the financial crisis, and compares them to previous trends. Wages in the countries hardest hit by the recession have underperformed when compared to past developments. The role of wages in determining international competitiveness is also examined and the importance of the general price level as opposed to wage levels is highlighted.
Kurt Vandaele (ETUI, Janine Leschke (ETUI)2010
This paper aims to provide a survey of the initiatives developed by trade unions in Germany, the Netherlands and the UK for organising non-standard workers and to assess whether, and to what extent, the Dutch and German unions are influenced by British union practices for recruiting new members and among them non-standard workers.
Lars Magnusson (Professor in Economic history, Vice-rector of Uppsala University)2010
This paper is the result of critical discussions held in the framework of the SALTSA project on the post-2010 continuation of the Lisbon process. The general conclusion is that Europe will continue to need, in the future, a common strategy for growth and sustainable development which builds on the experiences of the ‘old’ Lisbon strategy. That is why the paper starts with analysing the Lisbon process and discussing its various shortcomings. The author argues that a genuinely new strategy will have to adopt a generally different approach when setting priorities.
Igor Guardiancich and David Natali2009
Reliance on private retirement pensions is on the increase both at Member State level, via the spread of quasi-mandatory occupational plans, and at EU level, as a result of initiatives including the IORP Directive. This Working Paper analyses the legislative and market trends that underpin this development, assessing the impact of the global financial crisis, presenting the regulatory improvements required, and delineating the future prospects of the market for supplementary pensions.
This Working Paper sheds light on the multi-dimensional and changing interplay between state, market institutions and social partners in relation to supplementary pension schemes, the importance of which is growing across Europe. The paper offers a lucid analysis of the responsibility shared among these three sets of actors to protect against the risk of old age by developing the provision of privately managed fully-funded schemes
Vera Glassner (ETUI)2009
This working paper provides an overview of government and trade union responses to the economic crisis in the financial sector. It provides a comparative presentation of trade union and government responses to the crisis with particular emphasis on the country-specific conditions and practices of collective bargaining and social dialogue. It is based on a survey carried out among financial sector unions affiliated to Uni-Europa.
The paper analyses the instability of paradigmatic pension reforms enacted in Croatia and Hungary in the late 1990s. Both countries' policy makers unilaterally overhauled the respective retirement systems, but the partial, incoherent or fictive institutional replacement steered the new arrangements away from their original designs.
This paper analyses how wage policy in Austria and the Netherlands was affected by economic and monetary union (EMU). The paper concludes that EMU and the macroeconomic shifts resulting from it have had little influence on wage-setting in Austria and the Netherlands. While wage restraint outcomes did diverge for both countries after the start of EMU, this paper will argue that different wage institutions lead to this divergence. The EMU’s new macroeconomic order did not significantly change either countries microeconomic wage institutions.
Anna Maria Sansoni2009
This working paper presents how 'personal services' i.e. labour supplied within the home or the immediate environment of private individuals have developed in France and Belgium via a voucher system.The paper suggests large numbers of regular jobs have been created despite the fact that shorter working hours are a prevalent feature of these new jobs. In comparison with the actual creation of regular jobs, the quality of the jobs in question seems to be definitely more controversial.
Andrew Watt (ETUI)2009
This ETUI Working Paper analyses the fiscal stimulus packages implemented by EU Member States against the background of the on-going economic crisis. Alongside the overall volume of the packages, the study, which is based on a survey of national experts, considers their content and also the involvement – or lack of it – of the social partners and particularly trade unions.
Sigurt Vitols (ETUI)2009
The working paper analyses the impact of EWCs on four different groups: shareholders, creditors, managers and employees. It argues that EWCs provide a net benefit. There are no significant negative impacts on shareholders and creditors while there are clear positive benefits for employees and managers.
Béla Galgóczi (ETUI), Janine Leschke (ETUI), Andrew Watt (ETUI)2011
This working paper is an update of the 2009/3 ETUI Working Paper that was itself an abridged and revised version of the introductory chapter of the book EU Labour Migration since Enlargement: Trends, Impacts and Policies.
Christophe Degryse (ETUI), Philippe Pochet (ETUI)2009
The authors argue that a new paradigm is needed for European and national policies if the challenge of sustainable development is to be answered. It will not be sufficient to simply adjust policies to short-term considerations. Rather than solely relying on economic growth, it is by promoting social cohesion and protecting the environment that a sustainable society will be created. This will require a re-examination of modes of production, distribution, transport, consumption while integrating within it as a prerequisite the notion of social justice.
Béla Galgóczi (ETUI), Vera Glassner (ETUI)2009
How are social policy actors in major sectors of the European economy responding to the current economic and financial crisis? This working paper summarises the plant-level responses of social policy actors to the symptoms of the current recession between October and mid January 2009. It examines how organised labour and capital responded to the crisis in key sectors and countries and what collective bargaining and labour market policy tools were available to deal with its effects and thus safeguard employment.
Janine Leschke (ETUI), Andrew Watt (ETUI)2008
The Lisbon Strategy that was launched in 2000 called for the creation of “more and better” jobs in Europe. Some progress has been made in bringing more Europeans into paid employment and cutting unemployment trends. The goal of better jobs on the other hand has been less ardently pursued resulting in a widespread perception that many of the new jobs that are being created are “bad jobs”. Against this background the ETUI has created a job quality index (JQI) in order to shed light on whether the goal of more jobs has been pursued at the cost of better jobs and how European countries compare with each other with regard to job quality. This Working Paper outlines some of the initial results of what will be a regular monitoring exercise.
This paper examines how Western and CEE trade unions are coping with intensifying cross-border competition. It asks what strategies they employ to increase or preserve employment levels and to improve working conditions in a transnationally competitive environment.
François Rycx, Ilan Tojerow and Daphné Valsamis2008
The survey contains detailed information on wages, bonuses, age, education, sex, occupation, contracts, working time, sector and region. The findings show that there are large wage differentials between workers employed in different sectors. The results also suggest that wage differentials between sectors are significantly bigger in countries where wage bargaining is weakly coordinated and essentially organised at the firm or establishment level.
'Flexicurity’ has become a core concept in the European labour market debate. This working paper argues that the concept of flexicurity appears ill-defined and highly ambiguous concerning its role in informing policy.
Janine Leschke (ETUI), Andrew Watt (ETUI)2008
The ETUI has created a European Job Quality Index (JQI). This working paper outlines the choice of data and variables as well as the data processing.
This working paper investigates the current relationship between the European Parliament and the European trade unions, and outlines the challenges from the trade union point of view.
To what extent is the European Union actively disseminating a social model via enlargement? This working paper examines the social effects of the transposition and implementation of the acquis communautaire, taking account of the (hard and soft) social elements of the acquis as well as some of its economic elements.
Reiner Hoffmann and Otto Jacobi2007
This text was originally published in spring 2007 as an article in volume 95 of the “Edition de Hans Boeckler Stiftung” series. The volume was entitled Social Embedding and the integration of markets: an opportunity for transnational trade union action or an impossible task?.
Andrew Watt (ETUI), Béla Galgóczi (ETUI)2007
Thomas Blanke (University of Oldenburg) and Jürgen Hoffmann (University of Hamburg)2007
European integration has since the mid-fifties been principally economic in nature. Market creating policy is now very much conducted at supranational level. Failure to sufficiently address social policy considerations at the same level has historically resulted in the growth of market-correcting policies in the form of different national social policies and welfare structures which now coexist within the EU.
Maria Jepsen (ETUI)2007
‘Flexicurity’ has become one of the more fashionable elements of the European political discourse addressing social and economic policies in general and employment and labour market policies in particular. The European Commission is strongly pushing for flexicurity as the answer to Europe’s employment problems and is trying to convince other European and national actors to follow its lead.
The focus of the article is labour mobility within the European Union (EU) and how the current trends may be influenced by the impending accession of the central and eastern European Countries (CEECs).
The findings are based on a number of recent studies conducted by various authors.
Laurent Vogel (ETUI)2006
This document reviews the failings of the strategy pursued from 2002 to 2006 to recommend a new strategy built around practical initiatives and a definite timetable. The publication makes the union case against any "break from introducing new legislation".
Laurent Vogel (ETUI)2001
In 2002, the European Commission issued its Community strategy on health and safety at work, 2002-2006. The ETUI stepped into the debates on framing the new strategy with a European trade union consensus paper published jointly with the ETUC.
Kees Le Blansch (Questions, Answers and More (QA+), Netherlands)2001
Sustainable development goes to issues that are fundamental for trade unions - issues like hazards, democracy, the principles of justice and access to natural resources.
Isabelle Schömann (ETUI) , Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI)
This Working Paper maps the labour law reforms in various European countries either triggered by the crisis or introduced using the crisis – falsely – as an excuse. Such reforms generally render existing labour law provisions more flexible and loosen minimum standards, shifting the emphasis to soft law (deregulation).