European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.

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Books

These publications detail the results of internal research projects as well as the activities that have been undertaken by different external research networks; in some cases they are annual publications on specific issues.

Social developments in the European Union 2006

Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet

2007
Social developments in the European Union 2006

Developments on the European level during 2006 were marked by two opposing trends in the form of a strengthening of European economic integration and inertia with regard to the development of Europe as a political project.

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Social developments in the European Union 2005

Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet

2005

In complete contrast, 2005 was a year of setbacks and reappraisals. Everything appeared to be under control at the start of the year, when the highly experienced Prime Minister of Luxembourg, Jean-Claude Juncker, began his presidency by addressing three major issues:
amending the Stability and Growth Pact, reviewing the Lisbon strategy and seeking a political agreement on the financial perspectives for 2007-2013. All three of these topics were supposed to build on the headway made in 2004 but were thrown off course by current events. Two
national referendums, in late May (France) and early June (Netherlands), on the draft European constitutional Treaty disrupted discussion and sent an icy blast through the European edifice, slamming doors and windows behind it.

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Social developments in the European Union 2004

Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet

2005

Two major events of 2004 will go down in the European history books: enlargement to take in the central and eastern European countries as well as Cyprus and Malta, and the adoption of the draft constitutional Treaty for Europe. Both of these events were subjects of debate throughout the year, since their implications affect all the policies – and indeed the very future – of the European Union. Nevertheless, these two events alone will not shape the future of the Union. They will be what the political leaders, intellectual elites, economic players, social organisations and trade unions make of them.

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Social developments in the European Union 2003

Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet

2004
Social developments in the European Union 2003

Will 2003 go down in the annals of European construction as a wasted year? This may appear to be a provocative question, but it is one worth posing. When we review the main events of the year, we are bound to acknowledge that Europe has failed to keeps its promises. Its political promises, with the failure of the Brussels European Council in December, postponing the adoption of the European Constitution. Its economic promises, with the Lisbon objectives (2000) seeming to recede ever further into the distance because of the sluggishness of economic growth in "old Europe" and the lack of economic policy co-ordination. Its social promises, with the slow but relentless rise in unemployment (8.8% in the euro zone in December 2003). Its diplomatic promises, with Europe's dissension over the war in Iraq. And we could go on to mention the crisis of confidence in the common rules, stirred up by the Stability and Growth Pact affair...

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Social developments in the European Union 2002

Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet

2004

Publication date : 2003

The year 2002 saw a profusion of political debate about Europe. As far as "social Europe" is concerned, the proceedings of the European Convention, which began in February, fed into the reflection, discussion and often controversy about the nature and purpose of the Union on a daily basis. These debates made perfectly plain - especially during the second half of the year - the extent to which social issues are inseparable from political issues.

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Social developments in the European Union 2001

Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet

2004
Cover social developments 2001

Publication date : 2002

2001 was a year of major contrasts - political, economic and social. The year began with a certain degree of euphoria in Europe, as demonstrated by the signs of self-satisfaction emanating from the Stockholm summit, the first spring summit held since that of Lisbon; it ended in a climate of uncertainty and anxiety owing mainly to the repercussions of the attacks on September 11. The Belgian Presidency was supposed to be devoted to a debate on the future of the Union, following the failure of the Nice summit, but this topic quite simply disappeared from the list of priorities. Similarly, the Treaty's rejection at the Irish referendum in June has not appeared to cause any particular consternation.

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Social developments in the European Union 2000

Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet

2004
cover social developments 2000

Publication date: 2001

For this second edition of Social developments in the European Union, we have singled out four social policy themes which, to our minds, reflect the main trends of the year 2000. The first is the outcome of the Lisbon summit, and more particularly its impact on the European Employment Strategy. The second subject is an unavoidable one: the Social Agenda, which - at least until its possible revision in 2003 - sets out the European Union's priorities in the social policy sphere. The third major theme is developments in respect of social security, in particular social exclusion and poverty on the one hand, and the future of retirement pensions on the other. The fourth and final section of this report relates to enlargement, which is posing more and more questions especially as concerns its social impact. Our last chapter is devoted to this future conundrum.

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Social developments in the European Union 1999

Cécile Barbier and Philippe Pochet

2004
cover social developments 1999

Publication date: 2000

European social policy seems to be at a new turning point. The smooth switch to the euro coincided with an almost unhoped-for economic upturn and drop in unemployment in most European Union (EU) countries. A new Commission is in place and the Social Affairs Commissioner, Anna Diamantopoulou, has stressed the need to create good quality jobs and to promote the economic, employment and social aspects in tandem. EU enlargement is also moving forward, as are the discussions on the “European model” and the risks of social dumping. All are good reasons for taking stock of the EU’s social dimension and the outcomes of the social action programme 1998-2000.

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Focus

  • À la recherche de l'Europe sociale

    Philippe Pochet (ETUI)

    The European project is in crisis. The Brexit vote in the United Kingdom is a spectacular symptom of this. However, since the 1957 Treaty of Rome, the close integration of the Member States has always been a priority of the European Union. An economic integration was often promoted at the expense of the social aspect of the European project. And, from the crisis in the euro zone to the management of migrants and asylum seekers, Europe has also faced many difficulties that have profoundly damaged the solidarity of its members, the only guarantee of a solid political construction and the establishment of a European social model. Faced with the current European divide, a new and decisive debate is starting and looking openly to the future.