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1 February 2017

France: The number of strikes increased slightly in 2014

According to a study by the Ministry of Labour, published on 28 December 2016, the number of companies that experienced one or more strikes increased slightly in 2014 compared to 2013.

In 2014, 1.4 % of companies with 10 or more employees in the private sector (excluding the agricultural sector) experienced one or several strikes, i.e. 0.2 % more than in 2013, according to the latest statistics published by the Ministry of Labour (Dares) [1]. These companies employ 23 % of all employees in the field covered by the study.

The number of strikes was up on 2013, but only slightly: after an increase of 19 days in 2013, the average number of days not worked per 1 000 employees only rose by two days in 2014, to 81 per 1 000 employees. The proportion of companies that experienced strike action was higher in industry (3.3 %) than in other sectors.

It should be noted that, in 2014, national, sectoral or interbranch conflicts were responsible for the strikes that took place in more than half (57 %) of the companies concerned, while 43 % were affected by exclusively internal strikes, primarily over wage demands. In addition, 2.2 % of companies stated that they had been subject to action other than a strike: 1.9 % had experienced at least one rally and/or one demonstration, and 1.3 % had received at least one petition.

[1] DARES, «Les grèves en 2014 », Analyses n° 085, December 2016.

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