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Facts & Figures

ETUI's inventory of infographics, data visualisations, articles from the series Benchmarking Working Europe and book posters

This feature by the ETUI will provide access to a new type of publications:

  • facts and figures sheets (one page articles featuring data charts, originating from the ETUI annual report series 'Benchmarking Working Europe');
  • infographics and data visualisations, i.e.graphical presentation of research data accessible to broader public;
  • book posters announcing launch of publications and summarising their content.

The section will be gradually expanded and developed.

Any feedback and comments concerning its operation are most welcome and should be sent to Romuald Jagodziński and Mehmet Koksal. Should you wish to enquire with us about a possibility to translate the infographic, please get in touch with us.

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Figure 4.15 Board-level employee representatives in EEA
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Employee representation in company boards

Squaring a circle?In many countries of the European Economic Area (EEA), democracy at work involves mandatory employee representation in company boards, with a right for worker representatives to vote about top-level strategic...

Figure 4.16 Women in trade union leadership positions
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Women’s access to representative institutions

A gender-inclusive democracy aheadPersistent gender inequality in corporate decision-making and society at large (ETUC and ETUI 2018: 77) is also reflected in women’s limited access to leadership and representative positions i...

Figure 4.20 Employees covered by trade unions, works councils or other institutions
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Democracy at work: inequality within and between countries

No equal access to democracy at workThe collective representation of employees is a corner stone of democracy at work. Where workers’ voice is expressed collectively, the range of their interests can be more effectively aggreg...

Figure 4.4 Democracy at work and productivity
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Democracy at work: economic advantage

Democracy at work: moreproductive employees, a higherlabour force participation rate andmore innovative companiesA typical criticism of democracy at work is that, according to economic theory, it is by definition inefficient....

Figure 4.9 Democracy at work and average wages (euros) Source: Piasna (2017). Democracy at work originally titled ‘collective interest representation’. Note: x-axis: collective bargaining coverage, trade union density and employees covered by a works council or similar institution. Y-axis: average net monthly wage from main paid job, adjusted for PPP, in euros. 0 500
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Democracy at work: better pay and life satisfaction

Democracy at work, pay and working lifeQuality jobs have been identified as a policy priority for the European Union on several occasions. The goal is not only about getting people into employment; these jobs should also be fe...

Figure 4.11 Democracy at work and the European Pillar of Social Rights
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The Social Pillar and democracy at work

Who knocked Principle 8 out of the Pillar?The announcement of the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) seemed to herald a way out of the impasse which had stalled European social policy for the past decade (see Chapter 2)....

Figure 4.12 Democracy at work and percentage of companies with health and safety policies in place
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Democracy at work: better occupational health and safety protection

Democracy at work ensures occupational health and safety protectionFor the past three decades, workers in the EU have held wide ranging rights to information and consultation on health and safety issues; indeed, since the adop...

Figure 4.13 Cross-border transfers of seat (2013–2017)
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Democracy at work in the proposed Company Law Package

One step forward, two steps back for democracy at work in the Company Law PackageResearch conducted at the University of Maastricht for theETUI indicates that cross-border corporate reorganisationsare becoming increasingly wid...

Figure 4.22 Evolution of the number of active EWCs and SE-WCs over time
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Democracy at work: the European level

Cross-border management needscross-border democracy at workArticle 27 of the European Charter of Fundamental Rights is very clear: ‘Workers or their representatives must, at the appropriate levels, be guaranteed information an...

Fig 4.23 Workforce-counting modalities in transnational institutions of worker representation
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Democracy at work: when subsidiarity leads to inequality

One worker, one vote?The notion that every citizen’s voice should count equally is, of course, fundamental to democracy. Indeed, this principle was first brought into the trade union political discourse by the British trade un...

Figure 2.25. Monitoring progress in the implementation of the EPSR
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European employment and social policy

One year after the launch of the European Pillar of Social Rights, where are we now?In response to the mounting challenges faced by European citizens, on 17 November 2017, the European Commission, Council and Parliament jointl...

Figure 3.1 Trust in the European Union (percentage of Eurobarometer respondents)
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Wage developments

The erosion of trust in the EUIn the field of wages and collective bargaining, the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) contains two important commitments. First of all, Principle 6 is on the right of workers‘ to fair wages...