European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.



Jean-Paul Tricart 09/2019

This Working Paper analyses the development of the interpretation that the European Commission has given to the TFEU provision concerning mechanisms for extensions of collective agreements. The paper examines how the Commission has reinterpreted these provision and the challenges this poses for the social partners.


Stefan Clauwaert 09/2019


This is the ninth cycle under the European Semester system since its launch in 2011, but it is also the second set of CSRs launched since the proclamation of the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) in November 2017.


Torsten Müller 08/2019

This working paper provides data confirming that workers in lower-skilled health and social care assistant positions earn considerably less than the national average wage in their country.


Agnieszka Piasna 08/2019

The policy brief examines the low unionisation rate among Deliveroo riders that seems to be partly due to a lack of organising initiatives and strategies on the part of trade unions.


Edited by Torsten Müller, Kurt Vandaele and Jeremy Waddington 07/2019

This collection of four volumes charts the development of collective bargaining since the year 2000 in the 28 EU Member States. These four volumes document how the institutions of collective bargaining have been removed, fundamentally altered or markedly narrowed in scope in all 28 EU Member States.


Agnieszka Piasna 07/2019

This policy brief considers what is the scope for addressing the challenges linked to irregular work schedules in EU social and employment policy.


Edited by Isabelle Daugareilh, Christophe Degryse and Philippe Pochet 06/2019

This Working Paper brings together two parallel but complementary approaches to the impact of the platform economy on working conditions and social law.


Brian Fabo and Martin Guzi 06/2019

This policy brief details the necessary amounts for dignified living according to official EU figures and the perceptions of Europeans, as well as the actual disposable income of families in the lower part of the income distribution across EU member states. The research shows that households not being able to fulfil their needs is not just a question of their relative income but in some countries reflects the general low level of wa...


Gabriela Portela 05/2019

leaflet ETUI learning approach

ETUI Education offers a distinctive European Trade union training programme in a multicultural setting. We provide high quality training on key competences, skills and knowledge to European Trade union members and officers, that is focused on strengthening and expanding the sense of belonging to a common community. In this guide you will have an insight into our learning approach, our mission and impact of our training programmes and learning pathways.


Aïda Ponce Del Castillo 05/2019

cover guide

Why do foresight? To look at reality from different perspectives. Like any organisation, trade unions have to navigate a complex and interconnected environment where they face constant and evolving social, economic, environmental and technological realities. Foresight can help trade unions by shedding light on ‘blind spots’, enable them to make better decisions and shape different possible futures.


Overcoming the social costs of climate change, or ‘How to win the war against ourselves’

16 September 2019

The 2019 edition of the European Commission’s flagship analytical report on employment and social affairs, the Employment and Social Developments in Europe (ESDE) review, was presented at an ETUI conference on 10 September 2019. This event was the first occasion at which the authors presented the report, which was published in July.


High levels of endocrine disruptors found among children

10 September 2019

Hundreds of substances capable of disrupting hormone production exist. Used to a massive extent by industry in many different products, these substances are linked to serious health problems such as cancers, reproductive health disorders, developmental disorders such as obesity, lower intelligence quotients, etc. The main substances used include bisphenols, phthalates, parabens, glycol ethers, brominated flame retardants and perfluorinated compounds (PFCs). For the first time, the French public health agency Santé publique France has measured the presence of these substances of very high concern (SVHCs) in the bodies of children and adults in a large sample (1,104 children and 2,503 adults) representative of the French population. The work was carried out in the context of the ESTEBAN (enquête de santé sur l’environnement, la biosurveillance, l’activité physique et la nutrition) public health survey.


The limits of foreign-led growth in Central and Eastern Europe

6 September 2019

A working paper on the limits of growth in Central Eastern Europe was published in August 2019 by the National Bank of Slovakia (NBS). The paper, based on foreign direct investment, highlights a model that is dominant in Central and Eastern European countries. Using a large dataset of online job vacancies combined with firm registry data, the report focuses on multinational companies in Slovakia and shows that they are less likely to recruit digitally skilled workers compares to domestic firms.


Seminar on Strategic Litigation on Occupational Health and Safety (OSH)

5 September 2019

The Health and Safety and Working Conditions Unit of the European Trade Union Institute organizes a Seminar on Strategic Litigation on Occupational Health and Safety at 15-16 January 2020 in Brussels. The seminar is the starting point of a multi-annual project on strategic OSH litigation in the EU, and
will revolve around two main topics / aims:


The two options facing Belgian unions: cut costs or invest

28 August 2019

Looking at the figures, Belgian trade unions are still faring well or even very well compared to the rest of Europe. With its net unionisation rate of 53% (2016), Belgium ranks well above the European average (28%), with just Finland %), Sweden (66%), Denmark (67%) and Iceland (90%) doing better – and it is not by chance that these are countries where the unions are also involved in paying unemployment benefits. But unionisation levels are falling in the majority of European countries, to be precise, in 28 of 32 of them, with falls more pronounced in Central and Eastern Europe.


New online database for identifying endocrine disruptors

5 August 2019

A team at the Institute of Mathematical Sciences in Chennai, India, has placed online a database which identifies 686 endocrine disruptors. The database is called DEDuCT: Database on Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and their Toxicity Profiles


Transfer special issue on changing labour markets and international organisations

29 July 2019

The latest issue of Transfer, the European Review of Labour and Research, looks at how international organisations dealing with jobs and employment, such as the ILO, OECD and European Commission, have reassessed their labour market analysis and policy recommendations in recent years.


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  • Benchmarking Working Europe 2019

    Benchmarking Working Europe, the annual stock-take of European economic, labour market and social affairs is published today by the European Trade Union Institute. This year’s report calls for action to stimulate investment, as well as reforms to fiscal rules to allow policy to play a more active role in stabilising economies and securing sustainable growth. Read more



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ETUI at ETUC Congress 2019

About ETUI

The European Trade Union Institute is the independent research and training centre of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) which itself affiliates European trade unions into a single European umbrella organisation. The ETUI places its expertise – acquired in particular in the context of its links with universities, academic and expert networks – in the service of workers’ interests at European level and of the strengthening of the social dimension of the European Union. Read more