European Trade Union Institute, ETUI.

Accueil > Services > Facts & Figures > Benchmarks > Democracy at work: the European level

Democracy at work: the European level

Figure 4.22 Evolution of the number of active EWCs and SE-WCs over time


Cross-border management needscross-border democracy at work

Article 27 of the European Charter of Fundamental Rights is very clear: ‘Workers or their representatives must, at the appropriate levels, be guaranteed information and consultation in good time in the cases and under the conditions provided for by Community law and national laws and practices’.

Moreover, the Charter specifies that this right must be exercised ‘at the appropriate level’. In multinational companies, the relevant level is therefore the European (or even global) one, which means that effective European level institutions are needed to put this fundamental right into effect. As shown in Figures 4.20 and 4.21, there is agreat deal of variation in the exercise of democracy at work, both between and within countries.

more information in  Benchmarking Working Europe 2019 - Chapter 4 Democracy at work

Share this :

Date of publication
Organisation du travail , Participation des travailleurs


Multinational corporations , Organisation du travail


Mehmet Koksal

Sources & Linked data

Related Facts & Figures

Figure 4.1 What is democracy at work?
Democracy at work: what, why and how?
Figure 4.3 Democracy at work and civic democracy
Democracy at work and civic democracy: mutually reinforcing
Figure 4.6 European Participation Index and GINI coefficient of income inequality, by country (mid-2010s)
Democracy at work: less inequality
Figure 4.8 Board-level representation and sustainable company policies
Democracy at work and company sustainability
Figure 4.4 Democracy at work and productivity
Democracy at work: economic advantage
Figure 4.9 Democracy at work and average wages (euros) Source: Piasna (2017). Democracy at work originally titled ‘collective interest representation’. Note: x-axis: collective bargaining coverage, trade union density and employees covered by a works council or similar institution. Y-axis: average net monthly wage from main paid job, adjusted for PPP, in euros. 0 500
Democracy at work: better pay and life satisfaction
Figure 4.11 Democracy at work and the European Pillar of Social Rights
The Social Pillar and democracy at work
Figure 4.12 Democracy at work and percentage of companies with health and safety policies in place
Democracy at work: better occupational health and safety protection
Figure 4.13 Cross-border transfers of seat (2013–2017)
Democracy at work in the proposed Company Law Package
Figure 4.15 Board-level employee representatives in EEA
Employee representation in company boards
Figure 4.16 Women in trade union leadership positions
Women’s access to representative institutions
Figure 4.20 Employees covered by trade unions, works councils or other institutions
Democracy at work: inequality within and between countries

Publications associées