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Minimum wages in Europe under austerity

In this Policy Brief Thorsten Schulten – researcher at the WSI in the Hans-Böckler Foundation and widely acknowledged as one of Europe’s foremost expert on the subject – analyses recent trends in minimum wages across Europe in the light of the economic crisis. In most European countries, workers earning the minimum wage suffered losses – in some cases quite considerable losses – in real pay.

Minimum wages in Europe: new debates against the background of economic crisis

The minimum wage is a standard and generally accepted tool of labour market regulation in most European countries. Since the start of the new millennium, the real value of minimum wages has substantially increased, acting in many cases as a spur to general wage developments.

Unit labour costs: no argument for low wages in eastern and central Europe

This working paper discusses the use of unit labour costs (ULC) by the European Commission as a measure of competitiveness of exports, especially in central and Eastern Europe (CEE).

What role can minimum wages play in overcoming the low-wage model in central and eastern Europe?

This working paper gives an overview of minimum wage policies in Central and Eastern Europe. It shows that minimum wages are an effective tool for reducing inequality by raising the lowest incomes.

Wage bargaining under the new European Economic Governance

wages and collective bargaining in Europe

This book proposes an alternative view according to which wage developments need to be strengthened through a Europe-wide coordinated reconstruction of collective bargaining as a precondition for more sustainable and more inclusive growth in Europe. It contains major research findings from the CAWIE2 – Collectively Agreed Wages in Europe – project, conducted in 2014–2015 for the purpose of discussing and debating the currently dominant policy perspectives on collectively-bargained wage systems under the new European economic governance.

Condemned to be left behind? Can Central and Eastern Europe emerge from its low-wage model?

This book focuses on the economic factors which have impacted on the low-wage economies of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), over the past twenty years. In this period CEE economies were mostly driven by low-wage based foreign direct investment (FDI).

Wages and collective bargaining during the European economic crisis

The aim of this study is to analyse the impact of the crisis on wage developments and collective bargaining in European manufacturing industry.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2017

Benchmarking working Europe 2017

This 2017 edition of Benchmarking working Europe focuses on the question 'overcoming cleavages across the EU?'. It analyses in four chapters and with the help of 58 visual graphs latest trends and outcomes of European policies in the areas of macro-economics, wages and collective bargaining, labour markets and, last but not least, social dialogue and workers' participation.

Wages and wage bargaining in Europe

This volume presents an analysis of wage developments and wage bargaining practices since the mid-1990s in 17 European countries. The introductory chapter provides an overview of some of the main trends across Europe with a focus on wage moderation, the minimum wage and the decentralisation of collective bargaining. The country chapters provide a detailed overview of wage developments, also in relation to productivity, low pay and the minimum wage, and gender and sectoral wage differences.

Wages in the crisis

Wages in the crisis cover

The recent global recession has had differing effects on wages across Europe. This paper presents wage patterns for EU countries since the impact of the financial crisis, and compares them to previous trends. Wages in the countries hardest hit by the recession have underperformed when compared to past developments. The role of wages in determining international competitiveness is also examined and the importance of the general price level as opposed to wage levels is highlighted.

Collective bargaining responses to the economic crisis in Europe

This Policy Brief provides an overview of collective bargaining responses to the crisis in Europe. It shows clearly that collective bargaining has proven to be an effective instrument to maintain employment and to allow companies to find flexible solutions to deal with the steep economic downturn.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2008

Since the launch of the Lisbon Strategy, the ETUC together with the ETUI-REHS has produced an annual Benchmarking publication for the European Social Summit. Its aim is to establish what progress has been made in selected areas of importance to workers and which are of crucial significance for a Social Europe.
This year’s report tackles the issue of Europe’s social reality. It highlights in particular the issues of quality employment and the need to ensure that the European workforce receives a fair share of economic gains.

Unemployment, internal devaluation and labour market deregulation in Europe

Unemployment, internal devaluation and labour market regulation in Europe

Unemployment rates in the EU rose after the economic crisis of 2008, passing 10% in 2012, but with big variations between countries. The worst afflicted had been subject to so-called policies of internal devaluation, aimed at curing unemployment by reducing wage costs. This book provides a comparative study of countries that to varying degrees followed that road (Greece, Spain, Portugal, Ireland) set against others that did not (Germany, UK, Poland).

Minimum wages in Europe

This volume presents, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of national minimum wage systems in Europe and the USA. The study, coordinated by the Economic and Social Sciences Institute (WSI) in the Hans Böckler Foundation, contains studies of countries such as Great Britain, Ireland, the Benelux countries, France, Spain, the states of central and eastern Europe and the USA, all of which have minimum wage provisions.

Who earns minimum wages in Europe?

Minimum wages continue to stir controversial policy debates. This study contributes to a better understanding of minimum wages by providing a solid empirical assessment of minimum wage policies and their socio-economic consequences for a range of European countries.

What drives wage gaps in Europe?

This working paper investigates wage differences across Europe. It estimates to what extent wage gaps in average wages observed between countries are related to differences in workforce composition, in workplaces, as well as the types of jobs conducted in different countries. This report also assesses the observed differences in returns on endowments by identifying which sectors and occupational groups contribute most to the wage gaps observed at the country level.

The international standardisation arena and the civil society participation stakes: results of the INTERNORM project

International standards are playing an increasingly important role in market governance and often have a direct impact on health, safety and the environment.

Here today, gone tomorrow: the rise in earnings fluctuations and its policy implications

The widespread trend towards greater social inequality increasingly, if belatedly, became a policy preoccupation in the years immediately preceding the outbreak of the crisis.

Employment relations in an era of change

Book employment relations in an era of change

Employee and employer relations and their regulatory mechanisms and institutions are undergoing profound change in contemporary capitalist societies. This edited volume focuses on the dynamics and strategies of the social partners (unions and their representatives and employers and management) involved and affected by these transformations. In particular, it provides a wide-ranging empirical evidence illustrating that a multi-level approach is today potentially the most suitable way to understand the current transformations as well as to examine their social effects.

Wage policy in Austria and the Netherlands under EMU

This paper analyses how wage policy in Austria and the Netherlands was affected by economic and monetary union (EMU). The paper concludes that EMU and the macroeconomic shifts resulting from it have had little influence on wage-setting in Austria and the Netherlands. While wage restraint outcomes did diverge for both countries after the start of EMU, this paper will argue that different wage institutions lead to this divergence. The EMU’s new macroeconomic order did not significantly change either countries microeconomic wage institutions.

Back on the agenda: a European minimum wage standard

This policy brief provides a brief but systematic overview of the different minimum wage regimes currently found in the EU as a basis for formulating some potential contours of a European minimum wage policy.

Why are wages still lower in eastern and central Europe?

This new working paper explores why there is a persistent wage gap between western Europe and the new EU Member States of eastern and central Europe.

Putting a number on job quality?

The ETUI has created a European Job Quality Index (JQI). This working paper outlines the choice of data and variables as well as the data processing.

Women in trade unions

Gender equality is a fundamental right in the European Union. Increasingly, research is showing that women are a necessary factor in achieving the European Union's objectives of growth, employment and social cohesion. As women begin to make up a greater proportion of the workforce, trade unions are beginning to realise the benefits that women can bring to their structures in terms of increased membership and diversity.

Wage differentials across sectors in Europe: an east-west comparison

The survey contains detailed information on wages, bonuses, age, education, sex, occupation, contracts, working time, sector and region. The findings show that there are large wage differentials between workers employed in different sectors. The results also suggest that wage differentials between sectors are significantly bigger in countries where wage bargaining is weakly coordinated and essentially organised at the firm or establishment level.

Lohnpolitik unter europäischer 'economic governance'

wages, Lohnpolitik book

This book deals with current issues of wages and collective bargaining in the context of the European crisis and the new system of European economic governance.

Minimum wages in Europe: does the diversity of systems lead to a diversity of outcomes?

This report by three academic experts leaves the beaten track of minimum wage analysis by focussing on the institutional diversity of minimum wage systems within the EU. The central message of the report is that both the academic and the policymaking community could render the European minimum wage debate more relevant if they framed the current discussion as a choice between alternative systems rather than a choice of any particular rate for Europe as a whole.

Mind the gap: net incomes of minimum wage workers in the EU and the United States

This working paper focuses on the role of minimum wages, in conjunction with tax and benefit policies, in protecting workers against financial poverty. It covers 20 European countries with a national minimum wage and three US States (New Jersey, Nebraska and Texas). It is shown that only for single persons and only in certain countries do net income packages at minimum wage level reach or exceed the EU’s at-risk-of poverty threshold, which is set at 60 per cent of median equivalent household income in each country.

Why trade unions seek to coordinate wages and collective bargaining in the Eurozone

In the run-up to European Monetary Union (EMU) trade unions across Europe began to coordinate their bargaining policies transnationally. This paper provides an overview of the efforts made by European and national trade unions to coordinate collective bargaining and wage formation at the sectoral and intersectoral levels to date, embedding them in the broader framework of a European industrial relations system.

Measuring European competitiveness at the sectoral level

Measuring European competitiveness book - wages

This book develops a new approach for estimating the way in which labour costs reflect cost competitiveness.

Labour cooperation or labour conflict in the enlarged EU?

This paper examines how Western and CEE trade unions are coping with intensifying cross-border competition. It asks what strategies they employ to increase or preserve employment levels and to improve working conditions in a transnationally competitive environment.

Labour and trade unions in China

Twenty years of continuous economic growth, with annual rates of up to 10%, have significantly increased the economic and also the political weight of the People's Republic of China. Indeed, China is on the way to becoming a global economic power.

Social pacts in Europe - new dynamics

A new bargaining agenda is indeed emerging, but its outline is not easy to determine because, on the one hand, monetary union precludes any wage drift and, on the other, the terms of a new deal are difficult to establish.

Codes de conduite et accords-cadres internationaux

In recent years, the rapid process of globalisation has triggered a political debate on international working and production standards, and the need for supranational structures and regulation. The adoption of corporate codes of conduct and international framework agreements (IFAs) is a reflection of the increasing global outreach and influence of multinational companies.

Jobs on the move

In recent years, throughout Europe, increasing concerns have been raised about the relocation of production and jobs. What is the extent of relocation and what are its qualitative impacts? Away from the spotlight of individual cases and anecdotal evidence, `relocation`, proves to be a complex phenomenon.

The Janus face of the 'New ways of Work' : rise, risks and regulation of nomadic work

The Internet and the use of portable computers, mobile phones and tablets have increased the importance of ‘new ways of work’. This work, which is place- and time-independent, can lead to more autonomy and greater flexibility for workers, but it also carries serious physical as well as psychosocial risks according to this working paper.

The European governance of education: progresses and challenges

In recent decades the European Union (EU) has put increased emphasis on education and training as a strategic area able to contribute to economic development and a more inclusive society. Soft governance has contributed to progress in attempts to coordinate national policies and institutions. However, national performances and trends are still far from the targets set by the EU.

Takeovers with or without worker voice: workers’ rights under the EU Takeover Bids Directive

This book presents the results of a study of workers’ rights during company takeover situations in Europe. Takeovers are extremely important for workers because a change in ownership frequently leads to restructuring in the firm, including replacement of management, changed working conditions, increased work intensity and/or mass redundancies.

Transnational company agreements and the role of European Works Councils in negotiations

As a rule, the competences of European Works Councils (EWCs) are limited to information and consultation. Nonetheless, the number of European company-level framework agreements negotiated by EWCs and/or trade unions has increased steadily since the early 2000s. By the end of 2011, 119 such agreements had been concluded.

The public sector in the crisis

Against the background of governments’ consolidation strategies, ETUI researcher Vera Glassner provides an overview of recent developments in terms of pay, employment and reforms of the pay system in the public sector. Cuts and freezes of public sector wages were most frequently imposed unilaterally by the state. The author argues that the re-establishment of collective bargaining as a mechanism to settle public sector pay is of vital importance in order to prevent downward pressures on wages, maintain workers’ purchasing power and contribute to a stable and balanced economic development within the Eurozone and across the business cycle.

Working in multinationals and domestic firms compared - myths and realities

The three authors of this policy brief investigated whether multinational enterprises (MNEs) offer better terms and conditions for employment than domestic (non-NME) firms. Using data from the WageIndicator web survey (www.wageindicator.org), the researchers compared wages, working conditions and job quality, working hours, training possibilities, and industrial relations at the workplace in NMEs and domestic companies.

‘Bad jobs’ recovery? European Job Quality Index 2005-2015

This new Working Paper offers a detailed look at the quality of jobs held by European workers, and shows what aspects of work improved or deteriorated over the last decade.

Beyond the CEE 'black box': crisis and industrial relations in the new EU member states

CEE industrial relations

This working paper maps out developments of industrial relations in Central-Eastern Europe (CEE) during the period 2008-2014. It looks at wage trends and public sector austerity measures, collective bargaining practices, social dialogue performance and the incidence of strikes and protests.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2015

Benchmarking Working Europe 2015

Published every year, the report analyses the state of working Europe explaining with the aid of statistics and graphs the main trends in terms of Europe’s macro-economic situation, its labour market development, the situation of wages and collective bargaining, and worker participation.

The EU and supplementary pensions

Reliance on private retirement pensions is on the increase both at Member State level, via the spread of quasi-mandatory occupational plans, and at EU level, as a result of initiatives including the IORP Directive. This Working Paper analyses the legislative and market trends that underpin this development, assessing the impact of the global financial crisis, presenting the regulatory improvements required, and delineating the future prospects of the market for supplementary pensions.

The Golden Rule of Public Investment: protecting fiscal leeway and public infrastructure in the EU

golden rule of public investment

This policy brief proposes to implement the 'Golden Rule of Public Investment' , a rule which states that net public investments - increases of the public and/or social capital stock providing future benefits, should be financed by debt, on other words, excluded from balanced-budget rules. The authors make the case for the introduction of such a rule at European and member state level and answer some of the arguments used against the application of such a rule.

How do trade unions interact with the European Parliament?

This working paper investigates the current relationship between the European Parliament and the European trade unions, and outlines the challenges from the trade union point of view.

The public-private sector pay debate in Europe

wages, public sector

This Working Paper critically reviews the empirical evidence and the basic assumptions on which European and national policymakers base their strategy of cutting and freezing public sector pay as one central element of the current crisis management. Using comparative studies and new statistical data, the paper demonstrates that these assumptions are wrong, as they rely on a 'excessively narrow conception of competitiveness as cost competitiveness' and they neglect the role of wages in generating domestic demand.

Transnational flexibility and ‘shareholder capitalism’: a case for extending EWC competences to cover flexibility

This Policy Brief argues the need to extend the entitlement of employee participation bodies at the European level to cover corporate strategies of transnational flexibility.

The revised Shareholder Rights Directive 2017: policy implications for workers

The 2017 revised Shareholder Rights Directive gives shareholders a say on executive pay and requires institutional investors to improve shareholder engagement. The directive is thus designed to provide a counterweight to the increasingly dominant ‘shareholder’ model of corporate governance which has put the interests of firms’ shareholders ahead of other stakeholders, including their workers. Drawing on the experience of the UK, Europe’s leading exponent of the shareholder model whose experience heavily influenced the Commission’s thinking, this brief analyses the workings of the directive, discusses its implications for worker’s rights and suggests how trade unions should respond.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2011

Is the Europe 2020 strategy leading us, as it promises, towards smart, sustainable and inclusive growth? This is the main question addressed by this publication on the eve of this year’s Spring European Summit. The ETUC and ETUI offer a critical assessment of the strategy and its various components: will it be able to provide a framework for the creation of more and better-quality jobs? Are the policies and indicators set to promote an increase in social cohesion? How can workers better participate in the achievement of these various aims? Benchmarking Working Europe 2011 is structured in eight topical chapters illustrated by a significant number of graphs, and has a completely new layout.

A gender perspective on older workers’ employment and working conditions

This working paper aims to give a structured gender analysis of the working and employment conditions of older workers (aged 50 and over).

Privatisation and liberalisation of public services in Europe

The liberalisation and privatisation of public sector activities have been the subject of heated debate since the 1970s. The chapters in this volume contribute to this debate by analysing the effects of liberalisation and privatisation on productivity and service provision, employment, wages and working conditions in a number of European countries. The focus is on the service sector, which has been the main source of employment growth in recent years.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2010

This year's Benchmarking Working Europe report embarks upon a social stocktaking of the reaction to and impact of the financial, economic and social crisis as a means of feeding into the post-crisis and EU2020 debate.
The report provides evidence to question the underlying foundation of the current growth model and its emphasis on deregulation and labour cost cutting. It supports the claim that workers' rights should be rediscovered as a force for productivity and as a way of building a new model of economic progress in which fair wages and good working conditions constitute the basis for growth and employment dynamics.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2007

European labour markets face a range of significant challenges for which the current institutional and political answers are at the cost of the quality of jobs, quality of employment opportunities and workers' rights. Benchmarking Working Europe 2007 shows how emphasis should be put on job quality, including wage growth, decent working conditions, better training distribution enhancing training satisfaction, but also on efficient industrial relations for which workers' involvement in shaping their future is a crucial factor.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2014

benchmarking working Europe

The report Benchmarking Working Europe 2014 provides an evidence-based review of the crisis and the EU’s austerity policies regarding several aspects of working Europe in the last five years.The publication offers an overview of the most important statistical data in the form of graphs on issues related to the EU’s macroeconomic situation, labour markets, inequality and poverty, deregulation of labour law, wages and collective bargaining, health and safety at work, worker participation rights and the impact of austerity on the green agenda.

How to avert the risk of deflation in Europe: rethinking the policy mix and European economic governance

deflation, economic policy, austerity

This policy brief discusses the risks of deflation for the European economy. It critically evaluates the European economic governance for not having averted this risk...

Unemployment insurance and non-standard employment

This publication examines how part-time and temporary employment have been gaining in importance in Western Europe since the 1980s as a possible solution to persistent unemployment, underemployment and reconciling work and family life. A special focus is placed on how workers with non-standard employment contracts are disadvantaged with regard to unemployment insurance benefits.

The outsourcing challenge: organizing workers across fragmented production networks

This book focuses on the dynamics of outsourcing in Europe from the perspective of employees. In particular, it considers one insufficiently studied aspect: the impact of outsourcing on working conditions and employment relations in companies.

Job quality in the crisis - an update of the Job Quality Index (JQI)

This paper is an update of the synthetic job quality index (JQI) for the EU27 countries which has been created in 2008 (see ETUI Working paper 2008.03 and 2008.07) in an attempt to shed light on the question of how European countries compare with each other and how they are developing over time in terms of job quality.

Transatlantic Networking Guide

The guide provides a resource that will enable USA and European worker representatives to initiate and improve their working relationships. The guide is to be used together by worker representatives in European countries and the United States in direct communication with each other.

Work in the digital economy: sorting the old from the new

digital economy working paper

This paper sets out to analyse the digital economy and changes in work by sifting elements of continuity from others that are radically new. Aspects examined are: genuinely new features encountered in the digital economy model; major instances of technological change observable in the working environment; new forms of work in the digital economy; distance and employment relationships; challenges entailed in regulating a labour world shorn of its customary structures.

Job quality and women’s labour market participation

This Policy Brief provides an overview of female employment in the EU and of how it is affected by a transition to motherhood, as well as of recent policies devised to remedy the post-2008 unemployment crisis.

European enlargement and the economic crisis: impact and lasting effects

This working paper by Rebecca Zahn of the University of Stirling looks at the effects of the economic crisis on the enlarged European Union and the European Social Model.

After the euro and enlargement: social pacts in the EU

This book aims to shed light on the most recent wave of social pacts in the last decade in western and eastern EU countries. In the context of recent socio-economic and political challenges (globalisation, changing economic context, labour market transformation, and the full implementation of EMU), 11 country chapters summarise the recent evolution of social pacts across the Eurozone and in New EU member states. These country chapters, alongside a number of more analytical contributions, show that social pacts of various kinds have contributed to employment, wage and welfare reforms over the last two decades, thereby demonstrating that these agreements are changing institutions able to be used by policymakers and social partners in their efforts to deal effectively with evolving socio-economic and political challenges.

Sustaining or abandoning ‘social peace’?

Providing a simple quantitative overview and a short macro-comparative analysis of strike activity in Europe since the 1990s, this working paper assesses whether three strike trends observed in the 1990s continued in the next decade.

Labour mobility and EU enlargement – a review of current trends and debates

The focus of the article is labour mobility within the European Union (EU) and how the current trends may be influenced by the impending accession of the central and eastern European Countries (CEECs).
The findings are based on a number of recent studies conducted by various authors.

The EWC landscape on the eve of the transposition deadline of the recast directive 2009/38/EC – Evidence from the ETUI database of European Works Councils

The brochure contains pre-selected data from the forthcoming ETUI publication ‘Mapping European Works Councils’. It aims at delivering basic figures concerning the operation of EWCs and the workers they represent on the eve of the EWC recast directive’s transposition deadline.

Eliminating occupational cancer in Europe and globally

cancer WP 2015

This working paper presents arguments for a stronger policy to eradicate occupational cancer in Europe and globally.

The Court of Justice of the European Union and fixed-term workers: still fixed, but at least equal

working paper Court of Justice on fixed-term labour contracts

This Working Paper focuses on the impact of the directive on fixed-term work and the EU's Court of Justice (CJEU) case law concerning fixed-term work from 2007 and 2013. By doing so, this working paper develops an analytical framework to analyse the Europeanisation of labour law with an eye on the literature on labour-market dualisation.

Economic transition, partisan politics and EU austerity: a case study of Slovakia’s labour market policies

Slovakia labour market policies WP

This working paper provides an overview of labour market policies in the Slovak Republic, from the beginning of the post-socialist transition to the recent period, characterised by growing pressure for fiscal stringency from the European Union (EU). It investigates the differences between the prevalent trends in labour market policies before and after 2010 and it finds little difference between them.

Nordic labour market models in open markets

Nordic labour market models

This report reviews the main common traits and variations of the Nordic models of labour market regulation, how they were adjusted after the crises in the 1980-90s, and how recent labour market developments have faced the actors with new challenges.

EU REFIT machinery 'cutting red tape' at the cost of the acquis communautaire

REFIT better regulation

This policy brief describes the historical and political background of the EU's 'Regulatory Fitness and Performance' (REFIT)' programme, its mechanisms and instruments as well as challenges of this exercise in 'better regulation' for Social Europe.

Improving productivity: the case for employee voice and inclusive workplace practices

This policy brief examines the effectiveness of policies which aim to dismiss labour market institutions, in the name of competitiveness, across the European Union (EU). It also assesses the evidence which supports a positive relationship between deregulation and decentralization and productivity.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2009

This year’s report provides an assessment of Lisbon Strategy. It asks whether the EU is really moving in the direction of knowledge-based growth, examines whether the EU has witnessed the creation of more and better jobs and considers whether the Union is succeeding in attaining greater social cohesion.
The report concludes that raising social and environmental standards could assist in ensuring sustainable growth and a healthier, more cohesive society.

Extending solidarity rather than bargaining concessions: the IG Metall campaign for agency workers

trade unions, collective bargaining

Concession bargaining at at workplace level has been spreading in the US and across Europe. It is often framed as a response to organisational or economic crises and therefore as a useful instrument for dealing with employment restructuring in the short term. This policy brief examines the practice of concession bargaining taking as its starting point a campaign on agency work conducted by the German metalworkers union IG Metall.

Sectoral social dialogue in professional football: social partners, outcomes and problems of implementation

This Summer’s World Cup in Russia will showcase an array of expensive footballing talent. Off the pitch, however, moves are also afoot to bring the sector under the auspices of European Union employment legislation. This Working Paper looks at regulation of the football ‘industry’ in the context of emerging supranational modes of sports governance and assesses the likely consequences of formalizing employment relations.

Labour market policies in the era of pervasive austerity: A European perspective

This book investigates the changing patterns of labour market and unemployment policies in EU member states during the period since fiscal austerity took hold in 2010 during the deepest postwar recession in Europe.

A quantum of solace? An assessment of fiscal stimulus packages by EU Member States in response to the economic crisis

This ETUI Working Paper analyses the fiscal stimulus packages implemented by EU Member States against the background of the on-going economic crisis. Alongside the overall volume of the packages, the study, which is based on a survey of national experts, considers their content and also the involvement – or lack of it – of the social partners and particularly trade unions.

Globalizing technical standards

This book sets out to exemplify some aspects of the current debates on how European and international standards as developed in the ISO and IEC can affect the health and safety of Europe's workers.

Services employment in Europe

The service sector is the biggest employer in the EU and is also the main source of new jobs in European economies. Furthermore employment in the service sector will continue to grow as a share of total employment. This publication outlines the impact the rise of the service sector has had on employment and some of the challenges and opportunities that are facing trade unions as a result.

Italy's labour market reforms of 2012: did they reduce unemployment?

Italy labour market reforms

This Working Paper critically analyses Italy’s labour market reforms of 2012 (Fornero Reform). It focuses especially on a measure designed to cut unemployment and labour-market dualism by reducing the protection against dismissal enjoyed by permanent employees.

Too little, too late? Evaluating the European Works Councils Recast Directive

European Works Councils report

This report analyses the effectiveness of the EWC Recast Directive in contributing to the establishment of (1) more EWCs and (2) better EWCs.

Free movement of labour in Europe: a solution for better labour allocation?

This Working Paper describes the main trends in post-enlargement east/west intra-EU labour mobility. It looks at how different population groups, nationals, EU8 and EU21 migrants have been affected by the turbulent processes of opening up national labour markets and subsequently by the crisis.

Has the EU become more intrusive in shaping national welfare state reforms? Evidence from Greece and Portugal

This paper provides a comparative analysis of the Memorandums of understanding (MoUs) in Greece and Portugal in the areas of old-age pensions and labour market policies and shows that, compared to earlier economic governance instruments, the MoUs have entailed much greater interference in setting policy objectives, tighter surveillance and stricter enforcement.

Organising hyper-mobile transnational construction workers

This Policy Brief outlines the main strategies employed by trade unions to organise migrant workers, with a particular focus on hyper-mobile posted workers. The Policy Brief is based on empirical qualitative data collected within the framework of two research projects in Finland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

The governance of economic uncertainty: beyond the 'new social risks' analysis

This paper draws on the research done in the framework of the European Union Framework Programme 7 project The Governance of Uncertainty and Sustainability: Tensions and Opportunities (GUSTO).

Occupations and ageing at work. An analysis of the findings of the fifth European Working Conditions Survey

This working paper analyzes the data collected by the fifth European Working Conditions Survey done in 2010 to examine how working conditions are changing for different ages and occupation types. It brings insights into the quality of work and employment amongst ageing workers that help to inform the debate on how “sustainable” work is according to one’s age and occupation.

European company law and the Sustainable Company: a stakeholder approach. Vol. II

This book follows up on The Sustainable Company: a new approach to corporate governance (published by the ETUI in 2011 and edited by Vitols and Kluge),
which outlined GOODCORP’s vision of an alternative to the shareholder value orientation of the current system of corporate governance.

Social developments in the European Union 2012

The year 2012 has seen new developments in the EU’s economic crisis and renewed attempts to address its main causes. The European institutions have intensified their programme of promoting austere economic governance, while the political and institutional debates on democratic legitimacy and the effectiveness of the EU have intensified. In such a context, the ‘social dimension’ of Europe is clearly on the defensive with little progress towards more sustainable forms of growth. Almost undetected, however, the processes governing social policy in the context of the Europe 2020 strategy are slowly maturing and are being taken more seriously by key actors. This could prove to be highly consequential in future.

Collective social rights under the strain of monetary union

collective social rights

This report examines in depth the legality of the measures taken by the European Union, alongside the European Central Bank (ECB) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), in the wake of the financial and debt crisis.

The king is dead – long live the king: what follows after the Troika?

The focus of this paper is the need to reshape the financial assistance programmes and the related activities of the Troika in a way that would make them more socially and democratically acceptable. The starting point, therefore, is an analysis of the current role of the Troika and of each of its three constituent institutions in the framework of the financial assistance programmes.

Drifting into labour market insecurity? Labour market reforms in Europe after 2010

This working paper examines the impact of fiscal austerity on EU labour market policies. Using a case study approach, it examines: the extent of change in unemployment benefit levels and policies; the effect of this on groups of workers; and whether the logic of activation policies has shifted. Overall, the broad direction of policy has not altered greatly under austerity. However, risks remain that an underlying move towards greater flexibility may lock in ‘low road’ growth strategies that will make it harder to bring down debt and unemployment in future.

Balancing protection and investment: structural reforms in five countries

Structural reforms in 5 EU member states book

This book looks at the structural reforms adopted between 2008 and 2015 in five European Union (EU) countries – the Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Ireland and Italy. It provides evidence that the EU influenced structural reforms but lacked a coherent agenda to support growth. In such a context, different countries implemented different reform strategies that reflected their (partly) diverging socio-economic models.

Long-term investment and the Sustainable Company: a stakeholder perspective. Vol. III

sustainable company

The onset of the Great Financial Crisis in 2007/8 has triggered a widespread debate about the causes and the social and environmental consequences of the lack of long-term investment around the world. This volume, the third in the Sustainable Company book series produced by the GOODCORP network of academic and trade union experts on corporate governance, presents a ‘stakeholder’ approach to the problem. The analysis and policy prescriptions presented here go beyond mainstream economic analysis by highlighting the need for major changes in the way resources are saved, distributed and invested in the interests of a sustainable and just economy and society.

Reforming pensions in Europe: a comparative country analysis

Pensions paper Natali

This working paper assesses the impact of the economic crisis on European pension systems and provides a comparative overview of the measures imposed on European pension systems, together with their effects.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2006

This sixth edition of Benchmarking Working Europe documents some of the current problems the European social model is facing, including problems on European labour markets, social inequalities, initiatives to reduce workers' rights and European policy deficits. The report calls for a new policy mix of employment-friendly macroeconomic policies and active labour market and social policies against a background characterised by - as also described here - sluggish growth, unimpressive productivity gains and a lack of job creation in Europe, among other things.

Social developments in the European Union 2010

This 2010 edition of Social developments in the European Union examines the ways in which the EU has tackled the main challenges related to the fiscal crisis, the first steps towards implementation of the Lisbon Treaty and the launch of the EU2020 Strategy. The volume sheds light on a number of aspects including the risks for the European social model and European integration project, the state of the debate on revision of the Stability and Growth Pact, the impact of the economic and financial crisis on pensions, the new ‘EU employment policy roadmap’ and, more generally, the tensions, risks and opportunities generated by Europe 2020.

Social developments in the European Union 2011

This 2011 edition of Social developments in the European Union examines the ways in which the EU has changed during the turbulent year 2011. Institutional innovations were paralleled by new economic governance tools and further reinforcement of the austerity paradigm. Beyond economic governance, this volume sheds light on the state of European social dialogue, the role of structural funds, the fate of the social dimension of Europe 2020, and the activities of the European Court of Justice. Analysis of the EU level is complemented by a critical review of national reforms, especially in the case of health care.

Transfer

Transfer Labour Mobility May 2016

Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research, is published for the ETUI by Sage Publications.
Transfer stimulates dialogue between the European trade union movement and the academic and research community. It contributes research findings on issues of strategic relevance for trade unions, in particular with regard to developments at the European level. Transfer publishes original peer-reviewed research on issues such as new developments in industrial relations, social policy and labour market developments.

Events

Expert Workshop on Living Wages in Europe

7 February 2017 - 8 February 2017, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5, 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor

Lunch debate: Wage developments and wage bargaining under the European Economic Governance

7 January 2016 - 7 January 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30-14h00

Collectively-agreed wages in Europe: Challenges in the statistical and political field

29 November 2012 - 29 November 2012, Central Economic Council of Belgium, Avenue de la Joyeuse Entrée, 17-21, 1040 Brussels; 10:30-16:00

European policy conference

Monthly forum: Wage inequality in European countries: the impact of collective bargaining

26 May 2016 - 26 May 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30 - 14h

At this Monthly Forum François Ghesquière who recently defended his thesis at the Université Libré de Bruxelles will present the findings of his research on wage inequality from a macro perspective. He performed a cross-national comparison of the situation regarding wage inequalities in different European countries to assess the impact of institutional configurations on wage inequality. Collective bargaining coverage and trade union density came out as the two main factors explaining the differences in levels of wage inequality between western European countries. Surprisingly, minimum wage and other economic factors such as employment and GDP seem to have a very limited effect on the extent of wage inequality.

Conference: 'After the crisis - towards a sustainable growth model'

13 January 2010 - Brussels

As the first decade of the 21st century comes to its term, most countries in Europe and the world still find themselves in the midst of the severest financial and economic crisis in 80 years. Prior to its collapse in 2008, the prevailing concept of laissez-faire financial capitalism implied that profits, in particular in the financial sector, could grow at double-digit rates while overall economic growth remained in the low single digit range. This led to a general shift in income distribution at the expense of employees and low-income groups, i.e. a shift of national income from labour to capital and/or within wage income to the wealthy. Beyond this there has been increased downward pressure on the terms of conditions of those at the bottom of the labour market.

What do we and what don't we know about minimum wages in Europe

12 December 2011 - Brussels

Expert conference organised by the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI)
Brussels, 12 December 2011, 10h30-16h30
ITUH, Blvd du Roi Albert II, 5, 1210 Brussels, Belgium, Room B

Monthly Forum: Gender policies and the austerity crisis

15 January 2014 - 15 January 2014, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B 12.30-14.00h
Jill Rubery

The current global economic crisis has had profound consequences for gender equality in the labour market and welfare systems of advanced economies. The impact of recession has been inflated by the austerity measures and fiscal consolidation packages. On the one hand, a growing pool of unemployed, increased labour market competition and tighter business conditions negatively affect female employment. This enacts, for instance, through increased sex discrimination, or fewer efforts by employers to implement equality and diversity policy as a means of recruiting and retaining staff.

Launch Benchmarking Working Europe report 2015

20 March 2015 - 20 March 2015, Thon Hotel EU (room Belgium), Rue de la Loi 75, 1040 Brussels; 11h30-13h00

The European Trade Union Institute is pleased to invite you to the launch of its 2015 Benchmarking Working Europe report. Published every year, the report analyses the state of working Europe explaining with the aid of statistics and graphs the main trends in terms of Europe’s macro-economic situation, its labour market development, the situation of wages and collective bargaining, and worker participation.

ETUI wishes you a peaceful and social 2017

22 December 2016 - 22 December 2016,
Christmas' greetings ETUI

The year 2016 has been a very productive one at the ETUI, as can be seen from the list of over 40 publications which you will find below.

Launch of the ETUI/ETUC Benchmarking Working Europe 2018 report: What convergence and what divergence across the EU?

19 March 2018 - 19 March 2018, Permanent Representation of Austria to the EU, 1st floor; Avenue de Cortenbergh 30, 1040 Bruxelles; 19h

Although it can be observed that on average, labour market insecurity and unemployment risk have increased since 2007 across all EU Member States, there is a clear indication now that fiscal austerity has had uneven effects across countries. The indicators concerning social and labour market conditions have been evolving very much in line with the developments in the macroeconomy: after a deterioration period from 2013-2014 they started to improve slowly. Still, divergent developments can be observed between the north and the south of Europe.

Getting Europe back to Work: Alternatives to Austerity

6 November 2013 - 6 November 2013, International Trade Union House, Blvd du Roi Albert II 5, 1210 Brussels: Auditorium

Europe is in its fifth year of crisis with no signs of any improvement. Rising and persistent unemployment across Europe in the wake of the banking and sovereign debt crises have been further aggravated by the choice of a therapy based on austerity. Over recent months the policies have been challenged by public demonstrations and have led to extreme elections results. Leading figures from the EU and international agencies have expressed deep concern over the direction the European economies have taken. Publications from the IMF have revised estimates of the negative impact of cuts in public spending and European Commission President Barroso has spoken of austerity policies reaching ‘their limits’. So far, the only medicine on offer is a continuation of austerity alongside measures aimed at reducing wages and security of those in employment. This conference will bring together researchers and practitioners to discuss the effects of past policies, the changes taking place in labour markets and the alternatives to current policies.

TURI workshop - Recent trends in European collective bargaining

21 March 2011 - Brussels

The recent economic crisis in Europe has led to important changes in European collective bargaining.

How to get European economic recovery to full speed

19 September 2017 - 19 September 2017, Permanent Representation of Austria to the EU, 1st floor Avenue de Cortenbergh 30, 1040 Bruxelles; 18h30

A debate co-organised by AK EUROPA, the Brussels Office of the Austrian Federal Chamber of Labour, ÖGB Europabüro, the Brussels Office of the Austrian Trade Union Federation, and the European Trade Union Institute.

Brussels launch of the Association Bruno Trentin-ISF-IRES

26 September 2013 - 26 September 2013, International Trade Union House (Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B); 17h - 18h30

Philippe Askenazy: The inegalitarian syndrome and the exhaustion of labour

20 March 2013 - 20 March 2013, Thon Hotel EU - Rue de la Loi 75 - B-1040 Brussels; 15h30-17h30

ETUI Conference cycle: The crisis and inequality

European Dialogue 2014: Creating a social Europe

2 April 2014 - 3 April 2014, SQUARE - BRUSSELS MEETING CENTRE Glass Entrance rue Mont des Arts B-1000 Brussels

Organised by Hans Böckler Foundation and Otto Brenner Foundation in conjunction with the Friedrich Ebert Foundation and the ETUI

Diverging Europe : same diagnosis, different remedies?

23 April 2013 - 23 April 2013, Hotel Crowne Plaza - Le Palace (Rue Gineste 3, 1210 BXL), Room Vision (8th floor), 14h00-17h30

Joint conference of the ETUI and DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion of the European Commission

From (un)economic growth to future well-being

15 October 2012 - 16 October 2012, Maison des Associations Internationales, Rue Washington 40, 1050 Bruxelles
lock

co-organisers: European Trade Union Institute (ETUI), European Federation of Public Services Unions (EPSU)

Policy Workshop: ‘Fixing Europe’s Public Debt’

25 November 2015 - 26 November 2015, Croke Park, Dublin

The purpose of this workshop, co-organised by NERI and the ETUI, is to explore policy options that can bring down high public debt in Europe, without undermining the goals of lowering inequality and supporting better living and labour standards.

Launch of the ETUI/ETUC Benchmarking Working Europe 2017 report: Overcoming cleavages across the EU?

13 March 2017 - 13 March 2017, Permanent Representation of Austria to the EU, 1st floor; Avenue de Cortenbergh 30, 1040 Bruxelles; 18h30
Benchmarking banner

ETUI Monthly Forum: Distributional aspects of the crisis in Greece

26 September 2011 - Brussels

Monday, 26 September 2011, 12h30-14h30
Venue: ACV-CSC - Rue de Trèves/Trierstraat 31, 1040 Brussels - Room 10
Speakers:
Manos Matsaganis, Athens University of Economics and Business
Vassilis Monastiriotis, London School of Economics and Political Science

Comments: Isabelle Engsted-Maquet, Deputy Head of the Social Analysis Unit at DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Sotiria Theodoropoulou, Senior Researcher ETUI.
Moderator: Philippe Pochet, General Director ETUI

ETUI Monthly Forum: Comparing responses to the Rana Plaza disaster: the role of organized labour

15 October 2015 - 15 October 2015, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor

This Monthly Forum will look into the responses to the 2013 Rana Plaza factory collapse exploring the role of labour in those initiatives.

ETUI Monthly Forum: “More and better jobs” in unlikely sectors? Work and life quality in new and growing jobs

26 November 2012 - 26 November 2012, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, 1st floor, room B; 12:00-14:00

European Panel 2012: Public goods and services: What comes after deregulation and privatization?

27 November 2012 - 28 November 2012, Hotel Crowne Plaza – Le Palace, Rue Gineste 3 (Place Rogier), B-1210 Brussels

Organised by the Hans-Böckler Foundation in cooperation with the Friedrich-Ebert Foundation, the ETUI and the German and European Trade Union Confederations.

Tony Atkinson: Where is inequality headed?

25 January 2013 - 25 January 2013, Residence Palace, Room Polak (155 Rue de la Loi, 1040 Bruxelles), 15:00-17:00

ETUI Conference cycle: The crisis and inequality

Europe: Rewrite the Rules for Shared Prosperity, European Dialogue 2017

27 April 2017 - 28 April 2017, Albert Hall Chaussee de Wavre, 649-651 1040 Brussels Belgium

The Hans Böckler Foundation in conjunction with the European Trade Union Institute is organising the 2017 European Dialogue on 27-28 April in Brussels.

Monthly forum: Labour Unions, Precarious Work, and the Politics of Institutional Change in Europe

14 February 2018 - 14 February 2018, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h-13h30

Monthly forum: Pursuing convergence in the euro area: policy options for the EU and Member States

22 March 2018 - 22 March 2018, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30-14h

Monthly forum: Core and Contingent Work

1 December 2017 - 1 December 2017, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, 7th floor ETUI meeting room; 12h30 - 14h

Monthly Forum: The crisis as downgrading spiral of labour law and workers’ rights: trends and consequences for future (European) social regulation

26 January 2012 - Brussels

Thursday, 26 January 2012, 12h45-14h30

Speakers:
Pascale Vielle, Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium)
Stefan Clauwaert, Senior researcher ETUI
Isabelle Schömann, Senior researcher ETUI

Comments:
Veronica Nilsson, Confederal Secretary ETUC
Marie-Ange Moreau, Université Lyon 2 (France)

Moderator: Philippe Pochet, General Director ETUI

ETUI Monthly Forum: The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class

27 April 2012 - ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B

Time: 13h15 - 14h45
Venue: : ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B

Monthly Forum: Implementing European Social Fund programmes: the role of national industrial relations in the field of vocational training

27 September 2016 - 27 September 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30 - 14h

Why do some EU member states implement European Social Fund programmes in the field of Continuous Vocational Training (CVT) more effectively than others?

Monthly Forum: The social reality of Europe after the crisis

17 March 2016 - 17 March 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30 - 14h

Monthly Forum: The European Court of Justice and atypical work: halting labour market dualization?

26 January 2016 - 26 January 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30 - 14h

The crisis, austerity and health in Europe

27 September 2013 - 27 September 2013, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, 1st floor, room B; 14h-15h30
Marina Karanikolos

Special joint gathering of the OSE Lunchtime Session and the ETUI Monthly Forum

The EU’s economic and financial crises are having a detrimental effect on citizens’ health. This is the main message of a recent article published in The Lancet by a team of health policy researchers. One of the authors of this article will be the keynote speaker at a special event on ‘the crisis, austerity and health in Europe’ organised jointly by the ETUI and the European Social Observatory (OSE) on 27 September.

ETUI Monthly Forum: Union renewal through multi-level campaigns and new alliances

20 September 2012 - ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B

ETUI Monthly Forum: Diversity and inequality: working conditions according to age and occupation in Europe

30 October 2012 - ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, 1st floor, room B, 12h30-14h30

Book launch: Unemployment, internal devaluation, and labour market deregulation in Europe

18 February 2016 - 18 February 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 11h - 14h45

What can labor do to resolve the austerity crisis in Europe?

17 September 2013 - 17 September 2013, Auditorium, International Trade Union House, Bd du Roi Albert II 5, 1210 Brussels: 16h-18h

ETUI Conference cycle : The crisis and inequality

Lunch debate: Reducing working time in Europe

22 February 2018 - 22 February 2018, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30-14h

ETUI Monthly forum: Which challenges for the EU budget?

25 November 2011 - Brussels

Venue : ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B, 12h15-14h30

Launch of ETUI/ETUC joint report Benchmarking Working Europe 2012

20 March 2012 - Brussels

Short introductions by Bernadette Ségol, General Secretary ETUC, Philippe Pochet, General Director ETUI and Romuald Jagodzinski, researcher at ETUI and co-ordinator of the report.
Followed by two panel debates on:
• Economic and labour market inequality
• Institutional inequality
With short introductions by ETUI authors and contributors plus comments and reactions from speakers from European institutions and social actors.

OSE-ETUI Lunch debate: Pensions for workers in arduous jobs

5 September 2017 - 5 September 2017, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room, 7th floor; 12h30-14h00

ETUI Symposium : The sovereign debt crisis, the EU and welfare state reform

3 February 2015 - 3 February 2015, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 11h00-14h30

Monthly Forum: What social face of the new EU trade agreements?

23 June 2015 - 23 June 2015, Hotel Silken Berlaymont, 11-19 Boulevard Charlemagne, 1000 Brussels; 12h30 - 14h

ETUI Monthly Forum in collaboration with the Centre for EU Studies at Ghent University

ETUI Monthly Forum: The Quality of Employment in Developed and Developing Countries

20 November 2014 - 20 November 2014, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7 floor

Conference-debate Social developments in the European Union 2013

1 July 2014 - 1 July 2014, European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), Building Van Maerlant, Room VM3, rue Van Maerlant 2, 1040 Brussels; 9h30-16h00

Monthly forum: The Left at Work - Why Do Unions, More Than Leftwing Parties, Today Promote Activation Policies?

19 June 2014 - 19 June 2014,

This Monthly Form explored the diverging roles of leftwing parties and trade unions in determining active labor market program (ALMP) spending in the OECD in recent years.

Monthly Forum: The Lisbon Treaty and social Europe

15 January 2013 - 15 January 2013, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, 1st floor, room B, 12h30-14h30

Europe’s dilemma: austerity revisited or a new path for sustainable growth

20 March 2015 - 20 March 2015, Thon Hotel EU (room Belgium), Rue de la Loi 75, 1040 Brussels; 13h30 – 16h

Europe at a crossroads. Which way to quality jobs and prosperity?

24 September 2014 - 26 September 2014, Hotel Thon Europe, 1040 Brussels, Belgium

ETUI - ETUC Conference

Others

Belgium: social partners achieve consensus on wage increases

On 11 January, Belgian employers’ and trade union organisations agreed to adopt a social agreement for 2017-2018, paving the way for a 1.1% annual...

Bulgaria: main trade union confederation, CITUB, is fighting for wage increases

The Confederation of Independent Trade Unions of Bulgaria (CITUB) has just launched a campaign entitled ‘I want an extra 100 leva’ (i.e. EUR 51) to...

Slovenia: Increase in minimum wage exceeds rise in inflation

Under 2010 legislation, and after consulting the social partners, the government decided on 20 January 2016 to increase the minimum wage by 1.8 %,...

Modest increases in minimum wages in the European Union

In early 2018, the legal minimum wage experienced a median increase of 4.4% in the EU Member States. Taking into account inflation, this increase i...

Wage increases and collective bargaining crucial to getting the European economy back on track

The dominant view of the crisis in Europe is that it is a crisis of competitiveness, and wages are seen as the key adjustment variable to improving...

Slovenia: minimum wage increase, but austerity still dominates public sector pay

After the country increased the statutory minimum wage by 4.7% to a monthly 843 euro, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry predicted a shock to the...

European wage experts discuss the need for an EU-wide living wage

The debate about a living wage that goes beyond the subsistence level has gained momentum recently in light of the increase in low-wage work and in...

Bulgaria: discussions on the determination of the minimum wage

After months of prevarication, March saw the beginning of discussions led by the Ministry of Labour to establish with the social partners a mechani...

UK: the enforcement of the minimum wage

The UK-government published its annual report on the compliance with the statutory National Minimum Wage (NMW). For the second, consecutive time, o...

Germany: differentiated pension increases on 1 July 2017

The government has decided that German pensioners will receive a small increase in their pensions from 1 July 2017, with an increase of 1.9 % for p...

UK: low pay and the necessity of a decent living wage

Several think-tanks have published alarming findings on low pay, even advisory bodies that work for the government. These reports talk of the neces...

Bulgaria: tripartite talks on pensions and minimum wage

The financial situation of Bulgarian pensioners is problematic. Observers note that the country’s pension system is in a state of crisis, as inflat...

Minimum wages in Europe still very modest

The Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Institut (WSI) within the Hans-Böckler-Stiftung based in Düsseldorf, Germany has updated its Minimum W...

The German minimum wage: experiences and perspectives after one year

Since 1 January 2015 a statutory minimum wage of €8.50 per hour applies in Germany. A recently published study by the Institute of Economic and Soc...

Minimum wages, austerity and poverty: three ETUI studies

The economic crisis and austerity policies have put the issue of minimum wages in Europe back on the political agenda. Although wage policy is not...

Research institutes linked to trade unions increase their cooperation

This year’s annual gathering of the trade-union-related research institutes (TURI) network took place on 1 and 2 June in Amsterdam and was hosted b...

Research institutes linked to trade unions increase their cooperation

This year’s annual gathering of the trade-union-related research institutes (TURI) network took place on 1 and 2 June in Amsterdam and was hosted b...

France: The number of strikes increased slightly in 2014

According to a study by the Ministry of Labour, published on 28 December 2016, the number of companies that experienced one or more strikes increas...

ETUI wage map shows failure of EU’s wage-cutting austerity policies

A new visual map or infographic comparing wage developments between the year 2000 and 2012 for the EU’s 28 member states provides proof of the impa...

Benchmarking working Europe 2017: High time for new approach to wage policy

The current approach of driving down wages, decentralizing collective bargaining systems and restricting trade union and workers’ rights to tackle...

After Rana Plaza: trade union mobilisation quickly blocked

After the Rana Plaza collapse in 2013, a window of opportunity opened for the trade unions. But it was quickly closed. And although fire safety sta...

Latvia: tax reform should contribute more to the reduction of wage inequality

Instead of contributing more to the reduction of income inequality, proposals to reform fiscal policy are too dominated by the aim of supporting co...

ETUI event shows different views on European wage development debate

During a lunch debate on 7 January, the European Commission presented a recent report entitled Labour Market and Wage Developments in Europe 2015....

Collective Bargaining developments in Europe for September 2013

Controversy over a Polish embassy manual advising not to deal with unions in Denmark, the conclusion of a central agreement on wages and salaries i...

Labour market, employment & social policy

The ETUI has several comparative projects in the field of labour market, employment and social policy. The projects look at quantitative and qualit...

Foreign direct investment in the automotive sector set to trap CEE countries and Spain in low-wage competition

A recent ETUI publication investigates the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the automotive industry in central and eastern European (CE...

Wages and collective bargaining during the European economic crisis – developments in the European manufacturing industry

In a recent study produced for industriAll – European Trade Union, Thorsten Schulten (WSI) and Torsten Müller (ETUI) analyse collective bargaining...

Slovakia: Social package becomes concrete

The ruling Slovakian coalition have promised to come up with a series of social packages, including a reform of the Labour Code. The new measures a...

Romania: Reform of public sector pay system questioned

The Romanian government has launched a reform of the public sector pay system, by addressing the wage discrepancies between different social groups...

UK: increase in night working

The number of people working night shifts has increased by 9% or 275,000 people over the last five years in the UK, according to a report released...

The OECD denounces increasing inequality

In a report published on 5 May, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) issues recommendations, consisting particularly of...

Labour market reforms in Ireland: background summary

The main developments in labour regulation in recent years include new legislation on the right to bargain collectively and reforming sectoral wage...

New EU report highlights growing divergence in and between member states

Growing divergence leading to social polarisation, stalled progress on gender equality, increasing risks of social exclusion and poverty, and major...

Firefighting increases cancer mortality risks

Firefighting exposures increase the risk of death from cancer, according to a study carried out by the NISOH, the U.S. federal agency responsible f...

Strikes in times of crisis: no increase or no data?

A new visual map or infographic comparing the days not worked due to industrial action in the last two decades for different countries shows that t...

Pension reforms in Czechia: background summary

Numerous changes introduced into the pension system since 2000 have been driven by the effort to increase the financial sustainability of the pensi...

ILO warns of “race to the bottom” in wages

Workers’ wages in the developed economies have grown more slowly than labour productivity according to the new Global Wage Report 2012-13 of the In...

Pension reforms in Bulgaria - background summary

An overview of pension reforms in Bulgaria since 2000.

Strikes in Bulgaria - background summary

The right to strike in Bulgaria is stipulated in the Constitution and the labour legislation. Recent changes in the labour legislation will allow c...

Labour market reforms in Bulgaria - background summary

Since 2011, the labour market policy of the various Bulgarian governments has concentrated on a number of key areas, such as flexibilisation, repre...

Bulgaria: migration and labour mobility act disputed by the trade unions

The amended Migration and Labour Mobility Act has been sharply criticised by the trade union movement. They fear that easier access to the labour m...

Decline in collective bargaining has a direct negative effect on economic growth

A new report from the University of Greenwich and the New Economics Foundation shows, on the basis of econometric evidence, that trade unions have...

Spain: Precarity leads to an increase in accidents in the workplace

The latest statistics on accidents in the workplace in Spain indicate that they increased by 12.3 per cent in 2015 in relation to 2012. In 2015 the...

Piece work increases the work injury rate

Almost twice as many piece rate workers suffer from workplace injuries as those on standard contracts, according to research from Lancaster Univers...

Unemployment rising further; wealth becoming increasingly concentrated

According to the new ILO report World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2015 published on 20 January, unemployment will continue to rise in th...

Collective bargaining

The Europeanisation of industrial relations and collective bargaining is a core topic for the ETUI. In the light of the increasing divergence of in...

Labour market reforms: background summary

Until very recently, Belgium had to some extent escaped the shift towards dismantling of labour law and increase of labour market flexibility. The...

Wage developments and policies

Developments in wages and influencing the (direct and indirect) wage policies of governments are core activities of trade unions. In most (though n...

Collective Bargaining developments December 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the last issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2016:

Wage development infographic

This visual presentation shows the development of wages in 28 countries of the European Union between 2000-2008 and 2009-2012.

WSI infographic shows diversity in European minimum wages

The Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Institut (WSI) within the Hans-Böckler-Stiftung based in Düsseldorf, Germany launched a new interacti...

Germany: A bill to extend company pension coverage

On 21 December 2016, the Federal Government approved reforms to company pension schemes in order to increase the number of employees entitled to co...

The OECD confirms the drop in unemployment but wages remain stagnant

In its annual report on the employment outlook, published on 7 July, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) welcomed the...

Report exposes ‘wage dumping’ by sports equipment manufacturers

On the eve of the European Football Championships the French NGO Collectif éthique sur l’étiquette has just published a report that lifts the lid o...

Labour market reforms in Slovakia: background summary

Since 2000 labour market reforms in Slovakia have been mostly determined by the alteration of power between left- and right-wing governments. Where...

Ireland: First application to the reformed legal framework for sectoral bargaining

In recent years, Ireland’s Supreme Court has ruled that the traditional system of setting wages and working conditions for industries was unconstit...

The state of labour market reforms - background summary

There has been relatively little labour market reform in Germany in the past few years. The most high-profile piece of legislation has been the Act...

Spain: negotiations on social pact come to a dead end

Negotiations between the central organisations of employers and the trade unions that should lead to a social pact have broken down without any res...

Social dialogue & collective bargaining

This section provides a closer look at the work of the ETUI in three core activities/processes in which the (European) trade unions are involved: s...

Collective Bargaining developments April 2015

Highlights of the April issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state l...

New ILO report urges policy rethink in order to overcome renewed jobs dip

In a special 2013 edition of the Global Employment Trends report the ILO warns that global unemployment could, after having risen to 197 million in...

Strikes in Slovakia: background summary

The right to strike is guaranteed by the Slovak Constitution, the Labour Code and international agreements as one of the fundamental citizens’ righ...

Collective Bargaining May 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Collective Bargaining developments April 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the April issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Collective Bargaining developments November 2015

Find here the following most important developments at European and member state level from the November issue of the Collective Bargaining newslet...

AK/ETUI debate: How to get European economic recovery to full speed?

On the 19th September, the ETUI and AK Europa organized a public debate engaging economists from the TUREC network, EU economic policymakers and th...

Labour market reforms in Czechia: background summary

An amendment of the Labour Code was adopted by the right-leaning government headed by Civic Democrats in the context of economic crisis. The flexib...

Increased mortality risk for nurses who work night and evening shifts

Women who work night and evening shifts have an increased mortality risk compared with people who work day shifts, according to a study published i...

Croatia: fierce opposition against increase of statutory pension age

The government endorsed a National Reform Programme for 2018, and a three-year convergence plan with three main goals: boosting the competitiveness...

Netherlands: governmental advisory body critical about increase of pension age

In the last decade or so, respective Dutch governments have constantly revised the statutory pension age. The system that is applied at the moment...

Germany: company works councils focus increasingly on employee psychological welfare

Psychological risks and work-related health and safety are more and more often tackled by German companies via negotiated company agreements, accor...

Romania: protest against judicial and fiscal reforms

The Romanian government has adopted by decree a ‘fiscal revolution’, which transfers social security contributions for health and pensions (CAS and...

Collective Bargaining developments January 2017

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the first issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2017:

Labour reforms in Hungary: background summary

The Hungarian government’s labour market policy, under the Conservative Fidesz government from 2010, has concentrated on the comprehensive reform o...

Collective Bargaining developments February 2017

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the February issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

ErgoMach increases its visibility: update on current and future work

ErgoMach lands on LinkedIn and contributes to two key CEN and ISO Technical Reports.

Labour market reforms - background summary

Individual labour relations have remained relatively stable. The last reform adopted in 2011 reflected a desire to make labour relations more flexi...

Call for Comments: Paying minimum wage on online labor platforms

Should online labor platforms have minimum wages? What should they be? How should they be enforced? Should workers on the same platform in differen...

Collective Bargaining developments October 2015

Find here the following most important developments at European and member state level from the October issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Hungary: shrinking Public Work Scheme after reform

The Public Work Scheme that was implemented by the government as a means to activate long term unemployed people and to prevent permanent job seeke...

Strikes in Romania - background summary

The right to strike is enshrined by the Constitution, but its exercise is strictly regulated by law

The Competitiveness Pact is endorsed by the industrial trade unions

The Competitiveness Pact proposed by the centre-right government to restore Finland’s competitiveness was endorsed on 3 June after having been appr...

Greece: a new general collective labour agreement for 2017

On 30 March the social partners at national level signed a new National General Collective Labour Agreement in a context dominated by the negotiati...

Collective Bargaining developments March 2014

Highlights of the March issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state l...

The state of convergence in the European Union 14 years after enlargement

The ETUI marked the retirement of its Chief Economist for the past five years, Martin Myant, with a well-attended conference focusing on wage conve...

Croatia: Government eases entrance of foreign labour

Although unemployment in Croatia remains high, companies are experiencing difficulties finding employees. The problem has led to intensive discussi...

Pension reforms in Romania: background summary

The public social security system is predominant and covers every working person (employed or self-employed) in terms of sickness, maternity, disab...

Labour market reforms in Austria: background summary

In recent years, there has been comparatively little movement with regard to large labour market reforms. Several new measures were implemented, mo...

Inequality and working conditions: the ‘exhaustion’ of labour

Growing inequality in Europe should not only be seen from the perspective of pressure on wages but also in terms of deteriorating working condition...

Labour market reforms in Luxembourg: summary

Unlike many European countries, Luxembourg has implemented few labour market reforms in recent years. Although its unemployment rate has increased,...

Labour law reforms in Portugal - background summary

The economic and financial crisis led Portugal to request financial assistance from the EU institutions, the European Central Bank and the Internat...

European youth in the age of austerity

The August issue of Transfer – The European Review of Labour and Research – which has just appeared, focuses on the consequences of austerity for y...

Italy: landmark agreement against irregular bargaining

After long and intense negotiations, the social partners have agreed on a social pact that will lead to a renewal of industrial bargaining practice...

Strikes in Czechia: background summary

Legislation concerning the right to strike has been very stable over the past 15 years. The right to strike is anchored in the Czech constitutional...

ILO report sees growing global unemployment and decreasing job quality

A report from the International Labour Organisation released on 19 January 2016 forecasts that worldwide unemployment will increase to 200 million...

EU: income convergence and inequality

Research on economic integration and convergence reveals that the financial and economic crisis has had a huge impact on the existing EU-wide inequ...

Collective bargaining developments September 2017

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the September 2017 issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Labour market reforms in Finland: background summary

After the round of negotiations which took place in 2013, new social laws and regulations came into force in January 2014, affecting unemployment b...

Strikes in Portugal - background summary

The Portuguese Constitution recognises the right to strike as a fundamental right of employees and forbids lock-outs. It is difficult to assess ful...

Social dumping in Europe: decoding the discourse and elucidating the practices

As the crisis has become increasingly entrenched, the denunciation of social dumping has developed into a core feature of political discourse. The...

Collective Bargaining in Germany in 2015 - WSI Annual Report

The Hans Böckler Foundation’s Institute of Economic and Social Research (WSI) has just published its Annual Report on collective bargaining develop...

Croatia: Pension reform makes early retirement unattractive

The Croatian government has announced a reform of pensions, as already indicated in the National Reform Programme 2017. It has drafted new rules in...

Collective Bargaining developments December 2015

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the last issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2015:

New Report: Crisis is affecting quality of jobs in Europe

The economic crisis has put into question the EU’s target to create “more and better jobs”. It is clear that since 2008, several member states have...

Strong unions and extended collective bargaining make wages more equal, new research finds

At the latest monthly forum, François Ghesquière presented the findings of his research on wage inequality. Ghesquière employed a cross-national co...

What do we and what don't we know about minimum wages in Europe

On 12 December 2011 in Brussels, the ETUI is organising an expert conference which should deepen our knowledge about the wages paid at the ‘bottom’...

Final Conference CAWIE project

COLLECTIVELY-AGREED WAGES IN EUROPE: Challenges in the statistical and political field

EU: OECD publishes pension report 2017

The OECD 2017 report on pensions provides an updated overview of the state of art of pension reforms in the OECD countries. The report reveals that...

Strikes in Spain: background summary

The right to strike is a fundamental right in the Spanish Constitution. The legal regulation of the right dates back to 1977 –it is a piece of legi...

Richard Freeman: Europe needs a Social Partner Investment Plan

If the labour movement wants to find a way out of Europe’s failing austerity crisis, it should push for a ‘Marshall-style’ Social Partner Investmen...

Benchmarking 2016: only a faint flicker of light at the end of the tunnel

Despite several encouraging signs, the social and economic situation in the European Union remains unstable. With no sign of a change of course in...

Collective Bargaining developments July-August 2015

Highlights of the double July-August issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and m...

New HesaMag issue: Construction workers at the mercy of social dumping

The latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI periodical on health and safety at work, came out in early June. It contains a special report entitled ‘Const...

New HesaMag issue: Construction workers at the mercy of social dumping

The latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI periodical on health and safety at work, came out in early June. It contains a special report entitled ‘Const...

Labour market reforms in Spain: background summary

Important labour market reforms touching on employment protection legislation, collective bargaining and labour flexibility were passed in 2010, 20...

Benchmarking Working Europe 2018: trade unions call for tangible progress on social issues before the next European elections

On 19 March 2018, a debate – organised by the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) and hosted by the Brussels-based Permanent Representation of Au...

Collective Bargaining developments September 2015

Find here the following most important developments at European and member state level from the September issue of the Collective Bargaining newsle...

Collective Bargaining May 2014

Highlights of the May issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state lev...

Strikes in Germany - background summary

Strikes and lockouts are only lawful in Germany in the context of collective bargaining and can only be called by trade unions. This means that the...

Strikes in Hungary: background summary

There is a constitutional right to strike in Hungary. The detailed rules are set out in ‘Act 7 of 1989’ on the right to strike. The significant ame...

Collective Bargaining April 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Collective Bargaining June 2014

Highlights of the June issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state le...

Labour market reforms in the UK: background summary

The UK government’s labour market policy, under the Conservative/Liberal Democrat coalition government from 2010-2015 and the Conservative governme...

How the crisis is affecting the job market and collective bargaining

The ETUI held a conference entitled “Getting Europe back to Work: Alternatives to Austerity” on 6 November in Brussels when ETUI and academic resea...

Cyprus: upcoming reintroduction of the Cost of Living Allowance

Following a Labour Ministry proposal, Trade union and employers’ organisations, in Cyprus, have signed an agreement that will lead to the reintrodu...

Social partners and the collaborative approach are key to the green transition of the Ruhr region

During a Monthly Forum held on 1 February, ETUI senior researcher Béla Galgóczi presented the main findings of a recent paper on the economic and i...

The state of labour market reforms - background summary

Although relatively unscathed by the debt crisis that resulted in dramatic reforms to the labour market in several European countries, the labour m...

Pension reforms in the UK: background summary

An overview of pension reforms in the UK since the 2000s

Strikes in the UK: background summary

There is no right to strike in the UK. However, if trade unions legally organise industrial action, they are protected from prosecution. Changes to...

Pension reform in Belgium: background summary

The pension system, which essentially functions on a pay-as-you-go basis, was left unreformed until relatively recently, with an initial reform in...

Collective Bargaining November 2014

Find below the highlights of the November issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Czechia: the pension calculation has changed, with further reforms announced

For a very long time, Czechia had no compulsory supplementary pension pillar. Its public pension first-pillar system was supported by a third pilla...

Collective Bargaining developments November 2013

Highlights of the latest Collective Bargaining newsletter with developments at European and member state level for November 2013:

Pension reforms in Italy: background summary

An overview of pension reforms in Italy since the ‘90s. Pensions are social security benefits that workers receive once having completed their car...

Benchmarking Working Europe 2013 strengthens the case against Europe’s austerity policy

Austerity is not working; it is leading to a diverging and fragmented Europe, rising anger with political elites and disenchantment with the Europe...

Collective Bargaining July - August 2014

Highlights of this double issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state...

Collective Bargaining December 2017

Find below the highlights of the December issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Strikes in the Netherlands - background summary

The compromise-seeking culture has heavily curbed recourse to strike action. One of the notable facts about the Netherlands is that the right to st...

Collective Bargaining developments February 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the second issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2016:

Germany: A bill to tackle unequal pay

On 11 January 2017, the German Federal Government passed a bill to reduce the wage gap that persists in Germany and stands at 21%.

Time to live

Setting up a constant increase in productive efficiency time as an ideal only to end up with increasingly less time to live is a topsy-turvy idea.

Latvia: labour market developments and the need to improve pensions

With Latvia’s working-age population declining rapidly and an old-age poverty rate that is the second-highest in the OECD, Latvia should reform and...

Nearly half the world’s elderly get no pension (ILO report)

Close to half (48 per cent) of people over pensionable age in the world do not receive a pension, according to an ILO report released in late Septe...

Collective Bargaining October 2014

Find below the highlights of the October issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Pension reforms in Finland: background summary

The Finnish pension system, with is organised in 2 tiers, with a basic state pension and an insurance earnings system, is quite stable and able to...

Strikes in Finland: background summary

There is a general right to strike in Finland, with an interdiction when a collective agreement is in place and the strike is about some dispositio...

Collective Bargaining developments January 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the first issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2016:

The German model with its pros and cons

In France in recent years the debate on Germany has turned into a focus of attention that has polarised the world of politics and the media. Last m...

Collective bargaining developments July/August 2017

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the summer issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Europe at a crossroads: “Quality of today is growth of tomorrow”

Good jobs and a fairer, more equal society were the recurrent themes of the second day of the ETUI-ETUC conference: Europe at a Crossroads.

Strikes in Poland: background summary

Poland ranks at the bottom of industrial action statistics across Europe. This, however, should be considered in the context of the entire industri...

Strikes in Belgium: background summary

While the right to strike is neither enshrined in the Constitution nor explicitly mentioned by the law, it is nevertheless acknowledged in case-law...

Labour market reforms in Poland - background summary

The labour market policy in Poland under the second coalition government of the Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO) and the Polish Peasants’...

Economic trends & policies

Economic performance and developments are the primary determinants of the living standards of working people and their opportunities for gainful an...

Collective Bargaining December 2014

Find below the highlights of the December issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Pension reforms in Poland - background summary

An overview of pension reforms in Poland since 1999

Denmark: agreement ends crisis in industry

On 12 February 2017, an important agreement was presented by the employers’ organisation Dansk Industri (DI) and by the industrial union CO-industr...

Germany: A plan for fresh pension reforms

On 25 November 2016, the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs presented a plan for fresh reforms to pensions, in order to ensure their sus...

Reduction of labour costs failed to boost employment

On 18 February a group of researchers presented their main findings on the employment policy consequences of the ‘internal devaluation policies’ co...

Collective Bargaining February 2018

Find below the highlights of the February issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Strikes in Austria: background summary

No clear legal principles are laid down for assessing lawfulness and consequences of industrial disputes, and in particular there is no supreme cou...

Basic services sectors: more jobs yes, but better?

Creating more and at the same time better jobs is one of the key objectives of the EU’s Europe 2020 strategy. The European research project WALQING...

Benchmarking Working Europe 2014: Europe needs a fundamental change of course

Nearly five years into the Europe 2020 strategy, the EU’s focus on austerity and deregulation is failing to deliver. Growth remains fragile, unempl...

Benchmarking working Europe 2017: Faltering recovery under threat again

Economic forecasts for Europe are looking a little more optimistic, but the measures put in place by the EU to tackle stagnant economic growth and...

Strikes in Italy: background summary

Article 40 of the Italian Republic Constitution of 1948 expressly recognises the right to strike as the most important instrument to protect worker...

Crisis - austerity - alternatives

The unprecedented economic, social and budgetary crisis unleashed by the financial sector in 2008 has a deep and inevitably long-term impact on nat...

New ETUI paper: The EU’s economic governance and the impact on social Europe

On the same day as the EU Commission published its long-awaited proposals for a stronger social dimension of the economic and monetary union (EMU),...

Social dumping: Belgian unions hit out at transport sector fraud

Belgium’s socialist transport workers’ union BTB-UBOT has handed the authorities the names of 85 companies hiring drivers at well below Belgian min...

Landmark court ruling in London gives basic employment rights to Uber drivers

On Friday 28th of October, a ruling from the London employment tribunal affirmed that Uber drivers are entitled to holiday pay, paid rest breaks an...

USA: Oxfam report highlights poultry worker conditions

Poultry workers in the USA suffer extremely high rates of injury, earn poverty level wages, and work in a climate of fear, Oxfam America has claime...

New report provides alternative analysis of EU’s struggling labour market

A new ETUI working paper refutes the view that the EU’s unemployment crisis can best be solved by labour market ‘flexibility’ policies reducing emp...

Developments of collective bargaining January 2015

The Collective Bargaining newsletter presents the most important developments at European and Member States levels on a monthly basis. Here are th...

Collective Bargaining developments May 2015

Highlights of the May issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state lev...

Labour market reforms in Italy

Between 2014 and 2015, the Italian Government issued several legislative measures to reform the labour law (the so-called “Jobs Act”). The reform w...

Collective Bargaining developments May 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the May issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Europe at a crossroads: time to choose another direction

Europe is at a crossroads, and if decision-makers fail to take the right policy direction, focusing on people, jobs and growth and avoiding the err...

A French survey reveals evidence of the intensification of work

Analysis of the data collected by the French working conditions survey 2013 is contained in a recently issued report. On the one hand, the various...

A French survey reveals evidence of the intensification of work

Analysis of the data collected by the French working conditions survey 2013 is contained in a recently issued report. On the one hand, the various...

Pilot testing of capacity - building tools on nanomaterials

Nanomaterials are used in many EU workplaces despite our limited and even non-existent knowledge about the hazards they bring to human health or th...

New studies confirm the carcinogenic effects of night work

In recent weeks a number of studies have confirmed the conclusions of older research about the increased risks of cancer for workers who carry out...

5 Facts About Visibility From Earth-moving Machinery: Introduction

Progress in mechanization, technology and automation is benefitting workers and companies of the construction industry by increasing productivity a...

Germany: Act on Collective Agreement Unity is compatible with the constitution

Germany’s federal constitutional court has ruled that a controversial law about collective wage agreements is compatible with the constitution. The...

Pesticides in Europe: a daily silent Bhopal

The code of silence is starting to break. In the agricultural world, despite firmly rooted taboos, social action is increasingly being taken on beh...

Working time reduction back on the table

The ETUI held a Monthly Forum on 22 February to mark the recent publication of a guide on ‘The why and how of working time reduction’. The topic ha...

Pension reforms in France: background summary

An overview of pension reforms in France since the 1990s.

Belgium: pension plans revealed

The government has initiated a process of pension reform that leads to several negative effects for workers. The trade unions are mobilising agains...

Hungary: pensioners’ cooperatives active on the labour market

Based on an Act that was adopted by the Parliament in June 2017, the government wants to initiate the setup of so-called pensioners’ cooperatives o...

Working less for the same pay: Czech unions demand it, employers are not against it.

Czech workers want to work less, but for the same wage. The Czech union CMKOS wants to put forward a demand for a collective working time reduction...

How to create solidarity despite inequalities

Held (from 18 to 21 November) in the international environment of the ILO’s International Training Centre in Turin, the course on “Income inequalit...

The invisible workers caring for the German elderly

German hospitals, clinics and retirement homes are desperately short of labour. They are therefore recruiting more and more foreign care staff, mai...

Van Rompuy report fails to tackle roots of the crisis

Banking union, budgetary union, and increased economic policy integration: such are the three major directions of progress proposed by European Cou...

Introduction of more flexible working arrangements impairs productivity, claim two French economists

Economists Philippe Askenazy and Christine Erhel believe that the measures introduced to increase flexibility in the labour market are not unconnec...

German trade unions condemn the impact of digitalisation on working conditions

The German Trade Union Confederation (DGB) publishes an annual report on developments in ‘quality of work’. In the latest edition of this report, p...

Poland: New draft law on hiring temporary staff

The Polish Government has submitted to parliament a draft reform law on the hiring of temporary workers. This initiative is a result of the huge in...

Endocrine disruptors cost the US 310 billion euros a year

Researchers estimate the United States economy takes a €310 billion hit annually as endocrine-disrupting compounds lower IQs, increase behavior pro...

UK: site safety inspection slumps

Official safety inspections in the UK are increasingly rare in the building sector, slams a British trade unionist in an article published in the N...

OECD calls for the alignment of public-sector and private-sector pension schemes

In a report published on 5 December entitled ‘Pensions Outlook 2016’, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) recommends...

Unions sound the alarm on nanos in food

On 12 March, the IUF, an international federation of trade unions representing workers employed in the preparation and manufacture of food and beve...

Unions sound the alarm on nanos in food

On 12 March, the IUF, an international federation of trade unions representing workers employed in the preparation and manufacture of food and beve...

OECD report calls for ‘more effective social policies’

A new OECD report published this week says that despite an overall improving global economy, the pressure on public spending in many countries will...

Public consultation on a European nanomaterials registry

In mid-May, the European Commission set going a public consultation on possible measures to increase the transparency of nanomaterials on the Europ...

The crisis has widened inequalities in well-being across Europe

Happiness and optimism levels have fallen and perceived social exclusion has increased between 2007 and 2011, has found a survey carried out by the...

The logistics revolution in volume retailing

Volume retailing has revamped its goods supply and distribution system in line with the increase in trade in the wider economy. The change has been...

Strikes in Luxembourg: summary

The industrial relations culture is based on trust and discussion between the social partners. All of the research carried out points to a low leve...

Collective bargaining newsletter

The monthly Collective Bargaining Newsletter is compiled by a research team from the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) in coop...

Poland: the restoration of a lower statutory pension age

Poland’s statutory pension age has been restored. The retirement age has been brought back to 65 years of age, for men and 60 years, of age, for wo...

Transfer: Could a basic income stabilise the digital economy?

In his recently published article in the August 2017 issue of the ETUI’s quarterly journal Transfer, Ville-Veikko Pulkka argues that in an increasi...

ILO report on employment recommends reversing current austerity policies

Global unemployment increased by 5 million between 2011 and 2012, peaking at 202 million people, according to an International Labour Organization...

Austria: Incoming government extents the working day

The incoming Austrian coalition government of conservatives and populists has announced plans to increase the daily working time from 10 to 12 hour...

Breast cancer: the workplace aspects are too often forgotten by researchers

An important association of public health professionals has issued an online appeal for an increase in the research resources devoted to investigat...

Germany: better recognition of occupational diseases

According to the German accident insurance, in 2016 the number of workers affected by a recognized occupational disease increased by 22% compared wi...

Gender and ageing in the workplace: discrimination against older female workers

From the early years of the 21st century, increasing the employment rate of older workers, in particular women, became one of the European Union’s...

EU labour markets in crisis: a feeble light at the end of the tunnel?

Speaking at the ETUI’s recent conference on European labour markets and the crisis, EU employment and social affairs commissioner Laszlo Andor made...

Greece: new reform programme leads to fresh protests

Austerity policies have had a massive impact on the Greek labour market. The first assistance programme which began in 2010, and the so-called Euro...

Strikes in France: background summary

The right to strike is guaranteed by the Constitution. It is an individual right that is to be exercised collectively. In other words, it is necess...

EU: ILO underpins the impact of industrial relations systems on cross-country convergence in the EU

In an in-depth assessment of the impact of sound industrial relations on cross-border convergence in the EU, the ILO concludes that, rather than be...

France: the government gives itself two years to “revamp” the Labour Code

On 4 November the French Government outlined its reform of the Labour Code. While retaining key principles such as the 35-hour week, the plan is to...

German union campaign to tackle employers’ ‘every-man-for-himself’ strategy

Over the last twenty years, German unions at company level have come under harsh pressure from employers who demanded major concessions to preserve...

ILO urges better pay and conditions for 53 million domestic workers

The International Labour Organisation (ILO) has urged countries to adopt new standards to ensure decent working conditions and pay for the world's...

7th Annual TURI conference: 1&2 June 2015, Amsterdam

Kindly hosted by The Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) and De Burcht

Web site Worker Participation.eu

The ETUI's topical website www.worker-participation.eu provides a broad range of information on different aspects of industrial relations in Europe.

Europe 2020 strategy off target for employment and poverty goals

The European Commission presented last week a mid-term evaluation of its Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. The stoc...

Belgium: government formulates criteria for hard and arduous jobs in the frame of the pension reform

Shortly before Easter, the government concluded a draft bill in the frame of the pension reforms that defines whether an occupation is arduous and...

EU: updated report on the labour market and socioeconomic consequences of ageing

In recent years, the EU's ageing population has become a key concern for policymakers in relation to questions of employment, working conditions, l...

Education Day and Education Conference: Strengthening worker participation through education – train 2 participate

The role of training in strengthening worker participation took centre stage at the ETUI’s Education day and Education Conference (Sofia, 22-24 Oct...

Stress, harassment and violence

Work-related stress, physical and psychological harassment and violence find a ready airing on television and in the newspapers. Not to mention in...

United States: OSHA gets a new life

Since President Obama came to power, the US federal health and safety at work agency, OSHA, has increasingly broken away from the line taken under...

Personal protective equipment: getting the right fit for women

In the workplace personal protective equipment can save lives. Yet in many occupations, in spite of the increasing numbers of women employed, this...

Trade unions crucial for the implementation of EU Social Fund programmes for vocational training

Despite the considerable effort made in recent years to increase access to lifelong learning, high levels of inequality persist, said Josua Gräbene...

How the Inspectorate handles chemicals in the workplace

The Netherlands has a well-developed chemical industry. Under the patronage of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, the Inspectorate bear...

Chinese investment in the EU: heads they win ...

While recent years have seen investors fleeing a Europe mired in crisis, Chinese inward investment has increased dramatically. Should workers in no...

Transnational company agreements - experiences and prospects

Transnational Company Agreements (TCAs) are increasingly considered an important and innovative tool of industrial relations at a transnational lev...

From EU 2020 to SEE 2020 or why adaptation is necessary in a different societal context

The new issue (1/2014) of SEER Journal for Labour and Social Affairs in Eastern Europe focuses on integration and sovereignty in eastern Europe. Th...

Study emphasizes the enormous cost of poorly regulated toxic chemicals

On 5 March, researchers from the New York University School of Medicine disclosed a study concluding that endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are...

Retirement age debate needs to look at employees’ working conditions

The European and national policy debates on increasing employment rates of older workers and raising the retirement age should take into considerat...

The complex reality of social dumping

The term “social dumping” is often used in European public policy discourse to point to “unfair competition” between countries with very different...

PSR: ‘operators’ are most affected, according to a French survey

After a survey of around 50,000 French wage earners, workers who perform operational functions are more exposed to psycho-social risk factors (PSR)...

‘European pillar of social rights’? Yes, if it’s based on labour law

On 8 March 2016 the European Commission launched a broad consultation on its project ‘European pillar of social rights’. Civil society has been inv...

Construction labour, mobility and non-standard employment

Construction industry workers were long regarded as enjoying not unfavourable working conditions. While their work was hard, the rewards included a...

Europe: from social model to social dumping?

Social dumping has become one of the most pressing political and social concerns in the EU as it exerts downward pressure on wages and working cond...

Social dumping: political catchphrase or threat to employee standards?

What is social dumping? How to prevent a “race to the bottom” in relation to social conditions in Europe? Is it possible to reconcile economic and...

Collective Bargaining developments June 2015

Highlights of the June issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state le...

Challenges of the economic crisis for social policy

During the last decade efficiency and financial sustainability were the principles guiding many social security reforms in Europe. The predominance...

Company Law: Corporate Governance and Board-Level Employee Representation

Corporate governance concerns the role of different groups in decision-making at the highest levels of the company. It is an interdisciplinary fiel...

Musculoskeletal disorders

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are inflammatory and/or degenerative ailments affecting all sectors and all categories of workers. The biggest Eur...

Labour inspection: a public service in crisis

Labour inspection services across Europe have been going through an existential crisis. With few exceptions, workforces have been reduced while ins...

Discounting the workers: conditions in the retail sector

This 6th issue of the HesaMag looks at working conditions in the retail sector, with a special focus on employees in the mainly grocery store. The...

Discounting the workers: conditions in the retail sector

This 6th issue of the HesaMag looks at working conditions in the retail sector, with a special focus on employees in the mainly grocery store. The...

Topics

The themes in the table hereunder are the main topics of ETUI's research and training activities.

Spain: Trade Unions call for a sustainable pension scheme

Spanish trade unions took to the streets in October of 2017, calling for pension reforms to be reversed. They believe that the pension system needs...

Firefighters absorb harmful chemicals through skin

A team of researchers at the University of Ottawa examined chemical exposure experienced by Ottawa Fire Service firefighters during on-shift, emerg...

Benchmarking working Europe 2017: labour market shows growing divides between countries and groups of workers

Despite some improvements of labour market indicators at EU level, high unemployment remains a big problem and new jobs have an increasingly tempor...

28 April 2018 - World Day for Safety and Health at Work: ‘Union workplaces are safer workplaces’

This year on 28 April - the World Day for Safety and Health at Work – the union-selected global theme is ‘Union workplaces are safer workplaces’....

Belgium: the government proposes greater flexibility in working time

The Belgian government is currently refining a draft reform of statutory working time that will favour an increase in flexible working. The governm...

Belgium: the government proposes greater flexibility in working time

The Belgian government is currently refining a draft reform of statutory working time that will favour an increase in flexible working. The governm...

Belgium: worrying rise in burnout among thirtysomethings

According to Securex, which manages the human resources of over 80 000 Belgian companies, the number of thirtysomethings on sick leave for at least...

Belgium: the trade unions give an alarming report on health and safety at work

On 28 April, the World Day for Safety and Health at Work, the Belgian trade union confederation CSC gave an alarming report on the policy for preve...

France: social partners agree changes to the unemployment insurance system

On 28 March, at cross-industry level, the social partners agreed on the contents of the new unemployment insurance agreement, which sets the rules...

Rubbish conditions for waste management workers?

Few would argue against improving waste management and increasing recycling rates, but jobs in this sector are often precarious and poorly paid. At...

DHL experiments with augmented reality

The logistics services provider DHL is a pioneer in innovative developments in the Netherlands. Employees at two distribution centres have voluntee...

Chinese survivors’ compensation claims following workplace deaths at sea

The families of Chinese seafarers who die at sea face various challenges from labour-supplying companies, shipowners and their liability insurers....

Standardisation

Standardisation is increasingly affecting the working conditions (product safety, nanotechnology, environment, service, energy, transport, etc.): E...

Monthly Forum: The crisis as downgrading spiral of labour law and workers’ rights: trends and consequences for future (European) social regulation

26 January 2012, Brussels In recent years, in a rapidly increasing number of both "old" and "new" member states, workers and trade unions have bee...

Italy: early retirement program applied above expectations

Italy has been confronted with a run on a new early retirement program. The so-called APE program (‘Anticipo finanziario a garanzia pensionistica’)...

A publication that links the world of work and the experts

As part of its traditional monthly forum, on 9 June the ETUI organised a debate between three coordinators of the book ‘Les risques du travail’ and...

A publication that links the world of work and the experts

As part of its traditional monthly forum, on 9 June the ETUI organised a debate between three coordinators of the book ‘Les risques du travail’ and...

A coalition of scientists, patients and trade unions demand more effective measures to prevent bladder cancer

On 20 April the European Cancer Patient Coalition (ECPC) presented a white paper to Brussels on the subject of bladder cancer. This document is the...

European campaign against letterbox companies

Earlier this week the European Federation of Building and Woodworkers (EFBWW) launched a European campaign on letterbox companies. The campaign is...

Renault drives change for the worse say employees

Malaise in the workplace is on the rise and coming under increasing media scrutiny. Reports often focus on "bullying petty dictators" and "victims"...

French managers and flexitime. How the annual working days system is used and abused

The "annual working days system" for calculating working time came about with the introduction of the 35-hour week in France. It has gone way beyon...

European trade union leaders call for European Social Compact

EU trade union leaders meeting in Brussels from 5-6 June launched a call for a debate on a European Social Compact. As it is becoming increasin...

IMF internal report on Greek bailout questions troika’s austerity policy

Last week, an internal staff report published by the International Monetary Fund openly admitted mistakes in handling the Greek debt crisis in 2010...

Jobs and working conditions: two sides of the same coin

Europe is a patchwork of employment trends, with very wide gaps between countries and often regions of the same country. As a pointer, the increase...

UK: modernising the employment practices – the governmental approach criticised

In the summer of 2017, a review, commissioned by the government, was published that meant to seek an answer to new challenges on the labour market....

Greece: the erosion of industrial relations and the ongoing privatisation program

The bailout program that was signed between the Greek government and its European creditors has led to a decline in workers’ rights in Greece. The...

OECD Confirms Research into Collective Bargaining is a Complicated Business

Presenting key OECD results on Collective Bargaining at the ETUI’s recent monthly forum, titled: ‘Collective Bargaining in a changing world of work...

Job quality index (JQI)

The ETUI started work on this issue in January 2008 as a response to insufficient indicators on job quality at the European level.

Working conditions in the Eastern Europe textile sector not better than in Asia

In early June, the Clean Clothes Campaign (CCC) demonstrated in a report that working and pay conditions in the textile industry from four countrie...

IG Metall supports Hungarian trade unions in order to raise working conditions at the Hungarian subsidiaries

The German trade union IG Metall opened a new transnational partnership office in Kecskemet, and assists Hungarian sister organizations with traini...

Letterbox-type practices lead to the exploitation of workers across the EU

As part of the ETUC-run project on letterbox companies, a report has been published earlier this month that documents tax avoidance and breaches of...

Collective Bargaining developments February 2014

Highlights of the February issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member stat...

Trade union revitalisation

Trade union density is declining throughout much of Europe. An increasing proportion of the labour force has never been a trade union member and su...

Stewart Wood: ‘the Fiscal Compact was a historic mistake’

During an ETUI lunch debate on 3 September on the ‘New Politics of Inequality in Europe’, Lord Stewart Wood talked about the increase in austerity...

There should be no 'digital losers', say trade unions. Shaping the New World of Work: Day 2

“We are living through a digital revolution,” believes Gunther Oettinger, European Commissioner for the Digital Economy and Society. Digital servic...

Blog

The ETUI researchers contribute regularly to external blog platforms such as the LSE's Europe blog or the Social Europe Journal. You can also read...

The Grigor Gradev Scholarship: Call for Applications - 2018

One year ago our former colleague Grigor Gradev passed away. To keep the memory of Grigor and to continue his work, the ETUC and the ITUC have set...

The OPZZ Confederation supports the creation of a trade union for Ukrainian workers

For the first time a Polish trade union confederation, the OPZZ, has helped to establish a trade union for migrant workers in Poland. In May 2016 i...

The future of work in the digital era

It is hard to deny that digital technologies are revolutionising not only our working conditions but also our relationship with work. The confluenc...

The ETUI takes EWC training forward

ETUI Education, then still called ETUCO, was one of the pioneers in the field of organising training for European Works Councils. As soon as the d...

ETUI ‘s contribution to the genesis and evolution of the basics standards for machinery safety

In order to improve horizontal machinery standards in the context of the CEN machinery safety programme, the ETUI has been monitoring the revision...

EduDays 2015: can trade union education rekindle workers’ commitment to the European project?

Against a background of decreasing trust among workers in the European integration project, more than 100 trainers, education experts and trade uni...

Collective Bargaining developments June 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the June issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Romania: an important exception to the law on pensions

A law signed by Romanian president Klaus Iohannis introduces an important exception to the Law of Public Pensions. For a limited period of six mont...

Worker Participation

Since the beginning of the European integration process there has been a commitment to provide employees in Europe with the right to be involved in...

European Company (SE)

Since October 2004, companies have had an additional option when choosing a suitable corporate form: a “European Company” (Societas Europaea, SE) i...

Machinery Legislation

Since its creation, ETUI has been following the implementation of the Machinery Directive (MD) through the Machinery Working Group (MWG), set up by...

European Works Councils Database (ewcdb)

The ETUI online database of European Works Councils is one of the Institute’s priorities ever since EWCs began to emerge. Created in 1995 as a rese...

How to break the austerity consensus

Greece has shown how to defy the prevailing European consensus on austerity, offering hope of a better, fairer future, according to economist James...

New issue of Transfer on key challenges for the trade union movement

The November issue of Transfer, the Research Quarterly of the ETUI’s Research Department, contains four articles that all deal with challenges and...

9th Annual TURI conference

The 9th annual conference of the trade union related research institutes (TURI) network took place in London, from 17 to 19 May 2017.

Economic governance

The debate about economic governance has been a key element within the broader debate about European integration.

A French report confirms the severe health effects of night work

Working night shifts leads to sleep and metabolic disorders, and even severe diseases, according to a study published on 22 June by the French Agen...

A French report confirms the severe health effects of night work

Working night shifts leads to sleep and metabolic disorders, and even severe diseases, according to a study published on 22 June by the French Agen...

Estonia: the government has approved a bill to reform the pension system

Changes to Estonia’s national pension system have been in gestation since 2015 when a working group for the promotion of the sustainability of the...

Not all Uber and CitySprint drivers are self-employed

On 6 January 2017, the Central London Employment Tribunal found that a courier with the firm CitySprint could not be classed as an independent cont...

Collective Bargaining developments January 2014

Highlights of the first Collective Bargaining newsletter of 2014 with developments at European and member state level in January:

Collective Bargaining April 2014

Highlights of the April issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state l...

The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) calls for more participatory democracy in the EU

On 16 September 2015 the EESC adopted an opinion on how to improve the functioning of the EU by tapping-in the potential of the Lisbon Treaty.

News issue of HesaMag: Labour inspection, a public service in crisis

The articles published in the latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI half-yearly publication on occupational health, are now online. The issue contains...

News issue of HesaMag: Labour inspection, a public service in crisis

The articles published in the latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI half-yearly publication on occupational health, are now online. The issue contains...

New project on labour provisions in international trade agreements

The ETUI will participate in a new research project on the causes and consequences of the inclusion of labour provisions in preferential trade agre...

Austria: why the welfare state is competitive

A research report, commissioned by the Austrian Chamber of Labour and published by the economic research institute WIFO, examines the issue of soci...

Belgium: 28 000 cases of burnout in 2017

According to the figures of the National Institute for Health and Disability Insurance (INAMI), the Belgian body responsible for compensating worke...

Confirmation of reversal of the retirement age of 67

On 19 December 2016 the Polish President, Andrzej Duda, signed the law that returned the retirement age to 65 for men and 60 for women.

TUC warns of the re-emergence of ‘Burnout Britain’

The number of people working excessive hours has risen by 15% since 2010, according to a new analysis from the British trade union confederation TU...

TUC warns of the re-emergence of ‘Burnout Britain’

The number of people working excessive hours has risen by 15% since 2010, according to a new analysis from the British trade union confederation TU...

Sweden: Opposition proposal undermines the country’s labour market model

The Swedish centre-right parliamentary opposition has developed a proposal to introduce a new form of employment, based on a 70% starter salary. Tr...

Top trio of EU leaders to open ‘Europe at a Crossroads’ conference on future of jobs

The future of jobs and prosperity will be the focus of a major 3-day ETUC-ETUI conference starting today in Brussels. EU incoming Economic and Fina...

India: Tea report exposes failures by Rainforest Alliance

Child labour, exposure to highly toxic chemicals and diseases related to extreme poverty and dismal, insanitary housing have been discovered at tea...

ETUI organises seminar on the role of trade unions in China

On 14th of October, the ETUI in collaboration with the Institute for European Studies of the University Saint-Louis Brussels organised a seminar on...

A new path for Europe: ETUC presents European recovery plan

An investment stimulus of 2% of European GDP year on year for the next decade, sustainable growth and quality jobs are the main elements of the new...

EU Commission report: Europe is diverging

The March edition of the EU’s Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review, published this week, has confirmed the growing economic and social...

New issue of Transfer: internationalisation and trade union power

Most of the articles featured in the 2017 ‘open issue’ of Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research, analyse the challenges that workers...

Collective Bargaining March 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Collective Bargaining January 2018

Find below the highlights of the first issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2018 with the most important developments at European and...

Denmark: successful labour market integration policy attacked by populists

A labour market integration scheme, created after the social partners and the government came to a tripartite agreement, is seriously under threat....

The middle class is shrinking, warns the ILO

Over the past ten years the middle class has shrunk in most European countries, worries the International Labour Organisation (ILO) in a report pre...

Collective Bargaining developments September 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the September issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Developments of collective bargaining February 2015

The Collective Bargaining newsletter presents the most important developments at European and Member States levels on a monthly basis. Here are th...

Adoption of law to reform industrial relations in France

The landmark adoption of new industrial relations legislation by the French parliament on 23 July 2015 is likely to significantly alter the industr...

Germany : Germans want to strengthen statutory national pension

According to a survey organized by the metalworkers' union IG-Metall, Europe’s largest industrial union, almost two-thirds of the German population...

Malta: voluntary occupational pension scheme in force – other improvements announced

A long awaited voluntary occupational pension scheme was launched in the autumn of 2017. So far, there is no evidence of the functioning of the sch...

Social Policy in the European Union: state of play 2015

On 23 September 2015, ETUI and OSE presented the 16th edition of the book Social Policy in the European Union: state of play 2015. The event, atten...

France: the social partners begin negotiations on unemployment benefit

After an initial failure in June 2016, the social partners at national and interbranch level reopened, on 15 February 2017, the negotiations to rea...

Greece: new evidence of austerity policy's impact on people's health

British researchers have released new evidence of the huge impact of austerity measures on the Greek health system. "Public spending for health in...

45% of EU citizens aged over 50 would like to reduce their working time

On 15 June, the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) released a Policy Brief on ageing workers and...

Five years of austerity: assessment and ways out of the crisis

The ETUI Monthly Forum on 25 April looked at the performance of EU crisis management policies as analyzed in its recently published report Benchmar...

UK: important ruling for self-employed workers' rights

A British plumber who wanted to reduce his working days has won a legal battle against the London's largest independent plumbing company. On 10 Feb...

Panel 1 - Inclusive growth: a new, successful agenda for collective bargaining?

Wednesday 27 June 2018 - 14:00-15:30 room: Netherlands I

Collective bargaining developments October 2017

These are the most important developments at European and member state level from the October 2017 issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Bulgaria: a new list of trade unions and employers regarded as representative

The government has published the new list of professional organisations regarded as representative. On the trade union side, these are:

Transatlantic Social Dialogue: 13th annual meeting

The Transatlantic Social Dialogue (TSD) is a series of annual meetings that bring together academic researchers and trade union leaders from Europe...

Crisis is eroding working conditions and health says Dublin Foundation

The EU’s Ireland-based agency, Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, released a report on 24 July 2013 confirming that t...

10th annual TURI conference, 16-18 May 2018, Berlin

The 10th TURI conference will take place from 16-18 May 2018 in Berlin and it will be organised with the kind cooperation of the Hans-Böckler Found...

TURI Conference 13/14 May 2011 Athens

Just before the start of the ETUC Congress in Athens (16-19 May) this year's TURI conference took place in the Greek capital. It was hosted by the...

Finland: Transforming its industrial relations system

Finland’s industrial relations system is being transformed due to recent political and socio-economic developments. The government's reforming of t...

Developments of collective bargaining March 2015

The Collective Bargaining newsletter presents the most important developments at European and Member States levels on a monthly basis. Here are th...

Diverging Europe threatens citizens’ trust in European project

Widening economic and social gaps among EU member states, as well as among different groups and categories of citizens within society, are not only...

EU: European Commission pension report assesses the adequacy of future pensions

The European Commission has published its two-volume triennial Pension Adequacy Report. The report analyses how pensions help prevent old-age pover...

UK: the intergenerational commission reveals that the UK is no longer delivering for youngsters

The Resolution Foundation, a thinktank, has convened an Intergenerational Commission that brings together leading experts from the worlds of work,...

Unionen becomes Sweden’s largest trade union confederation

The latest figures for members of Sweden’s trade unions show that Unionen is at the top of the table, making it the country’s largest union.

Finland: generational debate on the evolution of pensions

A citizens’ initiative proposes that the evolution of the pensions should be based on the evolution of the salaries, and no longer on the evolution...

Countdown to the EU Social Summit – 10 days on the road to Gothenburg

The European Pillar of Social Rights (ESPR) is expected to be proclaimed at the EU Social Summit taking place in Gothenburg on the 17th of November.

France: Government announces plans to abolish Health, Safety and Working Conditions Committees

On 31 August 2017, the French Ministry of Labour published proposed amendments to the Labour Code. One of the changes – introduced by President Mac...

France: Government announces plans to abolish Health, Safety and Working Conditions Committees

On 31 August 2017, the French Ministry of Labour published proposed amendments to the Labour Code. One of the changes – introduced by President Mac...

Netherlands: around 500 people are diagnosed with mesothelioma every year

Every year in the Netherlands, approximately 500 people are diagnosed with mesothelioma, an incurable form of cancer related to exposure to asbesto...

New ETUI policy brief advocates golden rule of public investment

A new ETUI policy brief proposes the implementation of a well-known in economic literature 'Golden Rule of Public Investment', to stimulate growth...

Greece: Five years of recession reviewed in a trade union institute report

In a report released in September, the Labour Institute of the largest Greek Trade Union Confederation (INE/GSEE) takes stock of the socio-economic...

Amsterdam hosts conference on future of employment and labour relations in Europe

From 20 to 22 June 2013, hundreds of scholars, students and practitioners from across Europe and beyond will meet in Amsterdam to discuss past, pre...

47% of the German working population possibly not able to work until retirement age

Only 42% of the employees in Germany believe to be able to continue working under their current working conditions until retirement age. This is th...

28 April 2018 - World Day for Safety and Health at Work: ‘Union workplaces are safer workplaces’

This year on 28 April - the World Day for Safety and Health at Work – the union-selected global theme is ‘Union workplaces are safer workplaces’.

Collective Bargaining November 2017

Find below the highlights of the November issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Germany: retirement plans adapted to one’s career criticised

An Act that should facilitate a smooth transition from an active working life into retirement entered fully into effect, in Germany in July 2017. T...

Lithuania: first experiences with the revised labour code

Shortly before the summer of 2017, the Seimas (the country’s parliament) passed the much-disputed revision of the Labour Code, which came into forc...

EU: Pension reform, ageing and labour market participation

Eurofound have published a new comparative report ‘Working conditions of workers of different ages’ on ageing, retirement policy and labour market...

Slovakia: labour code changes pass parliament - another social package announced

Following a vote in parliament on several amendments to the Labour Code a series of employee bonuses and allowances will be improved as of May 2018...

A combined approach needed at EU level to address the problem of contingent work

The growth of atypical work across the European Union is the research subject of many studies, but only a few analyse the issue of the decline of t...

Digitalisation of the economy: time to open the debate

In a ‘carte blanche’ column published on 18 January in the Belgian daily Le Soir, Christophe Degryse (ETUI) draws attention to the risks to employm...

ILO advocates sufficient rest for domestic workers

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than half of domestic workers worldwide still did not have any legal right to weekly...

Report on the recognition of MSDs as occupational diseases in 10 European countries

A report published on 20 October by the French organisation Eurogip reviews the current situation regarding the recognition of musculoskeletal diso...

Flexible employment on the rise in most EU countries, unlike self-employment

In early November, the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (Centraal Planbureau), a research institute which carries out policy analysi...

France: Entry into force of the Act reforming labour law

Following lengthy debates and extensive campaigning by certain trade unions, the Act ‘on labour, modernisation of social dialogue and safeguarding...

Flexible employment on the rise in most EU countries, unlike self-employment

In early November, the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (Centraal Planbureau), a research institute which carries out policy analysi...

A quarter of European workers believe that their health is at risk because of their work

In Europe almost one worker in four (23 per cent) believes that their work represents a risk to their health, according to the first results of the...

A quarter of European workers believe that their health is at risk because of their work

In Europe almost one worker in four (23 per cent) believes that their work represents a risk to their health, according to the first results of the...

A quarter of European workers believe that their health is at risk because of their work

In Europe almost one worker in four (23 per cent) believes that their work represents a risk to their health, according to the first results of the...

Cashiers and printing workers exposed to worrying concentrations of BPA

High concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) were found in urine samples from cashier staff and manual workers in printing companies compared with the...

Fossil fuels still hugely subsidized while number of jobs in renewables keeps growing

A new IMF paper shows that energy subsidies are dramatically higher than previously estimated and are projected to remain high. According to this s...

Breast cancer and work: damning figures from the United States

A report published in August 2015 by the Breast Cancer Fund in the United States contains damning figures on the role of working conditions in brea...

Breast cancer and work: damning figures from the United States

A report published in August 2015 by the Breast Cancer Fund in the United States contains damning figures on the role of working conditions in brea...

Health & Safety in 2025: heaven or hell?

The ETUI annual strategic meeting on health and safety at work, held on 12 and 13 September 2013 in Cavtat (Croatia), brought together some 40 trad...

Health & Safety in 2025: heaven or hell?

The ETUI annual strategic meeting on health and safety at work, held on 12 and 13 September 2013 in Cavtat (Croatia), brought together some 40 trad...

Call for convergence between social and environmental policies

In order to be effective, measures to tackle climate change should be conducted in tandem with policies to reduce social inequality. Such is, in su...

10 things you should know about digitalisation and its impact on labour markets

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is knocking on our door. It is going to radically change employment and the nature of work in the coming years. Ou...

Plenary E: Digitalisation and the new economy: disrupting production networks while tackling climate change?

Thursday 28 June 2018 - 13:30-15:00 room: France - interpretation: EN/FR

United States: court of appeals rejects an industry request to reduce the level of protection of workers against crystalline silica

On 22 December 2017 the District of Columbia Court of Appeals rejected the challenges to the US Standard on the exposure of workers to crystalline...

United States: New findings show asbestos-related deaths estimated at more than double previously reported

The Asbestos Disease Awareness Organization (ADAO), an independent nonprofit dedicated to preventing asbestos exposure, announced on 16 April new f...

EU report on how enterprises are dealing with new and emerging risks

On 15 February 2018, the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) published a report on the management of occupational health and sa...

Swedish study confirms diesel engine exhaust emissions in the workplace as a major cause of lung cancers

A Swedish study, published in June 2017 in European Journal of Epidemiology, compared the occurrence of lung cancer among workers who had been expo...

The current European Standardisation scenario: understanding the necessity of a trade union surveillance

The current European Standardisation scenario cannot be understood without taking into account a number of past and current initiatives.

Beyond GDP? Measuring real economic progress for better lives

On 29 March 2012 ETUI and EPSU will hold a joint one-day workshop to reflect on how we define and measure social progress, that is, improvements in...

Social inequality worsening in European Union

A new comprehensive study launched on 5 March by the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) and the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) confir...

Being on a zero-hours contract is bad for your health

Young adults who are employed on zero-hours contracts are less likely to be in good health, and are at higher risk of poor mental health than worke...

How can unions organise posted workers?

A new policy brief of the ETUI puts forward strategies trade unions can deploy to recruit members among posted workers in the construction industry...

The European Commission seeks to improve statistics in the social arena

On 24 August, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation on new ways to collect and use data from social surveys. The Commission e...

Ten years EU enlargement: what impact on the forces of labour in Central and Eastern Europe?

The latest issue of Transfer, the Research Quarterly of the ETUI’s Research Department, aims at shedding some light on what ten years of enlargemen...

Switzerland: around one million people suffer (from) accidents and illnesses due to their work

A recent Swiss survey of the working population shows that in 2013 over one million people suffered damage to their health due to their occupationa...

Switzerland: around one million people suffer (from) accidents and illnesses due to their work

A recent Swiss survey of the working population shows that in 2013 over one million people suffered damage to their health due to their occupationa...

Summer reading: The Commission’s ‘Better regulation’ programme and its damaging consequences on workers’ rights

The European Commission believes that business growth, especially among SMEs, is being held back by overly complicated or outdated EU directives an...

Scientists and trade unions in Latin America together for precaution on nanotechnologies at the workplace

The International Workshop on Nanotechnology & Society in Latin America gathered scientists, researchers and trade unionists from North, Central an...

EU27 employees not sufficiently involved in decision-making at workplace

A new report published by EU agency Eurofound provides more evidence on the opportunities open to employees in workplaces across Europe to particip...

Endocrine disruptors: calls for a paradigm shift

Endocrine disruptors - chemicals that interfere with the hormone system – are the focus of growing concern in Europe. Istas, the research arm of th...

ETUI training course on work cancers

The European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) held a training course on work cancers in Naples from 3 to 6 February 2014. Eighteen trade unionists from...

HesaMag # 09 – Waste and recycling: workers at risk

The Commission wants Europe to become a "recycling society" – one that reduces and uses waste as a resource – by 2020. The idea is that this "circu...

"The EU is running hard to stand still "

The European Union saw a deluge of institutional innovations in economic governance in 2011 but made no progress in exiting the crisis and risks a...

TURI Network of Trade Union Research Institutes celebrates Tenth Anniversary

The tenth anniversary of the TURI (trade union-related research institutes) network was marked this month when the group of 32 member organizations...

Luxembourg: tax reform touches cross-border workers

As of 1 January 2018, the Luxembourg government has planned a reform of the taxation of non-resident cross-border workers and non-resident pensione...

Collective Bargaining developments November 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the November issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Collective Bargaining September 2014

Highlights of the September issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member sta...

EU intervention in national welfare state reforms

On 3 February 2015, the ETUI held a symposium to examine several instances of EU intervention in social protection reforms in member states severel...

Greece: Greek Labour Institute economist comments on the new government

Christos Triantafillou, an economist at the Labour Institute of the General Confederation of Greek Workers (INE-GSEE), offered – at a lunchtime deb...

We need to address the integration challenge to overcome the refugee crisis, says Commission adviser

‘Our welfare states, our education systems, our civic cultures, our values, our international politics, our domestic politics, our elections: all t...

ETUI-ETUC Crossroads conference to debate new social start for Europe

After years of harsh austerity policies, the European Union remains confronted with anaemic growth, high unemployment, rising poverty and growing d...

Transnationalisation of industry needs new union strategies

Trade unions will need to develop new multi-level and international strategies to respond to the challenges posed by the expansion of multinational...

Luxembourg: activating labour market reform and the Revenue for Social Inclusion Bill

Early 2018 the Government has come up with a final draft to change the so-called Social Inclusion Bill. The modified Bill has to replace the curren...

New study shows austerity has made the labour market less secure in many EU countries

On 24 April, the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) held in Brussels a book launch event aimed at presenting the main outcome of a research proj...

The Netherlands: draft bill aims to revise employment security act

The employment security act that was introduced in 2014 has been much criticised by some of the coalition partners of the incoming government. The...

Ireland: Roadmap for Pensions Reform leads to considerable changes in the State Contributory Pension

The Irish government has unveiled a ‘roadmap’ outlining a radical reform of pensions over the years 2018-2023. The roadmap proposes a comprehensive...

Finland: strong protest against reform of active labour market policy

Trade unions are mobilising against a reform of the current labour market policy. With the argument that it is working towards an activation model...

Encouraging signs of change in EU occupational safety and health policy

On 10 January this year, the European Commission adopted a communication on the future of EU legislation and policy on occupational safety and heal...

Austria: The Chambers of Labour - role and functioning

A rather unique phenomenon for the Austrian industrial relations is the existence of the Chamber of Labour (mainly operating under the abbreviation...

Crossroads conference: “Precarity is not a vision for the future”

The last day of the ETUI-ETUC conference on 'Europe at a Crossroads' terminated in a lively debate between ETUC General Secretary Bernadette Ségol...

Debate on the new Benchmarking 2017 report focuses on the urgent need for social reform

On Monday 13 March, a debate organised by the ETUI in Brussels between representatives of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), the Europe...

Sweden: arrangement on new employment model for labour market entrants

Based on an earlier deal between the social partners, the government and representatives of employees and employers have agreed on a new system of...

Slovenia: ‘mini labour market reform’ enters into force

The Slovene parliament adopted the so-called ‘Mini Labour Market Reform’. The reform leads to several amendments and changes of the Labour Regulati...

Annual TURI conference 2012 (7/8 June, Paris)

Presentations available for download

8th Annual TURI conference, 11-13 May, Sesimbra

This year's TURI conference organised by the ETUI in cooperation with the Centre for Social Studies of the University of Coimbra and the Instituto...

Frank Vandenbroucke calls for EU social investment pact

The European Union must adopt a social investment pact argued former Belgian Minister of Social Affairs Frank Vandenbroucke at the ETUI’s Monthly F...

ETUI report questions the European dogma

The 2015 edition of the annual ETUC/ETUI Benchmarking Working Europe report was presented on 20 March in Brussels. This year the ETUI chose to focu...

Belgium: trade unions distance themselves from a report highlighting the positive effect of government reforms on employment

The National Bank of Belgium (NBB) reports significant growth in employment in 2016 which it attributes to measures taken by the centre-right gover...

Plea for a global plan to combat occupational cancer

Dr Jukka Takala, a world expert on work-related cancer, considers it necessary to establish a global programme for eliminating carcinogens in the w...

EU-US trade partnership no quick fix for the crisis

The ETUI Monthly Forum debate, held on 28 November, on a future Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership provided no clear answers to importa...

ETUI Monthly Forum deciphers the REFIT law review programme

The ETUI Monthly Forum held on 28 February zeroed in on the European Commission’s programme to streamline EU legislation, known by the abbreviation...

Eurocrisis: calls for alternative policies and democratic debate get louder

Last week, the European Commission presented its Annual Growth Survey for 2013 and a “Blueprint” for a future “deep and genuine Economic Monetary U...

Luxembourg: New legislation to make working time more flexible

The Law of 23 December 2016 on the organisation of working time entered into force on 1 January 2017. Its key measure enables employers to extend t...

European states are not doing enough to reduce inequality

The Bertelsmann Stiftung has given most EU Member States poor marks in combating inequality. The reforms needed to improve access to high-quality e...

Plenary F: Globalisation and Europeanisation: European solutions for global problems?

Thursday 28 June 2018 - 13:30-15:00 room: Belgium - interpretation: EN/FR

France: the reform of the French railways; what are the plans?

Plans to strip train drivers of their special working conditions, including retirement at 52, have led to an ongoing series of countrywide strikes....

May 2018 edition of Transfer

The May 2018 edition of Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research has just been published with a focus on ‘Trade Union and the polity: a...

Germany: bill introduces right to work part-time during a fixed period

Germany seeks to regulate the right to temporary part-time work from January 2019. The idea is that workers will have the right to work part-time f...

Australia: Financial pressure on trucking is leading to safety fails

Wealthy retailers and manufacturers are constantly reducing their transport contracts, forcing operators to cut back on truck maintenance, the Tran...

Two narratives, one future

In a recent Foresight Brief, ETUI General Director Philippe Pochet attempts to draw together the narratives of two major trends which will determin...

Workers’ exposure to traditional physical risks remains high

An extensive survey on working conditions in France reveals that workers are subject to substantial ‘physical stresses’ in their workplace, and tha...

Mortality in France: report highlights huge disparities among professions

Manual workers have a higher rate of premature death (before the age of 65) than the general population in France, reveals a study published at the...

Denmark: pension reform

The latest old-age pension reform aims to create stronger incentives for postponing retirement and to improve the pension savings for persons in th...

New data review highlights the major role of working conditions in breast cancers

On 2 September 2017, a review of data on the environmental causes of breast cancers was published in the journal Environmental Health. An all-femal...

European trade unions demand a roadmap for the elimination of occupational cancers

The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) has submitted a response to the consultation launched by the European Commission to determine the fut...

Cleaning products as bad for lungs as smoking 20 cigarettes a day, scientists warn

Regular use of cleaning sprays has an impact on lung health comparable with smoking a pack of cigarettes every day, according to a new study.

ETUI helps trade unions in Malta to play an active role in Standardisation

The annual ETUI meeting on Standardisation took place in Malta on June 4-5 2012 at the Golden Tulip Vivaldi Hotel.

ETUI to hold annual education conference in Madrid

On 20, 21 and 22 November, Madrid will be the venue for the ETUI’s annual education conference. This yearly event consists of a public debate day (...

Bulgarian and Romanian trade unions go digital

In recent years, CEE trade unions have tried to broaden the range of services they offer and reach beyond their usual target groups. They have also...

Collective Bargaining developments October 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the October issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Pensions reform in Belgium: Experts fear deepening inequality

The Belgian Government is paving the way for the next phase in its reform of the pension system. Minister for Pensions and French-speaking Liberal...

Strikes: a weapon deployed less and less by the unions

The latest edition of Transfer, the ETUI’s research quarterly that looks in particular at industrial relations, focuses on the strikes and trade un...

Doubling of the resources allocated to the ‘Juncker plan’: no panacea

In his ‘state of the Union’ speech to the European Parliament on 14 September Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker announced that the European...

New report on how workplaces are managing stress

A quarter of workers in Europe report feeling stressed at work all or most of the time, while a similar proportion state that work affects their he...

Occupational health services in need of emergency care

The special report in the latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI periodical on health and safety at work, looks at the main factors that are undermining...

Asbestos a threat to the whole community: alert issued by EU institutions

On 24 June 2015 the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Committee of the Regions (CoR) called upon the European Commission and EU...

Asbestos a threat to the whole community: alert issued by EU institutions

On 24 June 2015 the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Committee of the Regions (CoR) called upon the European Commission and EU...

Asbestos a threat to the whole community: alert issued by EU institutions

On 24 June 2015 the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Committee of the Regions (CoR) called upon the European Commission and EU...

Occupational cancer: an expert reminds the EU of its responsibilities

In a new ETUI publication, an international occupational health expert invites the European Union to spearhead a global campaign to eliminate occup...

Youth unemployment: report criticises lack of coordination in European policies

For the last twenty years the European Union (EU) has used just one recipe in its efforts to reduce the phenomenon of youth unemployment. Its aim i...

Occupational cancer: an expert reminds the EU of its responsibilities

In a new ETUI publication, an international occupational health expert invites the European Union to spearhead a global campaign to eliminate occup...

Trade union inspectors to check compliance with labour law in Geneva

On 13 November the Parliament of the canton of Geneva passed a law creating a Joint Labour Inspectorate (Inspection paritaire de l’emploi – IPE). T...

Trade union inspectors to check compliance with labour law in Geneva

On 13 November the Parliament of the canton of Geneva passed a law creating a Joint Labour Inspectorate (Inspection paritaire de l’emploi – IPE). T...

Standards – instrument of global commerce in search of legitimacy

International technical standards, whether ISO or otherwise, are to be found everywhere in everyday life, often without our noticing it. They affe...

Standards – instrument of global commerce in search of legitimacy

International technical standards, whether ISO or otherwise, are to be found everywhere in everyday life, often without our noticing it. They affe...

Eight years after outbreak of crisis, no new narrative for Europe in sight

On 17 March, Roger Liddle, member of the House of Lords, was invited to speak at an ETUI Monthly Forum on the future of social Europe. The former a...

Commission will ensure transparency on nanomaterials via a website

The European Commission has told Member State officials that its preferred option for improving transparency on nanomaterials is a public website l...

Occupational health services in need of emergency care

The special report in the latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI periodical on health and safety at work, looks at the main factors that are undermining...

Former Commissioner Andor calls for European unemployment benefit

The introduction in the eurozone of an unemployment benefit system would strengthen social cohesion in Europe and rebuild citizens’ trust in the in...

Report: social investment in Europe two years after the adoption of the Social Investment Package

A report commissioned by the European Commission to the European Social Policy Network of independent experts published at the end of April shows t...

Four countries block the addition of white asbestos to UN's dangerous substance list

For the fifth time, a handful of countries – Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Zimbabwe – succeeded in blocking the inclusion of chrysotile, also...

Plea for a new, more social Europe

Germany’s Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, a foundation with trade union links, held a conference for a social Europe on 2 and 3 April ahead of the coming Eu...

‘Austerity Europe’ socially and politically bankrupt: time for real alternatives

“Germans, wake up. Stop these attempts to balance your budget, spend more”, said Belgian economist Paul De Grauwe (London School of Economics), com...

ETUI to hold annual education conference in Madrid

On 20, 21 and 22 November, Madrid will be the venue for the ETUI’s annual education conference. This yearly event consists of a public debate day (...

Waste and recycling: workers at risk?

The latest issue of ETUI's HesaMag focuses on working conditions in the waste and recycling industries in Europe. The launch of this special issue...

Putting the "social" back on the European agenda

The latest issue of Transfer, the Research Quarterly of the ETUI’s Research Department takes a critical look at European social and employment poli...

EU Labour Migration in Troubled Times

The debate on the free movement of labour within the EU has gained new momentum in the wake of the economic crisis. A new ETUI publication written...

Nanomaterials: traceability needed to ensure safety

Given the large variety of manufactured nanomaterials and products containing them already on the market and the lack of specific regulation, sever...

Asbestos lobby wins again

Organizations fighting to get the global trade in asbestos banned have suffered a big knockback. Despite hundreds of thousands of deaths and campai...

EU Corporate Governance plans stick to shareholder paradigm

Last week European Commissioner Michel Barnier published the long-awaited EU Action Plan on European Company Law and Corporate Governance. The sixt...

Austerity policies are undermining Europeans’ health

Suicides, outbreaks of HIV infections, malaria and other diseases are becoming more common. In an article published in The Lancet on 27 March, a gr...

Youth unemployment: a new ‘New Deal’

When the global economic crisis hit in 2008, economists and world leaders fell over each other with ideas for a ‘Green New Deal’. But the public de...

Poland: voluntary pension scheme announced by the government

A long debated bill that leads to a reform of the three-pillar pension system has been drafted. The government formulated proposals for employer-sp...

Lithuania: employment obstacles and how to improve the labour market participation

With a weak social protection system and high social inequalities, Lithuania has been recommended, by both the European Commissions and the OECD, t...

The struggle for health at work: the Italian workers’ model of the 1970s as a source of inspiration

In the context of workers’ struggles in Italy at the end of the 1960s, a totally new approach to workplace health and safety issues arose. Emphasis...

Europe’s green energy transition: jobs miracle or jobs destroyer?

What will the green energy transition, and more broadly the socio-ecological transition, mean for jobs in the future? Such was the leading question...

European Working Conditions Survey 2015: a few interesting trends in health at work

On 17 November, the overview report of the latest edition of the European Working Conditions Survey was launched at an event held at the European P...

Presentation

In 2016, the European Trade Union Institute set up the 'Foresight Unit' to study the long-term challenges facing the European trade union movement...

Malta: second pillar pension again on the political agenda

The Maltese government has announced the introduction of initiatives to encourage employers and workers to invest in voluntary private pensions. Th...

Estonia: further vocational education reform to tackle skill shortages

During its presidency of the EU-Council in the second half of 2017, Estonia gave a high priority to the promotion of issues of vocational education...

Death rates differ over three-fold between occupational groups

People who work in factories, construction and in housekeeping jobs are the occupational groups that have the highest mortality rates, according to...

Workers in arduous and hazardous jobs see pension rights threatened

The latest ETUI-OSE lunch debate focused on retirement regimes for workers in arduous and hazardous jobs (WAHJ). The discussion drew on a recent Eu...

France: Government unveils its plans to overhaul the Labour Code

On 31 August, the French Government published the fruits of its work over the summer months – five decrees laying out far-reaching reforms to the L...

European case law on fixed-term contracts protects workers against discrimination but does not discourage this form of employment practice

European case law helps protect fixed-term workers against discrimination but contributes little to restricting employer recourse to this form of n...

Working conditions in Europe: mounting inequalities

The gap between workers high up on the career ladder and those on the bottom rung is widening. This is one of the main conclusions that can be draw...

ETUI takes part in cooperation programme between academic research and trade unions in Argentina

In Argentina the national council for scientific and technical research (CONICET) is seeking to promote cooperation between academic research and s...

ETUI takes part in cooperation programme between academic research and trade unions in Argentina

In Argentina the national council for scientific and technical research (CONICET) is seeking to promote cooperation between academic research and s...

Towards a desirable and feasible European unemployment benefit scheme

During the last ETUI Monthly Forum, Ilaria Maselli, Research Fellow at CEPS, and Frank Vandenbroucke, of the Catholic University of Leuven, discuss...

Social innovation and equality: keys to social-ecological transition

Europe must adopt new methods of governance that push equity and collaborative modes of consumption if the social-ecological transition is to be su...

Recognition of skills gained outside formal education

One of the European Union’s main aims in the area of employment is to have at its disposal a qualified workforce capable of adapting to the demands...

Unions fend off draft occupational health standard

A draft international standard on health and safety at work failed to secure the necessary two-thirds majority vote in the International Organizati...

Has Europe given up on gender equality?

Gender equality has been central to the European integration project from the outset. But is concern for this goal becoming purely symbolic and dev...

Does Germany profit from the Greek crisis?

Even should Greece default on its debt, Germany would still end up benefitting from the financial crisis, according to a study by the Leibniz-Insti...

The crisis reduces Europeans' access to health services

The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound), an organization answerable to the European Commission, re...

Gender gap in the EU: some progress, but challenges remain

On 14 April the European Commission released a report on progress made last year in terms of equality between women and men. Since the outbreak of...

Social developments report 2013: blueprint for a new European social agenda

Given the need to jumpstart growth and tackle Europe’s unemployment and investment crisis, this year’s edition of Social developments in the Europe...

Flaws in academic paper: will it change EU’s austerity mania?

An influential paper written by American economists Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff made the headlines last week as several mathematical flaws i...

Workers protection and electromagnetic fields: Council adopts compromise

On 4 October, EU ministers for employment and social policy reached an informal agreement (in EU-speak called a “general approach”) on the review o...

The Transnational Trade Union Rights Experts Network (TTUR)

Building bridges between academia and the trade union movement

Military Trade Unionism in Europe

EUROMIL, the European Organisation of Military Associations, together with the ETUI, organised a lunch debate on “Military Trade Unionism in Europe...

Spotlight on work-related skin cancers. Dermatologists tell the EU it’s ‘time to act’.

When it comes to occupational cancers, UV radiation is rarely highlighted as a major risk compared to other carcinogens such as solvents or toxic d...

Economic uncertainty, not the economic crisis, at the root of far-right upsurge in Europe

The recent electoral success of far-right parties with explicitly anti-EU agendas has sparked a lively debate at both the national and EU levels on...

Social dialogue in football: 'a work in progress', says ETUI report

A new analysis of social dialogue in football suggests that recent moves by the Commission to foster a ‘European Model of Sport’ still have a long...

Second ETUI seminar on occupational diseases

On 25 January, some thirty researchers, trade unionists and representatives of associations attended a seminar organised jointly by the ETUI, the B...

Second ETUI seminar on occupational diseases

On 25 January, some thirty researchers, trade unionists and representatives of associations attended a seminar organised jointly by the ETUI, the B...

From refugees to workers: still a long way to go

The year 2015 saw an influx of almost 1.3 million asylum seekers into Europe, representing a historic challenge for the reception and asylum system...

REACH: an unsatisfactory authorisation system

If they are to use substances ‘of very high concern’, for instance because they cause cancer, manufacturers must first obtain authorisations, in ac...

REACH: an unsatisfactory authorisation system

If they are to use substances ‘of very high concern’, for instance because they cause cancer, manufacturers must first obtain authorisations, in ac...

Unions join the fight to ban glyphosate in the European Union

Trade unions are mobilising to urge the European Union to take precautionary action on the use of glyphosate, the world’s most widely used herbicid...

Unions join the fight to ban glyphosate in the European Union

Trade unions are mobilising to urge the European Union to take precautionary action on the use of glyphosate, the world’s most widely used herbicid...

Research agenda exchange on digitalisation – main focus of eighth TURI conference

This year’s gathering of trade union-related researchers took place in Lisbon and Sesimbra on 11 to 13 May. The eighth annual conference of the TUR...

Asbestos: the long and winding road to a global ban

An important international meeting on toxic products opened in Geneva on 4 May with, as one of the main items on its agenda, the inclusion of chrys...

Asbestos: the long and winding road to a global ban

An important international meeting on toxic products opened in Geneva on 4 May with, as one of the main items on its agenda, the inclusion of chrys...

James Galbraith: what Europe needs is solidarity, not austerity

Europe’s ideologically driven austerity policies are leading to economic and social divergence between member states that could produce chaos, not...

Climate change action and competitiveness are compatible, says IEA’s leading economist

EU policymakers have formulated a strategy to decarbonise the economy to tackle climate change and the end of cheap oil, but these efforts have bee...

Social policy in the EU in 2017: high expectations but low concrete delivery

The 2017 edition of the book Social policy in the European Union: state of play shows that although some progress has been made, the EU’s socio-eco...

President Juncker’s European Investment Plan: has Christmas really come early?

While the new €315 billion investment plan proposed by the Juncker Commission has been welcomed by the European Parliament, several think-tanks and...

Occupational health in Europe: the Dublin survey shows a slight improvement, but the gap between workers persists

On 12 April last, the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions presented to the European Parliament in Brussels the...

The European Pillar of Social Rights: Bridging the gaps or falling short?

The events surrounding the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) are approaching a conclusion, with an agreement in the Council to be expected in...

French elections: the Socialist candidates and their pre-election social policy promises

The candidate who will run for the Socialist Party in the French presidential elections to be held in spring 2017 will be officially nominated in a...

The European Pillar of Social Rights in historical perspective

In the run to the special ‘Social Summit’ due to be held in Gothenburg tomorrow, where details of the European Pillar of Social Rights are expected...

REACH after 10 years: state of play after registration deadline

The European Regulation on chemicals (REACH) is based on the ‘no data, no market’ principle. Manufacturers and importers of chemical substances had...

From tomorrow's vision to today's trade union actions - Day 1 Conference Shaping the new world of work

Trade unions must be closely involved in the evolution of a new, climate-friendly global economy based on Internet connectivity and new technologie...