European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.

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Bulgaria

29 September 2016

Bulgaria: a new list of trade unions and employers regarded as representative

The government has published the new list of professional organisations regarded as representative. On the trade union side, these are:

  • the Confederation of Independent Trade Unions of Bulgaria or CITUB (KNSB in Bulgarian), which is a trade union confederation from the Communist era, with around 300 000 members in 36 trade unions; and
  • the Labour Confederation KT Podkrepa, which has between 90 000 and 150 000 members and was created by reformist movements following the fall of Communism.

On the employers’ side, four organisations are deemed representative:

  • the Bulgarian Industrial Capital Association (BICA), which represents public employers;
  • the Bulgarian Industrial Association (BIA), which is mainly present in the industrial sector and has 118 branch organisations;
  • the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI), which represents a large number of sectors and over 52 000 companies;
  • the Confederation of Employers and Industrialists in Bulgaria (known by its Bulgarian acronym KRIB), which mainly represents large companies, including subsidiaries of major foreign groups; and
  • the Union for Private Economic Enterprise (UPEE), which represents SMEs.

This designation is important because these organisations participate in the National Council for Tripartite Cooperation, which allows them to influence government policy on everything to do with labour and employment issues, including social insurance and wages.

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