The Lisbon Strategy that was launched in 2000 called for the creation of “more and better” jobs in Europe. Some progress has been made in bringing more Europeans into paid employment and cutting unemployment trends. The goal of better jobs on the other hand has been less ardently pursued resulting in a widespread perception that many of the new jobs that are being created are “bad jobs”. Against this background the ETUI has created a job quality index (JQI) in order to shed light on whether the goal of more jobs has been pursued at the cost of better jobs and how European countries compare with each other with regard to job quality. This Working Paper outlines some of the initial results of what will be a regular monitoring exercise.