European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.

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Publications

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the Employment Relation

Filip Dorssemont, Klaus Lörcher, Stefan Clauwaert and Mélanie Schmitt

2019

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union is the most developed and comprehensive legally binding human rights instrument in the social field of the European Union. It is becoming increasingly important and is the first instrument that includes both civil and political rights on one hand and social rights on the other.

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Legislative implementation of European social partner agreements: challenges and debates

Jean-Paul Tricart

2019

This Working Paper analyses the development of the interpretation that the European Commission has given to the TFEU provision concerning mechanisms for extensions of collective agreements. The paper examines how the Commission has reinterpreted these provision and the challenges this poses for the social partners.

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The country-specific recommendations (CSRs) in the social field. An overview and comparison. Update including the CSRs 2019-2020

Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI)

2019
csr2019

This is the ninth cycle under the European Semester system since its launch in 2011, but it is also the second set of CSRs launched since the proclamation of the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) in November 2017.

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She works hard for the money: tackling low pay in sectors dominated by women – evidence from health and social care

Torsten Müller (ETUI)

2019

This working paper provides data confirming that workers in lower-skilled health and social care assistant positions earn considerably less than the national average wage in their country.

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HesaMag

2019

HesaMag is a magazine all about health and safety at work, published in English and French. it is published twice a year, and sets out to show that occupational health is not just something for specialists but both a big political issue and a daily concern for millions of workers.

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Collective bargaining in Europe: towards an endgame. Volume I, II, III and IV

Torsten Müller, Kurt Vandaele and Jeremy Waddington

2019

This collection of four volumes charts the development of collective bargaining since the year 2000 in the 28 EU Member States.
These four volumes document how the institutions of collective bargaining have been removed, fundamentally altered or markedly narrowed in scope in all 28 EU Member States.

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The platform economy and social law: Key issues in comparative perspective

Isabelle Daugareilh, Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet

2019

This Working Paper brings together two parallel but complementary approaches to the impact of the platform economy on working conditions and social law.

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The future of Europe

Peter Scherrer, Juliane Bir, Wolfgang Kowalsky, Reinhard Kuhlmann and Matthieu Méaulle

2019

This collected volume aims to inform and advance the debate on how to achieve a more social and sustainable Europe. Its four chapters and a conclusion address the nature of Europe, the future of the European Union and the political and economic development of the continent. The book argues that strong and assertive trade unions are the most reliable representatives of working people; however they need to change and evolve in order to be able to combat Europe’s growing populism.

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‘Algorithm breakers’ are not a different ‘species’: attitudes towards trade unions of Deliveroo riders in Belgium

Kurt Vandaele, Agnieszka Piasna and Jan Drahokoupil (ETUI)

2019

This working paper investigates a rare case of platform work performed in the realm of regulated employment and explores the attitudes of platform workers towards collective representation. Using a case study of Deliveroo, a food delivery platform, the paper argues that platform workers are not essentially different to their peers in their attitudes towards trade unions. The paper finds that the riders do not generally hold negative views towards unions, and do not consider unions incompatible with platform work. Instead, there has been a lack of union activity in reaching out to riders as a reason for their non-membership.


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À la recherche de l'Europe sociale

Philippe Pochet (ETUI)

2019
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The European project is in crisis. The Brexit vote in the United Kingdom is a spectacular symptom of this. However, since the 1957 Treaty of Rome, the close integration of the Member States has always been a priority of the European Union. An economic integration was often promoted at the expense of the social aspect of the European project. And, from the crisis in the euro zone to the management of migrants and asylum seekers, Europe has also faced many difficulties that have profoundly damaged the solidarity of its members, the only guarantee of a solid political construction and the establishment of a European social model. Faced with the current European divide, a new and decisive debate is starting and looking openly to the future.

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Convergence to fair wage growth? Evidence from European countries on the link between productivity and real compensation growth, 1970–2017

Sotiria Theodoropoulou (ETUI)

2019

This Working Paper addresses the issue of ‘fair’ wage growth over the last few decades. It assesses whether growth in real compensation is systematically associated with labour productivity growth and, if so, whether the two have ‘decoupled’ in recent years. The paper examines country-specific evidence from 25 Member States and finds evidence for a widening of the wage-productivity gap in the 1970s and 1980s which has only been partially closed in recent years.

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Socialising the European Semester?

Rayan Al-Kadi and Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI)

2019

This Working Paper surveys the extent to which Member States comply with CSRs relating to social policy.

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ETUI Education Course Programme 2019-2020

2019
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The ETUI course programme for 2019-2020 is now available

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The European Union versus the Better Regulation Agenda

Eric Van den Abeele

2019

This report critically examines progress on the European Union’s ‘Better Regulation Agenda’. Although originally intended to simplify the EU’s legislation and improve its quality, there are suspicions that the Agenda has been hijacked to be used as a tool to make companies more competitive. The author argues that this risks further fueling suspicion of ‘technocratic elites’ by ordinary Europeans. The first part of the report provides an impact assessment of the Agenda; the second part evaluates the situation from the perspectives of different stakeholders and offers some recommendations for reform.

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Bleak prospects: mapping trade union membership in Europe since 2000

Kurt Vandaele (ETUI)

2019

This report details shifts in trade union membership and density in 32 European countries since 2000, with a particular focus on the age structure within trade unions. The report uncovers substantial variations in unionisation rates, with the least unionised countries in the 2000s having largely stayed at the bottom of the ‘unionisation league’ in the 2010s and countries with higher incidences maintaining their positions further up.

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Anticipating change, staying relevant: why trade unions should do foresight

Aïda Ponce Del Castillo (ETUI)

2019
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Why do foresight? To look at reality from different perspectives.
Like any organisation, trade unions have to navigate a complex and interconnected environment where they face constant and evolving social, economic, environmental and technological realities. Foresight can help trade unions by shedding light on ‘blind spots’, enable them to make better decisions and shape different possible futures.

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ETUI learning approach

Gabriela Portela (ETUI)

2019
leaflet ETUI learning approach

ETUI Education offers a distinctive European Trade union training programme in a multicultural setting.

We provide high quality training on key competences, skills and knowledge to European Trade union members and officers, that is focused on strengthening and expanding the sense of belonging to a common community.

In this guide you will have an insight into our learning approach, our mission and impact of our training programmes and learning pathways.

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Should digital labour platforms be treated as private employment agencies?

Valerio De Stefano and Mathias Wouters

2019

This Foresight Brief examines whether digital labour platforms should be treated as private employment agencies. Platforms like LinkedIn may rightfully be perceived by the general public to be mere social networks, but underneath their sleek design, they also act as an employment service. This brief specifically focused on one of the central principles of international labour standards on employment services, namely that jobseekers must not be charged any fees or costs for job-finding services, unless those fees or costs have been approved by a competent authority.

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Exercising voice across borders: workers’ rights under the EU Cross-border Mergers Directive

Jan Cremers and Sigurt Vitols

2019

This book contains the results of a study of workers' rights to information, consultation and participation in EU and national law covering cross-border mergers, which was undertaken by the ETUI’s GOODCORP network of academic and trade union experts on company law and corporate governance. Based on an analysis of available statistics, nine national legal regimes and seven case studies, this book argues that the provisions for workers’ rights under the Directive are inadequate, both during the merger procedure and in the new post-merger entity. It remains to be seen whether the deficits identified in this study can be successfully addressed by the implementation of the EU Company Law Package, a new legislative initiative regulating different types of cross-border reorganizations.

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Reimbursement rules for posted workers: mapping national law in the EU28

Zane Rasnača (ETUI)

2019

This background analysis surveys how, and for which groups of workers, European Union member states regulate reimbursement of travel, board and lodging costs. The report provides an overview of national and EU law and EU law analyses these costs are regulated in relation to the worker’s salary. It also offers an analysis of the existing legal framework concerning reimbursement and the changes brought by recent amendments to the Posted Workers Directive.

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Phasing out coal – a just transition approach

Béla Galgóczi (ETUI)

2019

This working paper examines what a Just Transition to a Greener but employment-rich and egalitarian economy might look like. It examines the employment structure the European economy with a focus on the coal sector in the light of European Union commitments to phase out coal and argues that policymakers should devise a specific plan for the sector.

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A European Social Semester?

Björn Hacker

2019
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This working paper examines the EPSR’s practical use in the context of European ‘soft’ governance. It studies how the EPSR has been deployed in the 2018 European Semester and suggests some areas for reform in order to enhance its role in coordinating social policy.

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Work programme 2019-2020

2019

This document describes in detail the ETUI's main research and training priorities and projects for the working year 2019-2020.

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Restoring multi-employer bargaining in Europe: prospects and challenges

Maarten van Klaveren and Denis Gregory

2019

This book aims to shed light on how the process of collective bargaining has changed across the European Union over the last two decades. It also examines whether and to what degree changes in the level which bargaining takes place have had an impact on pay and conditions, as well as trade union power and influence. The book draws on outcomes from the WIBAR-3 research project.

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Benchmarking Working Europe 2019

2019

Benchmarking Working Europe, the annual stock-take of European economic, labour market and social affairs is published today by the European Trade Union Institute. This year’s report calls for action to stimulate investment, as well as reforms to fiscal rules to allow policy to play a more active role in stabilising economies and securing sustainable growth.

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The mirage of the end of work

Gérard Valenduc and Patricia Vendramin

2019

This Foresight Brief examines whether work has a future in the digital age. A recent wave of innovation mean machines are capable of taking over from humans an ever-wider range of tasks. Will this deprive humans of work, or force them to seek out jobs involving different tasks? Authors Gérard Valenduc and Patricia Vendramin examine various scenarios for labour markets and its impact on employment relations.

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How to redesign the fiscal regime of the Eurozone: an alternative take on lessons from US and Eurozone experiences

Jörg Bibow

2019

This Working Paper examines options for the design of a workable fiscal union for the euro area. It provides a comparative study of fiscal institutions in the US and euro area in order to supply lessons from the operation of the US fiscal regime that could inform the design of the, hitherto dysfunctional, euro regime.

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Work in deregulated labour markets: a research agenda for precariousness

Valeria Pulignano

2019

This Working Paper tackles two questions: what counts as work within a deregulated labour market; and what are the implications for the study of precariousness?

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Transfer

2019
Transfer Labour Mobility May 2016

Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research, is published for the ETUI by Sage Publications.
Transfer stimulates dialogue between the European trade union movement and the academic and research community. It contributes research findings on issues of strategic relevance for trade unions, in particular with regard to developments at the European level. Transfer publishes original peer-reviewed research on issues such as new developments in industrial relations, social policy and labour market developments.

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SEER Journal for Labour and Social Affairs in Eastern Europe

Béla Galgóczi (ETUI)

2019

SEER the Journal for Labour and Social Affairs in Eastern Europe, aims to stimulate an exchange of information between researchers, trade unionists and people who have a special interest in the political, social and economic development of the region of eastern Europe.

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Work in the platform economy: Deliveroo riders in Belgium and the SMart arrangement

Jan Drahokoupil (ETUI) and Agnieszka Piasna (ETUI)

2019

This paper presents a case study of the food delivery platform, Deliveroo, in Belgium in 2016-2018. The case offers insights on the nature of platform work, the workers who perform it, the preferences of workers, the strategy of the platforms, and the role of local regulations.

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Social policy in the European Union: state of play 2018

Bart Vanhercke, Dalila Ghailani and Sebastiano Sabato

2018

This year’s stock-take of Social Europe - Social Policy in the European Union: state of play 2018 - reports on recent EU and national social policymaking with a focus on the game-changing advent of the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) one year ago.

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Musculoskeletal disorders and psychosocial factors at work

Yves Roquelaure

2018

This report presents the current state of scientific knowledge on the ways in which psychosocial factors influence musculoskelatal disorders (MSDs), and their impact on work capacity and quality.

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Corporate income tax in the EU, the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB) and beyond: is it the right way to go?

Christian Valenduc

2018

This working paper reviews key elements of the debate around the Commission’s proposals to tackle the problem of low effective tax rates for multi-national companies by instituting a Common Corporate Tax Base (CCTB).

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Cancer and work: understanding occupational cancers and taking action to eliminate them

Tony Musu (ETUI) and Laurent Vogel (ETUI)

2018

Occupational cancers account for more than 100,000 deaths a year in the EU, yet these could be avoided by eliminating carcinogens in the production processes.

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Rough waters: European trade unions in a time of crises

Steffen Lehndorff, Heiner Dribbusch and Thorsten Schulten

2018

This book analyses the development of trade unions in eleven countries (Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the UK) since the early 2000s. The individual chapters focus on unions' structural, organisational, institutional and discursive power resources.

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The world(s) of work in transition

Sara Hammerton and David Poyser

2018

The report of the third joint ETUI-ETUC conference, held on 27-29 June 2018, summarises the three days of discussion that took place when over 500 delegates gathered in Brussels to debate the future of work. The ambition of the 2018 event was to analyse the impact of the four key ‘megatrends’ – globalization, climate change, digitalization and the demographic transition disrupting societies and economies.

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How to prepare for company change

Eckhard Voss (wmp consult), Bruno Demaître (ETUI) and Stan De Spiegelaere (ETUI)

2018

This booklet is the third in a series of practical and easy-to-read manuals for European workers’ representatives.

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The country-specific recommendations (CSRs) in the social field. An overview and comparison. Update including the CSRs 2018-2019

Stefan Clauwaert (ETUI)

2018

This paper provides an overview of the CSRs in the field of employment and social policies and, in particular, an update of previous similar ETUI research. It provides a brief ‘statistical’ comparison between the CSRs issued in 2018-2019 as adopted by Council in July 2018 and compares them to previous CSRs in the period from 2011 to 2017.

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The European social dialogue. The history of a social innovation (1985-2003)

Jean Lapeyre

2018

The aim of this book is to trace the history of the social dialogue, from its origins to its autonomous empowerment, based on the testimonials of those responsible for designing and developing it, looking at the various texts from joint opinions to autonomous agreements, and analysing how the social dialogue functions.

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Cross-border standardisation and reorganisation in European multinational companies

Christoph Dörrenbächer, Mike Geppert, Daniel Pastuh and Matthias Tomenendal 

2018
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Multi-national corporations (MNCs) are constantly undergoing a process of standardisation and reorganisation (S&R), which is fuelled by the rapid development of information technology (IT). These developments require an in-depth and systematic inquiry as they have serious ramifications for labour and workers’ participation across Europe. Moreover, there is a lack of systematic research into the effects of these new, and especially IT based, S&R measures on the quality of labour and labour relations in European MNCs.

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The concept of ‘worker’ in EU law: status quo and potential for change

Martin Risak and Thomas Dullinger

2018

In the changing world of work and the emergence of new forms of employment that are often in the grey zone between traditional employment and self-employment the question of the scope of protection of labour and employment law becomes again more urgent.

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Artificial intelligence: a game changer for the world of work

Aïda Ponce Del Castillo (ETUI)

2018

‘Whoever becomes the ruler of AI will become the ruler of the world,’ said Vladimir Putin in September 2017. The USA, Russia and China are all adamant that artificial intelligence (AI) will be the key technology underpinning their national power in the future.

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Will trade unions survive in the platform economy? Emerging patterns of platform workers’ collective voice and representation in Europe

Kurt Vandaele (ETUI)

2018
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Via a non-exhaustive mapping of various examples in Western European countries, this Working Paper explores to what extent the collective representation and voice of digital platform workers are being shaped by current dynamics in the platform economy. The argument is developed that currently emerging patterns hint at a possible co-existence or combinations of mainstream trade unions and other unions and union-like organisations defending platform workers’ needs and interests. Patterns in representation forms reveal a demarcation between the logic of membership and the logic of influence. Though not new, this demarcation has become more exposed, prevalent and salient since the platform economy, also in highly institutionalised labour markets. The Working Paper also emphasises that any meaningful analysis of the representation and voice of platform workers should consider the diversity of platforms and the associated variance in the power resources of platform workers.

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Multi-employer bargaining under pressure: decentralisation trends in five European countries

Salvo Leonardi and Roberto Pedersini

2018

This edited volume maps different trajectories in national collective bargaining systems in Europe since the Great Recession. Since the start of the crisis in 2008, wage setting and collective bargaining systems in many EU countries have been under tremendous pressure to follow the logic of companies and market imperatives. Fostering decentralization of collective bargaining has been one of the key objectives of the New European Economic Governance.

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Technological revolutions and societal transitions

Gérard Valenduc (ETUI)

2018

Are we currently living through a new industrial and technological revolution? Does it differ qualitatively from similar revolutions in the past? How can we gauge its political implications?

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Sectoral social dialogue in professional football: social partners, outcomes and problems of implementation

Berndt Keller

2018

This Summer’s World Cup in Russia will showcase an array of expensive footballing talent. Off the pitch, however, moves are also afoot to bring the sector under the auspices of European Union employment legislation. This Working Paper looks at regulation of the football ‘industry’ in the context of emerging supranational modes of sports governance and assesses the likely consequences of formalizing employment relations.

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Work programme 2018-2019

2018
Work programme 2018-19

This document describes in detail the ETUI's main research and training priorities and projects for the working year 2018-2019.

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Drifting into labour market insecurity? Labour market reforms in Europe after 2010

Sotiria Theodoropoulou (ETUI)

2018

This working paper examines the impact of fiscal austerity on EU labour market policies. Using a case study approach, it examines: the extent of change in unemployment benefit levels and policies; the effect of this on groups of workers; and whether the logic of activation policies has shifted. Overall, the broad direction of policy has not altered greatly under austerity. However, risks remain that an underlying move towards greater flexibility may lock in ‘low road’ growth strategies that will make it harder to bring down debt and unemployment in future.

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Labour market policies in the era of pervasive austerity: A European perspective

Sotiria Theodoropoulou

2018

This book investigates the changing patterns of labour market and unemployment policies in EU member states during the period since fiscal austerity took hold in 2010 during the deepest postwar recession in Europe.

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