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Publications

Minimum wages in Europe under austerity

In this Policy Brief Thorsten Schulten – researcher at the WSI in the Hans-Böckler Foundation and widely acknowledged as one of Europe’s foremost expert on the subject – analyses recent trends in minimum wages across Europe in the light of the economic crisis. In most European countries, workers earning the minimum wage suffered losses – in some cases quite considerable losses – in real pay.

Minimum wages in Europe: new debates against the background of economic crisis

The minimum wage is a standard and generally accepted tool of labour market regulation in most European countries. Since the start of the new millennium, the real value of minimum wages has substantially increased, acting in many cases as a spur to general wage developments.

Unit labour costs: no argument for low wages in eastern and central Europe

This working paper discusses the use of unit labour costs (ULC) by the European Commission as a measure of competitiveness of exports, especially in central and Eastern Europe (CEE).

What role can minimum wages play in overcoming the low-wage model in central and eastern Europe?

This working paper gives an overview of minimum wage policies in Central and Eastern Europe. It shows that minimum wages are an effective tool for reducing inequality by raising the lowest incomes.

Wage bargaining under the new European Economic Governance

wages and collective bargaining in Europe

This book proposes an alternative view according to which wage developments need to be strengthened through a Europe-wide coordinated reconstruction of collective bargaining as a precondition for more sustainable and more inclusive growth in Europe. It contains major research findings from the CAWIE2 – Collectively Agreed Wages in Europe – project, conducted in 2014–2015 for the purpose of discussing and debating the currently dominant policy perspectives on collectively-bargained wage systems under the new European economic governance.

Condemned to be left behind? Can Central and Eastern Europe emerge from its low-wage model?

This book focuses on the economic factors which have impacted on the low-wage economies of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), over the past twenty years. In this period CEE economies were mostly driven by low-wage based foreign direct investment (FDI).

Wages and collective bargaining during the European economic crisis

The aim of this study is to analyse the impact of the crisis on wage developments and collective bargaining in European manufacturing industry.

The posting of workers saga: a potted version of the challenges engulfing social Europe

This policy brief examines the development of and background to the 2018 Posting of Workers Directive. Arguably, the new Directive illustrates the uneasy development of a European social dimension and marks a sea-change to the previous approach, which can be attributed to a change of preferences in some central and eastern European countries in the light of the failed convergence strategy underpinned by low wages. The briefing argues that the posting of workers saga highlights the increased diversity of national industrial relations systems, while also showing that positive solutions can be found to the challenges of low-end social competition.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2017

Benchmarking working Europe 2017

This 2017 edition of Benchmarking working Europe focuses on the question 'overcoming cleavages across the EU?'. It analyses in four chapters and with the help of 58 visual graphs latest trends and outcomes of European policies in the areas of macro-economics, wages and collective bargaining, labour markets and, last but not least, social dialogue and workers' participation.

The power of social media as a labour campaigning tool: lessons from OUR Walmart and the Fight for 15

This policy brief discusses how social media can help renew trade union collective action and strengthen the labour movement’s capacity to mobilise. It demonstrates how social media can strengthen campaigning activities by examining two recent union-led campaigns in the United States: ‘OUR Walmart’ and ‘Fight for 15’.

Wages and wage bargaining in Europe

This volume presents an analysis of wage developments and wage bargaining practices since the mid-1990s in 17 European countries. The introductory chapter provides an overview of some of the main trends across Europe with a focus on wage moderation, the minimum wage and the decentralisation of collective bargaining. The country chapters provide a detailed overview of wage developments, also in relation to productivity, low pay and the minimum wage, and gender and sectoral wage differences.

Wages in the crisis

Wages in the crisis cover

The recent global recession has had differing effects on wages across Europe. This paper presents wage patterns for EU countries since the impact of the financial crisis, and compares them to previous trends. Wages in the countries hardest hit by the recession have underperformed when compared to past developments. The role of wages in determining international competitiveness is also examined and the importance of the general price level as opposed to wage levels is highlighted.

Collective bargaining responses to the economic crisis in Europe

This Policy Brief provides an overview of collective bargaining responses to the crisis in Europe. It shows clearly that collective bargaining has proven to be an effective instrument to maintain employment and to allow companies to find flexible solutions to deal with the steep economic downturn.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2008

Since the launch of the Lisbon Strategy, the ETUC together with the ETUI-REHS has produced an annual Benchmarking publication for the European Social Summit. Its aim is to establish what progress has been made in selected areas of importance to workers and which are of crucial significance for a Social Europe.
This year’s report tackles the issue of Europe’s social reality. It highlights in particular the issues of quality employment and the need to ensure that the European workforce receives a fair share of economic gains.

Unemployment, internal devaluation and labour market deregulation in Europe

Unemployment, internal devaluation and labour market regulation in Europe

Unemployment rates in the EU rose after the economic crisis of 2008, passing 10% in 2012, but with big variations between countries. The worst afflicted had been subject to so-called policies of internal devaluation, aimed at curing unemployment by reducing wage costs. This book provides a comparative study of countries that to varying degrees followed that road (Greece, Spain, Portugal, Ireland) set against others that did not (Germany, UK, Poland).

The European minimum wage on the doorstep

The European Commission published a consultation document with a view to take legislative action to establish fair minimum wages in Europe. In this policy brief, the researchers argue for a pragmatic approach of taking the ‘in-work-poverty-wage’ threshold of 60 per cent of the national full-time gross median wage as the reference to assess the adequacy of minimum wages.

Minimum wages in Europe

This volume presents, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of national minimum wage systems in Europe and the USA. The study, coordinated by the Economic and Social Sciences Institute (WSI) in the Hans Böckler Foundation, contains studies of countries such as Great Britain, Ireland, the Benelux countries, France, Spain, the states of central and eastern Europe and the USA, all of which have minimum wage provisions.

Who earns minimum wages in Europe?

Minimum wages continue to stir controversial policy debates. This study contributes to a better understanding of minimum wages by providing a solid empirical assessment of minimum wage policies and their socio-economic consequences for a range of European countries.

What drives wage gaps in Europe?

This working paper investigates wage differences across Europe. It estimates to what extent wage gaps in average wages observed between countries are related to differences in workforce composition, in workplaces, as well as the types of jobs conducted in different countries. This report also assesses the observed differences in returns on endowments by identifying which sectors and occupational groups contribute most to the wage gaps observed at the country level.

Living wage a relevant topic for Europe

This policy brief examines the concept of a ‘Living Wage’ and its place in European political discourse. A Living wage is commonly understood as a needs-based estimate of the funds necessary for provision of basic goods for a worker and his/her family. Although the idea has seen a resurgence following the launch of the European Pillar of social rights, there is still no widely accepted conceptualization of it, or its relationship with statutory minimum wages now in place in many countries. The Briefing shows that minimum wages, particularly in Eastern EU countries, are often insufficient to cover the actual living costs of workers, even with very minimal conception of what these are.

Employment relations in an era of change

Book employment relations in an era of change

Employee and employer relations and their regulatory mechanisms and institutions are undergoing profound change in contemporary capitalist societies. This edited volume focuses on the dynamics and strategies of the social partners (unions and their representatives and employers and management) involved and affected by these transformations. In particular, it provides a wide-ranging empirical evidence illustrating that a multi-level approach is today potentially the most suitable way to understand the current transformations as well as to examine their social effects.

The international standardisation arena and the civil society participation stakes: results of the INTERNORM project

International standards are playing an increasingly important role in market governance and often have a direct impact on health, safety and the environment.

Here today, gone tomorrow: the rise in earnings fluctuations and its policy implications

The widespread trend towards greater social inequality increasingly, if belatedly, became a policy preoccupation in the years immediately preceding the outbreak of the crisis.

Wage policy in Austria and the Netherlands under EMU

This paper analyses how wage policy in Austria and the Netherlands was affected by economic and monetary union (EMU). The paper concludes that EMU and the macroeconomic shifts resulting from it have had little influence on wage-setting in Austria and the Netherlands. While wage restraint outcomes did diverge for both countries after the start of EMU, this paper will argue that different wage institutions lead to this divergence. The EMU’s new macroeconomic order did not significantly change either countries microeconomic wage institutions.

Why are wages still lower in eastern and central Europe?

This new working paper explores why there is a persistent wage gap between western Europe and the new EU Member States of eastern and central Europe.

Women in trade unions

Gender equality is a fundamental right in the European Union. Increasingly, research is showing that women are a necessary factor in achieving the European Union's objectives of growth, employment and social cohesion. As women begin to make up a greater proportion of the workforce, trade unions are beginning to realise the benefits that women can bring to their structures in terms of increased membership and diversity.

Wage differentials across sectors in Europe: an east-west comparison

The survey contains detailed information on wages, bonuses, age, education, sex, occupation, contracts, working time, sector and region. The findings show that there are large wage differentials between workers employed in different sectors. The results also suggest that wage differentials between sectors are significantly bigger in countries where wage bargaining is weakly coordinated and essentially organised at the firm or establishment level.

Lohnpolitik unter europäischer 'economic governance'

wages, Lohnpolitik book

This book deals with current issues of wages and collective bargaining in the context of the European crisis and the new system of European economic governance.

Transfer - From minimum to living wages – lessons from different European practices

cover

The development of a European minimum wage policy is back on the political agenda. While in the past the debate about a European minimum wage policy was largely detached from developments at national level, more recently the debate has been based on various national-level initiatives to ensure a living wage that enables workers and their families to enjoy a decent standard of living.

Minimum wages in Europe: does the diversity of systems lead to a diversity of outcomes?

This report by three academic experts leaves the beaten track of minimum wage analysis by focussing on the institutional diversity of minimum wage systems within the EU. The central message of the report is that both the academic and the policymaking community could render the European minimum wage debate more relevant if they framed the current discussion as a choice between alternative systems rather than a choice of any particular rate for Europe as a whole.

Mind the gap: net incomes of minimum wage workers in the EU and the United States

This working paper focuses on the role of minimum wages, in conjunction with tax and benefit policies, in protecting workers against financial poverty. It covers 20 European countries with a national minimum wage and three US States (New Jersey, Nebraska and Texas). It is shown that only for single persons and only in certain countries do net income packages at minimum wage level reach or exceed the EU’s at-risk-of poverty threshold, which is set at 60 per cent of median equivalent household income in each country.

Why trade unions seek to coordinate wages and collective bargaining in the Eurozone

In the run-up to European Monetary Union (EMU) trade unions across Europe began to coordinate their bargaining policies transnationally. This paper provides an overview of the efforts made by European and national trade unions to coordinate collective bargaining and wage formation at the sectoral and intersectoral levels to date, embedding them in the broader framework of a European industrial relations system.

Why central and eastern Europe needs a pay rise

This working paper looks at wage developments in central and eastern Europe (CEE) over the past twenty years and shows that wages are not only low compared to western Europe but, as demonstrated by a number of variables, also tend to be lower than what the economic potential of these countries would allow for.

Labour and trade unions in China

Twenty years of continuous economic growth, with annual rates of up to 10%, have significantly increased the economic and also the political weight of the People's Republic of China. Indeed, China is on the way to becoming a global economic power.

Labour cooperation or labour conflict in the enlarged EU?

This paper examines how Western and CEE trade unions are coping with intensifying cross-border competition. It asks what strategies they employ to increase or preserve employment levels and to improve working conditions in a transnationally competitive environment.

Measuring European competitiveness at the sectoral level

Measuring European competitiveness book - wages

This book develops a new approach for estimating the way in which labour costs reflect cost competitiveness.

Convergence to fair wage growth? Evidence from European countries on the link between productivity and real compensation growth, 1970–2017

This Working Paper addresses the issue of ‘fair’ wage growth over the last few decades. It assesses whether growth in real compensation is systematically associated with labour productivity growth and, if so, whether the two have ‘decoupled’ in recent years. The paper examines country-specific evidence from 25 Member States and finds evidence for a widening of the wage-productivity gap in the 1970s and 1980s which has only been partially closed in recent years.

She works hard for the money: tackling low pay in sectors dominated by women – evidence from health and social care

This working paper provides data confirming that workers in lower-skilled health and social care assistant positions earn considerably less than the national average wage in their country.

Codes de conduite et accords-cadres internationaux

In recent years, the rapid process of globalisation has triggered a political debate on international working and production standards, and the need for supranational structures and regulation. The adoption of corporate codes of conduct and international framework agreements (IFAs) is a reflection of the increasing global outreach and influence of multinational companies.

Jobs on the move

In recent years, throughout Europe, increasing concerns have been raised about the relocation of production and jobs. What is the extent of relocation and what are its qualitative impacts? Away from the spotlight of individual cases and anecdotal evidence, `relocation`, proves to be a complex phenomenon.

The Janus face of the 'New ways of Work' : rise, risks and regulation of nomadic work

The Internet and the use of portable computers, mobile phones and tablets have increased the importance of ‘new ways of work’. This work, which is place- and time-independent, can lead to more autonomy and greater flexibility for workers, but it also carries serious physical as well as psychosocial risks according to this working paper.

The European governance of education: progresses and challenges

In recent decades the European Union (EU) has put increased emphasis on education and training as a strategic area able to contribute to economic development and a more inclusive society. Soft governance has contributed to progress in attempts to coordinate national policies and institutions. However, national performances and trends are still far from the targets set by the EU.

Social pacts in Europe - new dynamics

A new bargaining agenda is indeed emerging, but its outline is not easy to determine because, on the one hand, monetary union precludes any wage drift and, on the other, the terms of a new deal are difficult to establish.

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the Employment Relation

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union is the most developed and comprehensive legally binding human rights instrument in the social field of the European Union. It is becoming increasingly important and is the first instrument that includes both civil and political rights on one hand and social rights on the other.

Takeovers with or without worker voice: workers’ rights under the EU Takeover Bids Directive

This book presents the results of a study of workers’ rights during company takeover situations in Europe. Takeovers are extremely important for workers because a change in ownership frequently leads to restructuring in the firm, including replacement of management, changed working conditions, increased work intensity and/or mass redundancies.

Transnational company agreements and the role of European Works Councils in negotiations

As a rule, the competences of European Works Councils (EWCs) are limited to information and consultation. Nonetheless, the number of European company-level framework agreements negotiated by EWCs and/or trade unions has increased steadily since the early 2000s. By the end of 2011, 119 such agreements had been concluded.

The cost of living in the EU: how much do you need?

This policy brief details the necessary amounts for dignified living according to official EU figures and the perceptions of Europeans, as well as the actual disposable income of families in the lower part of the income distribution across EU member states.
The research shows that households not being able to fulfil their needs is not just a question of their relative income but in some countries reflects the general low level of wages. There is a need for the Eastern European countries to move away from low wages as the main source of competitiveness.

The public sector in the crisis

Against the background of governments’ consolidation strategies, ETUI researcher Vera Glassner provides an overview of recent developments in terms of pay, employment and reforms of the pay system in the public sector. Cuts and freezes of public sector wages were most frequently imposed unilaterally by the state. The author argues that the re-establishment of collective bargaining as a mechanism to settle public sector pay is of vital importance in order to prevent downward pressures on wages, maintain workers’ purchasing power and contribute to a stable and balanced economic development within the Eurozone and across the business cycle.

Working in multinationals and domestic firms compared - myths and realities

The three authors of this policy brief investigated whether multinational enterprises (MNEs) offer better terms and conditions for employment than domestic (non-NME) firms. Using data from the WageIndicator web survey (www.wageindicator.org), the researchers compared wages, working conditions and job quality, working hours, training possibilities, and industrial relations at the workplace in NMEs and domestic companies.

‘Bad jobs’ recovery? European Job Quality Index 2005-2015

This new Working Paper offers a detailed look at the quality of jobs held by European workers, and shows what aspects of work improved or deteriorated over the last decade.

Beyond the CEE 'black box': crisis and industrial relations in the new EU member states

CEE industrial relations

This working paper maps out developments of industrial relations in Central-Eastern Europe (CEE) during the period 2008-2014. It looks at wage trends and public sector austerity measures, collective bargaining practices, social dialogue performance and the incidence of strikes and protests.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2015

Benchmarking Working Europe 2015

Published every year, the report analyses the state of working Europe explaining with the aid of statistics and graphs the main trends in terms of Europe’s macro-economic situation, its labour market development, the situation of wages and collective bargaining, and worker participation.

The EU and supplementary pensions

Reliance on private retirement pensions is on the increase both at Member State level, via the spread of quasi-mandatory occupational plans, and at EU level, as a result of initiatives including the IORP Directive. This Working Paper analyses the legislative and market trends that underpin this development, assessing the impact of the global financial crisis, presenting the regulatory improvements required, and delineating the future prospects of the market for supplementary pensions.

The Golden Rule of Public Investment: protecting fiscal leeway and public infrastructure in the EU

golden rule of public investment

This policy brief proposes to implement the 'Golden Rule of Public Investment' , a rule which states that net public investments - increases of the public and/or social capital stock providing future benefits, should be financed by debt, on other words, excluded from balanced-budget rules. The authors make the case for the introduction of such a rule at European and member state level and answer some of the arguments used against the application of such a rule.

Chinese investment in Europe: corporate strategies and labour relations

Chinese investment in Europe

China’s global outward foreign direct investment (FDI) has increased substantially over the last decade, with Europe as a key destination. The upsurge in Chinese outward FDI indicates a rebalancing of global political-economic relations, with China and its companies acquiring new roles and gaining economic power. Bringing together research on the rise of Chinese multinational companies and their activities in Europe, this book focuses on the business strategies of Chinese investors and on employment relations in Chinese-owned companies in Europe.

The public-private sector pay debate in Europe

wages, public sector

This Working Paper critically reviews the empirical evidence and the basic assumptions on which European and national policymakers base their strategy of cutting and freezing public sector pay as one central element of the current crisis management. Using comparative studies and new statistical data, the paper demonstrates that these assumptions are wrong, as they rely on a 'excessively narrow conception of competitiveness as cost competitiveness' and they neglect the role of wages in generating domestic demand.

The revised Shareholder Rights Directive 2017: policy implications for workers

The 2017 revised Shareholder Rights Directive gives shareholders a say on executive pay and requires institutional investors to improve shareholder engagement. The directive is thus designed to provide a counterweight to the increasingly dominant ‘shareholder’ model of corporate governance which has put the interests of firms’ shareholders ahead of other stakeholders, including their workers. Drawing on the experience of the UK, Europe’s leading exponent of the shareholder model whose experience heavily influenced the Commission’s thinking, this brief analyses the workings of the directive, discusses its implications for worker’s rights and suggests how trade unions should respond.

Why aren’t there more European Works Councils? A Belgian perspective

Policy brief

This policy brief considers the lack of European Works Councils through a Belgian perspective. It discusses Belgian companies who are currently engaged in establishing one or have developed ‘functionally equivalent’ structures. The remaining companies are confronted with serious obstacles to establishing a European Works Council, principally: (i) a lack of knowledge about them, (ii) weak and time-consuming national-level information and consultation processes, and (iii) a low perceived added value of transnational information and consultation. It evaluates what needs to be done in order to increase the number of EWCs and what trade unions need to do in order to raise awareness on the importance of EWCs at European level.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2011

Is the Europe 2020 strategy leading us, as it promises, towards smart, sustainable and inclusive growth? This is the main question addressed by this publication on the eve of this year’s Spring European Summit. The ETUC and ETUI offer a critical assessment of the strategy and its various components: will it be able to provide a framework for the creation of more and better-quality jobs? Are the policies and indicators set to promote an increase in social cohesion? How can workers better participate in the achievement of these various aims? Benchmarking Working Europe 2011 is structured in eight topical chapters illustrated by a significant number of graphs, and has a completely new layout.

Privatisation and liberalisation of public services in Europe

The liberalisation and privatisation of public sector activities have been the subject of heated debate since the 1970s. The chapters in this volume contribute to this debate by analysing the effects of liberalisation and privatisation on productivity and service provision, employment, wages and working conditions in a number of European countries. The focus is on the service sector, which has been the main source of employment growth in recent years.

Multi-employer bargaining under pressure: decentralisation trends in five European countries

This edited volume maps different trajectories in national collective bargaining systems in Europe since the Great Recession. Since the start of the crisis in 2008, wage setting and collective bargaining systems in many EU countries have been under tremendous pressure to follow the logic of companies and market imperatives. Fostering decentralization of collective bargaining has been one of the key objectives of the New European Economic Governance.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2010

This year's Benchmarking Working Europe report embarks upon a social stocktaking of the reaction to and impact of the financial, economic and social crisis as a means of feeding into the post-crisis and EU2020 debate.
The report provides evidence to question the underlying foundation of the current growth model and its emphasis on deregulation and labour cost cutting. It supports the claim that workers' rights should be rediscovered as a force for productivity and as a way of building a new model of economic progress in which fair wages and good working conditions constitute the basis for growth and employment dynamics.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2007

European labour markets face a range of significant challenges for which the current institutional and political answers are at the cost of the quality of jobs, quality of employment opportunities and workers' rights. Benchmarking Working Europe 2007 shows how emphasis should be put on job quality, including wage growth, decent working conditions, better training distribution enhancing training satisfaction, but also on efficient industrial relations for which workers' involvement in shaping their future is a crucial factor.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2014

benchmarking working Europe

The report Benchmarking Working Europe 2014 provides an evidence-based review of the crisis and the EU’s austerity policies regarding several aspects of working Europe in the last five years.The publication offers an overview of the most important statistical data in the form of graphs on issues related to the EU’s macroeconomic situation, labour markets, inequality and poverty, deregulation of labour law, wages and collective bargaining, health and safety at work, worker participation rights and the impact of austerity on the green agenda.

Unemployment insurance and non-standard employment

This publication examines how part-time and temporary employment have been gaining in importance in Western Europe since the 1980s as a possible solution to persistent unemployment, underemployment and reconciling work and family life. A special focus is placed on how workers with non-standard employment contracts are disadvantaged with regard to unemployment insurance benefits.

The outsourcing challenge: organizing workers across fragmented production networks

This book focuses on the dynamics of outsourcing in Europe from the perspective of employees. In particular, it considers one insufficiently studied aspect: the impact of outsourcing on working conditions and employment relations in companies.

Job quality in the crisis - an update of the Job Quality Index (JQI)

This paper is an update of the synthetic job quality index (JQI) for the EU27 countries which has been created in 2008 (see ETUI Working paper 2008.03 and 2008.07) in an attempt to shed light on the question of how European countries compare with each other and how they are developing over time in terms of job quality.

How to avert the risk of deflation in Europe: rethinking the policy mix and European economic governance

deflation, economic policy, austerity

This policy brief discusses the risks of deflation for the European economy. It critically evaluates the European economic governance for not having averted this risk...

European enlargement and the economic crisis: impact and lasting effects

This working paper by Rebecca Zahn of the University of Stirling looks at the effects of the economic crisis on the enlarged European Union and the European Social Model.

Myths of employment deregulation: how it neither creates jobs nor reduces labour market segmentation

myths of employment deregulation

This book looks at the effects of changes in employment regulation on levels and forms of employment in ten EU countries (Spain, Italy, Estonia, Slovakia, Poland, Germany, France, Denmark, and the UK).

Work in deregulated labour markets: a research agenda for precariousness

This Working Paper tackles two questions: what counts as work within a deregulated labour market; and what are the implications for the study of precariousness?

Job quality and women’s labour market participation

This Policy Brief provides an overview of female employment in the EU and of how it is affected by a transition to motherhood, as well as of recent policies devised to remedy the post-2008 unemployment crisis.

Transatlantic Networking Guide

The guide provides a resource that will enable USA and European worker representatives to initiate and improve their working relationships. The guide is to be used together by worker representatives in European countries and the United States in direct communication with each other.

Work in the digital economy: sorting the old from the new

digital economy working paper

This paper sets out to analyse the digital economy and changes in work by sifting elements of continuity from others that are radically new. Aspects examined are: genuinely new features encountered in the digital economy model; major instances of technological change observable in the working environment; new forms of work in the digital economy; distance and employment relationships; challenges entailed in regulating a labour world shorn of its customary structures.

Labour mobility and EU enlargement – a review of current trends and debates

The focus of the article is labour mobility within the European Union (EU) and how the current trends may be influenced by the impending accession of the central and eastern European Countries (CEECs).
The findings are based on a number of recent studies conducted by various authors.

Sustaining or abandoning ‘social peace’?

Providing a simple quantitative overview and a short macro-comparative analysis of strike activity in Europe since the 1990s, this working paper assesses whether three strike trends observed in the 1990s continued in the next decade.

EU REFIT machinery 'cutting red tape' at the cost of the acquis communautaire

REFIT better regulation

This policy brief describes the historical and political background of the EU's 'Regulatory Fitness and Performance' (REFIT)' programme, its mechanisms and instruments as well as challenges of this exercise in 'better regulation' for Social Europe.

The EWC landscape on the eve of the transposition deadline of the recast directive 2009/38/EC – Evidence from the ETUI database of European Works Councils

The brochure contains pre-selected data from the forthcoming ETUI publication ‘Mapping European Works Councils’. It aims at delivering basic figures concerning the operation of EWCs and the workers they represent on the eve of the EWC recast directive’s transposition deadline.

Eliminating occupational cancer in Europe and globally

cancer WP 2015

This working paper presents arguments for a stronger policy to eradicate occupational cancer in Europe and globally.

The Court of Justice of the European Union and fixed-term workers: still fixed, but at least equal

working paper Court of Justice on fixed-term labour contracts

This Working Paper focuses on the impact of the directive on fixed-term work and the EU's Court of Justice (CJEU) case law concerning fixed-term work from 2007 and 2013. By doing so, this working paper develops an analytical framework to analyse the Europeanisation of labour law with an eye on the literature on labour-market dualisation.

Economic transition, partisan politics and EU austerity: a case study of Slovakia’s labour market policies

Slovakia labour market policies WP

This working paper provides an overview of labour market policies in the Slovak Republic, from the beginning of the post-socialist transition to the recent period, characterised by growing pressure for fiscal stringency from the European Union (EU). It investigates the differences between the prevalent trends in labour market policies before and after 2010 and it finds little difference between them.

After the euro and enlargement: social pacts in the EU

This book aims to shed light on the most recent wave of social pacts in the last decade in western and eastern EU countries. In the context of recent socio-economic and political challenges (globalisation, changing economic context, labour market transformation, and the full implementation of EMU), 11 country chapters summarise the recent evolution of social pacts across the Eurozone and in New EU member states. These country chapters, alongside a number of more analytical contributions, show that social pacts of various kinds have contributed to employment, wage and welfare reforms over the last two decades, thereby demonstrating that these agreements are changing institutions able to be used by policymakers and social partners in their efforts to deal effectively with evolving socio-economic and political challenges.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2009

This year’s report provides an assessment of Lisbon Strategy. It asks whether the EU is really moving in the direction of knowledge-based growth, examines whether the EU has witnessed the creation of more and better jobs and considers whether the Union is succeeding in attaining greater social cohesion.
The report concludes that raising social and environmental standards could assist in ensuring sustainable growth and a healthier, more cohesive society.

The country-specific recommendations (CSRs) in the social field. An overview and comparison. Update including the CSRs 2019-2020

csr2019

This is the ninth cycle under the European Semester system since its launch in 2011, but it is also the second set of CSRs launched since the proclamation of the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) in November 2017.

Improving productivity: the case for employee voice and inclusive workplace practices

This policy brief examines the effectiveness of policies which aim to dismiss labour market institutions, in the name of competitiveness, across the European Union (EU). It also assesses the evidence which supports a positive relationship between deregulation and decentralization and productivity.

The untapped possibilities of YouTube as a trade union tool

This policy brief examines how trade unions can use YouTube videos as a tool for organising and informing trade unionists and workers. Although often expensive to produce, YouTube content offers an effective way for trade unions to reach out to young people who are less likely to be union members.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2019

Benchmarking Working Europe, the annual stock-take of European economic, labour market and social affairs is published today by the European Trade Union Institute. This year’s report calls for action to stimulate investment, as well as reforms to fiscal rules to allow policy to play a more active role in stabilising economies and securing sustainable growth.

Extending solidarity rather than bargaining concessions: the IG Metall campaign for agency workers

trade unions, collective bargaining

Concession bargaining at at workplace level has been spreading in the US and across Europe. It is often framed as a response to organisational or economic crises and therefore as a useful instrument for dealing with employment restructuring in the short term. This policy brief examines the practice of concession bargaining taking as its starting point a campaign on agency work conducted by the German metalworkers union IG Metall.

Free movement of labour in Europe: a solution for better labour allocation?

This Working Paper describes the main trends in post-enlargement east/west intra-EU labour mobility. It looks at how different population groups, nationals, EU8 and EU21 migrants have been affected by the turbulent processes of opening up national labour markets and subsequently by the crisis.

Organising hyper-mobile transnational construction workers

This Policy Brief outlines the main strategies employed by trade unions to organise migrant workers, with a particular focus on hyper-mobile posted workers. The Policy Brief is based on empirical qualitative data collected within the framework of two research projects in Finland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

The governance of economic uncertainty: beyond the 'new social risks' analysis

This paper draws on the research done in the framework of the European Union Framework Programme 7 project The Governance of Uncertainty and Sustainability: Tensions and Opportunities (GUSTO).

Occupations and ageing at work. An analysis of the findings of the fifth European Working Conditions Survey

This working paper analyzes the data collected by the fifth European Working Conditions Survey done in 2010 to examine how working conditions are changing for different ages and occupation types. It brings insights into the quality of work and employment amongst ageing workers that help to inform the debate on how “sustainable” work is according to one’s age and occupation.

European company law and the Sustainable Company: a stakeholder approach. Vol. II

This book follows up on The Sustainable Company: a new approach to corporate governance (published by the ETUI in 2011 and edited by Vitols and Kluge),
which outlined GOODCORP’s vision of an alternative to the shareholder value orientation of the current system of corporate governance.

Labour market policies in the era of pervasive austerity: A European perspective

This book investigates the changing patterns of labour market and unemployment policies in EU member states during the period since fiscal austerity took hold in 2010 during the deepest postwar recession in Europe.

Sectoral social dialogue in professional football: social partners, outcomes and problems of implementation

This Summer’s World Cup in Russia will showcase an array of expensive footballing talent. Off the pitch, however, moves are also afoot to bring the sector under the auspices of European Union employment legislation. This Working Paper looks at regulation of the football ‘industry’ in the context of emerging supranational modes of sports governance and assesses the likely consequences of formalizing employment relations.

Services employment in Europe

The service sector is the biggest employer in the EU and is also the main source of new jobs in European economies. Furthermore employment in the service sector will continue to grow as a share of total employment. This publication outlines the impact the rise of the service sector has had on employment and some of the challenges and opportunities that are facing trade unions as a result.

Too little, too late? Evaluating the European Works Councils Recast Directive

European Works Councils report

This report analyses the effectiveness of the EWC Recast Directive in contributing to the establishment of (1) more EWCs and (2) better EWCs.

A quantum of solace? An assessment of fiscal stimulus packages by EU Member States in response to the economic crisis

This ETUI Working Paper analyses the fiscal stimulus packages implemented by EU Member States against the background of the on-going economic crisis. Alongside the overall volume of the packages, the study, which is based on a survey of national experts, considers their content and also the involvement – or lack of it – of the social partners and particularly trade unions.

Italy's labour market reforms of 2012: did they reduce unemployment?

Italy labour market reforms

This Working Paper critically analyses Italy’s labour market reforms of 2012 (Fornero Reform). It focuses especially on a measure designed to cut unemployment and labour-market dualism by reducing the protection against dismissal enjoyed by permanent employees.

Social developments in the European Union 2012

The year 2012 has seen new developments in the EU’s economic crisis and renewed attempts to address its main causes. The European institutions have intensified their programme of promoting austere economic governance, while the political and institutional debates on democratic legitimacy and the effectiveness of the EU have intensified. In such a context, the ‘social dimension’ of Europe is clearly on the defensive with little progress towards more sustainable forms of growth. Almost undetected, however, the processes governing social policy in the context of the Europe 2020 strategy are slowly maturing and are being taken more seriously by key actors. This could prove to be highly consequential in future.

Collective social rights under the strain of monetary union

collective social rights

This report examines in depth the legality of the measures taken by the European Union, alongside the European Central Bank (ECB) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), in the wake of the financial and debt crisis.

The king is dead – long live the king: what follows after the Troika?

The focus of this paper is the need to reshape the financial assistance programmes and the related activities of the Troika in a way that would make them more socially and democratically acceptable. The starting point, therefore, is an analysis of the current role of the Troika and of each of its three constituent institutions in the framework of the financial assistance programmes.

Long-term investment and the Sustainable Company: a stakeholder perspective. Vol. III

sustainable company

The onset of the Great Financial Crisis in 2007/8 has triggered a widespread debate about the causes and the social and environmental consequences of the lack of long-term investment around the world. This volume, the third in the Sustainable Company book series produced by the GOODCORP network of academic and trade union experts on corporate governance, presents a ‘stakeholder’ approach to the problem. The analysis and policy prescriptions presented here go beyond mainstream economic analysis by highlighting the need for major changes in the way resources are saved, distributed and invested in the interests of a sustainable and just economy and society.

Drifting into labour market insecurity? Labour market reforms in Europe after 2010

This working paper examines the impact of fiscal austerity on EU labour market policies. Using a case study approach, it examines: the extent of change in unemployment benefit levels and policies; the effect of this on groups of workers; and whether the logic of activation policies has shifted. Overall, the broad direction of policy has not altered greatly under austerity. However, risks remain that an underlying move towards greater flexibility may lock in ‘low road’ growth strategies that will make it harder to bring down debt and unemployment in future.

Balancing protection and investment: structural reforms in five countries

Structural reforms in 5 EU member states book

This book looks at the structural reforms adopted between 2008 and 2015 in five European Union (EU) countries – the Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Ireland and Italy. It provides evidence that the EU influenced structural reforms but lacked a coherent agenda to support growth. In such a context, different countries implemented different reform strategies that reflected their (partly) diverging socio-economic models.

Reforming pensions in Europe: a comparative country analysis

Pensions paper Natali

This working paper assesses the impact of the economic crisis on European pension systems and provides a comparative overview of the measures imposed on European pension systems, together with their effects.

Transfer

Transfer Labour Mobility May 2016

Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research, is published for the ETUI by Sage Publications.
Transfer stimulates dialogue between the European trade union movement and the academic and research community. It contributes research findings on issues of strategic relevance for trade unions, in particular with regard to developments at the European level. Transfer publishes original peer-reviewed research on issues such as new developments in industrial relations, social policy and labour market developments.

Benchmarking Working Europe 2006

This sixth edition of Benchmarking Working Europe documents some of the current problems the European social model is facing, including problems on European labour markets, social inequalities, initiatives to reduce workers' rights and European policy deficits. The report calls for a new policy mix of employment-friendly macroeconomic policies and active labour market and social policies against a background characterised by - as also described here - sluggish growth, unimpressive productivity gains and a lack of job creation in Europe, among other things.

Social developments in the European Union 2011

This 2011 edition of Social developments in the European Union examines the ways in which the EU has changed during the turbulent year 2011. Institutional innovations were paralleled by new economic governance tools and further reinforcement of the austerity paradigm. Beyond economic governance, this volume sheds light on the state of European social dialogue, the role of structural funds, the fate of the social dimension of Europe 2020, and the activities of the European Court of Justice. Analysis of the EU level is complemented by a critical review of national reforms, especially in the case of health care.

Social developments in the European Union 2010

This 2010 edition of Social developments in the European Union examines the ways in which the EU has tackled the main challenges related to the fiscal crisis, the first steps towards implementation of the Lisbon Treaty and the launch of the EU2020 Strategy. The volume sheds light on a number of aspects including the risks for the European social model and European integration project, the state of the debate on revision of the Stability and Growth Pact, the impact of the economic and financial crisis on pensions, the new ‘EU employment policy roadmap’ and, more generally, the tensions, risks and opportunities generated by Europe 2020.

SEER Journal for Labour and Social Affairs in Eastern Europe

SEER the Journal for Labour and Social Affairs in Eastern Europe, aims to stimulate an exchange of information between researchers, trade unionists and people who have a special interest in the political, social and economic development of the region of eastern Europe.

Events

Expert Workshop on Living Wages in Europe

7 February 2017 - 8 February 2017, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5, 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor

Lunch debate: Wage developments and wage bargaining under the European Economic Governance

7 January 2016 - 7 January 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30-14h00

Collectively-agreed wages in Europe: Challenges in the statistical and political field

29 November 2012 - 29 November 2012, Central Economic Council of Belgium, Avenue de la Joyeuse Entrée, 17-21, 1040 Brussels; 10:30-16:00

European policy conference

Monthly forum: Wage inequality in European countries: the impact of collective bargaining

26 May 2016 - 26 May 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30 - 14h

At this Monthly Forum François Ghesquière who recently defended his thesis at the Université Libré de Bruxelles will present the findings of his research on wage inequality from a macro perspective. He performed a cross-national comparison of the situation regarding wage inequalities in different European countries to assess the impact of institutional configurations on wage inequality. Collective bargaining coverage and trade union density came out as the two main factors explaining the differences in levels of wage inequality between western European countries. Surprisingly, minimum wage and other economic factors such as employment and GDP seem to have a very limited effect on the extent of wage inequality.

Conference: 'After the crisis - towards a sustainable growth model'

13 January 2010 - Brussels

As the first decade of the 21st century comes to its term, most countries in Europe and the world still find themselves in the midst of the severest financial and economic crisis in 80 years. Prior to its collapse in 2008, the prevailing concept of laissez-faire financial capitalism implied that profits, in particular in the financial sector, could grow at double-digit rates while overall economic growth remained in the low single digit range. This led to a general shift in income distribution at the expense of employees and low-income groups, i.e. a shift of national income from labour to capital and/or within wage income to the wealthy. Beyond this there has been increased downward pressure on the terms of conditions of those at the bottom of the labour market.

What do we and what don't we know about minimum wages in Europe

12 December 2011 - Brussels

Expert conference organised by the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI)
Brussels, 12 December 2011, 10h30-16h30
ITUH, Blvd du Roi Albert II, 5, 1210 Brussels, Belgium, Room B

Monthly Forum: Gender policies and the austerity crisis

15 January 2014 - 15 January 2014, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B 12.30-14.00h
Jill Rubery

The current global economic crisis has had profound consequences for gender equality in the labour market and welfare systems of advanced economies. The impact of recession has been inflated by the austerity measures and fiscal consolidation packages. On the one hand, a growing pool of unemployed, increased labour market competition and tighter business conditions negatively affect female employment. This enacts, for instance, through increased sex discrimination, or fewer efforts by employers to implement equality and diversity policy as a means of recruiting and retaining staff.

Launch Benchmarking Working Europe report 2015

20 March 2015 - 20 March 2015, Thon Hotel EU (room Belgium), Rue de la Loi 75, 1040 Brussels; 11h30-13h00

The European Trade Union Institute is pleased to invite you to the launch of its 2015 Benchmarking Working Europe report. Published every year, the report analyses the state of working Europe explaining with the aid of statistics and graphs the main trends in terms of Europe’s macro-economic situation, its labour market development, the situation of wages and collective bargaining, and worker participation.

ETUI wishes you a peaceful and social 2017

22 December 2016 - 22 December 2016,
Christmas' greetings ETUI

The year 2016 has been a very productive one at the ETUI, as can be seen from the list of over 40 publications which you will find below.

Launch of the ETUI/ETUC Benchmarking Working Europe 2018 report: What convergence and what divergence across the EU?

19 March 2018 - 19 March 2018, Permanent Representation of Austria to the EU, 1st floor; Avenue de Cortenbergh 30, 1040 Bruxelles; 19h

Although it can be observed that on average, labour market insecurity and unemployment risk have increased since 2007 across all EU Member States, there is a clear indication now that fiscal austerity has had uneven effects across countries. The indicators concerning social and labour market conditions have been evolving very much in line with the developments in the macroeconomy: after a deterioration period from 2013-2014 they started to improve slowly. Still, divergent developments can be observed between the north and the south of Europe.

Getting Europe back to Work: Alternatives to Austerity

6 November 2013 - 6 November 2013, International Trade Union House, Blvd du Roi Albert II 5, 1210 Brussels: Auditorium

Europe is in its fifth year of crisis with no signs of any improvement. Rising and persistent unemployment across Europe in the wake of the banking and sovereign debt crises have been further aggravated by the choice of a therapy based on austerity. Over recent months the policies have been challenged by public demonstrations and have led to extreme elections results. Leading figures from the EU and international agencies have expressed deep concern over the direction the European economies have taken. Publications from the IMF have revised estimates of the negative impact of cuts in public spending and European Commission President Barroso has spoken of austerity policies reaching ‘their limits’. So far, the only medicine on offer is a continuation of austerity alongside measures aimed at reducing wages and security of those in employment. This conference will bring together researchers and practitioners to discuss the effects of past policies, the changes taking place in labour markets and the alternatives to current policies.

TURI workshop - Recent trends in European collective bargaining

21 March 2011 - Brussels

The recent economic crisis in Europe has led to important changes in European collective bargaining.

How to get European economic recovery to full speed

19 September 2017 - 19 September 2017, Permanent Representation of Austria to the EU, 1st floor Avenue de Cortenbergh 30, 1040 Bruxelles; 18h30

A debate co-organised by AK EUROPA, the Brussels Office of the Austrian Federal Chamber of Labour, ÖGB Europabüro, the Brussels Office of the Austrian Trade Union Federation, and the European Trade Union Institute.

Brussels launch of the Association Bruno Trentin-ISF-IRES

26 September 2013 - 26 September 2013, International Trade Union House (Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B); 17h - 18h30

Philippe Askenazy: The inegalitarian syndrome and the exhaustion of labour

20 March 2013 - 20 March 2013, Thon Hotel EU - Rue de la Loi 75 - B-1040 Brussels; 15h30-17h30

ETUI Conference cycle: The crisis and inequality

European Dialogue 2014: Creating a social Europe

2 April 2014 - 3 April 2014, SQUARE - BRUSSELS MEETING CENTRE Glass Entrance rue Mont des Arts B-1000 Brussels

Organised by Hans Böckler Foundation and Otto Brenner Foundation in conjunction with the Friedrich Ebert Foundation and the ETUI

Diverging Europe : same diagnosis, different remedies?

23 April 2013 - 23 April 2013, Hotel Crowne Plaza - Le Palace (Rue Gineste 3, 1210 BXL), Room Vision (8th floor), 14h00-17h30

Joint conference of the ETUI and DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion of the European Commission

From (un)economic growth to future well-being

15 October 2012 - 16 October 2012, Maison des Associations Internationales, Rue Washington 40, 1050 Bruxelles
lock

co-organisers: European Trade Union Institute (ETUI), European Federation of Public Services Unions (EPSU)

Policy Workshop: ‘Fixing Europe’s Public Debt’

25 November 2015 - 26 November 2015, Croke Park, Dublin

The purpose of this workshop, co-organised by NERI and the ETUI, is to explore policy options that can bring down high public debt in Europe, without undermining the goals of lowering inequality and supporting better living and labour standards.

Launch of the ETUI/ETUC Benchmarking Working Europe 2017 report: Overcoming cleavages across the EU?

13 March 2017 - 13 March 2017, Permanent Representation of Austria to the EU, 1st floor; Avenue de Cortenbergh 30, 1040 Bruxelles; 18h30
Benchmarking banner

ETUI Monthly Forum: Distributional aspects of the crisis in Greece

26 September 2011 - Brussels

Monday, 26 September 2011, 12h30-14h30
Venue: ACV-CSC - Rue de Trèves/Trierstraat 31, 1040 Brussels - Room 10
Speakers:
Manos Matsaganis, Athens University of Economics and Business
Vassilis Monastiriotis, London School of Economics and Political Science

Comments: Isabelle Engsted-Maquet, Deputy Head of the Social Analysis Unit at DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
Sotiria Theodoropoulou, Senior Researcher ETUI.
Moderator: Philippe Pochet, General Director ETUI

ETUI Monthly Forum: “More and better jobs” in unlikely sectors? Work and life quality in new and growing jobs

26 November 2012 - 26 November 2012, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, 1st floor, room B; 12:00-14:00

European Panel 2012: Public goods and services: What comes after deregulation and privatization?

27 November 2012 - 28 November 2012, Hotel Crowne Plaza – Le Palace, Rue Gineste 3 (Place Rogier), B-1210 Brussels

Organised by the Hans-Böckler Foundation in cooperation with the Friedrich-Ebert Foundation, the ETUI and the German and European Trade Union Confederations.

Tony Atkinson: Where is inequality headed?

25 January 2013 - 25 January 2013, Residence Palace, Room Polak (155 Rue de la Loi, 1040 Bruxelles), 15:00-17:00

ETUI Conference cycle: The crisis and inequality

ETUI Monthly Forum: Comparing responses to the Rana Plaza disaster: the role of organized labour

15 October 2015 - 15 October 2015, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor

This Monthly Forum will look into the responses to the 2013 Rana Plaza factory collapse exploring the role of labour in those initiatives.

The precarious state of journalism

26 June 2017 - 26 June 2017, The Press Club Brussels Europe, rue Froissart 95, 1040 Brussels

There appears to be no end in view to the crisis gripping the mainstream media, the profit statements of the various media groups are far from the only pitiful sight, and information professionals are also feeling the pressure – these are just some of the conclusions to emerge from the analysis of the state of journalism in Europe which appears in the latest issue of HesaMag – the journal published by the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) – and which was carried out in collaboration with the European Federation of Journalists (EFJ).

Book launch - Myths of employment deregulation: how it neither creates jobs nor reduces labour market segmentation

27 June 2017 - 27 June 2017, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30-15h

Europe: Rewrite the Rules for Shared Prosperity, European Dialogue 2017

27 April 2017 - 28 April 2017, Albert Hall Chaussee de Wavre, 649-651 1040 Brussels Belgium

The Hans Böckler Foundation in conjunction with the European Trade Union Institute is organising the 2017 European Dialogue on 27-28 April in Brussels.

Monthly Forum: The crisis as downgrading spiral of labour law and workers’ rights: trends and consequences for future (European) social regulation

26 January 2012 - Brussels

Thursday, 26 January 2012, 12h45-14h30

Speakers:
Pascale Vielle, Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium)
Stefan Clauwaert, Senior researcher ETUI
Isabelle Schömann, Senior researcher ETUI

Comments:
Veronica Nilsson, Confederal Secretary ETUC
Marie-Ange Moreau, Université Lyon 2 (France)

Moderator: Philippe Pochet, General Director ETUI

Monthly forum: Labour Unions, Precarious Work, and the Politics of Institutional Change in Europe

14 February 2018 - 14 February 2018, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h-13h30

Monthly forum: Core and Contingent Work

1 December 2017 - 1 December 2017, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, 7th floor ETUI meeting room; 12h30 - 14h

The crisis, austerity and health in Europe

27 September 2013 - 27 September 2013, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, 1st floor, room B; 14h-15h30
Marina Karanikolos

Special joint gathering of the OSE Lunchtime Session and the ETUI Monthly Forum

The EU’s economic and financial crises are having a detrimental effect on citizens’ health. This is the main message of a recent article published in The Lancet by a team of health policy researchers. One of the authors of this article will be the keynote speaker at a special event on ‘the crisis, austerity and health in Europe’ organised jointly by the ETUI and the European Social Observatory (OSE) on 27 September.

ETUI Monthly Forum: Union renewal through multi-level campaigns and new alliances

20 September 2012 - ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B

ETUI Monthly Forum: Diversity and inequality: working conditions according to age and occupation in Europe

30 October 2012 - ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, 1st floor, room B, 12h30-14h30

ETUI Monthly Forum: The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class

27 April 2012 - ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B

Time: 13h15 - 14h45
Venue: : ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B

Monthly forum: Pursuing convergence in the euro area: policy options for the EU and Member States

22 March 2018 - 22 March 2018, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30-14h

Monthly Forum: The European Court of Justice and atypical work: halting labour market dualization?

26 January 2016 - 26 January 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30 - 14h

Monthly Forum: Implementing European Social Fund programmes: the role of national industrial relations in the field of vocational training

27 September 2016 - 27 September 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30 - 14h

Why do some EU member states implement European Social Fund programmes in the field of Continuous Vocational Training (CVT) more effectively than others?

Monthly Forum: The social reality of Europe after the crisis

17 March 2016 - 17 March 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30 - 14h

Conference: The future of health and safety in Europe

3 December 2019 - 4 December 2019, International Trade Union House (ITUH), Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels
logo conference

ETUI Lunch debate: An Economic Democracy Plan for Europe: the next step for worker codetermination

28 October 2019 - 28 October 2019, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30-14h00

What can labor do to resolve the austerity crisis in Europe?

17 September 2013 - 17 September 2013, Auditorium, International Trade Union House, Bd du Roi Albert II 5, 1210 Brussels: 16h-18h

ETUI Conference cycle : The crisis and inequality

Collective Bargaining in a Changing World of Work

16 December 2019 - 16 December 2019, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30-14h30

Book launch: Unemployment, internal devaluation, and labour market deregulation in Europe

18 February 2016 - 18 February 2016, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 11h - 14h45

What does it take to have a European union working for workers?

26 March 2019 - 26 March 2019, Permanent Representation of Austria to the EU, 1st floor; Avenue de Cortenbergh 30, 1040 Bruxelles; 18h30 - 20h

Launch of the ETUI/ETUC Benchmarking Working Europe 2019 report

Lunch debate: Reducing working time in Europe

22 February 2018 - 22 February 2018, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 12h30-14h

ETUI Monthly forum: Which challenges for the EU budget?

25 November 2011 - Brussels

Venue : ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, room B, 12h15-14h30

OSE-ETUI Lunch debate: Pensions for workers in arduous jobs

5 September 2017 - 5 September 2017, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room, 7th floor; 12h30-14h00

Monthly forum: For the sake of security. The future of flexible workers and the modern organisation of labour

16 May 2017 - 16 May 2017, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor

Launch event of HesaMag#20: Migrant workers in Fortress Europe

27 January 2020 - 27 January 2020, Mundo B, Rue d'Edimbourg 26, 1050 Brussels; 18h-20h

Trade unions and the threat of populism and the far right: how to win back the workers’ vote

23 January 2019 - 23 January 2019, The International Auditorium, Boulevard du Roi Albert II, 5 – 1st floor – 1210 Brussels; 13h - 17h30
far right

ETUC - ETUI joint conference

Monthly Forum: The Lisbon Treaty and social Europe

15 January 2013 - 15 January 2013, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, 1st floor, room B, 12h30-14h30

Launch of ETUI/ETUC joint report Benchmarking Working Europe 2012

20 March 2012 - Brussels

Short introductions by Bernadette Ségol, General Secretary ETUC, Philippe Pochet, General Director ETUI and Romuald Jagodzinski, researcher at ETUI and co-ordinator of the report.
Followed by two panel debates on:
• Economic and labour market inequality
• Institutional inequality
With short introductions by ETUI authors and contributors plus comments and reactions from speakers from European institutions and social actors.

What can workers in Europe expect from a post-Brexit EU Budget that declares itself to be more social, more innovative and more flexible?

25 September 2018 - 25 September 2018, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor

Monthly forum: The Left at Work - Why Do Unions, More Than Leftwing Parties, Today Promote Activation Policies?

19 June 2014 - 19 June 2014,

This Monthly Form explored the diverging roles of leftwing parties and trade unions in determining active labor market program (ALMP) spending in the OECD in recent years.

Conference-debate Social developments in the European Union 2013

1 July 2014 - 1 July 2014, European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), Building Van Maerlant, Room VM3, rue Van Maerlant 2, 1040 Brussels; 9h30-16h00

Monthly Forum: What social face of the new EU trade agreements?

23 June 2015 - 23 June 2015, Hotel Silken Berlaymont, 11-19 Boulevard Charlemagne, 1000 Brussels; 12h30 - 14h

ETUI Monthly Forum in collaboration with the Centre for EU Studies at Ghent University

ETUI Symposium : The sovereign debt crisis, the EU and welfare state reform

3 February 2015 - 3 February 2015, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7th floor; 11h00-14h30

ETUI Monthly Forum: The Quality of Employment in Developed and Developing Countries

20 November 2014 - 20 November 2014, ITUH, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5; 1210 Brussels, ETUI meeting room 7 floor

Reviving economic democracy in Ireland after the crisis

23 January 2020 - 23 January 2020, Dublin, Ireland, at the Communication Workers Union Conference Centre, William Norton House 575 North Circular Road, Dublin 1, D01 TR53.

Conference organized by the European Workers’ Participation Competence Centre of the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI), in cooperation with the Irish National Worker Directors Group (NWDG).

Europe’s dilemma: austerity revisited or a new path for sustainable growth

20 March 2015 - 20 March 2015, Thon Hotel EU (room Belgium), Rue de la Loi 75, 1040 Brussels; 13h30 – 16h

Europe at a crossroads. Which way to quality jobs and prosperity?

24 September 2014 - 26 September 2014, Hotel Thon Europe, 1040 Brussels, Belgium

ETUI - ETUC Conference

Seminar on Strategic Litigation on Occupational Health and Safety

15 January 2020 - 16 January 2020, International Trade Union House, Boulevard du Roi Albert II, Room B, Brussels, Belgium
seminar on strategich litigation on osh

The Health and Safety and Working Conditions Unit of the European Trade Union Institute invites you to this seminar.

ETUI/ETUC conference: Towards a new socio-ecological contract

24 June 2020 - 26 June 2020, Hotel Thon Europe, 1000 Brussels, Belgium

The need to effectively tackle global warming puts under pressure the existing industrial relations models in Europe. A new logic of sustainability needs to be incorporated into the social contracts in order to (re)build harmonious labour relations. A viable world of labour requires a new sustainability paradigm, which encompasses all three of its dimensions: economic, social and environmental.

Others

Belgium: social partners achieve consensus on wage increases

On 11 January, Belgian employers’ and trade union organisations agreed to adopt a social agreement for 2017-2018, paving the way for a 1.1% annual...

Bulgaria: main trade union confederation, CITUB, is fighting for wage increases

The Confederation of Independent Trade Unions of Bulgaria (CITUB) has just launched a campaign entitled ‘I want an extra 100 leva’ (i.e. EUR 51) to...

Slovenia: Increase in minimum wage exceeds rise in inflation

Under 2010 legislation, and after consulting the social partners, the government decided on 20 January 2016 to increase the minimum wage by 1.8 %,...

Modest increases in minimum wages in the European Union

In early 2018, the legal minimum wage experienced a median increase of 4.4% in the EU Member States. Taking into account inflation, this increase i...

Wage increases and collective bargaining crucial to getting the European economy back on track

The dominant view of the crisis in Europe is that it is a crisis of competitiveness, and wages are seen as the key adjustment variable to improving...

Slovenia: minimum wage increase, but austerity still dominates public sector pay

After the country increased the statutory minimum wage by 4.7% to a monthly 843 euro, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry predicted a shock to the...

Reboot Social Europe: the pillar, re-insurance scheme, wage increase, gender equality

In a little more than two months, European citizens will elect a new European Parliament which will codetermine the direction which Social Europe w...

European wage experts discuss the need for an EU-wide living wage

The debate about a living wage that goes beyond the subsistence level has gained momentum recently in light of the increase in low-wage work and in...

Luxembourg: is wage indexation a key source of inflexible wage setting?

Minimum wages in Luxembourg increased ‘automatically’ in October 2018 due to the country’s wage indexation scheme. In mainstream thinking among eco...

Bulgaria: discussions on the determination of the minimum wage

After months of prevarication, March saw the beginning of discussions led by the Ministry of Labour to establish with the social partners a mechani...

UK: the enforcement of the minimum wage

The UK-government published its annual report on the compliance with the statutory National Minimum Wage (NMW). For the second, consecutive time, o...

Belgium: unions see no perspective for an interprofessional agreement based on contested 2016 wage law

Belgium’s three trade unions confederations have jointly stated their dissatisfaction with the wage norm set by the Central Council for the Economy...

Malta: Minimum wage system changed

During a meeting of the Malta Council for Economic and Social Development, on Friday 28 April 2017, an agreement was concluded on improving the sta...

Germany: differentiated pension increases on 1 July 2017

The government has decided that German pensioners will receive a small increase in their pensions from 1 July 2017, with an increase of 1.9 % for p...

UK: low pay and the necessity of a decent living wage

Several think-tanks have published alarming findings on low pay, even advisory bodies that work for the government. These reports talk of the neces...

Bulgaria: tripartite talks on pensions and minimum wage

The financial situation of Bulgarian pensioners is problematic. Observers note that the country’s pension system is in a state of crisis, as inflat...

Minimum wages in Europe still very modest

The Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Institut (WSI) within the Hans-Böckler-Stiftung based in Düsseldorf, Germany has updated its Minimum W...

The German minimum wage: experiences and perspectives after one year

Since 1 January 2015 a statutory minimum wage of €8.50 per hour applies in Germany. A recently published study by the Institute of Economic and Soc...

Minimum wages, austerity and poverty: three ETUI studies

The economic crisis and austerity policies have put the issue of minimum wages in Europe back on the political agenda. Although wage policy is not...

The gap between real labour productivity and wage growth

Principle 6a of the European Pillar of Social Rights states that ‘Workers have the right to fair wages that provide for a decent standard of living...

UK: the future of an increasingly precarious and exploited workforce

The tripling of the number of zero-hours contract can be viewed as the downside of a labour market that has been lauded for employment growth. Youn...

Research institutes linked to trade unions increase their cooperation

This year’s annual gathering of the trade-union-related research institutes (TURI) network took place on 1 and 2 June in Amsterdam and was hosted b...

Research institutes linked to trade unions increase their cooperation

This year’s annual gathering of the trade-union-related research institutes (TURI) network took place on 1 and 2 June in Amsterdam and was hosted b...

France: The number of strikes increased slightly in 2014

According to a study by the Ministry of Labour, published on 28 December 2016, the number of companies that experienced one or more strikes increas...

ETUI wage map shows failure of EU’s wage-cutting austerity policies

A new visual map or infographic comparing wage developments between the year 2000 and 2012 for the EU’s 28 member states provides proof of the impa...

Momentum builds behind a European minimum wage

Momentum is building behind a European minimum wage policy, a topic which is expected to play a significant part in the 2019 European Parliament el...

Greece: a first policy effort to re-reinstate the minimum wage process after the end of the bailout

The Greek government has announced a long-awaited increase in the minimum wage. It marks the first wage improvement in the country in almost a deca...

Benchmarking working Europe 2017: High time for new approach to wage policy

The current approach of driving down wages, decentralizing collective bargaining systems and restricting trade union and workers’ rights to tackle...

After Rana Plaza: trade union mobilisation quickly blocked

After the Rana Plaza collapse in 2013, a window of opportunity opened for the trade unions. But it was quickly closed. And although fire safety sta...

Wage developments and policies

Developments in wages and influencing the (direct and indirect) wage policies of governments are core activities of trade unions. In most (though n...

Latvia: tax reform should contribute more to the reduction of wage inequality

Instead of contributing more to the reduction of income inequality, proposals to reform fiscal policy are too dominated by the aim of supporting co...

Czechia: ongoing debate about the pensions bill that will increase old age pensions for all

Planned amendments to the pension legislation in Czechia are still pending. The proposals include compensation for citizens that retired long ago w...

ETUI event shows different views on European wage development debate

During a lunch debate on 7 January, the European Commission presented a recent report entitled Labour Market and Wage Developments in Europe 2015....

Transfer: everything you always wanted to know about the living wage

In July 2019, Ursula von der Leyen, candidate for the European Commission President declared in her ‘Agenda for Europe’: “The dignity of work is sa...

Czech trade unions call for a pay rise

In recent years, trade unions have repeatedly underlined the need for wage increases in Central-Eastern European countries. One of the most emblema...

Collective Bargaining developments in Europe for September 2013

Controversy over a Polish embassy manual advising not to deal with unions in Denmark, the conclusion of a central agreement on wages and salaries i...

Foreign direct investment in the automotive sector set to trap CEE countries and Spain in low-wage competition

A recent ETUI publication investigates the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the automotive industry in central and eastern European (CE...

Wages and collective bargaining during the European economic crisis – developments in the European manufacturing industry

In a recent study produced for industriAll – European Trade Union, Thorsten Schulten (WSI) and Torsten Müller (ETUI) analyse collective bargaining...

Slovakia: Social package becomes concrete

The ruling Slovakian coalition have promised to come up with a series of social packages, including a reform of the Labour Code. The new measures a...

Luxembourg: the year 2019 brings several legislative changes

At the beginning of 2019, the Ministry of social security issued a new set of 'social parameters' that are due to come into force on 1 January 2019...

UK: increase in night working

The number of people working night shifts has increased by 9% or 275,000 people over the last five years in the UK, according to a report released...

The OECD denounces increasing inequality

In a report published on 5 May, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) issues recommendations, consisting particularly of...

Romania: Reform of public sector pay system questioned

The Romanian government has launched a reform of the public sector pay system, by addressing the wage discrepancies between different social groups...

Collective Bargaining January 2019

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Spain: land slide reform can lead to revision of austerity measures

The coalition parties in Spain’s minority government agreed on a partnership that paves the way for a 2019 draft budget and socially oriented measu...

Journalism, an increasingly precarious profession

There appears to be no end in view to the crisis gripping the mainstream media, the profit statements of the various media companies are far from t...

Labour market reforms in Ireland: background summary

The main developments in labour regulation in recent years include new legislation on the right to bargain collectively and reforming sectoral wage...

Netherlands: marked increase in flexible workers

Between 2003 and 2015, the number of flexible workers in the Netherlands increased from 2.1 million to 3.2 million, making it the country with the...

Firefighting increases cancer mortality risks

Firefighting exposures increase the risk of death from cancer, according to a study carried out by the NISOH, the U.S. federal agency responsible f...

Strikes in times of crisis: no increase or no data?

A new visual map or infographic comparing the days not worked due to industrial action in the last two decades for different countries shows that t...

New EU report highlights growing divergence in and between member states

Growing divergence leading to social polarisation, stalled progress on gender equality, increasing risks of social exclusion and poverty, and major...

Pension reforms in Czechia: background summary

Numerous changes introduced into the pension system since 2000 have been driven by the effort to increase the financial sustainability of the pensi...

PENSION REFORMS IN CZECHIA: BACKGROUND SUMMARY (update March 2019)

Numerous changes introduced into the pension system since 2000 were driven by the effort to increase the financial sustainability of the pension sy...

Labour market reforms: background summary

Until very recently, Belgium had to some extent escaped the shift towards dismantling of labour law and increase of labour market flexibility. The...

The state of labour market reforms - background summary (updated April 2019)

Labour market reform in Germany in the past decennium was modest but tackled a broad field of social policy. The most high-profile piece of legisla...

UK: industrial action looms against poor public sector pay resulting from 10 years austerity policy

After an austerity policy of ten years, the income of public sector workers has reached an alarming level. A study commissioned by the Living Wage...

ILO warns of “race to the bottom” in wages

Workers’ wages in the developed economies have grown more slowly than labour productivity according to the new Global Wage Report 2012-13 of the In...

Portugal: how to repair the damage of austerity measures?

The financial crisis has had a huge impact on the Portuguese industrial relations. The country’s creditors asked for structural reforms, notably in...

Greece: the restoration of modern industrial relations will be a long and winding road

This summer, Greece finally exited its bailout, almost ten years after the financial crisis exploded. The work of the troika and the euro-area cred...

Spain: Precarity leads to an increase in accidents in the workplace

The latest statistics on accidents in the workplace in Spain indicate that they increased by 12.3 per cent in 2015 in relation to 2012. In 2015 the...

Piece work increases the work injury rate

Almost twice as many piece rate workers suffer from workplace injuries as those on standard contracts, according to research from Lancaster Univers...

Unemployment rising further; wealth becoming increasingly concentrated

According to the new ILO report World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2015 published on 20 January, unemployment will continue to rise in th...

Bulgaria: migration and labour mobility act disputed by the trade unions

The amended Migration and Labour Mobility Act has been sharply criticised by the trade union movement. They fear that easier access to the labour m...

Labour market reforms in Luxembourg: summary

Unlike many European countries, Luxembourg has implemented few labour market reforms in recent years. Although its unemployment rate has increased,...

Collective Bargaining November 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Decline in collective bargaining has a direct negative effect on economic growth

A new report from the University of Greenwich and the New Economics Foundation shows, on the basis of econometric evidence, that trade unions have...

Collective bargaining

The Europeanisation of industrial relations and collective bargaining is a core topic for the ETUI. In the light of the increasing divergence of in...

Collective Bargaining December 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

WSI infographic shows diversity in European minimum wages

The Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Institut (WSI) within the Hans-Böckler-Stiftung based in Düsseldorf, Germany launched a new interacti...

Wage development infographic

This visual presentation shows the development of wages in 28 countries of the European Union between 2000-2008 and 2009-2012.

The OECD confirms the drop in unemployment but wages remain stagnant

In its annual report on the employment outlook, published on 7 July, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) welcomed the...

Report exposes ‘wage dumping’ by sports equipment manufacturers

On the eve of the European Football Championships the French NGO Collectif éthique sur l’étiquette has just published a report that lifts the lid o...

Germany: A bill to extend company pension coverage

On 21 December 2016, the Federal Government approved reforms to company pension schemes in order to increase the number of employees entitled to co...

Collective Bargaining developments December 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the last issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2016:

Pension reforms in Bulgaria - background summary (update March 2019)

Bulgaria has a three-pillar pension system, with a mandatory state pillar, a mandatory funded pillar and a voluntary third pillar. The first step w...

Slovakia: economic structure bears risk of single-side orientation on automotive sector

Slovakia has in recent years become the worldwide number 1 in car production per capita and the trade unions in the sector have been rather success...

Labour market reforms in Bulgaria - background summary (update March 2019)

Since 2011, the labour market policy of the various Bulgarian governments has concentrated on a number of key areas, such as flexibilisation, repre...

Pension reform in Belgium: background summary

The pension system, which essentially functions on a pay-as-you-go basis, was left unreformed until relatively recently, with an initial reform in...

Ireland: First application to the reformed legal framework for sectoral bargaining

In recent years, Ireland’s Supreme Court has ruled that the traditional system of setting wages and working conditions for industries was unconstit...

The state of labour market reforms - background summary

There has been relatively little labour market reform in Germany in the past few years. The most high-profile piece of legislation has been the Act...

Spain: negotiations on social pact come to a dead end

Negotiations between the central organisations of employers and the trade unions that should lead to a social pact have broken down without any res...

New ILO report urges policy rethink in order to overcome renewed jobs dip

In a special 2013 edition of the Global Employment Trends report the ILO warns that global unemployment could, after having risen to 197 million in...

Malta: the functioning of the Community Work Scheme

The transfer of the management of the so-called Community Work Scheme to the union GWU, as a result of a public tender, has not been without critic...

Collective Bargaining developments April 2015

Highlights of the April issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state l...

Collective Bargaining May 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Increased mortality risk for nurses who work night and evening shifts

Women who work night and evening shifts have an increased mortality risk compared with people who work day shifts, according to a study published i...

Croatia: fierce opposition against increase of statutory pension age

The government endorsed a National Reform Programme for 2018, and a three-year convergence plan with three main goals: boosting the competitiveness...

Netherlands: governmental advisory body critical about increase of pension age

In the last decade or so, respective Dutch governments have constantly revised the statutory pension age. The system that is applied at the moment...

Portugal: updated data show increase of the strike number in the last three years

The number of formal strike warnings in Portugal in 2018 was the highest for three years, with 733 calls for strike, according to figures published...

The Netherlands: trade union wants to put an end to the pension age increase

Trade union FNV started a campaign to put an end to the increase of the state pension age. Since the early 2000s, respective governments have limit...

Collective Bargaining developments April 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the April issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Germany: company works councils focus increasingly on employee psychological welfare

Psychological risks and work-related health and safety are more and more often tackled by German companies via negotiated company agreements, accor...

Greece: IMF blocks return of sectoral bargaining and social dialogue

In recent months, the IMF has demonstrated that the Fund has no commitment to modern industrial relations characterised by social dialogue, collect...

Collective Bargaining developments November 2015

Find here the following most important developments at European and member state level from the November issue of the Collective Bargaining newslet...

Labour market reforms in Czechia: background summary (updated March 2019)

During the economic crisis, the conservative-liberal government headed by Civic Democrats adopted an amendment to the Labour Code. As a result, the...

Labour market reforms in Czechia: background summary

An amendment of the Labour Code was adopted by the right-leaning government headed by Civic Democrats in the context of economic crisis. The flexib...

AK/ETUI debate: How to get European economic recovery to full speed?

On the 19th September, the ETUI and AK Europa organized a public debate engaging economists from the TUREC network, EU economic policymakers and th...

Ireland: Proposals to better regulate precarious work

The Irish government approved beginning of May 2017 draft legislative proposals that will ‘address problems caused by the increased casualisation o...

Romania: reform of pension legislation could become effective in 2021

A draft law on pension reform has been adopted by the Romanian government under which pensions will be recalculated according to a new system. The...

Collective Bargaining Newsletter March 2019

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Collective Bargaining newsletter January 2020

Please find below the highlights of the first issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2020 with the most important developments at Europe...

Labour reforms in Hungary: background summary (updated March 2019)

The government’s labour market policy, under the Conservative Fidesz government from 2010, concentrated on the comprehensive reform of the Labour C...

Labour reforms in Hungary: background summary

The Hungarian government’s labour market policy, under the Conservative Fidesz government from 2010, has concentrated on the comprehensive reform o...

ErgoMach increases its visibility: update on current and future work

ErgoMach lands on LinkedIn and contributes to two key CEN and ISO Technical Reports.

Call for Comments: Paying minimum wage on online labor platforms

Should online labor platforms have minimum wages? What should they be? How should they be enforced? Should workers on the same platform in differen...

Romania: protest against judicial and fiscal reforms

The Romanian government has adopted by decree a ‘fiscal revolution’, which transfers social security contributions for health and pensions (CAS and...

Bulgaria: trade unions want legislative changes that lead to improvement of purchase power

A research project on income and poverty commissioned by the Bulgarian trade union, CITUB, has come up with alarming results. Based on its findings...

Slovenia: public sector pay improves, but 2019 will bring more structural income policy and tax reforms

An agreement on improved public sector pay reached between the Slovenian government and the public sector unions has put the country’s income and f...

Collective Bargaining developments January 2017

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the first issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2017:

Labour market reforms in Slovakia: background summary (updated April 2019)

Since 2000 labour market reforms in Slovakia have been mostly determined by the alternation of power between left- and right-wing governments. Wher...

Collective Bargaining developments February 2017

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the February issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Strikes in Belgium: background summary

While the right to strike is neither enshrined in the Constitution nor explicitly mentioned by the law, it is nevertheless acknowledged in case-law...

Social dialogue & collective bargaining

This section provides a closer look at the work of the ETUI in three core activities/processes in which the (European) trade unions are involved: s...

Collective Bargaining developments October 2015

Find here the following most important developments at European and member state level from the October issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

STRIKES IN SLOVAKIA: BACKGROUND SUMMARY (updated April 2019)

The right to strike is guaranteed by the Slovakian Constitution, the country’s Labour Code and international agreements as one of its citizens’ fun...

New study shows that female-dominated sectors pay lower than average

Low pay is a major problem in certain parts of the public services - particularly those where women make up the majority of workers.

Labour market reforms - background summary

Individual labour relations have remained relatively stable. The last reform adopted in 2011 reflected a desire to make labour relations more flexi...

Hungary: shrinking Public Work Scheme after reform

The Public Work Scheme that was implemented by the government as a means to activate long term unemployed people and to prevent permanent job seeke...

Strikes in Luxembourg: summary

The industrial relations culture is based on trust and discussion between the social partners. All of the research carried out points to a low leve...

Collective Bargaining newsletter December 2019

You can find below the key developments in collective bargaining across Europe, coming from the lateset issue of the Collective bargaining newsletter:

The Competitiveness Pact is endorsed by the industrial trade unions

The Competitiveness Pact proposed by the centre-right government to restore Finland’s competitiveness was endorsed on 3 June after having been appr...

My name is John, I’m 25 years old and I’m also a trade unionist

This month, trade unionists from the UK and the Netherlands talk about their struggles to improve working time arrangements in the face of increasi...

Greece: a new general collective labour agreement for 2017

On 30 March the social partners at national level signed a new National General Collective Labour Agreement in a context dominated by the negotiati...

The state of convergence in the European Union 14 years after enlargement

The ETUI marked the retirement of its Chief Economist for the past five years, Martin Myant, with a well-attended conference focusing on wage conve...

Croatia: Government eases entrance of foreign labour

Although unemployment in Croatia remains high, companies are experiencing difficulties finding employees. The problem has led to intensive discussi...

Western Balkans failing to converge with EU, say researchers

Economic and social convergence between poorer and richer countries in the EU since the crisis is slowing and, in some cases, has gone into reverse...

Collective Bargaining developments March 2014

Highlights of the March issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state l...

Pension reforms in Romania: background summary

The public social security system is predominant and covers every working person (employed or self-employed) in terms of sickness, maternity, disab...

Strikes in Romania - background summary

The right to strike is enshrined by the Constitution, but its exercise is strictly regulated by law

STRIKES IN CZECHIA: BACKGROUND SUMMARY (update March 2019)

Legislation concerning the right to strike has changed little over the past 15 years. The right to strike is anchored in Czech constitutional law,...

Strikes in Czechia: background summary

Legislation concerning the right to strike has been very stable over the past 15 years. The right to strike is anchored in the Czech constitutional...

Inequality and working conditions: the ‘exhaustion’ of labour

Growing inequality in Europe should not only be seen from the perspective of pressure on wages but also in terms of deteriorating working condition...

European youth in the age of austerity

The August issue of Transfer – The European Review of Labour and Research – which has just appeared, focuses on the consequences of austerity for y...

ILO report sees growing global unemployment and decreasing job quality

A report from the International Labour Organisation released on 19 January 2016 forecasts that worldwide unemployment will increase to 200 million...

Collective Bargaining July/August 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Labour market reforms in the UK: background summary

The UK government’s labour market policy, under the Conservative/Liberal Democrat coalition government from 2010-2015 and the Conservative governme...

Collective Bargaining September 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Italy: landmark agreement against irregular bargaining

After long and intense negotiations, the social partners have agreed on a social pact that will lead to a renewal of industrial bargaining practice...

EU: income convergence and inequality

Research on economic integration and convergence reveals that the financial and economic crisis has had a huge impact on the existing EU-wide inequ...

Pension reforms in the UK: background summary

An overview of pension reforms in the UK since the 2000s

Strikes in the UK: background summary

There is no right to strike in the UK. However, if trade unions legally organise industrial action, they are protected from prosecution. Changes to...

Collective bargaining developments September 2017

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the September 2017 issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Collective Bargaining February 2019

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Call for contributions to the special issue of Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research

Theme: Industrial relations and inequality: The many facets of a crucial relationship, edited by Roberto Pedersini and Lisa Dorigatti The themed i...

Social dumping in Europe: decoding the discourse and elucidating the practices

As the crisis has become increasingly entrenched, the denunciation of social dumping has developed into a core feature of political discourse. The...

Strong unions and extended collective bargaining make wages more equal, new research finds

At the latest monthly forum, François Ghesquière presented the findings of his research on wage inequality. Ghesquière employed a cross-national co...

Collective Bargaining in Germany in 2015 - WSI Annual Report

The Hans Böckler Foundation’s Institute of Economic and Social Research (WSI) has just published its Annual Report on collective bargaining develop...

Labour market reforms in Spain: background summary

Important labour market reforms touching on employment protection legislation, collective bargaining and labour flexibility were passed in 2010, 20...

Croatia: Pension reform makes early retirement unattractive

The Croatian government has announced a reform of pensions, as already indicated in the National Reform Programme 2017. It has drafted new rules in...

What do we and what don't we know about minimum wages in Europe

On 12 December 2011 in Brussels, the ETUI is organising an expert conference which should deepen our knowledge about the wages paid at the ‘bottom’...

Strikes in Spain: background summary

The right to strike is a fundamental right in the Spanish Constitution. The legal regulation of the right dates back to 1977 –it is a piece of legi...

New Report: Crisis is affecting quality of jobs in Europe

The economic crisis has put into question the EU’s target to create “more and better jobs”. It is clear that since 2008, several member states have...

Collective Bargaining developments December 2015

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the last issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2015:

Collective Bargaining newsletter November 2019

Please find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and m...

Labour market reforms in Finland: background summary

After the round of negotiations which took place in 2013, new social laws and regulations came into force in January 2014, affecting unemployment b...

Final Conference CAWIE project

COLLECTIVELY-AGREED WAGES IN EUROPE: Challenges in the statistical and political field

EU: OECD publishes pension report 2017

The OECD 2017 report on pensions provides an updated overview of the state of art of pension reforms in the OECD countries. The report reveals that...

Labour law reforms in Portugal - background summary

The economic and financial crisis led Portugal to request financial assistance from the EU institutions, the European Central Bank and the Internat...

Richard Freeman: Europe needs a Social Partner Investment Plan

If the labour movement wants to find a way out of Europe’s failing austerity crisis, it should push for a ‘Marshall-style’ Social Partner Investmen...

Benchmarking 2016: only a faint flicker of light at the end of the tunnel

Despite several encouraging signs, the social and economic situation in the European Union remains unstable. With no sign of a change of course in...

New HesaMag issue: Construction workers at the mercy of social dumping

The latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI periodical on health and safety at work, came out in early June. It contains a special report entitled ‘Const...

New HesaMag issue: Construction workers at the mercy of social dumping

The latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI periodical on health and safety at work, came out in early June. It contains a special report entitled ‘Const...

Collective Bargaining October 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Employment has risen in the EU, but Benchmarking Working Europe looks beyond the headline statistics at the reality of workers’ lives today

Europe’s good run of economic growth and job creation masks deep structural problems and an increasingly divided labour market. These are among the...

Collective Bargaining developments July-August 2015

Highlights of the double July-August issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and m...

Strikes in Portugal - background summary

The Portuguese Constitution recognises the right to strike as a fundamental right of employees and forbids lock-outs. It is difficult to assess ful...

Strikes in Germany - background summary (update April 2019)

The right to strike is implicitly guaranteed by the German Constitution. However, strikes and lockouts are only lawful in the context of collective...

Strikes in Germany - background summary

Strikes and lockouts are only lawful in Germany in the context of collective bargaining and can only be called by trade unions. This means that the...

Benchmarking Working Europe 2018: trade unions call for tangible progress on social issues before the next European elections

On 19 March 2018, a debate – organised by the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) and hosted by the Brussels-based Permanent Representation of Au...

Collective Bargaining developments September 2015

Find here the following most important developments at European and member state level from the September issue of the Collective Bargaining newsle...

Collective Bargaining May 2014

Highlights of the May issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state lev...

Collective Bargaining April 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Collective Bargaining June 2014

Highlights of the June issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state le...

How the crisis is affecting the job market and collective bargaining

The ETUI held a conference entitled “Getting Europe back to Work: Alternatives to Austerity” on 6 November in Brussels when ETUI and academic resea...

Czechia: amendments to the Labour Code guarantee compensation during sick leave

The parliament approved a change of the mandatory sickness insurance system that is enshrined in the Labour Code. The amendment abolishes a three-d...

Cyprus: upcoming reintroduction of the Cost of Living Allowance

Following a Labour Ministry proposal, Trade union and employers’ organisations, in Cyprus, have signed an agreement that will lead to the reintrodu...

Economic trends & policies

Economic performance and developments are the primary determinants of the living standards of working people and their opportunities for gainful an...

Social partners and the collaborative approach are key to the green transition of the Ruhr region

During a Monthly Forum held on 1 February, ETUI senior researcher Béla Galgóczi presented the main findings of a recent paper on the economic and i...

Panel 4 - Employment forecasts and the digital, green and demographic transitions

Wednesday 27 June 2018 - 14:00-15:30 room: Germany - interpretation: EN/FR

Germany: new migration law seeks to attract skilled workers

In an effort to increase the level of immigration of qualified skilled workers from non-EU states, the German government has proposed a reform of l...

Collective Bargaining November 2014

Find below the highlights of the November issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Czechia: the pension calculation has changed, with further reforms announced

For a very long time, Czechia had no compulsory supplementary pension pillar. Its public pension first-pillar system was supported by a third pilla...

Pension reforms in Italy: background summary

An overview of pension reforms in Italy since the ‘90s. Pensions are social security benefits that workers receive once having completed their car...

Collective Bargaining developments November 2013

Highlights of the latest Collective Bargaining newsletter with developments at European and member state level for November 2013:

Pensions reforms in Hungary - background summary (updated March 2019)

The pension system is a mandatory, uniform, defined benefit pay-as-you-go system with an earnings related public pension combined with a minimum pe...

Benchmarking Working Europe 2013 strengthens the case against Europe’s austerity policy

Austerity is not working; it is leading to a diverging and fragmented Europe, rising anger with political elites and disenchantment with the Europe...

Collective Bargaining July - August 2014

Highlights of this double issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state...

Time to live

Setting up a constant increase in productive efficiency time as an ideal only to end up with increasingly less time to live is a topsy-turvy idea.

Collective Bargaining December 2017

Find below the highlights of the December issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Germany: A bill to tackle unequal pay

On 11 January 2017, the German Federal Government passed a bill to reduce the wage gap that persists in Germany and stands at 21%.

Collective Bargaining developments February 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the second issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2016:

Strikes in Hungary: background summary

There is a constitutional right to strike in Hungary. The detailed rules are set out in ‘Act 7 of 1989’ on the right to strike. The significant ame...

Latvia: labour market developments and the need to improve pensions

With Latvia’s working-age population declining rapidly and an old-age poverty rate that is the second-highest in the OECD, Latvia should reform and...

Nearly half the world’s elderly get no pension (ILO report)

Close to half (48 per cent) of people over pensionable age in the world do not receive a pension, according to an ILO report released in late Septe...

Why and how the US, China and the EU should abandon economic growth

In the ten years since the final report of the (Stiglitz) Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress, we have witnes...

The state of labour market reforms - background summary

Although relatively unscathed by the debt crisis that resulted in dramatic reforms to the labour market in several European countries, the labour m...

Women, work and cancer – why is the link not being recognized?

Cancer is the leading cause of work-related mortalities in the EU and is responsible for 100,000 unnecessary deaths a year. Yet most research and p...

Women, work and cancer – why is the link not being recognized?

Cancer is the leading cause of work-related mortalities in the EU and is responsible for 100,000 unnecessary deaths a year. Yet most research and p...

Strikes threaten across the German retail sector

The trade union Ver.di is mobilising workers in the retail sector in several states in Germany after the failure of negotiations for a new collecti...

Spain: cleaning ladies’ illnesses to be recognised by health insurers

In early September, representatives from the Spanish ministry for employment, the regional health authorities and the cleaning sector, have reached...

Bulgaria: more labour market policy reform and income convergence needed, according to the IMF

With a robust economic performance in Bulgaria in 2018, the possibility of deeper integration into the EU through the preparation process for joini...

Collective Bargaining October 2014

Find below the highlights of the October issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Collective Bargaining developments January 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the first issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2016:

Labour market reforms in Austria: background summary

After a long period of quite modest reforms to labour markets, the 2017 elections produced a political outcome that has led to a more conflictual c...

The German model with its pros and cons

In France in recent years the debate on Germany has turned into a focus of attention that has polarised the world of politics and the media. Last m...

Strikes in Hungary: background summary (update March 2019)

There is a constitutional right to strike in Hungary. The detailed rules are set out in ‘Act 7 of 1989’ on the right to strike. The significant ame...

Latvia: president refers a reform of the labour legislation back to parliament

A broad package of amendments to labour legislation aiming to tackle Latvia’s shadow economy and encourage workers to stay in the country have been...

Collective bargaining developments July/August 2017

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the summer issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

EU: Golden Age Index recommends raising employment rates for those aged 55+

Consultancy PwC has published data that OECD countries could experience a huge and long-run increase in GDP by increasing older worker employment r...

New issue of Transfer on "work and employment grey zones" out now

The August 2018 edition of Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research, has just been published with a focus on ‘work and employment grey...

Ireland: the welfare state, market income shocks and inequality

An in-depth assessment of the welfare system in Ireland has led to the conclusion that a progressive tax and unemployment support system can contri...

Strikes in the Netherlands - background summary

The compromise-seeking culture has heavily curbed recourse to strike action. One of the notable facts about the Netherlands is that the right to st...

Europe at a crossroads: “Quality of today is growth of tomorrow”

Good jobs and a fairer, more equal society were the recurrent themes of the second day of the ETUI-ETUC conference: Europe at a Crossroads.

Industrial relations in Cyprus: background summary

This summary deals only with the EU Member State of Cyprus, the Greek-Cypriot south of the island.

ETUI debate asks, “can we create jobs in a ‘Post Growth’ World?”

The vital issue of how environmental sustainability can be achieved alongside social justice was debated at a meeting of experts this month hosted...

Collective Bargaining December 2014

Find below the highlights of the December issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Portugal: an assessment of the reforms of the left shows that the country isn’t there yet

The left alliance in Portugal promised a radical change of the socioeconomic policy that was for a long time dominated by a neo-liberal economic ag...

Denmark: agreement ends crisis in industry

On 12 February 2017, an important agreement was presented by the employers’ organisation Dansk Industri (DI) and by the industrial union CO-industr...

Germany: A plan for fresh pension reforms

On 25 November 2016, the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs presented a plan for fresh reforms to pensions, in order to ensure their sus...

Slovakia: reform of labour market policy simplifies entrance of third country workers

Since May of 2018, Slovakia has simplified the conditions for employing people from outside the European Union. Trade unions have criticised provis...

Reduction of labour costs failed to boost employment

On 18 February a group of researchers presented their main findings on the employment policy consequences of the ‘internal devaluation policies’ co...

Collective Bargaining February 2018

Find below the highlights of the February issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

Basic services sectors: more jobs yes, but better?

Creating more and at the same time better jobs is one of the key objectives of the EU’s Europe 2020 strategy. The European research project WALQING...

Pension reforms in Finland: background summary

The Finnish pension system, with is organised in 2 tiers, with a basic state pension and an insurance earnings system, is quite stable and able to...

Benchmarking Working Europe 2014: Europe needs a fundamental change of course

Nearly five years into the Europe 2020 strategy, the EU’s focus on austerity and deregulation is failing to deliver. Growth remains fragile, unempl...

Labour market reforms in Italy

Between 2014 and 2015, the Italian Government issued several legislative measures to reform the labour law (the so-called “Jobs Act”). The reform w...

Strikes in Finland: background summary

There is a general right to strike in Finland, with an interdiction when a collective agreement is in place and the strike is about some dispositio...

Strikes in Italy: background summary

Article 40 of the Italian Republic Constitution of 1948 expressly recognises the right to strike as the most important instrument to protect worker...

Benchmarking working Europe 2017: Faltering recovery under threat again

Economic forecasts for Europe are looking a little more optimistic, but the measures put in place by the EU to tackle stagnant economic growth and...

New ETUI paper: The EU’s economic governance and the impact on social Europe

On the same day as the EU Commission published its long-awaited proposals for a stronger social dimension of the economic and monetary union (EMU),...

Social dumping: Belgian unions hit out at transport sector fraud

Belgium’s socialist transport workers’ union BTB-UBOT has handed the authorities the names of 85 companies hiring drivers at well below Belgian min...

Landmark court ruling in London gives basic employment rights to Uber drivers

On Friday 28th of October, a ruling from the London employment tribunal affirmed that Uber drivers are entitled to holiday pay, paid rest breaks an...

USA: Oxfam report highlights poultry worker conditions

Poultry workers in the USA suffer extremely high rates of injury, earn poverty level wages, and work in a climate of fear, Oxfam America has claime...

New report provides alternative analysis of EU’s struggling labour market

A new ETUI working paper refutes the view that the EU’s unemployment crisis can best be solved by labour market ‘flexibility’ policies reducing emp...

An uncertain road to reintegration

At the Melun detention centre, over a hundred prisoners work in the printshop and metal workshop. Here they learn useful trades for when they leave...

Developments of collective bargaining January 2015

The Collective Bargaining newsletter presents the most important developments at European and Member States levels on a monthly basis. Here are th...

Trade union-related researchers from across Europe come together for ninth conference

Members of the trade union-related research institutes (TURI) network met for their ninth annual conference to discuss current research agendas and...

Collective Bargaining developments May 2015

Highlights of the May issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state lev...

A French survey reveals evidence of the intensification of work

Analysis of the data collected by the French working conditions survey 2013 is contained in a recently issued report. On the one hand, the various...

A French survey reveals evidence of the intensification of work

Analysis of the data collected by the French working conditions survey 2013 is contained in a recently issued report. On the one hand, the various...

Pilot testing of capacity - building tools on nanomaterials

Nanomaterials are used in many EU workplaces despite our limited and even non-existent knowledge about the hazards they bring to human health or th...

Collective Bargaining developments May 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the May issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Occupational cancers

In 2014, almost 1.3 million people died from cancer in the EU-28, which equates to more than one quarter (26.4 %) of the total number of deaths. Ma...

New studies confirm the carcinogenic effects of night work

In recent weeks a number of studies have confirmed the conclusions of older research about the increased risks of cancer for workers who carry out...

5 Facts About Visibility From Earth-moving Machinery: Introduction

Progress in mechanization, technology and automation is benefitting workers and companies of the construction industry by increasing productivity a...

Pesticides in Europe: a daily silent Bhopal

The code of silence is starting to break. In the agricultural world, despite firmly rooted taboos, social action is increasingly being taken on beh...

Europe at a crossroads: time to choose another direction

Europe is at a crossroads, and if decision-makers fail to take the right policy direction, focusing on people, jobs and growth and avoiding the err...

World Cup Russia: 21 construction workers died on stadium building sites

In a report published in early June, the global union federation of the workers from the building and wood sectors revealed serious violations of w...

Germany: Act on Collective Agreement Unity is compatible with the constitution

Germany’s federal constitutional court has ruled that a controversial law about collective wage agreements is compatible with the constitution. The...

EU: income distribution, risk of poverty and stalled social mobility – why reform is needed

There is mounting evidence that intergenerational earnings mobility is usually lower in countries with high income inequality and a higher risk of...

Cyprus: debate about health care reform finalised

Health care workers, NGOs and doctors that had asked the government this spring to take more time for the implementation of a national health syste...

Strikes in Poland: background summary

Poland ranks at the bottom of industrial action statistics across Europe. This, however, should be considered in the context of the entire industri...

Industrial relations in Denmark: background summary

In a landmark agreement concluded in 1899, following a major industrial dispute that lasted five months, the social partners laid the foundations f...

Pension reforms in France: background summary

An overview of pension reforms in France since the 1990s.

Labour market reforms in Poland - background summary

The labour market policy in Poland under the second coalition government of the Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO) and the Polish Peasants’...

Working time reduction back on the table

The ETUI held a Monthly Forum on 22 February to mark the recent publication of a guide on ‘The why and how of working time reduction’. The topic ha...

Pension reforms in Poland - background summary

An overview of pension reforms in Poland since 1999

Luxemburg: reform of statutory minimum income finalised

The Luxemburg parliament has given the green light for the replacement of the current guaranteed minimum income scheme (Revenu Minimum Garanti - RM...

Labour market reforms in Denmark: background summary

With an unemployment rate of 4.3%, which is very low compared to the European average, the Danish labour market is functioning fairly well. However...

Strikes in Austria: background summary

No clear legal principles are laid down for assessing the lawfulness and repercussions of industrial disputes and, in particular, there is no supre...

Belgium: pension plans revealed

The government has initiated a process of pension reform that leads to several negative effects for workers. The trade unions are mobilising agains...

Hungary: pensioners’ cooperatives active on the labour market

Based on an Act that was adopted by the Parliament in June 2017, the government wants to initiate the setup of so-called pensioners’ cooperatives o...

Working less for the same pay: Czech unions demand it, employers are not against it.

Czech workers want to work less, but for the same wage. The Czech union CMKOS wants to put forward a demand for a collective working time reduction...

How to create solidarity despite inequalities

Held (from 18 to 21 November) in the international environment of the ILO’s International Training Centre in Turin, the course on “Income inequalit...

The invisible workers caring for the German elderly

German hospitals, clinics and retirement homes are desperately short of labour. They are therefore recruiting more and more foreign care staff, mai...

Van Rompuy report fails to tackle roots of the crisis

Banking union, budgetary union, and increased economic policy integration: such are the three major directions of progress proposed by European Cou...

Introduction of more flexible working arrangements impairs productivity, claim two French economists

Economists Philippe Askenazy and Christine Erhel believe that the measures introduced to increase flexibility in the labour market are not unconnec...

The struggle against ‘junk contracts’ in Poland

Labour market reforms implemented in Poland since the early 2000s have resulted in a steady expansion of non-standard employment. In recent years,...

German trade unions condemn the impact of digitalisation on working conditions

The German Trade Union Confederation (DGB) publishes an annual report on developments in ‘quality of work’. In the latest edition of this report, p...

Gig economy drivers and riders at heightened risk of traffic collisions

The pressures that come with being a self-employed courier or taxi driver may significantly increase the risk of being involved in a collision, a n...

Endocrine disruptors cost the US 310 billion euros a year

Researchers estimate the United States economy takes a €310 billion hit annually as endocrine-disrupting compounds lower IQs, increase behavior pro...

UK: site safety inspection slumps

Official safety inspections in the UK are increasingly rare in the building sector, slams a British trade unionist in an article published in the N...

OECD calls for the alignment of public-sector and private-sector pension schemes

In a report published on 5 December entitled ‘Pensions Outlook 2016’, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) recommends...

The crisis has widened inequalities in well-being across Europe

Happiness and optimism levels have fallen and perceived social exclusion has increased between 2007 and 2011, has found a survey carried out by the...

Unions sound the alarm on nanos in food

On 12 March, the IUF, an international federation of trade unions representing workers employed in the preparation and manufacture of food and beve...

Unions sound the alarm on nanos in food

On 12 March, the IUF, an international federation of trade unions representing workers employed in the preparation and manufacture of food and beve...

OECD report calls for ‘more effective social policies’

A new OECD report published this week says that despite an overall improving global economy, the pressure on public spending in many countries will...

Public consultation on a European nanomaterials registry

In mid-May, the European Commission set going a public consultation on possible measures to increase the transparency of nanomaterials on the Europ...

Poland: New draft law on hiring temporary staff

The Polish Government has submitted to parliament a draft reform law on the hiring of temporary workers. This initiative is a result of the huge in...

The logistics revolution in volume retailing

Volume retailing has revamped its goods supply and distribution system in line with the increase in trade in the wider economy. The change has been...

Living and working under electronic monitoring

Considered a soft alternative to prison, electronic monitoring is an increasingly popular option as it enables the harmful effects of prison to be...

Pension reforms in Denmark: background summary

The Danish pension system is based on a balance between public financing (state pension) and private financing (supplementary occupational pensions...

Strikes in Denmark: background summary

The right to strike stems from practice. It is defined by collective agreements and case-law. In case of disputes, the labour court decides on the...

Poland: the restoration of a lower statutory pension age

Poland’s statutory pension age has been restored. The retirement age has been brought back to 65 years of age, for men and 60 years, of age, for wo...

Democratising the economy: a solution for inequality and climate change

What is the common cause of escalating inequalities, the concentration of capital ownership and climate damage – the three major problems we are fa...

ILO report on employment recommends reversing current austerity policies

Global unemployment increased by 5 million between 2011 and 2012, peaking at 202 million people, according to an International Labour Organization...

Transfer: Could a basic income stabilise the digital economy?

In his recently published article in the August 2017 issue of the ETUI’s quarterly journal Transfer, Ville-Veikko Pulkka argues that in an increasi...

Austria: Incoming government extents the working day

The incoming Austrian coalition government of conservatives and populists has announced plans to increase the daily working time from 10 to 12 hour...

Breast cancer: the workplace aspects are too often forgotten by researchers

An important association of public health professionals has issued an online appeal for an increase in the research resources devoted to investigat...

Gender and ageing in the workplace: discrimination against older female workers

From the early years of the 21st century, increasing the employment rate of older workers, in particular women, became one of the European Union’s...

Germany: better recognition of occupational diseases

According to the German accident insurance, in 2016 the number of workers affected by a recognized occupational disease increased by 22% compared wi...

Burnout: faced with an epidemic, Belgium launches a pilot project

In Belgium, stress and burn-out are responsible for one-third of all days off work. Furthermore, the increase in mental illnesses (including burnou...

EU: assessment of the nature and potential role of structural reform programs in the EU

Recent assessments of the reform policies in Europe focus on the effects of employment protection regulation on economic growth and productivity. T...

EU labour markets in crisis: a feeble light at the end of the tunnel?

Speaking at the ETUI’s recent conference on European labour markets and the crisis, EU employment and social affairs commissioner Laszlo Andor made...

Greece: new reform programme leads to fresh protests

Austerity policies have had a massive impact on the Greek labour market. The first assistance programme which began in 2010, and the so-called Euro...

EU: ILO underpins the impact of industrial relations systems on cross-country convergence in the EU

In an in-depth assessment of the impact of sound industrial relations on cross-border convergence in the EU, the ILO concludes that, rather than be...

Strikes in France: background summary

The right to strike is guaranteed by the Constitution. It is an individual right that is to be exercised collectively. In other words, it is necess...

Collective bargaining newsletter

The monthly Collective Bargaining Newsletter is compiled by a research team from the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) in coop...

The Transnational Trade Union Rights Experts Network (TTUR)

Building bridges between academia and the trade union movement

France: the government gives itself two years to “revamp” the Labour Code

On 4 November the French Government outlined its reform of the Labour Code. While retaining key principles such as the 35-hour week, the plan is to...

German union campaign to tackle employers’ ‘every-man-for-himself’ strategy

Over the last twenty years, German unions at company level have come under harsh pressure from employers who demanded major concessions to preserve...

ILO urges better pay and conditions for 53 million domestic workers

The International Labour Organisation (ILO) has urged countries to adopt new standards to ensure decent working conditions and pay for the world's...

Transfer special issue on changing labour markets and international organisations

The latest issue of Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research, looks at how international organisations dealing with jobs and employment...

7th Annual TURI conference: 1&2 June 2015, Amsterdam

Kindly hosted by The Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) and De Burcht

The Netherlands: the year 2017 brought highest strike number since 1989

Data provided by the Dutch statistical office CBS reveal that 2017 was a year with increased industrial action. Over a longer period, the data show...

Europe 2020 strategy off target for employment and poverty goals

The European Commission presented last week a mid-term evaluation of its Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. The stoc...

Switzerland: deterioration in working conditions over the past 10 years

An overall increase in most sources of physical stress at work such as loud noise, vibrations, painful positions and repetitive movements was obser...

Belgium: government formulates criteria for hard and arduous jobs in the frame of the pension reform

Shortly before Easter, the government concluded a draft bill in the frame of the pension reforms that defines whether an occupation is arduous and...

Germany: pension reform that stabilises the benefits agreed in the cabinet

The governing coalition partners have agreed on social policy measures that aim to stabilise pensions and increase residents' purchasing power. Lab...

Croatia: the reform of the education and vocational training system starts with an experiment

A planned reform of the education and vocational training system in Croatia, assisted by the EU, has started with an experiment in September 2018....

EU: updated report on the labour market and socioeconomic consequences of ageing

In recent years, the EU's ageing population has become a key concern for policymakers in relation to questions of employment, working conditions, l...

From EU 2020 to SEE 2020 or why adaptation is necessary in a different societal context

The new issue (1/2014) of SEER Journal for Labour and Social Affairs in Eastern Europe focuses on integration and sovereignty in eastern Europe. Th...

Transnational company agreements - experiences and prospects

Transnational Company Agreements (TCAs) are increasingly considered an important and innovative tool of industrial relations at a transnational lev...

Education Day and Education Conference: Strengthening worker participation through education – train 2 participate

The role of training in strengthening worker participation took centre stage at the ETUI’s Education day and Education Conference (Sofia, 22-24 Oct...

Retirement age debate needs to look at employees’ working conditions

The European and national policy debates on increasing employment rates of older workers and raising the retirement age should take into considerat...

TUC joins growing calls for a shorter working week

The UK’s Trade Union Congress (TUC) has become the latest European trade union confederation to call for a reduced working week, which ETUI researc...

Stress, harassment and violence

Work-related stress, physical and psychological harassment and violence find a ready airing on television and in the newspapers. Not to mention in...

Chinese investment in the EU: heads they win ...

While recent years have seen investors fleeing a Europe mired in crisis, Chinese inward investment has increased dramatically. Should workers in no...

Study emphasizes the enormous cost of poorly regulated toxic chemicals

On 5 March, researchers from the New York University School of Medicine disclosed a study concluding that endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are...

Trade unions crucial for the implementation of EU Social Fund programmes for vocational training

Despite the considerable effort made in recent years to increase access to lifelong learning, high levels of inequality persist, said Josua Gräbene...

United States: OSHA gets a new life

Since President Obama came to power, the US federal health and safety at work agency, OSHA, has increasingly broken away from the line taken under...

Personal protective equipment: getting the right fit for women

In the workplace personal protective equipment can save lives. Yet in many occupations, in spite of the increasing numbers of women employed, this...

How the Inspectorate handles chemicals in the workplace

The Netherlands has a well-developed chemical industry. Under the patronage of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, the Inspectorate bear...

The complex reality of social dumping

The term “social dumping” is often used in European public policy discourse to point to “unfair competition” between countries with very different...

PSR: ‘operators’ are most affected, according to a French survey

After a survey of around 50,000 French wage earners, workers who perform operational functions are more exposed to psycho-social risk factors (PSR)...

Italy: government resets pension age and launches new benefit scheme for low income earners

A decree concerning two of the Italian government's flagship measures - the 'citizenship wage' benefit scheme for job seekers, and the 'quota 100'...

Crisis - austerity - alternatives

The unprecedented economic, social and budgetary crisis unleashed by the financial sector in 2008 has a deep and inevitably long-term impact on nat...

Europe: from social model to social dumping?

Social dumping has become one of the most pressing political and social concerns in the EU as it exerts downward pressure on wages and working cond...

‘European pillar of social rights’? Yes, if it’s based on labour law

On 8 March 2016 the European Commission launched a broad consultation on its project ‘European pillar of social rights’. Civil society has been inv...

Rocco and his brothers

The writer Angelo Ferracuti takes us across the Gioia Tauro plain in Italy in the company of “roving” trade unionists, seeking out itinerant worker...

Construction labour, mobility and non-standard employment

Construction industry workers were long regarded as enjoying not unfavourable working conditions. While their work was hard, the rewards included a...

Social dumping: political catchphrase or threat to employee standards?

What is social dumping? How to prevent a “race to the bottom” in relation to social conditions in Europe? Is it possible to reconcile economic and...

Challenges of the economic crisis for social policy

During the last decade efficiency and financial sustainability were the principles guiding many social security reforms in Europe. The predominance...

Collective Bargaining developments June 2015

Highlights of the June issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state le...

Labour inspection: a public service in crisis

Labour inspection services across Europe have been going through an existential crisis. With few exceptions, workforces have been reduced while ins...

Discounting the workers: conditions in the retail sector

This 6th issue of the HesaMag looks at working conditions in the retail sector, with a special focus on employees in the mainly grocery store. The...

Discounting the workers: conditions in the retail sector

This 6th issue of the HesaMag looks at working conditions in the retail sector, with a special focus on employees in the mainly grocery store. The...

Musculoskeletal disorders

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are inflammatory and/or degenerative ailments affecting all sectors and all categories of workers. The biggest Eur...

Spain: Trade Unions call for a sustainable pension scheme

Spanish trade unions took to the streets in October of 2017, calling for pension reforms to be reversed. They believe that the pension system needs...

Lithuania: structural improvement of household income and stronger social assistance needed

A survey by Lithuania’s central bank reveals the need for an urgent improvement in household income. Partly in line with this, the OECD published i...

Firefighters absorb harmful chemicals through skin

A team of researchers at the University of Ottawa examined chemical exposure experienced by Ottawa Fire Service firefighters during on-shift, emerg...

Benchmarking working Europe 2017: labour market shows growing divides between countries and groups of workers

Despite some improvements of labour market indicators at EU level, high unemployment remains a big problem and new jobs have an increasingly tempor...

28 April 2018 - World Day for Safety and Health at Work: ‘Union workplaces are safer workplaces’

This year on 28 April - the World Day for Safety and Health at Work – the union-selected global theme is ‘Union workplaces are safer workplaces’....

Belgium: the government proposes greater flexibility in working time

The Belgian government is currently refining a draft reform of statutory working time that will favour an increase in flexible working. The governm...

Belgium: the government proposes greater flexibility in working time

The Belgian government is currently refining a draft reform of statutory working time that will favour an increase in flexible working. The governm...

Belgium: worrying rise in burnout among thirtysomethings

According to Securex, which manages the human resources of over 80 000 Belgian companies, the number of thirtysomethings on sick leave for at least...

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and employment relation

This new book, ‘The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and employment relation’ deals with fundamental social rights at European l...

Belgium: the trade unions give an alarming report on health and safety at work

On 28 April, the World Day for Safety and Health at Work, the Belgian trade union confederation CSC gave an alarming report on the policy for preve...

France: social partners agree changes to the unemployment insurance system

On 28 March, at cross-industry level, the social partners agreed on the contents of the new unemployment insurance agreement, which sets the rules...

Rubbish conditions for waste management workers?

Few would argue against improving waste management and increasing recycling rates, but jobs in this sector are often precarious and poorly paid. At...

A publication that links the world of work and the experts

As part of its traditional monthly forum, on 9 June the ETUI organised a debate between three coordinators of the book ‘Les risques du travail’ and...

A publication that links the world of work and the experts

As part of its traditional monthly forum, on 9 June the ETUI organised a debate between three coordinators of the book ‘Les risques du travail’ and...

European campaign against letterbox companies

Earlier this week the European Federation of Building and Woodworkers (EFBWW) launched a European campaign on letterbox companies. The campaign is...

Slovenia: labour market reform discussed

In recent years, the Slovenian economy has done relatively well. The country ranks among the most successful countries related to debt reduction an...

Monthly Forum: The crisis as downgrading spiral of labour law and workers’ rights: trends and consequences for future (European) social regulation

26 January 2012, Brussels In recent years, in a rapidly increasing number of both "old" and "new" member states, workers and trade unions have bee...

IMF internal report on Greek bailout questions troika’s austerity policy

Last week, an internal staff report published by the International Monetary Fund openly admitted mistakes in handling the Greek debt crisis in 2010...

Chemical risks: French report wants improved employer monitoring

In early September the French Ministry of Labour published a report on the prevention of chemical risks at work.Written by Paul Frimat, a professor...

Standardisation

Standardisation is increasingly affecting the working conditions (product safety, nanotechnology, environment, service, energy, transport, etc.): E...

European trade union leaders call for European Social Compact

EU trade union leaders meeting in Brussels from 5-6 June launched a call for a debate on a European Social Compact. As it is becoming increasin...

A coalition of scientists, patients and trade unions demand more effective measures to prevent bladder cancer

On 20 April the European Cancer Patient Coalition (ECPC) presented a white paper to Brussels on the subject of bladder cancer. This document is the...

Italy: early retirement program applied above expectations

Italy has been confronted with a run on a new early retirement program. The so-called APE program (‘Anticipo finanziario a garanzia pensionistica’)...

Jobs and working conditions: two sides of the same coin

Europe is a patchwork of employment trends, with very wide gaps between countries and often regions of the same country. As a pointer, the increase...

Sibaté, a Colombian town poisoned by asbestos

Since 2014, there have been numerous articles in the Colombian press reporting illness or illness-related deaths among asbestos workers, members of...

The status of migrant female domestic workers in Europe: time for an overhaul

An increasing number of Europeans are calling on female domestic workers to help them in their ordinary daily tasks. Too few of these domestic work...

Renault drives change for the worse say employees

Malaise in the workplace is on the rise and coming under increasing media scrutiny. Reports often focus on "bullying petty dictators" and "victims"...

Burnout among journalists, a symptom of discontent in newsrooms

The rise of new technologies and new ways of producing and consuming information have significantly changed the profession of journalism. Access to...

DHL experiments with augmented reality

The logistics services provider DHL is a pioneer in innovative developments in the Netherlands. Employees at two distribution centres have voluntee...

Chinese survivors’ compensation claims following workplace deaths at sea

The families of Chinese seafarers who die at sea face various challenges from labour-supplying companies, shipowners and their liability insurers....

French managers and flexitime. How the annual working days system is used and abused

The "annual working days system" for calculating working time came about with the introduction of the 35-hour week in France. It has gone way beyon...

Company Law: Corporate Governance and Board-Level Employee Representation

Corporate governance concerns the role of different groups in decision-making at the highest levels of the company. It is an interdisciplinary fiel...

OECD Confirms Research into Collective Bargaining is a Complicated Business

Presenting key OECD results on Collective Bargaining at the ETUI’s recent monthly forum, titled: ‘Collective Bargaining in a changing world of work...

On 21 and 22 November the second meeting of the UNI Global Amazon Network took place in London

On 21 and 22 November the second meeting of the Amazon Global Alliance took place in London. It was organised by UNI Commerce in cooperation with t...

Greece: the erosion of industrial relations and the ongoing privatisation program

The bailout program that was signed between the Greek government and its European creditors has led to a decline in workers’ rights in Greece. The...

UK: modernising the employment practices – the governmental approach criticised

In the summer of 2017, a review, commissioned by the government, was published that meant to seek an answer to new challenges on the labour market....

Topics

The themes in the table hereunder are the main topics of ETUI's research and training activities.

Labour market, employment & social policy

The ETUI has several comparative projects in the field of labour market, employment and social policy. The projects look at quantitative and qualit...

Job quality index (JQI)

The ETUI started work on this issue in January 2008 as a response to insufficient indicators on job quality at the European level.

Working conditions in the Eastern Europe textile sector not better than in Asia

In early June, the Clean Clothes Campaign (CCC) demonstrated in a report that working and pay conditions in the textile industry from four countrie...

Letterbox-type practices lead to the exploitation of workers across the EU

As part of the ETUC-run project on letterbox companies, a report has been published earlier this month that documents tax avoidance and breaches of...

IG Metall supports Hungarian trade unions in order to raise working conditions at the Hungarian subsidiaries

The German trade union IG Metall opened a new transnational partnership office in Kecskemet, and assists Hungarian sister organizations with traini...

Trade union revitalisation

Trade union density is declining throughout much of Europe. An increasing proportion of the labour force has never been a trade union member and su...

Stewart Wood: ‘the Fiscal Compact was a historic mistake’

During an ETUI lunch debate on 3 September on the ‘New Politics of Inequality in Europe’, Lord Stewart Wood talked about the increase in austerity...

Collective Bargaining developments February 2014

Highlights of the February issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member stat...

Nanotechnologies

Nanotechnologies – techniques for manipulating matter at the atomic level – have been described as a more far-reaching technological revolution tha...

Just transition – condicio sine qua non for the European Green Deal

The subject of the extraordinary well attended edition of the ETUI Monthly forum on 21 January was the European Green Deal and just transition. As...

There should be no 'digital losers', say trade unions. Shaping the New World of Work: Day 2

“We are living through a digital revolution,” believes Gunther Oettinger, European Commissioner for the Digital Economy and Society. Digital servic...

The OPZZ Confederation supports the creation of a trade union for Ukrainian workers

For the first time a Polish trade union confederation, the OPZZ, has helped to establish a trade union for migrant workers in Poland. In May 2016 i...

The Grigor Gradev Scholarship: Call for Applications - 2018

One year ago our former colleague Grigor Gradev passed away. To keep the memory of Grigor and to continue his work, the ETUC and the ITUC have set...

“Back to the future”: Trade unions need a positive new narrative to win back workers’ votes

The rise of right-wing populist ideas and parties almost everywhere in Europe is a burning problem for the trade union movement, as a portion of it...

The ETUI takes EWC training forward

ETUI Education, then still called ETUCO, was one of the pioneers in the field of organising training for European Works Councils. As soon as the d...

ETUI ‘s contribution to the genesis and evolution of the basics standards for machinery safety

In order to improve horizontal machinery standards in the context of the CEN machinery safety programme, the ETUI has been monitoring the revision...

EduDays 2015: can trade union education rekindle workers’ commitment to the European project?

Against a background of decreasing trust among workers in the European integration project, more than 100 trainers, education experts and trade uni...

Collective Bargaining developments June 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the June issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Romania: an important exception to the law on pensions

A law signed by Romanian president Klaus Iohannis introduces an important exception to the Law of Public Pensions. For a limited period of six mont...

How to break the austerity consensus

Greece has shown how to defy the prevailing European consensus on austerity, offering hope of a better, fairer future, according to economist James...

European Works Councils Database (ewcdb)

The ETUI online database of European Works Councils is one of the Institute’s priorities ever since EWCs began to emerge. Created in 1995 as a rese...

European Company (SE)

Since October 2004, companies have had an additional option when choosing a suitable corporate form: a “European Company” (Societas Europaea, SE) i...

Machinery Legislation

Since its creation, ETUI has been following the implementation of the Machinery Directive (MD) through the Machinery Working Group (MWG), set up by...

New issue of Transfer on key challenges for the trade union movement

The November issue of Transfer, the Research Quarterly of the ETUI’s Research Department, contains four articles that all deal with challenges and...

A French report confirms the severe health effects of night work

Working night shifts leads to sleep and metabolic disorders, and even severe diseases, according to a study published on 22 June by the French Agen...

A French report confirms the severe health effects of night work

Working night shifts leads to sleep and metabolic disorders, and even severe diseases, according to a study published on 22 June by the French Agen...

11th annual TURI conference, 20 May 2019, Vienna

Organised by the ETUI in cooperation with the Austrian Federal Chamber of Labour

Collective bargaining still very relevant in a changing world of work

Does collective bargaining still matter and, if so, what role can it play, together with workers’ voice, in a rapidly changing world of work? These...

Economic governance

The debate about economic governance has been a key element within the broader debate about European integration.

9th Annual TURI conference

The 9th annual conference of the trade union related research institutes (TURI) network took place in London, from 17 to 19 May 2017.

Czechia: Migration should be based on equal pay

In an effort to limit the entrance of refugees and third country nationals, a Czech Bill aimed at tightening conditions for foreigners and curbing...

Estonia: the government has approved a bill to reform the pension system

Changes to Estonia’s national pension system have been in gestation since 2015 when a working group for the promotion of the sustainability of the...

Collective Bargaining developments January 2014

Highlights of the first Collective Bargaining newsletter of 2014 with developments at European and member state level in January:

Collective Bargaining April 2014

Highlights of the April issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member state l...

Not all Uber and CitySprint drivers are self-employed

On 6 January 2017, the Central London Employment Tribunal found that a courier with the firm CitySprint could not be classed as an independent cont...

New project on labour provisions in international trade agreements

The ETUI will participate in a new research project on the causes and consequences of the inclusion of labour provisions in preferential trade agre...

The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) calls for more participatory democracy in the EU

On 16 September 2015 the EESC adopted an opinion on how to improve the functioning of the EU by tapping-in the potential of the Lisbon Treaty.

News issue of HesaMag: Labour inspection, a public service in crisis

The articles published in the latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI half-yearly publication on occupational health, are now online. The issue contains...

News issue of HesaMag: Labour inspection, a public service in crisis

The articles published in the latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI half-yearly publication on occupational health, are now online. The issue contains...

Confirmation of reversal of the retirement age of 67

On 19 December 2016 the Polish President, Andrzej Duda, signed the law that returned the retirement age to 65 for men and 60 for women.

Belgium: 28 000 cases of burnout in 2017

According to the figures of the National Institute for Health and Disability Insurance (INAMI), the Belgian body responsible for compensating worke...

Austria: why the welfare state is competitive

A research report, commissioned by the Austrian Chamber of Labour and published by the economic research institute WIFO, examines the issue of soci...

Gender, health and work

Generally speaking, women's issues are absent from occupational health and safety policies: the hazards involved are either unknown or underestimat...

TUC warns of the re-emergence of ‘Burnout Britain’

The number of people working excessive hours has risen by 15% since 2010, according to a new analysis from the British trade union confederation TU...

TUC warns of the re-emergence of ‘Burnout Britain’

The number of people working excessive hours has risen by 15% since 2010, according to a new analysis from the British trade union confederation TU...

Worker Participation

Since the beginning of the European integration process there has been a commitment to provide employees in Europe with the right to be involved in...

Sweden: Opposition proposal undermines the country’s labour market model

The Swedish centre-right parliamentary opposition has developed a proposal to introduce a new form of employment, based on a 70% starter salary. Tr...

India: Tea report exposes failures by Rainforest Alliance

Child labour, exposure to highly toxic chemicals and diseases related to extreme poverty and dismal, insanitary housing have been discovered at tea...

Top trio of EU leaders to open ‘Europe at a Crossroads’ conference on future of jobs

The future of jobs and prosperity will be the focus of a major 3-day ETUC-ETUI conference starting today in Brussels. EU incoming Economic and Fina...

EU Commission report: Europe is diverging

The March edition of the EU’s Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review, published this week, has confirmed the growing economic and social...

Young trade union leaders: second week

The second week of the ETUI training course for young European trade union leaders took place in Brussels from 18th to 22nd February.

A new path for Europe: ETUC presents European recovery plan

An investment stimulus of 2% of European GDP year on year for the next decade, sustainable growth and quality jobs are the main elements of the new...

ETUI organises seminar on the role of trade unions in China

On 14th of October, the ETUI in collaboration with the Institute for European Studies of the University Saint-Louis Brussels organised a seminar on...

New issue of Transfer: internationalisation and trade union power

Most of the articles featured in the 2017 ‘open issue’ of Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research, analyse the challenges that workers...

Chemicals and REACH

The use of chemicals takes a heavy toll on European workers in all sectors - up to 30% of recognized occupational diseases and tens of thousands of...

Malta: voluntary occupational pension scheme in force – other improvements announced

A long awaited voluntary occupational pension scheme was launched in the autumn of 2017. So far, there is no evidence of the functioning of the sch...

Social Policy in the European Union: state of play 2015

On 23 September 2015, ETUI and OSE presented the 16th edition of the book Social Policy in the European Union: state of play 2015. The event, atten...

Germany : Germans want to strengthen statutory national pension

According to a survey organized by the metalworkers' union IG-Metall, Europe’s largest industrial union, almost two-thirds of the German population...

Slovakia: work in transition or the impact of robotization on the labour market

In a report analysing the impact of robotization on jobs, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development finds that workers in Slovakia are a...

Adoption of law to reform industrial relations in France

The landmark adoption of new industrial relations legislation by the French parliament on 23 July 2015 is likely to significantly alter the industr...

Collective Bargaining March 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Denmark: successful labour market integration policy attacked by populists

A labour market integration scheme, created after the social partners and the government came to a tripartite agreement, is seriously under threat....

United States: investigation lifts the lid on working conditions for prisoners employed in the poultry industry

Following the death of a prisoner in a workplace accident that occurred in October 2017 in an Alabama poultry plant, a US NGO has investigated the...

Collective Bargaining newsletter September 2019

Please find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and m...

The middle class is shrinking, warns the ILO

Over the past ten years the middle class has shrunk in most European countries, worries the International Labour Organisation (ILO) in a report pre...

Developments of collective bargaining February 2015

The Collective Bargaining newsletter presents the most important developments at European and Member States levels on a monthly basis. Here are th...

Collective Bargaining developments September 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the September issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Collective Bargaining January 2018

Find below the highlights of the first issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter for 2018 with the most important developments at European and...

Latvia: decline of working population asks for more investment in youngsters

Compared with the other Baltic states Latvia is aging rapidly. This is mainly due to the fact that young people are leaving the country. The remedy...

The link between working conditions and neuro-degenerative diseases

Swedish researchers have just published a study reviewing the available literature and presenting a meta-analysis relating to occupational exposure...

Greece: new evidence of austerity policy's impact on people's health

British researchers have released new evidence of the huge impact of austerity measures on the Greek health system. "Public spending for health in...

45% of EU citizens aged over 50 would like to reduce their working time

On 15 June, the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) released a Policy Brief on ageing workers and...

EU Commission’ s country-specific recommendations: a first evaluation

On 22 May 2017, the European Commission has presented its Spring Semester Package, through which it has delivered 77 recommendations to 27 member s...

France: the social partners begin negotiations on unemployment benefit

After an initial failure in June 2016, the social partners at national and interbranch level reopened, on 15 February 2017, the negotiations to rea...

Five years of austerity: assessment and ways out of the crisis

The ETUI Monthly Forum on 25 April looked at the performance of EU crisis management policies as analyzed in its recently published report Benchmar...

Panel 1 - Inclusive growth: a new, successful agenda for collective bargaining?

Wednesday 27 June 2018 - 14:00-15:30 room: Netherlands I

Crisis is eroding working conditions and health says Dublin Foundation

The EU’s Ireland-based agency, Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, released a report on 24 July 2013 confirming that t...

Transatlantic Social Dialogue: 13th annual meeting

The Transatlantic Social Dialogue (TSD) is a series of annual meetings that bring together academic researchers and trade union leaders from Europe...

Bulgaria: a new list of trade unions and employers regarded as representative

The government has published the new list of professional organisations regarded as representative. On the trade union side, these are:

UK: important ruling for self-employed workers' rights

A British plumber who wanted to reduce his working days has won a legal battle against the London's largest independent plumbing company. On 10 Feb...

Collective bargaining developments October 2017

These are the most important developments at European and member state level from the October 2017 issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Finland: Transforming its industrial relations system

Finland’s industrial relations system is being transformed due to recent political and socio-economic developments. The government's reforming of t...

Diverging Europe threatens citizens’ trust in European project

Widening economic and social gaps among EU member states, as well as among different groups and categories of citizens within society, are not only...

Developments of collective bargaining March 2015

The Collective Bargaining newsletter presents the most important developments at European and Member States levels on a monthly basis. Here are th...

10th annual TURI conference, 16-18 May 2018, Berlin

The 10th TURI conference will take place from 16-18 May 2018 in Berlin and it will be organised with the kind cooperation of the Hans-Böckler Found...

TURI Conference 13/14 May 2011 Athens

Just before the start of the ETUC Congress in Athens (16-19 May) this year's TURI conference took place in the Greek capital. It was hosted by the...

EU: The EC’s Ageing Report and the need to develop a rights-based approach to ageing

The European Commission’s 2018 Ageing Report looks at the long-run economic and fiscal implications of Europe's ageing population. It is published...

Italy: labour reform reversed by a so-called ‘dignity decree’

Italy’s new government has reversed an important part of the so-called Jobs Act introduced in 2015. The reversal was presented as ‘the Waterloo of...

EU: European Commission pension report assesses the adequacy of future pensions

The European Commission has published its two-volume triennial Pension Adequacy Report. The report analyses how pensions help prevent old-age pover...

UK: the intergenerational commission reveals that the UK is no longer delivering for youngsters

The Resolution Foundation, a thinktank, has convened an Intergenerational Commission that brings together leading experts from the worlds of work,...

France: Government announces plans to abolish Health, Safety and Working Conditions Committees

On 31 August 2017, the French Ministry of Labour published proposed amendments to the Labour Code. One of the changes – introduced by President Mac...

Amsterdam hosts conference on future of employment and labour relations in Europe

From 20 to 22 June 2013, hundreds of scholars, students and practitioners from across Europe and beyond will meet in Amsterdam to discuss past, pre...

47% of the German working population possibly not able to work until retirement age

Only 42% of the employees in Germany believe to be able to continue working under their current working conditions until retirement age. This is th...

Greece: Five years of recession reviewed in a trade union institute report

In a report released in September, the Labour Institute of the largest Greek Trade Union Confederation (INE/GSEE) takes stock of the socio-economic...

EWCs and organising workers

Faced with declining union density across Europe trade unions are stepping up their initiatives for membership recruitment and organising workers.

New ETUI policy brief advocates golden rule of public investment

A new ETUI policy brief proposes the implementation of a well-known in economic literature 'Golden Rule of Public Investment', to stimulate growth...

European Semester 2017 Spring Package: the Commission calls Members States to exploit the good economic times for further reforms

On 22 May 2017, the European Commission has unveiled its Spring Semester Package, through which it delivers specific recommendations to each countr...

Netherlands: around 500 people are diagnosed with mesothelioma every year

Every year in the Netherlands, approximately 500 people are diagnosed with mesothelioma, an incurable form of cancer related to exposure to asbesto...

France: Government announces plans to abolish Health, Safety and Working Conditions Committees

On 31 August 2017, the French Ministry of Labour published proposed amendments to the Labour Code. One of the changes – introduced by President Mac...

Unionen becomes Sweden’s largest trade union confederation

The latest figures for members of Sweden’s trade unions show that Unionen is at the top of the table, making it the country’s largest union.

Countdown to the EU Social Summit – 10 days on the road to Gothenburg

The European Pillar of Social Rights (ESPR) is expected to be proclaimed at the EU Social Summit taking place in Gothenburg on the 17th of November.

Finland: generational debate on the evolution of pensions

A citizens’ initiative proposes that the evolution of the pensions should be based on the evolution of the salaries, and no longer on the evolution...

Breast cancer and work: damning figures from the United States

A report published in August 2015 by the Breast Cancer Fund in the United States contains damning figures on the role of working conditions in brea...

A quarter of European workers believe that their health is at risk because of their work

In Europe almost one worker in four (23 per cent) believes that their work represents a risk to their health, according to the first results of the...

France: Entry into force of the Act reforming labour law

Following lengthy debates and extensive campaigning by certain trade unions, the Act ‘on labour, modernisation of social dialogue and safeguarding...

Report on the recognition of MSDs as occupational diseases in 10 European countries

A report published on 20 October by the French organisation Eurogip reviews the current situation regarding the recognition of musculoskeletal diso...

Flexible employment on the rise in most EU countries, unlike self-employment

In early November, the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (Centraal Planbureau), a research institute which carries out policy analysi...

Germany: retirement plans adapted to one’s career criticised

An Act that should facilitate a smooth transition from an active working life into retirement entered fully into effect, in Germany in July 2017. T...

Lithuania: first experiences with the revised labour code

Shortly before the summer of 2017, the Seimas (the country’s parliament) passed the much-disputed revision of the Labour Code, which came into forc...

Employers and unions call on Commission to include reprotoxicants in the Directive on carcinogens and mutagens at work

On 16 October the European chemical industry and trade unions agreed that European Union (EU) workers should be better protected from the risks rel...

EU: Pension reform, ageing and labour market participation

Eurofound have published a new comparative report ‘Working conditions of workers of different ages’ on ageing, retirement policy and labour market...

Health & Safety in 2025: heaven or hell?

The ETUI annual strategic meeting on health and safety at work, held on 12 and 13 September 2013 in Cavtat (Croatia), brought together some 40 trad...

Health & Safety in 2025: heaven or hell?

The ETUI annual strategic meeting on health and safety at work, held on 12 and 13 September 2013 in Cavtat (Croatia), brought together some 40 trad...

28 April 2018 - World Day for Safety and Health at Work: ‘Union workplaces are safer workplaces’

This year on 28 April - the World Day for Safety and Health at Work – the union-selected global theme is ‘Union workplaces are safer workplaces’.

Finland: winning centre-left wants to preserve welfare system and roll back unpopular labour market reforms

Negotiations for a new coalition government in Finland are focusing on labour market and socioeconomic items. The social democratic party that is i...

People who work nights and shifts at higher risk of workplace injury

Night workers, shift workers and new recruits are at a higher risk of workplace injury, compared to staff not working these hours, according to a s...

Fossil fuels still hugely subsidized while number of jobs in renewables keeps growing

A new IMF paper shows that energy subsidies are dramatically higher than previously estimated and are projected to remain high. According to this s...

Call for convergence between social and environmental policies

In order to be effective, measures to tackle climate change should be conducted in tandem with policies to reduce social inequality. Such is, in su...

Breast cancer and work: damning figures from the United States

A report published in August 2015 by the Breast Cancer Fund in the United States contains damning figures on the role of working conditions in brea...

A quarter of European workers believe that their health is at risk because of their work

In Europe almost one worker in four (23 per cent) believes that their work represents a risk to their health, according to the first results of the...

A quarter of European workers believe that their health is at risk because of their work

In Europe almost one worker in four (23 per cent) believes that their work represents a risk to their health, according to the first results of the...

Digitalisation of the economy: time to open the debate

In a ‘carte blanche’ column published on 18 January in the Belgian daily Le Soir, Christophe Degryse (ETUI) draws attention to the risks to employm...

ILO advocates sufficient rest for domestic workers

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than half of domestic workers worldwide still did not have any legal right to weekly...

Cashiers and printing workers exposed to worrying concentrations of BPA

High concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) were found in urine samples from cashier staff and manual workers in printing companies compared with the...

HesaMag #15: The precarious state of journalism

There appears to be no end in view to the crisis gripping the mainstream media, the profit statements of the various media groups are far from the...

Flexible employment on the rise in most EU countries, unlike self-employment

In early November, the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (Centraal Planbureau), a research institute which carries out policy analysi...

Collective Bargaining November 2017

Find below the highlights of the November issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member...

A combined approach needed at EU level to address the problem of contingent work

The growth of atypical work across the European Union is the research subject of many studies, but only a few analyse the issue of the decline of t...

Slovakia: labour code changes pass parliament - another social package announced

Following a vote in parliament on several amendments to the Labour Code a series of employee bonuses and allowances will be improved as of May 2018...

Trade union related research institutes meet on the verge of the ETUC Congress to discuss common research topics

This year the members of the network of research Institutes close to the trade union movement (TURI) were invited by the Austrian Chamber of Labour...

STORIES - My name is Joao and I’m a Ryanair cabin crew member. I’m also a trade unionist – and this is why:

"Transnational action is the only way to make an impact when dealing with a company like Ryanair. And if you are a union member, you’ll never work...

10 things you should know about digitalisation and its impact on labour markets

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is knocking on our door. It is going to radically change employment and the nature of work in the coming years. Ou...

Plenary E: Digitalisation and the new economy: disrupting production networks while tackling climate change?

Thursday 28 June 2018 - 13:30-15:00 room: France - interpretation: EN/FR

HesaMag # 09 – Waste and recycling: workers at risk

The Commission wants Europe to become a "recycling society" – one that reduces and uses waste as a resource – by 2020. The idea is that this "circu...

How can unions organise posted workers?

A new policy brief of the ETUI puts forward strategies trade unions can deploy to recruit members among posted workers in the construction industry...

Being on a zero-hours contract is bad for your health

Young adults who are employed on zero-hours contracts are less likely to be in good health, and are at higher risk of poor mental health than worke...

EU report on how enterprises are dealing with new and emerging risks

On 15 February 2018, the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) published a report on the management of occupational health and sa...

Beyond GDP? Measuring real economic progress for better lives

On 29 March 2012 ETUI and EPSU will hold a joint one-day workshop to reflect on how we define and measure social progress, that is, improvements in...

Social inequality worsening in European Union

A new comprehensive study launched on 5 March by the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) and the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) confir...

EU27 employees not sufficiently involved in decision-making at workplace

A new report published by EU agency Eurofound provides more evidence on the opportunities open to employees in workplaces across Europe to particip...

Endocrine disruptors: calls for a paradigm shift

Endocrine disruptors - chemicals that interfere with the hormone system – are the focus of growing concern in Europe. Istas, the research arm of th...

Scientists and trade unions in Latin America together for precaution on nanotechnologies at the workplace

The International Workshop on Nanotechnology & Society in Latin America gathered scientists, researchers and trade unionists from North, Central an...

ILO echoes ETUI’s warnings about the impact of technology on jobs and the environment

The International Labour Organisation (ILO) has joined the ETUI and ETUC in warning about the social effects of technological change and insisting...

United States: New findings show asbestos-related deaths estimated at more than double previously reported

The Asbestos Disease Awareness Organization (ADAO), an independent nonprofit dedicated to preventing asbestos exposure, announced on 16 April new f...

Austria: the future of work according to the current workforce

In a three-month period, around one million members participated in different types of ‘Dialog’ activities organised by the Austrian trade union co...

From Juncker to the new Commission, passing by the Social Pillar

The latest podcast by Social Europe looks back at the Juncker Commission and the difficulties and challenges it has faced. Editor-in Chief Henning...

The current European Standardisation scenario: understanding the necessity of a trade union surveillance

The current European Standardisation scenario cannot be understood without taking into account a number of past and current initiatives.

"The EU is running hard to stand still "

The European Union saw a deluge of institutional innovations in economic governance in 2011 but made no progress in exiting the crisis and risks a...

ETUI training course on work cancers

The European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) held a training course on work cancers in Naples from 3 to 6 February 2014. Eighteen trade unionists from...

Ten years EU enlargement: what impact on the forces of labour in Central and Eastern Europe?

The latest issue of Transfer, the Research Quarterly of the ETUI’s Research Department, aims at shedding some light on what ten years of enlargemen...

Summer reading: The Commission’s ‘Better regulation’ programme and its damaging consequences on workers’ rights

The European Commission believes that business growth, especially among SMEs, is being held back by overly complicated or outdated EU directives an...

Switzerland: around one million people suffer (from) accidents and illnesses due to their work

A recent Swiss survey of the working population shows that in 2013 over one million people suffered damage to their health due to their occupationa...

Switzerland: around one million people suffer (from) accidents and illnesses due to their work

A recent Swiss survey of the working population shows that in 2013 over one million people suffered damage to their health due to their occupationa...

The European Commission seeks to improve statistics in the social arena

On 24 August, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation on new ways to collect and use data from social surveys. The Commission e...

Digitalisation: between disruption and evolution

What are the implications of the ‘digital revolution’ on the quantity and quality of jobs? Does the digital economy undermine the traditional emplo...

Swedish study confirms diesel engine exhaust emissions in the workplace as a major cause of lung cancers

A Swedish study, published in June 2017 in European Journal of Epidemiology, compared the occurrence of lung cancer among workers who had been expo...

United States: court of appeals rejects an industry request to reduce the level of protection of workers against crystalline silica

On 22 December 2017 the District of Columbia Court of Appeals rejected the challenges to the US Standard on the exposure of workers to crystalline...

Asbestos

EU experts project that 500,000 people in Western Europe will die from asbestos-related causes in the first thirty years of the 21st century! Even...

Encouraging signs of change in EU occupational safety and health policy

On 10 January this year, the European Commission adopted a communication on the future of EU legislation and policy on occupational safety and heal...

Finland: strong protest against reform of active labour market policy

Trade unions are mobilising against a reform of the current labour market policy. With the argument that it is working towards an activation model...

Luxembourg: activating labour market reform and the Revenue for Social Inclusion Bill

Early 2018 the Government has come up with a final draft to change the so-called Social Inclusion Bill. The modified Bill has to replace the curren...

New study shows austerity has made the labour market less secure in many EU countries

On 24 April, the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) held in Brussels a book launch event aimed at presenting the main outcome of a research proj...

The Netherlands: draft bill aims to revise employment security act

The employment security act that was introduced in 2014 has been much criticised by some of the coalition partners of the incoming government. The...

Ireland: Roadmap for Pensions Reform leads to considerable changes in the State Contributory Pension

The Irish government has unveiled a ‘roadmap’ outlining a radical reform of pensions over the years 2018-2023. The roadmap proposes a comprehensive...

France: the future of the retirement system on-line surveyed and discussed

The French government has begun an online consultation about future reform of the pension system. In parallel, it has also begun a consultation pro...

Progress report on ‘flexicurity’ in the Netherlands: the system must provide greater security

Greater labour market flexibility has been a major focus of the Dutch Government’s policy measures over the past decade or so, and flexible (i.e. t...

Austria: reform of social security critically received by trade unions and other stakeholders

A planned reform of the institutional frame of the Austrian social security system will turn the structure of the system upside-down. The reform wi...

Transnationalisation of industry needs new union strategies

Trade unions will need to develop new multi-level and international strategies to respond to the challenges posed by the expansion of multinational...

ETUI-ETUC Crossroads conference to debate new social start for Europe

After years of harsh austerity policies, the European Union remains confronted with anaemic growth, high unemployment, rising poverty and growing d...

Greece: Greek Labour Institute economist comments on the new government

Christos Triantafillou, an economist at the Labour Institute of the General Confederation of Greek Workers (INE-GSEE), offered – at a lunchtime deb...

Luxembourg: tax reform touches cross-border workers

As of 1 January 2018, the Luxembourg government has planned a reform of the taxation of non-resident cross-border workers and non-resident pensione...

Hungary: working time reform leads to massive resistance

In December 2018, Hungary’s parliament concluded a reform of the country’s working time legislation, allowing employers to demand as many as 400 ho...

EU Commission’ s country-specific recommendations for 2018-2019 show clear influence of the European Pillar of Social Rights, say ETUI researchers

The ETUI’s analysis of the European Commission’s latest set of Country-specific Recommendations (CSRs) for 2018-2019, has been published. While thi...

TURI Network of Trade Union Research Institutes celebrates Tenth Anniversary

The tenth anniversary of the TURI (trade union-related research institutes) network was marked this month when the group of 32 member organizations...

Collective Bargaining September 2014

Highlights of the September issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the following most important developments at European and member sta...

We need to address the integration challenge to overcome the refugee crisis, says Commission adviser

‘Our welfare states, our education systems, our civic cultures, our values, our international politics, our domestic politics, our elections: all t...

EU intervention in national welfare state reforms

On 3 February 2015, the ETUI held a symposium to examine several instances of EU intervention in social protection reforms in member states severel...

Collective bargaining developments May 2017

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the May issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Collective Bargaining developments November 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the November issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Crossroads conference: “Precarity is not a vision for the future”

The last day of the ETUI-ETUC conference on 'Europe at a Crossroads' terminated in a lively debate between ETUC General Secretary Bernadette Ségol...

Austria: The Chambers of Labour - role and functioning

A rather unique phenomenon for the Austrian industrial relations is the existence of the Chamber of Labour (mainly operating under the abbreviation...

The battle to win back new generations to unions

Many outside observers have commented on the membership crisis afflicting trade unions in Europe, following decades of economic and financial crisi...

Debate on the new Benchmarking 2017 report focuses on the urgent need for social reform

On Monday 13 March, a debate organised by the ETUI in Brussels between representatives of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), the Europe...

Sweden: arrangement on new employment model for labour market entrants

Based on an earlier deal between the social partners, the government and representatives of employees and employers have agreed on a new system of...

Frank Vandenbroucke calls for EU social investment pact

The European Union must adopt a social investment pact argued former Belgian Minister of Social Affairs Frank Vandenbroucke at the ETUI’s Monthly F...

500 Movers and shakers meet to discuss how to manage the future world of work

Four global mega trends that are radically changing the world of work – decarbonisation, digitalisation, globalisation and demographic change - can...

ETUI report questions the European dogma

The 2015 edition of the annual ETUC/ETUI Benchmarking Working Europe report was presented on 20 March in Brussels. This year the ETUI chose to focu...

Slovenia: ‘mini labour market reform’ enters into force

The Slovene parliament adopted the so-called ‘Mini Labour Market Reform’. The reform leads to several amendments and changes of the Labour Regulati...

Annual TURI conference 2012 (7/8 June, Paris)

Presentations available for download

8th Annual TURI conference, 11-13 May, Sesimbra

This year's TURI conference organised by the ETUI in cooperation with the Centre for Social Studies of the University of Coimbra and the Instituto...

Sweden: is the labour market model based on consent resistant to political instability?

In a number of recent publications in Sweden, the future of a labour market model based on consent and dialogue has been questioned. A brief look b...

EU-US trade partnership no quick fix for the crisis

The ETUI Monthly Forum debate, held on 28 November, on a future Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership provided no clear answers to importa...

EU: latest developments in pension policies and the labour market participation of elderly workers

The end of 2018 saw the launch of an OECD report presenting data and analysis of developments in pension policies in OECD countries. It finds that...

Eurocrisis: calls for alternative policies and democratic debate get louder

Last week, the European Commission presented its Annual Growth Survey for 2013 and a “Blueprint” for a future “deep and genuine Economic Monetary U...

66% of employees pushed to work “very fast”

The results of the SUMER 2017 survey were presented in France on 9 September 2019. SUMER is the acronym for the French “surveillance médicale des s...

Is glyphosate about to be banned in Mexico?

On 25 November 2019, Mexico’s Secretariat for the Environment and Natural Resources (equivalent to the Environment Ministry) banned the import of 1...

ETUI Monthly Forum deciphers the REFIT law review programme

The ETUI Monthly Forum held on 28 February zeroed in on the European Commission’s programme to streamline EU legislation, known by the abbreviation...

Plea for a global plan to combat occupational cancer

Dr Jukka Takala, a world expert on work-related cancer, considers it necessary to establish a global programme for eliminating carcinogens in the w...

Belgium: trade unions distance themselves from a report highlighting the positive effect of government reforms on employment

The National Bank of Belgium (NBB) reports significant growth in employment in 2016 which it attributes to measures taken by the centre-right gover...

Plenary F: Globalisation and Europeanisation: European solutions for global problems?

Thursday 28 June 2018 - 13:30-15:00 room: Belgium - interpretation: EN/FR

ETUI to hold annual education conference in Madrid

On 20, 21 and 22 November, Madrid will be the venue for the ETUI’s annual education conference. This yearly event consists of a public debate day (...

Putting the "social" back on the European agenda

The latest issue of Transfer, the Research Quarterly of the ETUI’s Research Department takes a critical look at European social and employment poli...

Report: social investment in Europe two years after the adoption of the Social Investment Package

A report commissioned by the European Commission to the European Social Policy Network of independent experts published at the end of April shows t...

Waste and recycling: workers at risk?

The latest issue of ETUI's HesaMag focuses on working conditions in the waste and recycling industries in Europe. The launch of this special issue...

Asbestos a threat to the whole community: alert issued by EU institutions

On 24 June 2015 the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Committee of the Regions (CoR) called upon the European Commission and EU...

Occupational cancer: an expert reminds the EU of its responsibilities

In a new ETUI publication, an international occupational health expert invites the European Union to spearhead a global campaign to eliminate occup...

Trade union inspectors to check compliance with labour law in Geneva

On 13 November the Parliament of the canton of Geneva passed a law creating a Joint Labour Inspectorate (Inspection paritaire de l’emploi – IPE). T...

Trade union inspectors to check compliance with labour law in Geneva

On 13 November the Parliament of the canton of Geneva passed a law creating a Joint Labour Inspectorate (Inspection paritaire de l’emploi – IPE). T...

New report on how workplaces are managing stress

A quarter of workers in Europe report feeling stressed at work all or most of the time, while a similar proportion state that work affects their he...

Standards – instrument of global commerce in search of legitimacy

International technical standards, whether ISO or otherwise, are to be found everywhere in everyday life, often without our noticing it. They affe...

Occupational health services in need of emergency care

The special report in the latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI periodical on health and safety at work, looks at the main factors that are undermining...

Eight years after outbreak of crisis, no new narrative for Europe in sight

On 17 March, Roger Liddle, member of the House of Lords, was invited to speak at an ETUI Monthly Forum on the future of social Europe. The former a...

ETUI to hold annual education conference in Madrid

On 20, 21 and 22 November, Madrid will be the venue for the ETUI’s annual education conference. This yearly event consists of a public debate day (...

More than half of women say PPE prevents them doing their job

The unisex approach applied by most manufacturers of personal protective equipment (PPE) means it is unsuitable and uncomfortable for many female w...

Collective Bargaining developments October 2016

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the October issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Pensions reform in Belgium: Experts fear deepening inequality

The Belgian Government is paving the way for the next phase in its reform of the pension system. Minister for Pensions and French-speaking Liberal...

Collective bargaining developments June 2017

Here are the most important developments at European and member state level from the June issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter:

Bulgarian and Romanian trade unions go digital

In recent years, CEE trade unions have tried to broaden the range of services they offer and reach beyond their usual target groups. They have also...

New data review highlights the major role of working conditions in breast cancers

On 2 September 2017, a review of data on the environmental causes of breast cancers was published in the journal Environmental Health. An all-femal...

Australia: Financial pressure on trucking is leading to safety fails

Wealthy retailers and manufacturers are constantly reducing their transport contracts, forcing operators to cut back on truck maintenance, the Tran...

Two narratives, one future

In a recent Foresight Brief, ETUI General Director Philippe Pochet attempts to draw together the narratives of two major trends which will determin...

European trade unions demand a roadmap for the elimination of occupational cancers

The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) has submitted a response to the consultation launched by the European Commission to determine the fut...

Cleaning products as bad for lungs as smoking 20 cigarettes a day, scientists warn

Regular use of cleaning sprays has an impact on lung health comparable with smoking a pack of cigarettes every day, according to a new study.

Workers’ exposure to traditional physical risks remains high

An extensive survey on working conditions in France reveals that workers are subject to substantial ‘physical stresses’ in their workplace, and tha...

EU Corporate Governance plans stick to shareholder paradigm

Last week European Commissioner Michel Barnier published the long-awaited EU Action Plan on European Company Law and Corporate Governance. The sixt...

Austerity policies are undermining Europeans’ health

Suicides, outbreaks of HIV infections, malaria and other diseases are becoming more common. In an article published in The Lancet on 27 March, a gr...

Nanomaterials: traceability needed to ensure safety

Given the large variety of manufactured nanomaterials and products containing them already on the market and the lack of specific regulation, sever...

Asbestos lobby wins again

Organizations fighting to get the global trade in asbestos banned have suffered a big knockback. Despite hundreds of thousands of deaths and campai...

Youth unemployment: a new ‘New Deal’

When the global economic crisis hit in 2008, economists and world leaders fell over each other with ideas for a ‘Green New Deal’. But the public de...

‘Austerity Europe’ socially and politically bankrupt: time for real alternatives

“Germans, wake up. Stop these attempts to balance your budget, spend more”, said Belgian economist Paul De Grauwe (London School of Economics), com...

Mortality in France: report highlights huge disparities among professions

Manual workers have a higher rate of premature death (before the age of 65) than the general population in France, reveals a study published at the...

France: the reform of the French railways; what are the plans?

Plans to strip train drivers of their special working conditions, including retirement at 52, have led to an ongoing series of countrywide strikes....

The prison as a microcosm of society

The latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI’s biannual magazine on health and safety at work, focuses on working conditions behind bars. It is not an obv...

Cyprus: Fiscal Council sticks to further socioeconomic reforms

Cyprus’s Fiscal Council has warned that despite substantial growth over the past few years, the economy of the eastern Mediterranean island is stil...

Slovenia: the tax reform to make work pay more still on the agenda?

In recent years, a reform of the personal income tax has been a feature of political debates. The main direction chosen by the outgoing government...

When women lead on things that matter, change will happen

ETUI Education’s recent training course ‘Leadership and capacity-building for women trade unionists’ held in Oostende (BE) from 17 to 19 September...

Denmark: Supreme Court confirms earlier Uber fines, following the taxi reform

The Danish Supreme Court has confirmed earlier judgements by fining four former Uber drivers for using private vehicles to transport passengers in...

May 2018 edition of Transfer

The May 2018 edition of Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research has just been published with a focus on ‘Trade Union and the polity: a...

Germany: bill introduces right to work part-time during a fixed period

Germany seeks to regulate the right to temporary part-time work from January 2019. The idea is that workers will have the right to work part-time f...

Spain: extension of longer paternity leave entered into force on 1 April 2019

As of 1 April 2019, paternity leave in Spain has been extended from five to eight weeks. This was settled in a Royal Decree-Law to guarantee equal...

Collective Bargaining June 2018

Find below the highlights of the latest issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member s...

Annual strategic meeting on Health and Safety in Budapest

The Health and Safety and Working Conditions Unit of the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) organized the Annual Strategic meeting for the Adv...

In favour of new rules for protecting against endocrine disruptors

In a contribution to a public consultation organised by the European Commission, the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) stated that current...

ETUI helps trade unions in Malta to play an active role in Standardisation

The annual ETUI meeting on Standardisation took place in Malta on June 4-5 2012 at the Golden Tulip Vivaldi Hotel.

EU Labour Migration in Troubled Times

The debate on the free movement of labour within the EU has gained new momentum in the wake of the economic crisis. A new ETUI publication written...

Former Commissioner Andor calls for European unemployment benefit

The introduction in the eurozone of an unemployment benefit system would strengthen social cohesion in Europe and rebuild citizens’ trust in the in...

Plea for a new, more social Europe

Germany’s Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, a foundation with trade union links, held a conference for a social Europe on 2 and 3 April ahead of the coming Eu...

Four countries block the addition of white asbestos to UN's dangerous substance list

For the fifth time, a handful of countries – Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Zimbabwe – succeeded in blocking the inclusion of chrysotile, also...

Asbestos a threat to the whole community: alert issued by EU institutions

On 24 June 2015 the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Committee of the Regions (CoR) called upon the European Commission and EU...

Asbestos a threat to the whole community: alert issued by EU institutions

On 24 June 2015 the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Committee of the Regions (CoR) called upon the European Commission and EU...

Youth unemployment: report criticises lack of coordination in European policies

For the last twenty years the European Union (EU) has used just one recipe in its efforts to reduce the phenomenon of youth unemployment. Its aim i...

Occupational cancer: an expert reminds the EU of its responsibilities

In a new ETUI publication, an international occupational health expert invites the European Union to spearhead a global campaign to eliminate occup...

Standards – instrument of global commerce in search of legitimacy

International technical standards, whether ISO or otherwise, are to be found everywhere in everyday life, often without our noticing it. They affe...

Occupational health services in need of emergency care

The special report in the latest issue of HesaMag, the ETUI periodical on health and safety at work, looks at the main factors that are undermining...

Commission will ensure transparency on nanomaterials via a website

The European Commission has told Member State officials that its preferred option for improving transparency on nanomaterials is a public website l...

Strikes: a weapon deployed less and less by the unions

The latest edition of Transfer, the ETUI’s research quarterly that looks in particular at industrial relations, focuses on the strikes and trade un...

Doubling of the resources allocated to the ‘Juncker plan’: no panacea

In his ‘state of the Union’ speech to the European Parliament on 14 September Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker announced that the European...

Germany: company pension reform voted in parliament

German labour minister Andrea Nahles (SPD) defended before parliament (the ‘Bundestag’) the second and third reading of a pension reform that was p...

Luxembourg: New legislation to make working time more flexible

The Law of 23 December 2016 on the organisation of working time entered into force on 1 January 2017. Its key measure enables employers to extend t...

European states are not doing enough to reduce inequality

The Bertelsmann Stiftung has given most EU Member States poor marks in combating inequality. The reforms needed to improve access to high-quality e...

Denmark: pension reform

The latest old-age pension reform aims to create stronger incentives for postponing retirement and to improve the pension savings for persons in th...

Nail salons closed down in Brussels

Following controls of 19 nail salons in a shopping arcade in the centre of Brussels by various inspectorates on 15 November 2018, ten of them were...

New issue of Transfer on vocational education

The financial crisis has left Europe with severe labour market mismatches which in some countries lead to high unemployment, especially among young...

The struggle for health at work: the Italian workers’ model of the 1970s as a source of inspiration

In the context of workers’ struggles in Italy at the end of the 1960s, a totally new approach to workplace health and safety issues arose. Emphasis...

Lithuania: employment obstacles and how to improve the labour market participation

With a weak social protection system and high social inequalities, Lithuania has been recommended, by both the European Commissions and the OECD, t...

Europe’s green energy transition: jobs miracle or jobs destroyer?

What will the green energy transition, and more broadly the socio-ecological transition, mean for jobs in the future? Such was the leading question...

"Rights at Ryanair": European employee solidarity in practice

On the last day of October, the ETUI held a lunch debate on recent developments at Ryanair. The Irish low-cost airline is infamous for its poor wor...

Poland: voluntary pension scheme announced by the government

A long debated bill that leads to a reform of the three-pillar pension system has been drafted. The government formulated proposals for employer-sp...

European Working Conditions Survey 2015: a few interesting trends in health at work

On 17 November, the overview report of the latest edition of the European Working Conditions Survey was launched at an event held at the European P...

The two options facing Belgian unions: cut costs or invest

Looking at the figures, Belgian trade unions are still faring well or even very well compared to the rest of Europe. With its net unionisation rate...

Presentation

In 2016, the European Trade Union Institute set up the 'Foresight Unit' to study the long-term challenges facing the European trade union movement...

The crisis reduces Europeans' access to health services

The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound), an organization answerable to the European Commission, re...

ETUI takes part in cooperation programme between academic research and trade unions in Argentina

In Argentina the national council for scientific and technical research (CONICET) is seeking to promote cooperation between academic research and s...

ETUI takes part in cooperation programme between academic research and trade unions in Argentina

In Argentina the national council for scientific and technical research (CONICET) is seeking to promote cooperation between academic research and s...

Towards a desirable and feasible European unemployment benefit scheme

During the last ETUI Monthly Forum, Ilaria Maselli, Research Fellow at CEPS, and Frank Vandenbroucke, of the Catholic University of Leuven, discuss...

Social innovation and equality: keys to social-ecological transition

Europe must adopt new methods of governance that push equity and collaborative modes of consumption if the social-ecological transition is to be su...

Joint roundtable on the future of work

Digital change already today has an impact on the design of our working environment, from flexible working conditions to the automation of routine...

Lithuania: labour law reform finally adopted

On 6 June the Seimas (the Lithuanian parliament) passed the amendments to the Labour Code, which comes into force on 1 July 2017.

Working conditions in Europe: mounting inequalities

The gap between workers high up on the career ladder and those on the bottom rung is widening. This is one of the main conclusions that can be draw...

France: Government unveils its plans to overhaul the Labour Code

On 31 August, the French Government published the fruits of its work over the summer months – five decrees laying out far-reaching reforms to the L...

Workers in arduous and hazardous jobs see pension rights threatened

The latest ETUI-OSE lunch debate focused on retirement regimes for workers in arduous and hazardous jobs (WAHJ). The discussion drew on a recent Eu...

Malta: second pillar pension again on the political agenda

The Maltese government has announced the introduction of initiatives to encourage employers and workers to invest in voluntary private pensions. Th...

Workers protection and electromagnetic fields: Council adopts compromise

On 4 October, EU ministers for employment and social policy reached an informal agreement (in EU-speak called a “general approach”) on the review o...

Flaws in academic paper: will it change EU’s austerity mania?

An influential paper written by American economists Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff made the headlines last week as several mathematical flaws i...

EU: ranking of gender rights in labour legislation with six EU-countries in the lead

A new World Bank report has been published which examines gender discrimination and related labour market reforms across 187 countries worldwide ov...

United States: Bayer-Monsanto sentenced to pay more than $80 million in damages to a glyphosate victim

On 27 March, a federal US court in San Francisco (California) sentenced Bayer-Monsanto to pay more than $80 million in damages to Edwin Hardeman. T...

Portugal: draft to change the labour law in first reading through the national parliament

A draft law that aims to change the labour code passed the Portuguese national assembly. Because of the reform the maximum length of fixed-term wor...

Pesticides: European Commission accused of keeping hazardous products on the European market

Senior European Commission officials have been working to water down the criteria used for defining endocrine disruptors and to promote the continu...

Croatia: trade unions call for a referendum in a ‘67 is too much’ campaign

Trade unions in Croatia have started a referendum campaign to restore the statutory retirement age to 65 years. According to the unions the country...

Revolt of the Laborers of Love: Organising Teachers, Journalists and Museum Workers in the U.S.

With the steady disappearance of industrial jobs, more jobs in the service economy and the so-called “knowledge economy” have been created in the U...

Has Europe given up on gender equality?

Gender equality has been central to the European integration project from the outset. But is concern for this goal becoming purely symbolic and dev...

Gender gap in the EU: some progress, but challenges remain

On 14 April the European Commission released a report on progress made last year in terms of equality between women and men. Since the outbreak of...

Does Germany profit from the Greek crisis?

Even should Greece default on its debt, Germany would still end up benefitting from the financial crisis, according to a study by the Leibniz-Insti...

Social developments report 2013: blueprint for a new European social agenda

Given the need to jumpstart growth and tackle Europe’s unemployment and investment crisis, this year’s edition of Social developments in the Europe...

Unions fend off draft occupational health standard

A draft international standard on health and safety at work failed to secure the necessary two-thirds majority vote in the International Organizati...

Recognition of skills gained outside formal education

One of the European Union’s main aims in the area of employment is to have at its disposal a qualified workforce capable of adapting to the demands...

European case law on fixed-term contracts protects workers against discrimination but does not discourage this form of employment practice

European case law helps protect fixed-term workers against discrimination but contributes little to restricting employer recourse to this form of n...

Estonia: further vocational education reform to tackle skill shortages

During its presidency of the EU-Council in the second half of 2017, Estonia gave a high priority to the promotion of issues of vocational education...

Death rates differ over three-fold between occupational groups

People who work in factories, construction and in housekeeping jobs are the occupational groups that have the highest mortality rates, according to...

Military Trade Unionism in Europe

EUROMIL, the European Organisation of Military Associations, together with the ETUI, organised a lunch debate on “Military Trade Unionism in Europe...

The European Pillar of Social Rights: where are we now and where are we going?

Almost one and a half years after the proclamation of the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR), a group of researchers, policymakers and civil s...

Unions join the fight to ban glyphosate in the European Union

Trade unions are mobilising to urge the European Union to take precautionary action on the use of glyphosate, the world’s most widely used herbicid...

Research agenda exchange on digitalisation – main focus of eighth TURI conference

This year’s gathering of trade union-related researchers took place in Lisbon and Sesimbra on 11 to 13 May. The eighth annual conference of the TUR...

REACH: an unsatisfactory authorisation system

If they are to use substances ‘of very high concern’, for instance because they cause cancer, manufacturers must first obtain authorisations, in ac...

REACH: an unsatisfactory authorisation system

If they are to use substances ‘of very high concern’, for instance because they cause cancer, manufacturers must first obtain authorisations, in ac...

James Galbraith: what Europe needs is solidarity, not austerity

Europe’s ideologically driven austerity policies are leading to economic and social divergence between member states that could produce chaos, not...

Spotlight on work-related skin cancers. Dermatologists tell the EU it’s ‘time to act’.

When it comes to occupational cancers, UV radiation is rarely highlighted as a major risk compared to other carcinogens such as solvents or toxic d...

Poland: tacking stock of recent reforms made without consultation with the social partners

An EU assessment of Poland’s recent reforms has criticised the government for the lack of consultation with social partners. The study is critical...

United States: Trump jeopardises the regulation of chemical risks

Since the arrival of Donald Trump in the White House, the US Environmental Protection Agency has shifted its policy focus towards reducing the “reg...

Racism in the workplace still a problem, experts say

Workers in Europe are still regularly exposed to racism and xenophobia at the workplace, according to experts attending a recent trade union semina...

Cleaning industry in France: mainly the domain of women and migrants without any other options

A French study compiled by DARES, the Ministry of Labour’s research organisation, looks into employment and working conditions in the cleaning sect...

Social dialogue in football: 'a work in progress', says ETUI report

A new analysis of social dialogue in football suggests that recent moves by the Commission to foster a ‘European Model of Sport’ still have a long...

Overcoming the social costs of climate change, or ‘How to win the war against ourselves’

The 2019 edition of the European Commission’s flagship analytical report on employment and social affairs, the Employment and Social Developments i...

Asbestos: the long and winding road to a global ban

An important international meeting on toxic products opened in Geneva on 4 May with, as one of the main items on its agenda, the inclusion of chrys...

Asbestos: the long and winding road to a global ban

An important international meeting on toxic products opened in Geneva on 4 May with, as one of the main items on its agenda, the inclusion of chrys...

Second ETUI seminar on occupational diseases

On 25 January, some thirty researchers, trade unionists and representatives of associations attended a seminar organised jointly by the ETUI, the B...

Second ETUI seminar on occupational diseases

On 25 January, some thirty researchers, trade unionists and representatives of associations attended a seminar organised jointly by the ETUI, the B...

Unions join the fight to ban glyphosate in the European Union

Trade unions are mobilising to urge the European Union to take precautionary action on the use of glyphosate, the world’s most widely used herbicid...

From refugees to workers: still a long way to go

The year 2015 saw an influx of almost 1.3 million asylum seekers into Europe, representing a historic challenge for the reception and asylum system...

Economic uncertainty, not the economic crisis, at the root of far-right upsurge in Europe

The recent electoral success of far-right parties with explicitly anti-EU agendas has sparked a lively debate at both the national and EU levels on...

Gamification and Foresight: EDU days conference hears about ways of changing the present and preparing for the future

The need to prepare for a world of change and uncertainty was a key theme of the ETUI’s ‘EDU days 2018’ conference for trade union trainers held in...

Just transition – not just another transition

Almost 10 years ago, the successor to the international Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress, known for its re...

Climate change action and competitiveness are compatible, says IEA’s leading economist

EU policymakers have formulated a strategy to decarbonise the economy to tackle climate change and the end of cheap oil, but these efforts have bee...

Occupational health in Europe: the Dublin survey shows a slight improvement, but the gap between workers persists

On 12 April last, the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions presented to the European Parliament in Brussels the...

President Juncker’s European Investment Plan: has Christmas really come early?

While the new €315 billion investment plan proposed by the Juncker Commission has been welcomed by the European Parliament, several think-tanks and...

Social policy in the EU in 2017: high expectations but low concrete delivery

The 2017 edition of the book Social policy in the European Union: state of play shows that although some progress has been made, the EU’s socio-eco...

The European Pillar of Social Rights: Bridging the gaps or falling short?

The events surrounding the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) are approaching a conclusion, with an agreement in the Council to be expected in...

French elections: the Socialist candidates and their pre-election social policy promises

The candidate who will run for the Socialist Party in the French presidential elections to be held in spring 2017 will be officially nominated in a...

REACH after 10 years: state of play after registration deadline

The European Regulation on chemicals (REACH) is based on the ‘no data, no market’ principle. Manufacturers and importers of chemical substances had...

From tomorrow's vision to today's trade union actions - Day 1 Conference Shaping the new world of work

Trade unions must be closely involved in the evolution of a new, climate-friendly global economy based on Internet connectivity and new technologie...

The European Pillar of Social Rights in historical perspective

In the run to the special ‘Social Summit’ due to be held in Gothenburg tomorrow, where details of the European Pillar of Social Rights are expected...