European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.

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Policy Briefs

ETUI policy briefs provide a short, critical and policy-oriented analysis or evaluation of topical issues which are of interest to the labour movement in Europe. They are intended for a non-specialist audience, including practitioners and trade unions at the national level as well as European-level decision-makers, think tanks and NGOs.

There are two types of policy briefs.

The ‘policy recommendations’ type: this type either develops specific policy recommendations or demonstrates why an EU policy (proposal) is undesirable in its current form. This is done through logical reasoning or presenting relevant data evidence and research, or both. The policy recommendations are summarised at the beginning of the document in the ‘Policy recommendations’ box.

The ‘key points’ type: this type either summarises recently published research or provides an overview of data which is of direct relevance to practitioners and policymakers. The main points are summarised at the beginning of the document in the ‘Key points’ box.

We welcome both comments on and proposals for policy briefs. Policy briefs should be no longer than 3,500 words, but preferably 2,500 words or less (including a maximum of 10 references).

Unwilful ignorance: attitudes to trade unions among Deliveroo riders in Belgium

Agnieszka Piasna (ETUI), Jan Drahokoupil (ETUI), Kurt Vandaele (ETUI)


The policy brief examines the low unionisation rate among Deliveroo riders that seems to be partly due to a lack of organising initiatives and strategies on the part of trade unions.

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Regulating uncertainty: variable work schedules and zero-hour work in EU employment policy

Agnieszka Piasna (ETUI)


This policy brief considers what is the scope for addressing the challenges linked to irregular work schedules in EU social and employment policy.

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The cost of living in the EU: how much do you need?

Brian Fabo and Martin Guzi


This policy brief details the necessary amounts for dignified living according to official EU figures and the perceptions of Europeans, as well as the actual disposable income of families in the lower part of the income distribution across EU member states.
The research shows that households not being able to fulfil their needs is not just a question of their relative income but in some countries reflects the general low level of wages. There is a need for the Eastern European countries to move away from low wages as the main source of competitiveness.

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  • This policy brief examines issues surrounding recent cuts in pensions provision for workers in arduous and hazardous jobs (WAHJ). Such workers have historically enjoyed better provision because of the strong possibility of them having to take early retirement, but historic arrangements are now under threat. The policy brief presents some data on the working conditions and pensions patterns of WAHJ and provides some policy suggestions for their trade union representatives.