European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.



Charlotte Olijslagers and Stan De Spiegelaere (ETUI) 10/2019

Policy brief

This policy brief considers the lack of European Works Councils through a Belgian perspective. It discusses Belgian companies who are currently engaged in establishing one or have developed ‘functionally equivalent’ structures. The remaining companies are confronted with serious obstacles to establishing a European Works Council, principally: (i) a lack of knowledge about them, (ii) weak and time-consuming national-level information...


Jean-Paul Tricart 09/2019

This Working Paper analyses the development of the interpretation that the European Commission has given to the TFEU provision concerning mechanisms for extensions of collective agreements. The paper examines how the Commission has reinterpreted these provision and the challenges this poses for the social partners.


Stefan Clauwaert 09/2019


This is the ninth cycle under the European Semester system since its launch in 2011, but it is also the second set of CSRs launched since the proclamation of the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) in November 2017.


Torsten Müller 08/2019

This working paper provides data confirming that workers in lower-skilled health and social care assistant positions earn considerably less than the national average wage in their country.


Agnieszka Piasna 08/2019

The policy brief examines the low unionisation rate among Deliveroo riders that seems to be partly due to a lack of organising initiatives and strategies on the part of trade unions.


Edited by Torsten Müller, Kurt Vandaele and Jeremy Waddington 07/2019

This collection of four volumes charts the development of collective bargaining since the year 2000 in the 28 EU Member States. These four volumes document how the institutions of collective bargaining have been removed, fundamentally altered or markedly narrowed in scope in all 28 EU Member States.


Agnieszka Piasna 07/2019

This policy brief considers what is the scope for addressing the challenges linked to irregular work schedules in EU social and employment policy.


Edited by Isabelle Daugareilh, Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet 06/2019

This Working Paper brings together two parallel but complementary approaches to the impact of the platform economy on working conditions and social law.


Brian Fabo and Martin Guzi 06/2019

This policy brief details the necessary amounts for dignified living according to official EU figures and the perceptions of Europeans, as well as the actual disposable income of families in the lower part of the income distribution across EU member states. The research shows that households not being able to fulfil their needs is not just a question of their relative income but in some countries reflects the general low level of wa...


Gabriela Portela 05/2019

leaflet ETUI learning approach

ETUI Education offers a distinctive European Trade union training programme in a multicultural setting. We provide high quality training on key competences, skills and knowledge to European Trade union members and officers, that is focused on strengthening and expanding the sense of belonging to a common community. In this guide you will have an insight into our learning approach, our mission and impact of our training programmes and learning pathways.


Bridging the divide between climate science and public acceptance

14 October 2019

In late August, the coordinator of the Belgian environmental association Arbeid & Milieu contacted the ETUI, to ask whether we could co-organise a lecture by the renown Canadian climate scientist Katharine Hayhoe. Nobody could imagine that it would attract an audience of more than 200 people. Katharine Hayhoe is the director of the Climate Science Center at Texas Tech University and lead author for the Second, Third, and Fourth U.S. National Climate Assessments.


The Spanish government reconsiders workers’ protection from carcinogens

11 October 2019

Under the pretext of transposing a European directive and boosting the competitiveness of Spanish companies, Spain’s caretaker government is proposing to reduce the protection levels for carcinogens, thereby potentially impacting exposed workers’ health.


Collective Bargaining newsletter July/ August

7 October 2019

With a bit of delay, please find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member state level over the period July - August 2019. Issues 6 (June) and 9 (September) will follow in the coming weeks.


SEER: Are the western Balkans ready for EU accession?

3 October 2019

This year’s first issue of the SEER Journal for Labour and Social Afffairs in Eastern Europe considers the readiness of western Balkan countries for EU accession. The EU has committed to supporting the gradual integration of the western Balkan countries into the Union.


Transfer: everything you always wanted to know about the living wage

30 September 2019

In July 2019, Ursula von der Leyen, candidate for the European Commission President declared in her ‘Agenda for Europe’: “The dignity of work is sacred. Within the first 100 days of my mandate, I will propose a legal instrument to ensure that every worker in our Union has a fair minimum wage. This should allow for a decent living wherever they work.”


STORIES - My name is Joao and I’m a Ryanair cabin crew member. I’m also a trade unionist – and this is why:

27 September 2019

"Transnational action is the only way to make an impact when dealing with a company like Ryanair. And if you are a union member, you’ll never work alone."


66% of employees pushed to work “very fast”

24 September 2019

The results of the SUMER 2017 survey were presented in France on 9 September 2019. SUMER is the acronym for the French “surveillance médicale des salariés aux risques professionnels”, i.e. the medical monitoring of employees’ exposure to occupational risks. Carried out for the 4th time, the survey maps the main work-related risks. The previous surveys were performed in 1994, 2003 and 2010 in such a way that a comparison of the results provides important information on the evolution of working conditions in France over a period of more than 20 years.


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  • Transfer

    Transfer Labour Mobility May 2016

    Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research, is published for the ETUI by Sage Publications.
    Transfer stimulates dialogue between the European trade union movement and the academic and research community. It contributes research findings on issues of strategic relevance for trade unions, in particular with regard to developments at the European level. Transfer publishes original peer-reviewed research on issues such as new developments in industrial relations, social policy and labour market developments. Read more



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Maria Jepsen on EU workers' rights and co-determination

About ETUI

The European Trade Union Institute is the independent research and training centre of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) which itself affiliates European trade unions into a single European umbrella organisation. The ETUI places its expertise – acquired in particular in the context of its links with universities, academic and expert networks – in the service of workers’ interests at European level and of the strengthening of the social dimension of the European Union. Read more