Disentangling the short-term effects of the crisis and changing labour demand
Structural developments in employment over the past decade have been impacted by the shocks related to the 2008 crisis as well as by certain long-term trends, most notably aging populations and the changing labour demand linked to the introduction of new technologies. Economic sectors that, in absolute terms, recorded the largest increases in employment in the past decade are ranked in Figure 2.12. These sectors expanded both immediately after thecrisis (the 2008–13 period) and in the period of recovery (2013–2018). Human health and social work activities have expanded the most, a sector that is dominated by and growing due to female workers (see Piasna and Drahokoupil 2017). The other sectors where employment expanded the most include the higher-skilled segments of the new economy: professional, scientific and technical activities, education, and information and communication. At the sametime, the expanding sectors include less complex services such as accommodation, food, administration, and support.
more information in Benchmarking Working Europe 2019 - Chapter 2 Labour market and social developments