European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.

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Covid Social Impact

The state of labour market reforms

  • Background summary
    • On 24 March 2016 a controversial reform bill on labour law was adopted by the French cabinet (Conseil des ministres). The text completely redrafts the section of the Labour Code dealing with working time, according a much more important role to company-level agreements. The draft law represents the first stage in the reform of the Labour Code scheduled for completion in 2018. Read more
  • ETUI publications related to labour reforms

The state of pension reforms

Background summary 

Strikes in France

  Background summary 

  • The right to strike is guaranteed by the Constitution. It is an individual right that is to be exercised collectively. In other words, it is necessary for several employees to decide, together, that they will stop work as a means of furthering work-related demands. One employee alone cannot go on strike except in the framework of a national strike. Read more.

Latest EU Commission documents for France

Translations into French are available

Industrial relations in France

  • Main trade union confederations:
    • CFDT French Democratic Confederation of Labour
      (Confédération Française Démocratique du Travail)               
    • CFTCFrench Confederation of Christian Workers
      (Confédération Française des Travailleurs Chrétiens)
    • CFE-CGCConfédération Française de l'Encadrement - Confédération Générale des Cadres
    • CGTGeneral Confederation of Labour
      (Confédération Générale du Travail)
    • FOGeneral Confederation of Labour - Workers' Power
      (Confédération Générale du Travail - Force Ouvrière)
    • UNSANational Union of Autonomous Trade Unions 
      (Union Nationale des Syndicats Autonomes)       
  • Eurofound: EurWork (European Observatory of Working Life): dossier France
  • ETUI publications:
    • Book 'Rough waters. European trade unions in a time of crises' – chapter 'France’s trade unions in the aftermath of the crisis'