European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.

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Reforms Watch

Industrial relations in Germany

  • National trade union confederations
    • DGB (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund) - German Confederation of Trade Unions
  • Trade union-related research institutes (members of the TURI network):
    • Institut für Makroökonomie und Konjunkturforschung (IMK) in der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung / Macroeconomic Policy Institute
    • Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut (WSI) der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung / Institute of Economic and Social Research
  • ETUI publications:
    • Book 'Rough waters. European trade unions in a time of crises' – chapter 'Two worlds of unionism? German manufacturing and service unions since the Great Recession' (May 2017)

The state of labour market reforms

  • Background summary (latest update September 2016)
    • There has been relatively little labour market reform in Germany in the past few years. The most high-profile piece of legislation has been the Act introducing a statutory national minimum wage. These provisions are part of legislation on strengthening bargaining autonomy, which came into force in August 2014. Other areas of legislative change include temporary agency work, quotas for women on company boards and legislation clarifying the application of collective agreements. Read more.


The state of pension reforms

Strikes in Germany

  •   Background summary (latest update September 2016)
    • Strikes and lockouts are only lawful in Germany in the context of collective bargaining and can only be called by trade unions. This means that there is no individual right to strike in Germany. Read more.

Latest EU Commission documents for Germany