Industrial relations in Italy

  • National trade union confederations 
    • CGIL Italian General Confederation of Labour
      (Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro)
    • CISL Italian Confederation of Workers' Trade Unions
      (Confederazione Italiana Sindacati Lavoratori)
    • UIL Italian Union of Labour
      (Unione Italiana del Lavoro)

The state of pension reforms in Italy

  • Background summary
    • Pensions are social security benefits that workers receive once having completed their career. According to the Italian pension system every worker, employee or self-employed in the public or private sector and registered with a social security institution must pay contributions on a regular basis. The contributions paid during his/her working life determine a monthly revenue according to the paid contributions, which financially supports the worker after retirement. Read more.

Strikes: latest developments and data

  • Background summary
    • Article 40 of the Italian Republic Constitution of 1948 expressly recognises the right to strike as the most important instrument to protect workers’ rights against employers’ power. Over the time, it has contributed to important reforms of labour law. The strike is one of the main forms of trade union action aimed at obtaining better working conditions. It is an individual subjective right but collectively exercised, usually called by trade unions. Read more.
  • ETUI: Strikes in Europe: Italy

Latest EU Commission documents for Italy

Translations into Italian are available

The state of labour market reforms in Italy

  • Background summary
    • Between 2014 and 2015, the Italian Government issued several legislative measures to reform the labour law (the so-called “Jobs Act”). The reform was criticised by opposition parties and by some Italian trade unions because of its impact on the labour market. However, the international economic institutions welcomed the reform.  Read more.