European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.

Covid Social Impact

Industrial relations in Spain

  • Main trade union confederations:
    • CCOO Trade Union Confederation of Workers' Commissions 
      (Confederación Sindical de Comisiones Obreras)
    • UGT-E General Workers' Union - Spain 
      (Unión General de Trabajadores)
    • USO Workers' Union - Spain 
      (Unión Sindical Obrera)
    • ELA Basque Workers' Union 
      (Euskal Sindikatua)

The state of pension reforms

Strikes: latest developments and data

  • Background summary
    • The right to strike is a fundamental right in the Spanish Constitution. The legal regulation of the right dates back to 1977 –it is a piece of legislation predating the Constitution itself-. Ever since, the Parliament has been unable to pass more updated legislation on the right to strike, due in part to a lack of consensus between the social partners. Read more.

Latest EU Commission documents for Spain

Translations into Spanish are available

The state of labour market reforms

  • Background summary
    • Important labour market reforms touching on employment protection legislation, collective bargaining and labour flexibility were passed in 2010, 2011 and 2012. An additional reform of part-time work was passed in 2013. The 2010 and 2011 reforms were introduced by a left-wing government (Socialist Party). The 2012 and 2013 reforms were introduced by a right-wing government (Popular Party). None of these main reforms had the support of the social partners. Indeed, there was a one-day general strike in 2010 and another similar strike in 2012 (March), protesting against the reforms. Read more.