European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.

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Collective Bargaining developments in April 2020

Please find below the highlights of the April issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member state level over the past month.

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42 million applications for short time work

Number of workers (actual or applied for) participating in STW and similar schemes

Employers have applied for short-time work for more than 50 million employees in Europe - Researchers recommend minimum standards for fair short-time work regulations.

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Social dialogue in a time of pandemic

Social dialogue in a time of pandemic

In Belgium, as everywhere, one of the earliest reactions to lockdown from people was a rush on the supermarkets — particularly for toilet paper. Just as physical distancing rules were being implemented, supermarkets were being flooded with people each day, a risk to the shoppers themselves and particularly the workers.

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Four scenarios for Europe’s future after the crisis


What kind of Europe will take shape after the coronavirus crisis? Four scenarios, widely varying in their social and ecological consequences, are possible.

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The behaviour of foreign companies in the new EU member states of eastern and east-central Europe

multinational company in Eastern Europe

Are foreign multinational companies more or less likely than domestically-owned firms to recognise trade unions and engage seriously in collective bargaining? On the face of it, a multinational company is in a stronger position relative to employees as it can play off one group against another. On the other hand, big multinationals often recognise unions in their home countries. The US trade union confederation the AFL-CIO is hoping to improve organisation in branches of European companies in the southern states of the USA. What can be learned in this respect from experience inside Europe?

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What happened in March 2020 on collective bargaining?

Please find below the highlights of the March issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member state level over the past month.

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5 online courses for the period April - July 2020

Faced with the disruption of face-to-face training caused by the COVID-19, the ETUI Education director decided to accelerate the original workplan for digital learning and training and increase the range and volume of online learning activities as much as possible. This includes the accelerating of the development of new online courses and creating new forms of online learning experience on new topics.

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The COVID-19 crisis and short-time work in Germany in a European context

Short-time work (STW) is one of the most frequently used tools in times of economic crisis. It involves the temporary reduction of working time in order to secure employment and employees’ income, while at the same time enabling companies to reduce labour costs through state support.

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How the COVID-19 crisis offers lessons for dealing with the climate crisis

The unprecedented pandemic that has changed our daily lives, our work and the entire economy from one day to another is, and will remain, the number one priority for policymakers and social partners in the foreseeable future. Everything needs to be done now to slow down the exponential spread of the virus and empower our healthcare systems to cope with the health emergency. At the same time, urgent measures are needed to fend off the damage caused by the shutdown of the economy and to protect workers in this extraordinary situation.

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England: rise in poor-quality work a key factor in the deterioration of public health

“England is faltering,” declares the opening lines of the Marmot Review of Health Equity in England, published in February 2020 and coordinated by esteemed epidemiologist Sir Michael Marmot, Director of the Institute of Health Equity. The life expectancy rate, which, alongside continuous improvements in health, had been rising steadily since the beginning of the twentieth century, has been slowing down since 2011 to an extent not witnessed for 120 years: a phenomenon not seen anywhere else in Europe. In the most deprived communities outside London it actually fell for part of the decade 2010-2020.

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