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The quiet transnationalisation of board-level employee representation in national law and practice

Board-level employee representation rights are far from harmonised at the level of the European Union. Yet, beyond some limited cases of Europeanisation taking root in EU secondary law (i.e. the European Company Directive (Societas Europaea) and other corporate law instruments taking this framework as a reference), experiences of... Find out more

Stan De Spiegelaere

The curious non-advent of codetermination in Belgium: a focus on the Christian trade union

Belgium is one of the few EU-15 countries with no system of involving employee representatives in the strategic management of a company. The post-second World War social pact created extensive institutions for information, consultation and collective bargaining at the company, sector and country level but did not envisage, for example, employees on... Find out more

Mariagrazia Lamannis

Collective bargaining in the platform economy

This paper presents the results of a mapping of social dialogue and collective bargaining experiences in the European platform economy. Building on a descriptive analysis of the initiatives, the report provides insights into collective bargaining strategies and factors that have led platforms to negotiate. It focuses on empirical and legal... Find out more

The Europeanisation of board-level employee representation in France

In France, the legal obligation for private-sector companies to have, under certain conditions, one or two employee representatives on their boards goes hand in hand with the possibility for the company to decide to have its European Works Council (EWC) or SE Works Council (SE-WC) appoint the second member. This has become the preferred option for... Find out more

Stéphane Vernac

Understanding the ban on the cumul des mandats

Taking up a mandate in a multinational company can be a challenging experience for trade union and workers’ representatives in countries across Europe. And when it comes to board-level representation, the challenge becomes even greater. These difficulties have largely gone under the radar of policymakers at the EU level, but the case of France... Find out more

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November 25, 2022

Building capacity for negotiating EWC agreements

On 16-18 November 2022, in Torremolinos, Spain, industriAll Europe in cooperation with the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) organised a training for European Works Councils (EWC). 14 participants... Find out more

November 23, 2020

A better world with more democracy at work

For democracy to work well requires democracy in the workplace. ‘You know what? Our whole education is a lie. We learned how to be critical citizens for years, develop our own opinions, question... Find out more

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2021, the year for more democracy at work

Democracy at work is key to mapping out an inclusive and sustainable way forward. (…) Workers’ participation in all its forms must be... Find out more