European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.



Charlotte Olijslagers and Stan De Spiegelaere (ETUI) 10/2019

Policy brief

This policy brief considers the lack of European Works Councils through a Belgian perspective. It discusses Belgian companies who are currently engaged in establishing one or have developed ‘functionally equivalent’ structures. The remaining companies are confronted with serious obstacles to establishing a European Works Council, principally: (i) a lack of knowledge about them, (ii) weak and time-consuming national-level information...


Jean-Paul Tricart 09/2019

This Working Paper analyses the development of the interpretation that the European Commission has given to the TFEU provision concerning mechanisms for extensions of collective agreements. The paper examines how the Commission has reinterpreted these provision and the challenges this poses for the social partners.


Stefan Clauwaert 09/2019


This is the ninth cycle under the European Semester system since its launch in 2011, but it is also the second set of CSRs launched since the proclamation of the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) in November 2017.


Torsten Müller 08/2019

This working paper provides data confirming that workers in lower-skilled health and social care assistant positions earn considerably less than the national average wage in their country.


Agnieszka Piasna 08/2019

The policy brief examines the low unionisation rate among Deliveroo riders that seems to be partly due to a lack of organising initiatives and strategies on the part of trade unions.


Edited by Torsten Müller, Kurt Vandaele and Jeremy Waddington 07/2019

This collection of four volumes charts the development of collective bargaining since the year 2000 in the 28 EU Member States. These four volumes document how the institutions of collective bargaining have been removed, fundamentally altered or markedly narrowed in scope in all 28 EU Member States.


Agnieszka Piasna 07/2019

This policy brief considers what is the scope for addressing the challenges linked to irregular work schedules in EU social and employment policy.


Edited by Isabelle Daugareilh, Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet 06/2019

This Working Paper brings together two parallel but complementary approaches to the impact of the platform economy on working conditions and social law.


Brian Fabo and Martin Guzi 06/2019

This policy brief details the necessary amounts for dignified living according to official EU figures and the perceptions of Europeans, as well as the actual disposable income of families in the lower part of the income distribution across EU member states. The research shows that households not being able to fulfil their needs is not just a question of their relative income but in some countries reflects the general low level of wa...


Gabriela Portela 05/2019

leaflet ETUI learning approach

ETUI Education offers a distinctive European Trade union training programme in a multicultural setting. We provide high quality training on key competences, skills and knowledge to European Trade union members and officers, that is focused on strengthening and expanding the sense of belonging to a common community. In this guide you will have an insight into our learning approach, our mission and impact of our training programmes and learning pathways.


Call for contributions to the special issue of Transfer (2020)

16 October 2019

Theme: Industrial relations and inequality: The many facets of a crucial relationship, edited by Roberto Pedersini and Lisa Dorigatti
The themed issue focuses on the relationship between industrial relations processes and actors and inequalities defined in broad terms: wages, income, working conditions, job security, career prospects and all work-related dimensions. Traditionally, industrial relations processes and mechanisms have been regarded as potential ‘equalisers’ and trade unions as the ‘sword of justice’ in employment relations and the agents of solidarity among workers.


The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and employment relation

15 October 2019

This new book, ‘The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and employment relation’ deals with fundamental social rights at European level and how they are applied in the world of work. The book’s focus on employment relations in the context of Charter is something novel and no previous work has tackled this in such a comprehensive way. The book puts the principle that ‘labour rights are human rights’ at its center and aims at increasing awareness on social rights within the European Union.


Bridging the divide between climate science and public acceptance

14 October 2019

In late August, the coordinator of the Belgian environmental association Arbeid & Milieu contacted the ETUI, to ask whether we could co-organise a lecture by the renown Canadian climate scientist Katharine Hayhoe. Nobody could imagine that it would attract an audience of more than 200 people. Katharine Hayhoe is the director of the Climate Science Center at Texas Tech University and lead author for the Second, Third, and Fourth U.S. National Climate Assessments.


The Spanish government reconsiders workers’ protection from carcinogens

11 October 2019

Under the pretext of transposing a European directive and boosting the competitiveness of Spanish companies, Spain’s caretaker government is proposing to reduce the protection levels for carcinogens, thereby potentially impacting exposed workers’ health.


Collective Bargaining newsletter July/ August

7 October 2019

With a bit of delay, please find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member state level over the period July - August 2019. Issues 6 (June) and 9 (September) will follow in the coming weeks.


SEER: Are the western Balkans ready for EU accession?

3 October 2019

This year’s first issue of the SEER Journal for Labour and Social Afffairs in Eastern Europe considers the readiness of western Balkan countries for EU accession. The EU has committed to supporting the gradual integration of the western Balkan countries into the Union.


Transfer: everything you always wanted to know about the living wage

30 September 2019

In July 2019, Ursula von der Leyen, candidate for the European Commission President declared in her ‘Agenda for Europe’: “The dignity of work is sacred. Within the first 100 days of my mandate, I will propose a legal instrument to ensure that every worker in our Union has a fair minimum wage. This should allow for a decent living wherever they work.”


All news


  • Transfer - From minimum to living wages – lessons from different European practices


    The development of a European minimum wage policy is back on the political agenda. While in the past the debate about a European minimum wage policy was largely detached from developments at national level, more recently the debate has been based on various national-level initiatives to ensure a living wage that enables workers and their families to enjoy a decent standard of living. Read more



All courses


Presentation Eloi Laurent on linking ecological sustainability and social justice

About ETUI

The European Trade Union Institute is the independent research and training centre of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) which itself affiliates European trade unions into a single European umbrella organisation. The ETUI places its expertise – acquired in particular in the context of its links with universities, academic and expert networks – in the service of workers’ interests at European level and of the strengthening of the social dimension of the European Union. Read more