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15 January 2018

Czech Republic: labour code amended with extended care provisions

The Czech government has amended the country’s Labour Code. Important changes are made in the legal framework for paid leave. Some amendments introduce changes to the rules governing the performance of tele-work (thus, work from home). The calculation of holiday rights has also changed; total holiday rights will be based on the weekly working hours of workers.

From the 1st of January this year, it is possible for workers to claim paid leave for up to 90 days in order to provide 24-hour care for family members, according to the new regulation in the Labour Code. Caregivers will now be entitled to compensation for their loss of income from the health insurance system at the rate of 60% of the daily assessment base. Employees engaged in providing such care will now be protected from dismissal during their leave and will be entitled to return to their original job. Employers will be entitled to refuse to allow such a care period only in the case of serious operational reasons, and will have to set out their reasons in writing.


The Code has also new provisions for tele-work (or work at home); the use of a home office on a regular basis must be agreed in the employment contract. The employer has to cover the costs associated with a home office – internet connection, phone and energy. However, several allowances for overtime, weekend and night work do not apply.

Other amendments will lead to changes of the calculation of holiday rights; the holiday entitlement will be derived from the weekly working hours of the employee and will be determined in hours. Also included are now provisions related to the prevention of stress and protection from workplace harassment.


The amendments to the existing Labour Code were approved in July 2017 by the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Parliament and then, in August, by the Senate. It will become effective, once signed by President Miloš Zeman.

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